|Birth name||Christopher Michael Benoit|
|Born||May 21, 1967|
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
|Died||June 24, 2007 (aged 40)|
Fayetteville, Georgia, U.S.
|Cause of death||Suicide by hanging|
(m. 1988; div. 1997)
(m. 2000; her death 2007)
|Professional wrestling career|
|Ring name(s)||Chris Benoit|
The Pegasus Kid
|Billed height||5 ft 11 in (1.80 m)|
|Billed weight||220 lb (100 kg)|
|Billed from||Atlanta, Georgia|
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
|Trained by||Bruce Hart|
New Japan Pro-Wrestling
|Debut||November 22, 1985|
Christopher Michael Benoit (//; May 21, 1967 – June 24, 2007) was a Canadian professional wrestler. During his 22-year career, Benoit worked for numerous promotions including the World Wrestling Federation/World Wrestling Entertainment (WWF/WWE), World Championship Wrestling (WCW), Extreme Championship Wrestling (ECW), and New Japan Pro-Wrestling (NJPW). Industry journalist Dave Meltzer considered him "one of the top 10, maybe even the top 5, all-time greats".
Benoit held 22 championships between WWF/WWE, WCW, NJPW, and ECW. He was a two-time world champion, having been a one-time WCW World Heavyweight Champion, and a one-time World Heavyweight Champion in WWE; he was booked to win a third world championship at a WWE event on the night of his death. Benoit was the twelfth WWE Triple Crown Champion and seventh WCW Triple Crown Champion, and the second of four men in history to achieve both the WWE and WCW Triple Crown Championships. He was also the 2004 Royal Rumble winner, joining Shawn Michaels as the only two men to win a Royal Rumble as the number one entrant. Benoit headlined multiple pay-per-views for WWE, including a victory in the World Heavyweight Championship main event match of WrestleMania XX in 2004.
Benoit murdered his wife on June 22, 2007, his son on June 23, 2007, and hanged himself on June 24, 2007. Research suggests depression and brain damage from numerous concussions are likely contributing factors leading to the crime.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Professional wrestling career
- 2.1 Influences and training
- 2.2 Stampede Wrestling (1985–1989)
- 2.3 New Japan Pro-Wrestling (1986–1994)
- 2.4 World Championship Wrestling (1992–1993)
- 2.5 Extreme Championship Wrestling (1994–1995)
- 2.6 Return to WCW (1995–2000)
- 2.7 World Wrestling Federation/Entertainment
- 3 Personal life
- 4 Death
- 5 Championships and accomplishments
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes
- 8 References
- 9 Sources
- 10 External links
Benoit was born in Montreal, Quebec, the son of Michael and Margaret Benoit. He grew up in Edmonton, Alberta, from where he was billed throughout the bulk of his career. He had a sister living near Edmonton.
Professional wrestling career
This section needs additional citations for verification. (September 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Influences and training
During his childhood and early adolescence in Edmonton, Benoit idolized Tom "Dynamite Kid" Billington and Bret Hart; at 12 years old, he attended a local wrestling event at which the two performers "stood out above everyone else". Benoit trained to become a professional wrestler in the Hart family "Dungeon", receiving education from family patriarch Stu Hart. In-ring, Benoit emulated both Billington and Bret Hart, cultivating a high-risk style and physical appearance more reminiscent of the former (years later, he adopted Hart's trademark "Sharpshooter" hold as a finishing move).
Stampede Wrestling (1985–1989)
Benoit began his career in 1985, in Stu Hart's Stampede Wrestling promotion. From the beginning, similarities between Benoit and Billington were apparent, as Benoit adopted many of his moves such as the diving headbutt and the snap suplex; the homage was complete with his initial billing as "Dynamite" Chris Benoit. According to Benoit, in his first match, he attempted the diving headbutt before learning how to land correctly, and had the wind knocked out of him; he said he would never do the move again at that point. His debut match was a tag team match on November 22, 1985 in Calgary, Alberta, where he teamed with "The Remarkable" Rick Patterson against Butch Moffat and Mike Hammer, which Benoit's team won the match after Benoit pinned Moffat with a sunset flip. The first title Benoit ever won was the Stampede British Commonwealth Mid-Heavyweight Championship in 1986 against Gama Singh. During his tenure in Stampede, he won four International Tag Team and three more British Commonwealth titles, and had a lengthy feud with Johnny Smith that lasted for over a year, which both men traded back-and-forth the British Commonwealth title. In 1989, Stampede closed its doors later that year, and with a recommendation from Bad News Allen, Benoit departed for New Japan Pro-Wrestling.
New Japan Pro-Wrestling (1986–1994)
Upon arriving in New Japan Pro-Wrestling (NJPW), Benoit spent about a year training in their "New Japan Dojo" with the younger wrestlers to improve his abilities. While in the dojo, he spent months doing strenuous activities like push ups and floor sweeping before stepping into the ring. He made his Japanese debut in 1986 under his real name. In 1989, he started wearing a mask and assuming the name The Pegasus Kid. Benoit said numerous times that he originally hated the mask, but it eventually became a part of him. While with NJPW, he came into his own as a performer in critically acclaimed matches with luminaries like Jushin Thunder Liger, Shinjiro Otani, Black Tiger, and El Samurai in their junior heavyweight division.
In August 1990, he won his first major championship, the IWGP Junior Heavyweight Championship, from Jushin Thunder Liger. He eventually lost the title in November 1990 (and in July 1991 in Japan and in November 1991 in Mexico, his mask) back to Liger, forcing him to reinvent himself as Wild Pegasus. Benoit spent the next couple years in Japan, winning the Best of the Super Juniors tournament twice in 1993 and 1995. He went on to win the inaugural Super J-Cup tournament in 1994, defeating Black Tiger, Gedo, and The Great Sasuke in the finals. He wrestled outside New Japan occasionally to compete in Mexico and Europe, where he won a few regional championships, including the WWF Light Heavyweight Championship. He held that title for over a year, having many forty-plus minute matches with Villano III.
World Championship Wrestling (1992–1993)
Benoit first came to World Championship Wrestling in June 1992, teaming up with fellow Canadian wrestler Biff Wellington for the NWA World Tag Team Championship tournament; they were defeated by Brian Pillman and Jushin Thunder Liger in the first round at Clash of the Champions XIX.
He did not return to WCW until January 1993 at Clash of the Champions XXII, defeating Brad Armstrong. A month later, at Superbrawl III, he lost to 2 Cold Scorpio, getting pinned with only three seconds left in the 20-minute time limit. At the same time, he formed a tag team with Bobby Eaton. After he and Eaton lost to Scorpio and Marcus Bagwell at Slamboree, Benoit headed back to Japan.
Extreme Championship Wrestling (1994–1995)
In 1994, Benoit began working with Extreme Championship Wrestling (ECW) in between tours of Japan. He was booked as a dominant wrestler there, gaining notoriety as the "Crippler" after he put Rocco Rock out. In August 1994, Benoit competed in a one-night eight-man tournament for the vacant NWA World Heavyweight Championship, losing to 2 Cold Scorpio in the quarter-finals.
At November 2 Remember, Benoit accidentally broke Sabu's neck within the opening seconds of the match. The injury came when Benoit threw Sabu with the intention that he take a face-first "pancake" bump, but Sabu attempted to turn mid-air and take a backdrop bump instead. He did not achieve full rotation and landed almost directly on his neck.
After this match Benoit returned to the locker room and broke down over the possibility that he might have paralysed someone. Paul Heyman, the head booker of ECW at the time, came up with the idea of continuing the "Crippler" moniker for Benoit. From that point until his departure from ECW, he was known as "Crippler Benoit". When he returned to WCW in October 1995, WCW modified his ring name to "Canadian Crippler Chris Benoit". In The Rise and Fall of ECW book, Heyman commented that he planned on using Benoit as a dominant heel for quite some time, before putting the company's main title, the ECW World Heavyweight Championship, on him to be the long-term champion of the company.
Benoit and Dean Malenko won the ECW World Tag Team Championship from Sabu and The Tazmaniac in February 1995, Benoit's first American title. After winning, they were initiated into the Triple Threat stable, led by ECW World Heavyweight Champion, Shane Douglas, as Douglas's attempt to recreate the Four Horsemen, as the three-man contingency held all three of the ECW championships at the time (Malenko also held the ECW World Television Championship at the time). The team lost the championship to The Public Enemy that April at ECW Three Way Dance. Benoit spent some time in ECW feuding with The Steiner Brothers and rekindling the feud with 2 Cold Scorpio. He was forced to leave ECW after his work visa expired; Heyman was supposed to renew it, but he failed to make it on time, so Benoit left as a matter of job security and the ability to enter the United States. He toured Japan until WCW called.
Return to WCW (1995–2000)
New Japan Pro-Wrestling and World Championship Wrestling (WCW) had a working relationship, and because of their "talent exchange" program, Benoit signed with WCW in late 1995 along with a number of talent working in New Japan to be a part of the angle. Like the majority of those who came to WCW in the exchange, he started out in as a member of the cruiserweight division, having lengthy matches against many of his former rivals in Japan on almost every single broadcast. At the end of 1995, Benoit went back to Japan as a part of the "talent exchange" to wrestle as a representative for New Japan in the Super J-Cup: 2nd Stage, defeating Lionheart in the quarterfinals (he received a bye to the quarterfinals for his work in 1995, similar to the way he advanced in the 1994 edition) and losing to Gedo in the semifinals.
After impressing higher-ups with his work, he was approached by Ric Flair and the WCW booking staff to become a member of the reformed Four Horsemen in 1995, alongside Flair, Arn Anderson, and Brian Pillman; he was introduced by Pillman as a gruff, no-nonsense heel similar to his ECW persona, "The Crippler". He was brought in to add a new dynamic for Anderson and Flair's tormenting of Hulk Hogan and Randy Savage in their "Alliance to End Hulkamania", which saw the Horsemen team up with The Dungeon of Doom, but that alliance ended with Dungeon leader and WCW booker, Kevin Sullivan feuding with Pillman. When Pillman abruptly left the company for the WWF, Benoit was placed into his ongoing feud with Sullivan. This came to fruition through a dissension between the two in a tag team match with the two reluctantly teaming with each other against The Public Enemy, and Benoit being attacked by Sullivan at Slamboree. This led to the two having violent confrontations at pay-per-views, which led to Sullivan booking a feud in which Benoit was having an affair with Sullivan's real life wife and onscreen valet, Nancy (also known as Woman). Benoit and Nancy were forced to spend time together to make the affair look real, (hold hands in public, share hotel rooms, etc).
This onscreen relationship developed into a real-life affair offscreen. As a result, Sullivan and Benoit had a contentious backstage relationship at best. Benoit did, however, admit having a certain amount of respect for Sullivan, saying on the DVD Hard Knocks: The Chris Benoit Story that Sullivan never took undue liberties in the ring during their feud, even though he blamed Benoit for breaking up his marriage. This continued for over the course of a year with Sullivan having his enforcers apprehend Benoit in a multitude of matches. This culminated in a retirement match at the Bash at the Beach, where Benoit defeated Sullivan; this was used to explain Sullivan going to a behind-the-scenes role, where he could focus on his initial job of booking.
In 1998, Benoit had a long feud with Booker T. They fought over the WCW World Television Championship until Booker lost the title to Fit Finlay. Booker won a "Best-of-Seven" series which was held between the two to determine a number one contender. Benoit went up 3 to 1 before Booker caught up, forcing the 7th and final match on Monday Nitro. During the match, Bret Hart interjected himself, interfering on behalf of Benoit in an attempt to get him to join the New World Order. Benoit refused to win that way and told the referee what happened, getting himself disqualified. Booker refused that victory, instead opting for an eighth match at the Great American Bash to see who would fight Finlay later that night. Booker won the final match and went on to beat Finlay for the title. This feud significantly elevated both men's careers as singles competitors, and both remained at the top of the midcard afterward.
In 1999, Benoit teamed with Dean Malenko once again and defeated Curt Hennig and Barry Windham to win the WCW World Tag Team Championship. This led to a reformation of the Four Horsemen with the tag team champions, Anderson, and Steve "Mongo" McMichael. The two hunted after the tag team championship for several months, feuding with teams like Raven and Perry Saturn or Billy Kidman and Rey Mysterio, Jr. After a falling out with Anderson and McMichael, Benoit and Malenko left the Horsemen; he won the WCW United States Heavyweight Championship before bringing together Malenko, Perry Saturn, and Shane Douglas to form "The Revolution".
The Revolution was a heel stable of younger wrestlers who felt slighted (both kayfabe and legitimate) by WCW management, believing they never gave them the chance to be stars, pushing older, more established wrestlers instead, despite their then-current questionable worthiness of their pushes. This led to the Revolution seceding from WCW, and forming their own nation, complete with a flag. This led to some friction being created between Benoit and leader, Douglas, who called into question Benoit's heart in the group, causing Benoit to quit the group, thus turning face, and having his own crusade against the top stars, winning the Television title one more time and the United States title from Jeff Jarrett in a ladder match. In October 1999 on Nitro in Kansas City, Missouri, Benoit wrestled Bret Hart as a tribute to Owen Hart, who had recently died due to an equipment malfunction. Hart defeated Benoit by submission, and the two received a standing ovation, and an embrace from guest ring announcer, Harley Race.
Benoit was unhappy working for WCW. One last attempt in January 2000 was made to try to keep him with WCW, by putting the vacant WCW World Heavyweight Championship on him by defeating Sid Vicious at Souled Out. However, due to disagreements with management and to protest the promotion of Kevin Sullivan to head booker, Benoit left the company the next day alongside his friends Eddie Guerrero, Dean Malenko, and Perry Saturn, forfeiting his title in the process. WCW then refused to acknowledge Benoit's victory as an official title reign, and Benoit's title reign was not listed in the title lineage at WCW.com. However, the WWF recognized Benoit's title win, and Benoit's title reign is still listed in the title lineage at WWE.com. Benoit spent the next few weeks in Japan before heading to the WWF, who acknowledged his WCW World Heavyweight Championship win and presented him as a former world champion.
World Wrestling Federation/Entertainment
The Radicalz and teaming with Chris Jericho (2000–2001)
Along with Guerrero, Saturn, and Malenko, Benoit debuted in the WWF as a stable that became known as The Radicalz. After losing their "tryout matches" upon entry, The Radicalz aligned themselves with WWF Champion Triple H and became a heel faction. Benoit quickly won his first title in the WWF just over a month later at WrestleMania 2000, pinning Chris Jericho in a triple threat match to win Kurt Angle's Intercontinental Championship. It was also in this time period that Benoit wrestled in his first WWF pay-per-view main events, challenging The Rock for the WWF Championship at Fully Loaded in July and as part of a fatal four way title match at Unforgiven in September. On both occasions Benoit appeared to have won the title, only to have the decision reversed by then-WWF commissioner Mick Foley due to cheating on Benoit's part. Benoit simultaneously entered into a long-running feud with Jericho for the Intercontinental title, with the two meeting at Backlash, Judgment Day and SummerSlam; Benoit winning all three matches. The feud finally culminated in Jericho defeating Benoit in a ladder match at the Royal Rumble in January 2001. Benoit won the Intercontinental title three times between April 2000 and January 2001.
In early 2001, Benoit broke away from The Radicalz (who had recently reformed three months earlier) and turned face, feuding first with his former stablemates and then with Kurt Angle, whom he wrestled and lost to at WrestleMania X-Seven. He gained some amount of revenge after beating Angle in a "Ultimiate Submission" match at Backlash. The feud continued after Benoit stole Angle's cherished Olympic Gold Medal. This culminated in a match at Judgment Day where Angle won a two out of three falls match with the help of Edge and Christian. In response, Benoit teamed up with his former rival Jericho to defeat Edge and Christian in that night's Tag Team Turmoil match.
The next night on Raw Is War, Benoit and Jericho defeated WWF Tag Team Champions Stone Cold Steve Austin and Triple H for their title. The pair used the win as a springboard to challenge Austin for his WWF Championship. Benoit got two title matches the following week, first losing in a manner similar to the Montreal Screwjob in Calgary and then losing in a close match in Benoit's hometown of Edmonton. However, Benoit suffered a neck injury in a four-way TLC match that required surgery with Dr. Lloyd Youngblood. Despite this, he continued to wrestle until the King of the Ring, where he was pinned in a triple threat match versus Austin and Jericho. Benoit missed the next year due to his neck injury, missing the entire Invasion storyline.
Championship pursuits and reigns (2002–2003)
During the first WWE draft, he was the third wrestler picked by Vince McMahon to be part of the new SmackDown! roster, although still on the injured list. However, when he returned, he did so as a member of the Raw roster. On his first night back, he turned heel again and aligned himself with Eddie Guerrero, and he feuded with Stone Cold Steve Austin briefly. He and Guerrero were then moved to SmackDown during a storyline "open season" on wrestler contracts, with Benoit taking his newly won Intercontinental championship with him. Rob Van Dam defeated Benoit at SummerSlam and returned the title to Raw.
After returning to SmackDown!, he embarked on a feud with Kurt Angle in which he defeated him at Unforgiven. On October 20, 2002, at No Mercy, he teamed with Angle to win a tournament to crown the first-ever WWE Tag Team Champions. They became tweeners after betraying Los Guerreros. At Rebellion, Benoit and Angle made their successful title defence, defeating Los Guerreros. They lost the championships to Edge and Rey Mysterio on the November 7 episode of SmackDown in a two-out-of-three falls match. They received a rematch at Survivor Series in a triple threat elimination match against Edge and Mysterio and Los Guerreros, but failed to win the titles after being the first team eliminated. The team split up shortly afterward and Benoit became a face.
Angle won his third WWE Championship from Big Show at Armageddon, and Benoit faced him for the title at the 2003 Royal Rumble. The match was highly praised from fans and critics. Although Benoit lost the match, he received a standing ovation for his efforts. Benoit returned to the tag team ranks, teaming with the returning Rhyno.
At WrestleMania XIX, the WWE Tag Team Champions, Team Angle (Charlie Haas and Shelton Benjamin), put their titles on the line against Benoit and his partner Rhyno and Los Guerreros in a triple threat tag team match. Team Angle retained when Benjamin pinned Chavo.
In April 2003, following WrestleMania XIX, Benoit then feuded with John Cena (wearing a shirt saying "Toothless Aggression") and The Full Blooded Italians, teaming with Rhyno occasionally.
In June 2003, the WCW United States Championship was reactivated and renamed the WWE United States Championship, and Benoit participated in the tournament for the title. He lost in the final match to Eddie Guerrero at Vengeance. The two feuded over the title for the next month, and Benoit went on to defeat the likes of A-Train, Big Show, and eliminating Brock Lesnar by submission at Survivor Series as part of a Survivor Series elimination tag team match between Team Angle against Team Lesnar. As a result, Benoit challenged Lesnar for the WWE Championship on the December 4 episode of SmackDown, but lost after passing out to Lesnar's debuting Brock Lock submission hold. General Manager Paul Heyman had a vendetta against Benoit along with Lesnar, preventing him from gaining a shot at Lesnar's WWE title.
World Heavyweight Champion (2004–2005)
When Benoit won a qualifying match for the 2004 Royal Rumble against the Full Blooded Italians in a handicap match with John Cena, Heyman named him as the number one entry. On January 25, 2004, he won the Royal Rumble by last eliminating Big Show, and thus earned a world title shot at WrestleMania XX. He became only the second WWE performer to win the Royal Rumble as the number one entrant along with Shawn Michaels. With Benoit being on the SmackDown! brand at the time, it was assumed that he was going to compete for his brand's championship, the WWE Championship. However, Benoit exploited a "loophole" in the rules and was traded on Raw the following night to announce he will instead challenge World Heavyweight Champion Triple H at WrestleMania. Though the match was originally intended to be a one-on-one match, Shawn Michaels, whose Last Man Standing match against Triple H at the Royal Rumble for the World Heavyweight Championship ended in a draw, thought that he deserved to be in the main event. When it was time for Benoit to sign the contract putting himself in the main event, Michaels superkicked him and signed his name on the contract, which eventually resulted in a Triple Threat match between Michaels, Benoit, and the champion, Triple H.
On March 14, 2004, at WrestleMania XX, Benoit won the World Heavyweight Championship by forcing Triple H to tap out to his signature submission move, the Crippler Crossface, in a highly acclaimed match. The match marked the first time the main event of a WrestleMania ended in submission. After the match, Benoit celebrated his win with then-reigning WWE Champion Eddie Guerrero. The rematch was held at Backlash in Benoit's hometown of Edmonton. It was Michaels who ended up submitting to Benoit's Sharpshooter, allowing Benoit to retain his title. The next night in Calgary, he and Edge won the World Tag Team title from Batista and Ric Flair, making Benoit a double champion.
The three months following his victory at Backlash, Benoit and Edge engaged in a rivalry with La Résistance for the World Tag Team Championship, which saw a series of matches, while simultaneously having confrontations with Kane over the World title. Benoit wrestled in two matches at Bad Blood in his respective rivalries; he and Edge failed to regain their World Tag Team title while he successfully defended the World title against Kane. A month later at Vengeance, Benoit retained the title against Triple H.
On August 15, 2004, Benoit was defeated by Randy Orton for the World Heavyweight Championship at SummerSlam. Benoit then teamed with William Regal at Unforgiven against Ric Flair and Batista in a winning effort. Benoit then feuded with Edge (who had turned into an arrogant and conceited heel), leading to Taboo Tuesday where Benoit, Edge, and Shawn Michaels were all put into a poll to see who would face Triple H for the World Heavyweight title that night. Michaels received the most votes and as a result, Edge and Benoit were forced to team up to face the then tag team champions, La Résistance, in the same night. However, Edge deserted Benoit during the match and Benoit was forced to take on both members of La Résistance by himself. He still managed to win the World Tag Team title. At Survivor Series, Benoit sided with Randy Orton's team while Edge teamed with Triple H's team, and while Edge was able to pin Benoit after a Pedigree, Orton's team won.
The Benoit-Edge feud ended at New Year's Revolution. The feud stopped abruptly, as Edge feuded with Shawn Michaels, and Benoit entered the Royal Rumble. The two then continued to have matches in the following weeks until the two of them, Chris Jericho, Shelton Benjamin, Kane, and Christian were placed in the Money in the Bank ladder match at WrestleMania 21. Edge won the match by knocking Benoit off of and smashing his arm with the ladder. The feud finally culminated in a Last Man Standing match at Backlash, which Edge won with a brick shot to the back of Benoit's head.
United States Champion (2005–2007)
On June 9, Benoit was drafted back to SmackDown! after being the first man selected by the SmackDown! brand in the 2005 Draft Lottery and participated in an ECW-style revolution against the SmackDown! heels. Benoit appeared at One Night Stand, defeating Eddie Guerrero.
On July 24 at The Great American Bash, Benoit failed to win the WWE United States Championship from Orlando Jordan, but won a rematch at SummerSlam in 25 seconds. Benoit then won three consecutive matches against Jordan in less than a minute. Benoit later wrestled Booker T in friendly competitions, until Booker and his wife, Sharmell, cheated Benoit out of the United States title in October.
On November 13, 2005, Eddie Guerrero was found dead in his hotel room. The following night, Raw held a Guerrero tribute show hosted by both Raw and SmackDown! wrestlers. Benoit was devastated at the loss of his best friend and was very emotional during a series of video testimonials, eventually breaking down on camera. Some of his colleagues state that "he was never the same" after Eddie's death. The same week on SmackDown! (taped on the same night as Raw), Benoit defeated Triple H in a tribute match to his fallen friend. Following the contest, Benoit, Helmsley, and Dean Malenko all assembled in the ring and pointed to the sky in salute of Guerrero.
After controversy surrounding a US title defence against Booker T, Theodore Long set up a "Best of Seven" series between the two. Booker T won three times in a row, due largely to his wife's interference, and Benoit faced elimination in the series. Benoit won the fourth match to stay alive at Armageddon, but after the match, Booker suffered a legitimate groin injury, and Randy Orton was chosen as a stand-in. Benoit defeated Orton twice by disqualification. However, in the 7th and final match, Orton defeated Benoit with the help of Booker T, Sharmell, and Orlando Jordan, and Booker captured the US title. Benoit feuded with Orton for a short time, before defeating Orton in a No Holds Barred match on the January 27 episode of SmackDown! via Crippler Crossface. Benoit was given one last chance at the US title at No Way Out and won it by making Booker submit to the Crippler Crossface, ending the feud.
The next week on SmackDown!, Benoit kayfabe broke John Bradshaw Layfield's (JBL) hand (JBL actually needed surgery to remove a cyst). A match was set up for the two at WrestleMania 22 for Benoit's title, and for the next several weeks, they attacked each other. At WrestleMania, JBL won the match with an illegal cradle to win the title. Benoit used his rematch clause two weeks later in a steel cage match on SmackDown!, but JBL again won with illegal tactics. Benoit entered the King of the Ring tournament, only to be defeated by Finlay in the opening round, after Finlay struck Benoit's neck with a chair and delivered a Celtic Cross. At Judgment Day, Benoit gained some revenge by defeating Finlay with the Crippler Crossface in a grudge match. On the following episode of SmackDown!, Mark Henry brutalized Benoit during their match, giving him (kayfabe) back and rib injuries and causing him to bleed from his mouth. Benoit then took a sabbatical to heal nagging shoulder injuries.
On October 8, Benoit made his return at No Mercy, defeating William Regal in a surprise match. Later that week, he won his fifth United States Championship from Mr. Kennedy. Benoit then engaged in a feud with Chavo and Vickie Guerrero. He wanted answers from the Guerreros for their rash behaviour towards Rey Mysterio, but was avoided by the two and was eventually assaulted. This led to the two embarking on a feud with title implications at the coming two pay per views. The feud culminated with one last title match as a No disqualification match, which was also won by Benoit. Later, Montel Vontavious Porter (MVP), who claimed that he was the best man to hold the US title, challenged Benoit for the title at WrestleMania 23, where Benoit retained. Their rivalry continued with similar results again at Backlash. At Judgment Day, however, MVP gained the upper hand and won the title in a two out of three falls match, thus ending the feud.
On the June 11 episode of Raw, Benoit was drafted from SmackDown! to ECW as part of the 2007 WWE draft. On June 19, Benoit wrestled his final match, defeating Elijah Burke in a match to determine who would compete for the vacated ECW World Championship at Vengeance on June 24.
Benoit missed the weekend house shows, telling WWE officials that his wife and son were vomiting blood due to food poisoning. When he failed to show up for the pay-per-view, viewers were informed that he was unable to compete due to a "family emergency" and he was replaced in the title match by Johnny Nitro, who won the match and became ECW World Champion. The crowd spent the bulk of the match chanting "We Want Benoit." WWE executive Stephanie McMahon later indicated that Benoit would have defeated Punk for the championship had he been present for the event.
Benoit spoke both English and French fluently. Benoit married twice, having two children (David and Megan) by his first wife, Martina. By 1997, that marriage had broken down and Benoit was living with Nancy Sullivan, the wife of WCW booker and frequent opponent Kevin Sullivan. On February 25, 2000, Chris and Nancy's son Daniel was born; on November 23, 2000, Chris married Nancy. It was Nancy's third marriage. In 2003, Nancy filed for divorce from Benoit, citing the marriage as "irrevocably broken" and alleging "cruel treatment". She claimed that he would break and throw furniture around. She later dropped the suit, as well as the restraining order she filed.
On May 1, 2014, it was reported that Benoit's eldest son, David, would be making his debut in Calgary, Alberta, Canada at a Hart Legacy Event against Chavo Guerrero Jr. It was eventually cancelled after Chris Jericho reportedly contacted the promoter, Smith Hart, and complained about Benoit's lack of training. Guerrero Jr. says he was told Benoit had experience, but it was later determined he had not completed his training with Lance Storm and had only had minimal training from David Hart Smith since 2013.
Benoit became good friends with fellow wrestler Eddie Guerrero following a match in Japan, when Benoit kicked Guerrero in the head and knocked him out cold. This started a friendship that lasted even after Guerrero's death in late 2005, in which Benoit had written diary entries to him just ten days after his passing. The content became precognition of Benoit's own demise.
Benoit was close friends with Dean Malenko as the trio travelled from promotion to promotion together putting on matches, eventually being dubbed the "Three Amigos" by commentators. According to Benoit, the Crippler Crossface was borrowed from Malenko and eventually caught on as Benoit's signature hold.
Benoit's lost tooth, his top-right lateral incisor, was usually attributed to training or an accident early on in his wrestling career. It actually resulted from an accident involving his pet rottweiler: one day while playing with the dog, the animal's skull struck Benoit's chin and his tooth "popped out".
On June 25, 2007, police entered Benoit's home in Fayetteville, Georgia when WWE, Benoit's employers, requested a "welfare check" after Benoit missed weekend events without notice, leading to concerns. The officers discovered the bodies of Benoit, his wife Nancy, and their 7-year-old son Daniel at around 2:30 p.m. EDT. Upon investigating, no additional suspects were sought by authorities. It was determined that Benoit had committed the murders. Over a three-day period, Benoit had killed his wife and son before committing suicide. His wife was bound before the killing. Benoit's son was drugged with Xanax and likely unconscious before Benoit strangled him. Benoit then committed suicide by hanging himself on his lat pulldown machine.
WWE cancelled the scheduled three-hour long live Raw show on June 25 and replaced the broadcast version with a three-hour tribute to his life and career, featuring his past matches, segments from the Hard Knocks: The Chris Benoit Story DVD, and comments from wrestlers and announcers. However, once the details of the murder-suicide became apparent, WWE quickly and quietly began distancing itself from the wrestler by removing merchandise and no longer mentioning him. The June 26 episode of ECW began with Vince McMahon addressing the television audience about the circumstances and announcing that there would be no mention of Benoit that night other than his comments. There was no mention of Benoit at all the following Friday on SmackDown!.
Toxicology reports released on July 17, 2007, revealed that at their time of death, Nancy had three different drugs in her system: Xanax, hydrocodone, and hydromorphone, all of which were found at the therapeutic rather than toxic levels. Daniel was found to have Xanax in his system, which led the chief medical examiner to believe that he was sedated before he was murdered. Benoit was found to have Xanax, hydrocodone, and an elevated level of testosterone, caused by a synthetic form of the hormone, in his system. The chief medical examiner attributed the testosterone level to Benoit possibly being treated for a deficiency caused by previous steroid abuse or testicular insufficiency. There was no indication that anything in Benoit's body contributed to his violent behaviour that led to the murder-suicide, concluding that there was no "roid-rage" involved. Prior to the murder-suicide, Benoit had been given illegal steroids not in compliance with WWE's Talent Wellness Program in February 2006. Benoit received nandrolone and anastrozole. During the investigation into steroid abuse, it was revealed that other wrestlers had also been given steroids.
After the double-murder suicide, former wrestler Christopher Nowinski contacted Michael Benoit, father of Chris Benoit, suggesting that years of trauma to his son's brain may have led to his actions. Tests were conducted on Benoit's brain by Julian Bailes, the head of neurosurgery at West Virginia University, and results showed that "Benoit's brain was so severely damaged it resembled the brain of an 85-year-old Alzheimer's patient." He was reported to have had an advanced form of dementia, similar to the brains of four retired NFL players who had suffered multiple concussions, sank into depression, and harmed themselves or others. Bailes and his colleagues concluded that repeated concussions can lead to dementia, which can contribute to severe behavioural problems. Benoit's father suggests that brain damage may have been the leading cause of the crime. He confirmed that his son was quietly cremated, but what was done with the ashes is not public knowledge.
Championships and accomplishments
- Cauliflower Alley Club
- Catch Wrestling Association
- Extreme Championship Wrestling
- New Japan Pro-Wrestling
- Pro Wrestling Illustrated
- Feud of the Year (2004) vs. Triple H
- Match of the Year (2004) vs. Shawn Michaels and Triple H at WrestleMania XX
- Wrestler of the Year (2004)
- Ranked No. 1 of the top 500 singles wrestlers in the PWI 500 in 2004
- Ranked No. 69 of the top 500 greatest wrestlers in the "PWI Years" in 2003
- Stampede Wrestling
- Universal Wrestling Association
- World Championship Wrestling
- WCW World Heavyweight Championship (1 time)[b]
- WCW World Tag Team Championship (2 times) – with Dean Malenko (1) and Perry Saturn (1)
- WCW World Television Championship (3 times)
- WCW United States Heavyweight Championship (2 times)
- Seventh WCW Triple Crown Champion
- World Wrestling Federation/Entertainment
- World Heavyweight Championship (1 time)
- WWE Tag Team Championship (1 time) – with Kurt Angle
- WWE United States Championship (3 times)
- WWF/WWE Intercontinental Championship (4 times)
- WWF/World Tag Team Championship (3 times) – with Chris Jericho (1) and Edge (2)
- Royal Rumble (2004)
- WWE Tag Team Championship Tournament (2002) – with Kurt Angle
- Twelfth Triple Crown Champion
- Wrestling Observer Newsletter
- Best Brawler (2004)
- Best Technical Wrestler (1994, 1995, 2000, 2003, 2004)
- Feud of the Year (2004) vs. Shawn Michaels and Triple H
- Match of the Year (2002) with Kurt Angle vs. Edge and Rey Mysterio
- Most Outstanding Wrestler (2000, 2004)
- Most Under-rated (1998)
- Readers' Favorite Wrestler (1997, 2000)
- Wrestling Observer Newsletter Hall of Fame (Class of 2003)[c]
- Benoit's reign with the championship is not recognized by WWE, who does not recognize any reign prior to December 1997.
- After Benoit left WCW for the WWF, WCW refused to acknowledge Benoit's victory as an official title reign, and Benoit's title reign was not listed in the title lineage at WCW.com. However, the WWF recognized Benoit's title win, and Benoit's title reign is still listed in the title lineage at WWE.com.
- Benoit underwent a special recall election in 2008 due to the double murder-suicide of his wife and son. The recall was supported by a majority of 53.6% of voters, but was below the 60% threshold necessary to remove him.
- "Chris Benoit Profile". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved March 20, 2008.
- Randazzo V, Matthew (2008). Ring of Hell: The Story of Chris Benoit & the Fall of the Pro Wrestling Industry. Phoenix Books. p. 51. ISBN 978-1-59777-622-6.
- McCoy, Heath (2007). Pain and Passion: The History of Stampede Wrestling. ECW Press. pp. 214–215. ISBN 978-1-55022-787-1.
- Hart, Bruce (2011). Straight From the Hart. ECW Press. p. 130. ISBN 978-1-55022-939-4.
- "Erased! The Tragic Story of Chris Benoit". Wrestling Examiner. Retrieved May 21, 2017.
Benoit began training at the legendary New Japan Dojo, and began wrestling for NJPW
- "Benoit's Public Image Hid Monster". Calgary Herald. Archived from the original on April 4, 2012. Retrieved February 1, 2009.
- "Inside WWE > Title History > WCW World Championship". WWE. Retrieved July 9, 2010.
- "Inside WWE > Title History > World Heavyweight Championship". WWE. Retrieved July 9, 2010.
- "U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Government Oversight and Reform – Interview of: Stephanie McMahon Levesque (p. 81)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on December 3, 2009. Retrieved December 3, 2009.
Ironically, Mr. Benoit was supposed to become ECW champion that night, and he didn't show up at the [Vengeance: Night of Champions] pay‐per‐view because he was dead.
- "TV Shows > Royal Rumble > History > 2004 > Rumble Match". WWE. Archived from the original on June 11, 2010. Retrieved July 9, 2010.
- "Full WrestleMania XX Results". WWE. Retrieved November 15, 2012.
- "Wrestler Chris Benoit Double murder–suicide: Was It 'Roid Rage'? – Health News | Current Health News | Medical News". FOXNews.com. June 27, 2007. Retrieved July 9, 2010.
- "Benoit's Dad, Doctors: Multiple Concussions Could Be Connected to murder–suicide – ABC News". Abcnews.go.com. September 5, 2007. Retrieved July 9, 2010.
- "Benoit's Dad: 'He Was a Kind & Gentle Man'". ABC News. August 12, 2010.
- "Wrestler Chris Benoit Used Steroid Testosterone; Son Sedated Before Murders". FOXNews.com. July 17, 2007. Retrieved July 9, 2010.
- "Police Report: Chris Benoit Thought His Marriage Was Failing; Nancy Scared". Wsbtv.com. February 12, 2008. Archived from the original on February 13, 2008. Retrieved July 9, 2010.
- Mentioned by his father in an interview with Larry King on CNN.
- Lunney, Doug (January 15, 2000). "Benoit inspired by the Dynamite Kid, Crippler adopts idol's high-risk style". Retrieved May 10, 2007.
- Lewis, Michael (November 14, 2007). "The Last Days of Chris Benoit". Maxim. Retrieved September 15, 2016.
- Bret "Hit Man" Hart: The Best There Is, the Best There Was, the Best There Ever Will Be (DVD). WWE Home Video. 2005. Event occurs at 59 & 118 minutes.
Growing up as a fan, and once I began wrestling, I always looked up to him; I always emulated him [...] Bret Hart, the man that I spent so many years looking up to, idolizing; he was somewhat of a role model to me.
- Royal Duncan & Gary Will (2006). Wrestling Title Histories (4th ed.). Archeus Communications. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
- Scott E. Williams (December 13, 2013). Hardcore History: The Extremely Unauthorized Story of ECW. Skyhorse Publishing Company, Incorporated. pp. 56–57. ISBN 978-1-61321-582-1.
- Thom Loverro (May 22, 2007). The Rise & Fall of ECW: Extreme Championship Wrestling. Simon and Schuster. pp. 67–78. ISBN 978-1-4165-6156-9.
- Randazzo V, Matthew (2008). Ring of Hell: The Story of Chris Benoit & The Fall of the Pro Wrestling Industry. Phoenix Books. pp. 162–163. ISBN 978-1-59777-622-6.
- Chris Benoit (1967–2007) profile, MetaFilter.com; accessed June 30, 2015.
- Cole, Glenn (April 17, 1999). "Ring of intrigue in WWF shows". SLAM! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved May 12, 2009.
- "Souled Out 2000". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved October 3, 2007.
- "Wrestling Information Archive - Wrestling Timeline: (1999 - Present)". August 4, 2001. Archived from the original on August 4, 2001.
- "World Heavyweight Champion and WCW/NWA Title History". WCW.com. Archived from the original on August 17, 2000. Retrieved October 20, 2016.
- "WCW World Championship". WWE.com. Retrieved October 20, 2016.
- "Chris Benoit". WWE.com. Archived from the original on August 2, 2002. Retrieved October 23, 2016.
- "WrestleMania X-Seven report". The Other Arena. Archived from the original on April 4, 2008. Retrieved February 9, 2008.
- McAvennie, Michael (2003). "WWE The Yearbook: 2003 Edition". Pocket Books. p. 102.
- McAvennie, Michael (2003). "WWE The Yearbook: 2003 Edition". Pocket Books. p. 148.
- McAvennie, Michael (2003). "WWE The Yearbook: 2003 Edition". Pocket Books. p. 200.
- McAvennie, Michael (2003). "WWE The Yearbook: 2003 Edition". Pocket Books. p. 197.
- "2007 Wrestling Almanac & Book of Facts". Wrestling's Historical Cards. Kappa Publishing. 2007. p. 111.
- McAvennie, Michael (2003). "WWE The Yearbook: 2003 Edition". Pocket Books.
- McAvennie, Michael (2003). "WWE The Yearbook: 2003 Edition". Pocket Books. pp. 279–280.
- McAvennie, Michael (2003). "WWE The Yearbook: 2003 Edition". Pocket Books. pp. 291–296.
- "Pro Wrestling Illustrated presents: 2007 Wrestling almanac & book of facts". Wrestling's historical cards. Kappa Publishing. 2007. p. 112.
- Hurley, Oliver (February 21, 2003). ""Every Man for himself" (Royal Rumble 2003)". Power Slam Magazine, issue 104. SW Publishing. pp. 16–19.
- "SmackDown—February 27, 2003 Results". Retrieved May 14, 2007.
- "2007 Wrestling Almanac & Book of Facts". Wrestling's Historical Cards. Kappa Publishing. 2007. pp. 112–113.
- "SmackDown Results". April 17, 2003. Retrieved May 14, 2007.
- "SmackDown Results". April 24, 2003. Retrieved May 14, 2007.
- "2007 Wrestling Almanac & Book of Facts". Wrestling's Historical Cards. Kappa Publishing. 2007. p. 113.
- "2007 Wrestling Almanac & Book of Facts". Wrestling's Historical Cards. Kappa Publishing. 2007. pp. 113–114.
- "2007 Wrestling Almanac & Book of Facts". Wrestling's Historical Cards. Kappa Publishing. 2007. p. 114.
- "SmackDown Results". December 4, 2003. Retrieved May 14, 2007.
- "SmackDown Results". January 1, 2004. Retrieved May 14, 2007.
- "RAW Results". January 24, 2004. Retrieved May 14, 2007.
- "RAW Results". February 16, 2004. Retrieved May 14, 2007.
- PWI Staff (2007). "Pro Wrestling Illustrated presents: 2007 Wrestling almanac & book of facts". "Wrestling's historical cards". Kappa Publishing. p. 115.
- Hurley, Oliver (April 20, 2006). "Power Slam Magazine, issue 142". "WrestleMania In Person" (WrestleMania 22). SW Publishing. pp. 16–19.
- McElvaney, Kevin (June 2007). "Pro Wrestling Illustrated". WrestleMania 23. Kappa Publishing. pp. 74–101.
- "RAW Results". April 19, 2004. Retrieved May 14, 2007.
- "World Heavyweight Champion Chris Benoit defeats Triple H to retain". World Wrestling Entertainment. Retrieved July 29, 2007.
- "2007 Wrestling Almanac & Book of Facts". Wrestling's Historical Cards. Kappa Publishing. 2007. p. 116.
- "RAW Results". October 18, 2004. Retrieved May 14, 2007.
- "2007 Wrestling Almanac & Book of Facts". Wrestling's Historical Cards. Kappa Publishing. 2007. pp. 116–117.
- Evans, Anthony (January 21, 2005). "Power Slam Magazine, issue 127". Tripper strikes back (New Years Revolution 2005). SW Publishing. pp. 30–31.
- "2007 Wrestling Almanac & Book of Facts". Wrestling's Historical Cards. Kappa Publishing. 2007. p. 117.
- Power Slam Staff (May 21, 2005). "WrestleMania rerun (Backlash 2005)". Power Slam Magazine, issue 131. SW Publishing. pp. 32–33.
- "SmackDown Results". June 9, 2005. Retrieved May 14, 2007.
- "Power Slam". What's going down... SW Publishing LTD. p. 5. 132.
- "ECW One Night Stand 2005 Results". Retrieved May 14, 2007.
- "2007 Wrestling Almanac & Book of Facts". Wrestling's Historical Card. Kappa Publishing. 2007. p. 118.
- "SmackDown Results". September 1, 2005. Retrieved May 14, 2007.
- "SmackDown Results". September 8, 2005. Archived from the original on February 13, 2008. Retrieved May 14, 2007.
- "SmackDown Results". September 23, 2005. Retrieved May 14, 2007.
- "SmackDown Results". October 21, 2005. Retrieved May 14, 2007.
- "RAW — 14 November 2005 Results". Retrieved May 14, 2007.
- "SmackDown Results". November 18, 2005. Retrieved May 14, 2007.
- "2007 Wrestling Almanac & Book of Facts". Wrestling's Historical Cards. Kappa Publishing. 2007. p. 119.
- "SmackDown Special Results". November 29, 2005. Retrieved May 14, 2007.
- "SmackDown Results". December 9, 2005. Retrieved May 14, 2007.
- "SmackDown Results". December 30, 2005. Retrieved May 14, 2007.
- "SmackDown Results". January 6, 2006. Retrieved May 14, 2007.
- "Pro Wrestling Illustrated, May 2006". Arena Reports. Kappa Publishing. May 2006. p. 130.
- "Pro Wrestling Illustrated". Arena Reports. Kappa Publishing. May 2006. p. 132.
- "WWE SmackDown! January 27 2006". OWOW (Online World of Wrestling). January 27, 2006. Retrieved May 29, 2018.
- "SmackDown Results". February 24, 2006. Retrieved May 14, 2007.
- "SmackDown Results". April 14, 2006. Retrieved May 14, 2007.
- "SmackDown Results". May 5, 2006. Retrieved May 14, 2007.
- 2007 Wrestling Almanac & Book of Facts. Wrestling's Historical Cards. Kappa Publishing. 2007. p. 121.
- Brett Hoffman (May 21, 2006). "A Good Old-Fashioned Fight". WWE. Retrieved January 5, 2008.
- "SmackDown Results". May 26, 2006. Retrieved May 14, 2007.
- 2007 Wrestling Almanac & Book of Facts. Wrestling's Historical Cards. Kappa Publishing. 2007. p. 122.
- "SmackDown-October 13, 2006 Results". Retrieved May 14, 2007.
- "Pro Wrestling Illustrated". Arena Reports. Kappa Publishing. May 2007. p. 130.
- "Backlash 2007 Results". Retrieved May 14, 2007.
- "Judgment Day 2007 Results". Retrieved June 29, 2007.
- "Raw Results". June 11, 2007. Retrieved June 29, 2007.
- "ECW Results". June 19, 2007. Retrieved June 29, 2007.
- "Vengeance 2007 Results". Retrieved June 29, 2007.
- "Benoit tragedy, one year later". SLAM! sports. Retrieved July 9, 2008.
- "Details of Benoit family deaths revealed". TSN. Associated Press. June 26, 2007. Archived from the original on February 13, 2008. Retrieved June 28, 2007.
- Rothstein, Simon (July 9, 2007). "First wife: I still love killer Chris". London: The Sun. Archived from the original on February 22, 2009. Retrieved March 5, 2009.
- "WWE star killed family, self". SportsIllustrated.cnn.com. Associated Press. June 26, 2007. Archived from the original on May 24, 2011. Retrieved June 26, 2007.
- "Released divorce papers and restraining order" (PDF). TMZ.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 27, 2007. Retrieved June 27, 2007.
- "How Chris Jericho Prevented Chris Benoit's Son David From Wrestling". whatculture.com. Retrieved December 3, 2017.[permanent dead link]
- Justin Labar (May 1, 2014). "LaBar: Chris Benoit's son will never be In WWE". triblive.com. Retrieved December 3, 2017.
- Narc Middleton (October 28, 2013). "Chris Benoit's Son Training To Be A Pro Wrestler?, Recent Photos Of David Benoit & Two Stars". wrestleinc.com. Retrieved December 3, 2017.
- on YouTube
- Benoit interview, "Chris Benoit: Hard Knocks" DVD, WWE Home Video.
- Malenko comments on Benoit, WWE Raw, June 25, 2007.
- Interview with his father, "Hard Knocks" DVD
- "WWE wrestler Chris Benoit and family found dead". June 25, 2007. Archived from the original on July 5, 2007. Retrieved June 25, 2007.
- Ahmed, Saeed and Kathy Jefcoats (June 25, 2007). "Pro wrestler, family found dead in Fayetteville home". The Atlanta Journal Constitution. Archived from the original on June 27, 2007. Retrieved November 27, 2008.
- "Canadian wrestler Chris Benoit, family found dead". CBC.ca. June 25, 2007. Retrieved June 25, 2007.
- "Wrestling Champ Chris Benoit Found Dead with Family". ABC News. June 25, 2007. Archived from the original on April 15, 2008. Retrieved June 25, 2007.
- "Sheriff: Wrestler Chris Benoit murder–suicide Case Closed – Local News | News Articles | National News | US News". FOXNews.com. February 12, 2008. Retrieved July 9, 2010.
- Red, Christian (July 18, 2007). "Benoit strangled unconscious son – doc". New York: Nydailynews.com. Archived from the original on September 10, 2010. Retrieved July 9, 2010.
- David Lohr (June 25, 2007). "Authorities Confirm Chris Benoit Murdered Wife and Son". CrimeLibrary.com. Archived from the original on April 17, 2008. Retrieved May 21, 2008.
- "WWE postpones show at American Bank Center". Caller-Times. June 25, 2007. Archived from the original on June 28, 2007. Retrieved June 25, 2007.
- "Wrestler Chris Benoit Used Steroid Testosterone; Son Sedated Before Murders". FOXnews. July 17, 2007. Retrieved July 15, 2008.
- "Fourteen wrestlers tied to pipeline". Sports Illustrated. August 30, 2007. Retrieved September 1, 2007.
- Farhi, Paul (September 1, 2007). "Pro Wrestling Suspends 10 Linked to Steroid Ring". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 1, 2007.
- "Benoit's Brain Showed Severe Damage From Multiple Concussions, Doctor and Dad Say". abcnews.go.com. Retrieved September 5, 2007.
- "Brain Study: Concussions Caused Benoit's Rage". WSB Atlanta. Archived from the original on November 16, 2007. Retrieved September 5, 2007.
- "Chris Benoit's Body Cremated – Details". PWIresource. Archived from the original on July 6, 2008. Retrieved October 3, 2007.
- "Sheriff: Wrestler Chris Benoit murder–suicide Case Closed". FOXNews.com. February 12, 2008. Retrieved July 9, 2010.
- "Catch Wrestling Association Title Histories". titlehistories.com. Retrieved July 11, 2008.
- "ECW World Tag Team Title history". Wrestling-titles.com. Retrieved March 5, 2009.
- "IWGP Junior Heavyweight Title history". Wrestling-titles.com.
- Royal Duncan & Gary Will (2000). "Japan; New Japan Super Junior Heavyweight (Super J) Cup Tournament Champions". Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. p. 375. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
- Royal Duncan & Gary Will (2000). "Japan; Top of the Super Junior Heavyweight Champions". Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. p. 375. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
- "New Japan Misc. Junior Tournaments".
- "Pro Wrestling Illustrated Award Winners – Feud of the Year". Wrestling Information Archive. Archived from the original on June 16, 2008. Retrieved May 4, 2008.
- "Pro Wrestling Illustrated Award Winners – Match of the Year". Wrestling Information Archive. Archived from the original on June 16, 2008. Retrieved May 4, 2008.
- "Pro Wrestling Illustrated Award Winners – Wrestler of the Year". Wrestling Information Archive. Archived from the original on June 19, 2008. Retrieved May 4, 2008.
- "Pro Wrestling Illustrated Top 500 – 2004". Wrestling Information Archive. Archived from the original on February 9, 2009. Retrieved May 4, 2008.
- "British Commonwealth Mid-Heavyweight Title (Calgary Stampede) history". Wrestling-titles.com. Retrieved March 5, 2009.
- "Stampede International Tag Team Title history". Wrestling-titles.com. Archived from the original on May 5, 2008. Retrieved March 5, 2009.
- "Stampede Wrestling Hall of Fame Inductees history". Wrestling-titles.com. Archived from the original on August 16, 2001. Retrieved March 5, 2009.
- "WWF World Light Heavyweight Title history". Wrestling-titles.com. Retrieved March 5, 2009.
- "WWE light Heavyweight Championship official history". WWE. Retrieved March 5, 2009.
- "WCW World Heavyweight Title history". Wrestling-titles.com. Retrieved March 5, 2009.
- "WCW World Tag Team Title history". Wrestling-titles.com. Retrieved March 5, 2009.
- "NWA/WCW World Television Title history". Wrestling-titles.com. Retrieved March 5, 2009.
- "NWA/WCW United States Heavyweight Title history". Wrestling-titles.com. Retrieved March 5, 2009.
- "World Heavyweight Title (WWE Smackdown) history". Wrestling-titles.com. Retrieved March 5, 2009.
- "WWE Tag Team Title (Smackdown) history". Wrestling-titles.com. Retrieved March 5, 2009.
- "WWWF/WWE United States Heavyweight Title history". Wrestling-titles.com. Retrieved March 5, 2009.
- "WWF/WWE Intercontinental Heavyweight Title history". Wrestling-titles.com. Retrieved March 5, 2009.
- "WWWF/WWF/WWE World Tag Team Title history". Wrestling-titles.com. Retrieved March 5, 2009.
- "Royal Rumble 2004 Full Event Results". WWE.com. Retrieved May 28, 2018.
- Meltzer, Dave (January 26, 2015). "Jan. 26, 2015 Wrestling Observer Newsletter: 2014 awards issue w/ results & Dave's commentary, Conor McGregor, and much more". Wrestling Observer Newsletter. Campbell, California. pp. 4–29. ISSN 1083-9593. Archived from the original on February 15, 2015. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
- Royal Duncan & Gary Will (2006). Wrestling Title Histories (4th ed.). Archeus Communications. ISBN 978-0-9698161-5-7.
- Kevin Dunn (Director) (2004). Hard Knocks: The Chris Benoit Story (DVD). WWE Home Video.
- SLAM! Wrestling — Chris Benoit
- The Sun — Over the Top Rope: Why TNA appalls Chris Benoit
- Metro — 60 Seconds: Chris Benoit by Andrew Williams
- Wrestling Digest: Technically Speaking, wrestler and sports entertainer Chris Benoit
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Chris Benoit|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chris Benoit.|