Chris Hohn

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Sir Chris Hohn
Born
Christopher Anthony Hohn

October 1966 (age 55)
Addlestone, Surrey, England
NationalityBritish
EducationUniversity of Southampton
Harvard University
OccupationHedge fund manager and philanthropist
Known forFounding and managing The Children's Investment Fund Management
Spouse(s)Jamie Cooper (divorced)
Children4

Sir Christopher Anthony Hohn[1] KCMG (born October 1966) is a British billionaire hedge fund manager and philanthropist.

In 2003, Hohn established The Children's Investment Fund Management (TCI), a prominent value-based hedge fund. Profits generated by the fund were proportionately allocated to The Children's Investment Fund Foundation, a registered charity in England and Wales that focuses on improving the lives of children living in poverty in developing countries.[2] He is known as an activist investor.

As of 2014, he had given over $4.5 billion to The Children's Investment Fund Foundation.[3] Hohn is worth $5 billion according to the Forbes billionaires list in 2020, an increase of $1.9 billion from 2019.[4] In 2019 Forbes put Hohn in the list of the world's most generous philanthropists outside of the US. [5] In recent years, Hohn has become an outspoken advocate of urgent action on the climate crisis, and a prolific contributor to the cause.[6]

Early life[edit]

Christopher Anthony Hohn was born in October 1966[7] in Addlestone, Surrey.[8] His father Paul was a Jamaican-born car mechanic of European descent who moved to Britain in 1960, and his mother was a legal secretary from East Sussex.[9]

He was a pupil at St Paul's County Secondary School in Addlestone between 1979 and 1983 gaining 13 O Levels; he then attended the University of Southampton from which he graduated in 1988 with first-class honours in accounting and business economics.[8] While at Southampton, a tutor advised him to apply for Harvard Business School, where he completed the Master of Business Administration course.[9] He graduated in 1993 as a Baker Scholar, meaning he was among the top five percent of all graduates.[9]

Career[edit]

After graduating, Hohn worked for the private equity group Apax Partners.[8] In 1996 he went to work for Perry Capital, a hedge fund on Wall Street.[8] In 1998 he was made head of Perry's London operations.[8] In his time with Perry, he earned an estimated £75m.[citation needed]

In 2003, Hohn set up his own hedge fund, The Children's Investment Fund. TCI donated regularly to a connected charitable fund, The Children's Investment Fund Foundation, run by his wife. The original formula involved transfers of 0.5 percent of the fund's assets each year, with a further 0.5 per cent of assets for every year during which the fund achieved returns of more than 11 per cent. It is reported that Hohn established the formulaic charitable link in order to motivate himself.[8] Coinciding with the couple's divorce proceedings, changes set in motion in 2012 led to the splitting up of the fund and the foundation. The fund no longer donates money to the foundation on a contractual basis, though it may do so on a discretionary basis.[10]

Hohn took £200m in dividend payments in 2018, slightly more than his Children's Investment (TCI) fund made in profit. This was down from $274m in 2017 and $364m in 2016.[11] His 2015 earnings of $250 million ranked him 12th among the 25 top earning hedge fund managers.[12]

In 2019, it was reported that he had built a €730m stake in Heathrow Airport via a range of investment companies jointly taking a 4% stake in Spanish multinational Ferrovial.[13]

From March 2019 to March 2020 he paid himself $479 million, the highest annual amount paid to a person in the UK.[14]

In conjunction with The Children's Investment (TCI) fund Hohn launched the "Say on climate" initiative. The idea of the campaign is to make companies disclose their greenhouse gas emissions and their plans to manage these emissions and also give shareholders an advisory vote on the plans and their results. The initiative was first implemented by Aena, Unilever, Glencore, and CN but it has won many critics at the same time.[15]

Donations[edit]

In 2019 it was reported by The Daily Telegraph that Hohn had donated £50,000 to environmental activist group Extinction Rebellion, with a further £150,000 donated by the Children's Investment Fund Foundation. None of the Charity's money was spent on civil disobedience, it was claimed.[16]

In April 2020, he made a £2.4 million donation to purchase around 100 SAMBA II machines to test for COVID-19.[17]

Honours[edit]

Hohn was appointed Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG) in the 2014 Birthday Honours for services to philanthropy and international development.[18]

Personal life[edit]

He married Jamie Cooper, a fellow Harvard graduate student from Chicago, whom he had met at a party during his studies.[19] Upon marriage, they took each other's surnames to become Cooper-Hohn, although he is still widely known as Hohn. The couple went on to have four children, including triplets.[20]

In 2013 it was reported that Hohn had begun divorce proceedings with his wife.[21] In November 2014, he was set to pay his American-born ex-wife $500 million,[22] in what is thought to be the biggest divorce settlement ever awarded by an English court.[23] In December 2014, he was ordered to pay his ex-wife £337 million.[24]

Hohn practices yoga and does not eat meat.[25]

References[edit]

  1. ^ CHRIS HOHN Co-Founder ciff.org
  2. ^ Armitstead, Louise (1 June 2011). "Hedge fund boss Chris Hohn gives away £1bn in five years". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  3. ^ "Court documents" (PDF). www.judiciary.uk. 2014. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  4. ^ "Rich List 2020: profiles 101-199=, featuring Sir Paul McCartney and Joanne Rowling". The Sunday Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 10 June 2020.
  5. ^ Çam, Deniz. "From Azim Premji to Carlos Slim: The World's Most Generous Billionaires Outside Of The U.S." Forbes. Retrieved 23 July 2021.
  6. ^ "Billionaire hedge fund boss pays himself UK record of £343m". the Guardian. 1 March 2021. Retrieved 1 March 2021.
  7. ^ "THE CHILDREN'S INVESTMENT FUND FOUNDATION (UK)". Companies House. Retrieved 26 April 2016.
  8. ^ a b c d e f TCI goes where other funds fear to tread - FT.com
  9. ^ a b c Bloxham, Andy (20 June 2008). "Chris Hohn profile: Britain's biggest charity donor". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  10. ^ "TCI Hedge Fund in Britain Ends Ties to Charitable Arm". 18 June 2014.
  11. ^ "Hedge fund boss pays himself £200m despite fund's profits falling". The Guardian. 4 December 2019. Retrieved 16 February 2020.
  12. ^ "The Highest-Earning Hedge Fund Managers & Traders". Forbes. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
  13. ^ Gill, Oliver (19 October 2019). "Extinction Rebellion backer Chris Hohn builds £630m stake in Heathrow". The Daily Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
  14. ^ "Billionaire hedge fund boss pays himself UK record of £343m". the Guardian. 1 March 2021. Retrieved 1 March 2021.
  15. ^ Gara, Antoine. "Billionaire Chris Hohn Explains Why Increased Disclosure Will Force Companies To Cut Their Carbon Emissions". Forbes. Retrieved 8 August 2021.
  16. ^ Dixon, Hayley (10 October 2019). "Extinction Rebellion funded by charity set up by one of Britain's richest men". The Daily Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
  17. ^ Craig Brierley Communications team. "Rapid COVID-19 diagnostic test developed by Cambridge team to be deployed in hospitals | University of Cambridge". Cam.ac.uk. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  18. ^ "No. 60895". The London Gazette (Supplement). 14 June 2014. p. b4.
  19. ^ Timmons, Heather (26 June 2008). "The Children's Investment Fund and Its Nonprofit Twin". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
  20. ^ "Hedge-fund couple Chris Hohn and Jamie Cooper-Hohn on track for Britain's first billion pound divorce". The Daily Telegraph. 18 June 2014.
  21. ^ Eden, Richard (27 October 2013). "Royal Mail hedge fund tycoon Chris Hohn posts his divorce papers". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  22. ^ "Chris Hohn's Activist Hedge Fund Has Big First Half Of 2015". Forbes.com. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
  23. ^ Croft, Jane (28 November 2014). "Chris Hohn in record-breaking $530m divorce settlement". The Financial Times. London.
  24. ^ "Sir Chris Hohn ordered to hand over £337m in one of England's biggest divorce cases". The Daily Telegraph. 12 December 2014. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
  25. ^ "The very private life of Sir Chris Hohn - the man paid £1m a day". the Guardian. 5 March 2021. Retrieved 5 August 2021.