July 5, 1958
Isaban, West Virginia, U.S.
|Died||July 4, 2019 (aged 60)|
|Cause of death||Helicopter crash|
|Net worth||US$1.8 billion (2019)|
|Spouse(s)||Sabrina J. (nee Holley) Cline|
(m. 19??; died 1987)
(m. 1993; div. 2000)
Chris Cline (July 5, 1958 – July 4, 2019) was an American billionaire entrepreneur and philanthropist. He had been the majority owner of Foresight Reserves LP, headquartered in St. Louis, Missouri. Regarded by Bloomberg as having been the "New King Coal", Cline was considered to have been responsible for reviving the Illinois coal industry. His company has more than three billion tons of coal reserves across Illinois and the Northern Appalachian Mountains.
Cline's grandfather mined for coal with a pickaxe around Beckley, West Virginia, in the early 20th century. At the age of six, Cline's father, Paul, asked him to fill a paper bag with dirt, paying him a penny for each bag. Cline dug the dirt from under the porch of their bungalow in Isaban, West Virginia. His father used the dirt bags in mine-blasting. Within two years, their porch had collapsed. According to Cline, his father had told him to "support the roof better". In 1980, Cline's father bought out his partner then gave the shares to Cline, who was then 21 years old.
Coal mining business
In 1980 at age 22, Cline became an underground miner and founded his own energy development company, the Cline Group in 1990. In 2006 he organized Foresight Energy to manage his Illinois Basin coal rights. Foresight Energy went public in 2014 on the New York Stock Exchange. Cline sold off most of his share of Foresight in 2015, for $1.4 billion.
Illinois holds a 250-year supply of coal, providing the state with the largest recoverable coal reserve in the United States. In 2017, the state consumed nearly $1.4 billion of coal, with coal mining operations located in 12 counties. However, Illinois coal has too much sulfur to be burned by most power plants because of pollution control requirements. Cline, who spent $300 million on mining rights and equipment in Illinois in the 1990s, had foreseen that the United States Environmental Protection Agency would require power plants to use scrubbers in removing pollutants, which would bring coal back into viability for electricity generation.
The company SNL Financial reported in 2008 that Deer Run coal mine in Montgomery County, Illinois, a project of Cline's Hillsboro Energy LLC, would produce up to eight million tons annually until 2016. In the same report, Cline's representatives stated he was aiming for an annual coal production of 60 million tons from his Illinois operations.
Cline defended coal as a source of low-cost energy, saying in a 2010 interview "As far as the social acceptability of coal, I like to think I’m part of supplying the cheapest energy in America."
In May 2011, the School of Medicine and the Department of Intercollegiate Athletics of West Virginia University received a $5 million donation from Cline through his Cline Family Foundation. The donation created the Christopher Cline Chair in Orthopaedic Surgery and helped fund a new basketball practice facility.
Cline's first wife was Sabrina J. Holley Cline. They had a daughter, Candice. In September 1987, Cline's first wife died from breast cancer. She was 28 years old. In 1993, Cline married Kelly, his second wife. In 2000, Cline divorced Kelly Cline. Cline had two sons and two daughters, Christopher Logan Cline, Alex Tanner Cline, and Kameron Cline.
Cline owned a 33,413-square-foot (3,104.2 m2) mansion in North Palm Beach, Florida, and a home in his native Beckley, West Virginia, with a 150-acre (61 ha) property. Cline was a charter member of Brenton Southern Baptist Church.
Cline owned two megayachts that he christened "Mine Games". The first was a 164-footer built by Trinity Yachts, delivered in 2008. He sold the yacht in 2013, later purchasing another 205-foot (62 m) larger luxury yacht that he also christened "Mine Games". Mine Games, which had five staterooms and its own submarine, was designed and built by Italy-based Benetti in 2010. Cline sold the yacht in the fall of 2018.
Threats against family
On August 20, 2012, Vivek Shah was arrested for the attempted extortion of Chris Cline, Harvey Weinstein, and three other individuals. On or around June 26, 2012, Shah threatened to kill members of Cline's family if $13 million was not wired to an offshore bank account. A seven-count felony indictment against Shah was filed in U.S. District Court in Los Angeles in September 2012, and in 2013 he was sentenced to seven years in prison.
Other people also died with Cline, including his 22-year-old daughter Kameron and her three friends (Brittney Searson, Jillian Clark, and Delaney Wykle). They were traveling back from the Bahamas to the United States on an emergency trip to an American hospital after Kameron and one of her friends fell ill. The other casualties were golfer David Jude and the aircraft's pilot, Geoffrey Lee Painter, an ex-Royal Air Force pilot from Barnstaple, United Kingdom.
In 2014, Chris Cline Athletic Complex, an indoor football practice facility at Marshall University, was dedicated for Cline.
- "Forbes profile: Christopher Cline". Forbes. Retrieved September 28, 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Contact Foresight Energy". Foresight.com. Retrieved June 29, 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Lippert, John (October 12, 2010). "New King Coal". Bloomberg Markets Magazine. Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved June 23, 2011.
Chris Cline became a billionaire by betting on a dirty fuel the world can’t get enough of. With maps of 675 square miles of his Illinois mines before him, Chris Cline recalls the moment he knew the coal in those mines would be worth billions of dollars.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "The Carlyle Group: Foresight Reserves, LP". Carlyle.com. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved July 10, 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Cohen, Howard (July 5, 2019). "Who was billionaire Chris Cline, who died in the Bahamas copter crash? He had Florida ties". miamiherald.com. Retrieved August 9, 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Lippert, John (October 12, 2010). "Cline Talking Clean as Coal Mines Supply Most Energy Since 1970". Bloomberg. Retrieved July 10, 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- About, Foresight Energy, 2019
- Chris Cline Could Be The Last Coal Tycoon Standing, Christopher Helman, Forbes, December 19, 2017
- "Illinois State Energy Profile". U.S. Energy Information Administration. April 18, 2019. Retrieved July 7, 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity–Coal". Commerce.state.il.us. Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved July 10, 2011.
- "Foresight Energy Invests in Illinois". Coalage.com. December 7, 2010. Archived from the original on January 28, 2012. Retrieved July 10, 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Cassell, Barry (January 9, 2008). "Cline's Deer Run coal mine to produce up to 8 million tons per year". SNL. Retrieved July 10, 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Rushton, Bruce (July 17, 2010). "Activists raise concerns about coal mine slurry injection in Illinois". The State Journal-Register. Retrieved March 20, 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Landis, Tim (April 25, 2011). "Deer Run producing 'development coal'". The State Journal-Register. Retrieved March 20, 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "WVU academics receive $5,000,000 gift from Cline family". Wvutoday.wvu.edu. Archived from the original on June 20, 2011. Retrieved July 10, 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Cline Family Foundation makes $5 million Gift to Marshall University for sports medicine research". huntingtonnews.net. July 20, 2011. Retrieved August 9, 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Sabrina J. Holley Cline". Find a Grave. Retrieved August 9, 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Chris Cline and Cameron Cline". legacy.com. Retrieved August 9, 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Warren, Nicole (2012). "A Perfect Start - A Friendship Leads to a Romantic Day at Runnymede Plantation". charlestonweddingsmag.com. Retrieved August 9, 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Billionaire Chris Cline dies in a helicopter crash near the Bahamas, governor says, CNN, Faith Karimi and Sheena Jones, July 5, 2019
- "Billionaire Chris Cline, Elin Nordegren's Ex, Among 7 Dead in Bahamas Helicopter Crash". PEOPLE.com. Retrieved July 10, 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Fun and games aboard Mine Games August 2007
- Lippert, John (October 12, 2010). "New King Coal". Bloomberg. Retrieved October 2, 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "62 metre Benetti motor yacht Mine Games sold". Boat International. Retrieved July 10, 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Million-Dollar Donors in the 2016 Presidential Race". The New York Times. August 25, 2015. Retrieved October 14, 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Time Waster. "Man Busted In Harvey Weinstein Extortion Plot". The Smoking Gun. Retrieved October 2, 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Time Waster. "Vivek Shah Affidavit". The Smoking Gun. Retrieved October 2, 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Dillon, Nancy (September 12, 2013). "Man sentenced to 7 years for extortion plot against Harvey Weinstein, others". New York Daily News. Retrieved March 11, 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Christopher "Chris" Cline". Find a Grave. Retrieved August 9, 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Johnson, Alex (July 4, 2019). "Billionaire coal executive and philanthropist Chris Cline dies at 60". NBC News. Retrieved July 5, 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- 'Wonderful man and great Republican': Chris Cline dies in helicopter crash, The Guardian, July 6, 2019
- Kelly, William (August 24, 2020). "Final seconds revealed before helicopter crash that killed billionaire Chris Cline, six others". TC Palm. Retrieved April 3, 2021.
- "Searching for answers in crash that killed Palm Beach County billionaire, his daughter and her friends". sun-sentinel.com. Associated Press. Retrieved July 7, 2019.
- "West Virginia, Marshall mourns loss of ddonor Chris Cline". marshallparthenon.com. Retrieved August 9, 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)