Chris Morgan (ecologist)

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Chris Morgan
Born Chris Morgan
Great Britain
Occupation ecologist, conservationist, TV host, filmmaker, and author
Known for PBS Nature, bear research, environmental education, wildlife conservation, wilderness guiding

Chris Morgan is a British-born ecologist, conservationist, TV host, filmmaker, and author. His ecology and conservation work focuses on bears and other large carnivores worldwide. Over the last 25 years Morgan has worked as a wildlife researcher, wilderness guide, and environmental educator on every continent where bears exist.[1][2]

He emigrated to the USA from the UK in 1997, and in the year 2000 co-founded the Grizzly Bear Outreach Project (GBOP; now Western Wildlife Outreach, WWO), which was designed to bring scientifically credible information about grizzly bears and recovery to local communities of the North Cascades in Washington State.[1]

He has escorted hundreds of people into wilderness areas around the world through his guiding work.

Morgan has been a featured television host and/or contributor in productions for PBS, National Geographic Television, BBC, Discovery Channel, and has appeared on the Late Show with David Letterman.[3][4] He has become a familiar voice of the television series PBS Nature having narrated numerous films since 2011 on topics ranging from lions to pelicans and the Australian outback.

Chris authored the book Bears of the Last Frontier. This large format publication describes the experience, the bears, and behind-the-scenes insight from the production of the PBS Nature episodes of the same title.[1][5]

Early life[edit]

Morgan was born 10 November 1968 in Wigan England, United Kingdom.

At the age of 18, while working at a summer camp in New Hampshire, Morgan met a bear biologist who invited him to help tranquilize, process and track American black bears at a study site in northern New Hampshire.[2] Afterward, he changed his college focus from graphic design to ecology. At 19, he took a road trip to Northern Spain in search of bears and wolves to complete a report required for his Higher National Diploma in Conservation Management.[6] He also took a six-month placement position with the Northwest Territories Department of Renewable Resources in 1991 to assist with grizzly bear, wolf, and muskox research. Also in his early 20's, Morgan traveled to the Canadian Rockies to collar and track grizzly bears for a research project near Banff National Park for two consecutive seasons, tracking grizzly bears by foot for over 2000 miles.[5] In the 1990s, Morgan studied Spanish brown bears in the Cantabrian Mountains of Spain, grizzly bears in Calgary and the Northwest Territories of Canada, and performed spectacled bear study viability research in Ecuador.[6][7] In 1994, at the age of 26, Morgan joined the Himalayan Wildlife Project in Pakistan to research the brown bears of the Deosai Plateau.[5]

Education[edit]

Morgan has received a Higher National Diploma in Conservation Management from Farnborough College of Technology, Farnborough, UK, a Bachelor of Science in Applied Ecology from East London, UK and a master's degree in Advanced Ecology from the University of Durham, UK.[1] For his master's thesis research, Morgan studied female red squirrels in the southern Kielder Forest, England.[8]

Conservation work[edit]

Wildlife Media[edit]

Morgan is the Executive Director of Wildlife Media, a non-profit production company whose debut feature film 'BEARTREK' promotes global bear conservation and education.[1]

GBOP/WWO[edit]

Morgan was co-founder of the Grizzly Bear Outreach Project (GBOP), now Western Wildlife Outreach (WWO) in 2002. The non-profit organization began with grizzly bear safety and coexistence education efforts, but has since expanded to include wolf and cougar education.[1][9]

TV and Film Work[edit]

'BEARTREK' (Film)[edit]

Morgan's upcoming feature-length film 'BEARTREK' is an independent documentary/adventure/travel film located in Alaska, Peru, Borneo, and Manitoba, Canada that focuses on four bear species and four biologists who study them.[1][9] Morgan conceived 'BEARTREK' as a film and campaign that would support bear conservation efforts around the world and is a collaboration between Morgan (Executive producer/host/narrator) and nature-cinematographer/director, Joe Pontecorvo (Producer/director).[1] The 'BEARTREK' film documents the scientific studies of Robyn Appleton and her Spectacled Bear Conservation Society and their conservation efforts in Northern Peru; Dr. Nick Lunn on polar bears in Manitoba, Canada; Siew Te Wong on sun bears in Borneo; and Chris Morgan's experiences with brown/grizzly bears in Alaska.[10][11][12][13] The documentary also features an element of adventure and discovery as Morgan rides his motorcycle to study sites. The 'BEARTREK' campaign is "a giant experiment that brings a new approach to raising awareness and funding for conservation through a high end theatrical film, a campaign, and a social media movement."[1]

'Why Bears?' (Film)[edit]

Morgan co-wrote and narrated this short film made for teachers, scientists, non-profits and people interested in bears and preserving wild spaces. The film was made possible by an anonymous donation and was produced in partnership with Wildlife Media and TriFilm. The film's premise is that “What's good for bears is good for people and the planet.”[9][14][15] It explains the ecological and conservation roles that bears can play, and that by protecting them it is conceivable to protect the area represented by their global distribution - about one third of the planet's land mass (does not include circumpolar ice region occupied by polar bears).

'Animal Homes'[edit]

On April 8, 15, and 22, 2015, a three-part series titled 'Animal Homes' hosted and narrated by Morgan aired on PBS 'NATURE.'[16] 'Animal Homes' examines the various structures, building methods, and social networks utilized by animals in the wild to protect themselves and their young from predators, invaders, and the natural elements.[17] The series' first episode ('The Nest') focuses on what birds build to house their clutches of eggs using only their beaks and feet and the social interactions they confront while incubating and raising their young. Morgan is shown trying his hand at building a structurally sound nest, testing the strength of other avian structures, and presenting the collection of bird's nests owned by the Peabody Museum of Natural History at Yale University.[18] Episode two ('Location Location Location'), examines the importance of choosing an appropriate environment for an animal's home and the strategies employed in maximizing their success. In the episode, Morgan observes the dam and lodge building rituals of beavers, the protective relationship between hummingbird bird nests and their proximity to those of raptors, and takes part in the processing of a mother black bear and her cubs who had been hibernating in the forests of Maryland.[16] Morgan is featured in the third episode ('Animal Cities') observing a colony of nesting puffins in northwest Scotland, scuba diving off of Corsica to inspect the complex social and reproductive strategies of the oscillated wrasse, and excavating the fungal garden of a leaf-cutter ant nest in the rainforest.[16]

'The Last Orangutan Eden'[edit]

Morgan hosted and narrated 'The Last Orangutan Eden' for PBS 'NATURE' which aired on February 25, 2015.[19] To make this documentary about the dwindling population of orangutans and the efforts of conservationists to protect them, Morgan traveled to Northern Sumatra for filming. Morgan can be seen interacting with young orangutan orphans, searching the forest for wild orangutans and their nests, and accompanying the conservationist Ian Singleton on a journey to relocate a rehabilitated orangutan candidate-for-release.[20]

'Siberian Tiger Quest' (aka 'Hunt for the Russian Tiger')[edit]

PBS 'NATURE' began its 31st season with the episode 'Siberian Tiger Quest' hosted/narrated by Morgan who traveled to Siberia for filming.[21] The episode aired October 10, 2012. In the episode, Morgan met with Korean filmmaker Sooyong Park in Siberia to recount Park's efforts at filming Siberian tigers in the wild while embedded for five years and also to attempt to capture a tiger on film again. The episode was nominated for an Emmy Award for "Outstanding Nature Programming", and also received awards for "Best Presenter/Host", "Best Cinematography", "Best Human/Wildlife Interaction", "Gold Award", and "Outstanding Contribution to Wildlife Filmmaking Award."[22][23][24][25]

'Bears of the Last Frontier' (aka 'Bear Nomad')[edit]

For two years, Morgan and filmmaker Joe Pontecorvo worked on a three-hour, three-part mini-series filmed and produced for PBS 'NATURE' and National Geographic Television International called 'Bears of the Last Frontier' which highlights the three bear species in the state of Alaska.[26][27][28] Co-created by Morgan and Pontecorvo, the show was hosted and narrated by Morgan as the feature character with Pontecorvo acting as producer, director, and cinematographer.[29][30] The mini-series aired in May 2011.[27] During promotion for 'Bears of the Last Frontier' (May 10, 2011), Morgan was a guest on the 'Late Show with David Letterman.'[3] Morgan also wrote a book named for the mini-series featuring large print photos and behind-the-scenes stories of 'Bears of the Last Frontier' released in 2011.[5][31] For his work on the episode 'Bears of the Last Frontier: Arctic Wanderers,' Morgan was awarded "Best Presenter/Host" at the 2012 International Wildlife Film Festival (IWFF). Joe Pontecorvo, also, earned a 2012 Emmy Award Nomination ('Outstanding Individual Achievement in a Craft: Cinematography - Documentary and Long Form') for the same episode.[25][32]

PBS 'NATURE' narration[edit]

Morgan's other television work for PBS 'NATURE' includes narration on the episodes: 'Love in the Animal Kingdom' (2013), 'Great Zebra Exodus' (2013), 'Magic of the Snowy Owl' (2012), 'Fortress of the Bears' (2012), 'Kangaroo Mob' (2012), 'The Animal House' (2011), 'Survivors of the Firestorm' (2011), 'Outback Pelicans' (2011), 'The Himalayas' (2011), 'Elsa's Legacy: The Born Free Story' (2011), and 'Echo: An Elephant to Remember' (2010).[33][34][35][36][37][38][39][40][41][42]

'Great Bear Stakeout'[edit]

The BBC/Discovery Channel production 'Great Bear Stakeout' aired in two parts on BBC One April 24 and 25, 2013 with Morgan as an ecologist and bear expert.[43][44][45] 'Great Bear Stakeout' documents the awakening of Alaskan grizzly bears from hibernation through their feeding on the salmon run utilizing specialized camera gear and hidden camera techniques. The program received positive reviews by viewers.[44][46][47] The show aired in one part on the Discovery Channel May 12, 2013.[43]

'Land of the Lost Wolves'[edit]

'Land of the Lost Wolves' premiered on BBC One in two episodes on April 5 &6, 2012. Morgan is featured as an onscreen scientist in episode two, tracking wolves on the BC coast of Canada.[48]

'Grizzlies of Alaska'[edit]

Morgan was host, narrator, and featured character in an episode of the BBC Two series 'Natural World' titled 'Grizzlies of Alaska' which he co-created with 'BEARTREK' director/producer and cinematographer Joe Pontecorvo.[49] The episode originally aired on March 8, 2012.[50]

Selected Talks/Presentations[edit]

Event Venue Location Date Source
Coast to Cascade Grizzly Bear Initiative (C2CGBI) "A Night with Grizzlies" Millennium Place Whistler, BC April 8, 2014 [51]
Alaska Society of Technology in Education (ASTE) 2014 Convention Captain Cook Hotel Anchorage, AK Feb 22-25 [52]
Progressive International Motorcycle Shows Washington State Convention Center Seattle, WA February 15, 2014 [53]
Beyond Sustainability Conference The Sanctuary Kiawah Island, SC February 2–4, 2014 [54]
Multimedia presentation Mount Baker Theatre Bellingham, WA August 24, 2013 [55]
"On the Wild Side" multimedia presentation Mount Baker Theater Bellingham, WA February 17, 2013 [56]

Filmography[edit]

Title Network/Series Year Role Notes Source
Animal Homes: Animal Cities PBS/NATURE 2015 Host/narrator PBS/Terra Mater [16]
Animal Homes: Location, Location, Location PBS/NATURE 2015 Host/narrator PBS/Terra Mater [16]
Animal Homes: The Nest PBS/NATURE 2015 Host/narrator PBS/Terra Mater [16]
The Last Orangutan Eden PBS/NATURE 2015 Host/narrator PBS/National Geographic [19]
Foca Island - The Island of Secrets 2013 Narrator Produced by Terra Aquatica [57]
Love in the Animal Kingdom PBS/NATURE 2013 Narrator [42]
Great Zebra Exodus PBS/NATURE 2013 Narrator [58]
Great Bear Stakeout BBC/Discovery 2013 Ecologist/bear expert [43]
Land of the Lost Wolves BBC/Discovery 2012 On-screen biologist Episode 2 [48]
Grizzlies of Alaska Natural World 2012 Host/narrator [49]
Magic of the Snowy Owl PBS/NATURE 2012 Narrator [41]
Why Bears? 2012 Narrator/Co-Writer Wildlife Media/Trifilm [14]
Siberian Tiger Quest PBS/NATURE 2012 Host/narrator PBS/Terra Mater [21][59]
Fortress of the Bears PBS/NATURE 2012 Narrator [40]
Kangaroo Mob PBS/NATURE 2012 Narrator [39]
The Animal House PBS/NATURE 2011 Narrator [38]
Bears of the Last Frontier: Arctic Wanderers PBS/NATURE 2011 Host/narrator PBS/National Geographic [27]
Bears of the Last Frontier: The Road North PBS/NATURE 2011 Host/narrator PBS/National Geographic [27]
Bears of the Last Frontier: City of Bears PBS/NATURE 2011 Host/narrator PBS/National Geographic [27]
Survivors of the Firestorm PBS/NATURE 2011 Narrator [37]
Outback Pelicans PBS/NATURE 2011 Narrator [36]
The Himalayas PBS/NATURE 2011 Narrator [35]
Elsa's Legacy: The Born Free Story PBS/NATURE 2011 Narrator [34]
Echo: An Elephant to Remember PBS/NATURE 2010 Narrator [33]

Awards[edit]

(Year: Name of Award)
2017: “Nomination” for “Nature: Animal Homes – Natural Born Engineers: The Nest” at Festival International du Film Animalier (FIFA)
2016: “Emmy Award” for ‘Nature: The Last Orangutan Eden,’ “Outstanding Music & Sound,” Scot Charles & David Mitchum, 37th Annual News & Documentary Emmy Awards
2016: “Paul Geroudet Award” for “Nature: Animal Homes – Natural Born Engineers: The Nest” at the Festival de Menigoute
2016: “Emmy Nominations” for ‘Nature: Animal Homes,’ “Best Cinematography,” 37th Annual News & Documentary Emmy Awards.
2016: “Emmy Nominations” for ‘Nature: Animal Homes,’ hosted by Chris Morgan “Best Nature Programming,” 37th Annual News & Documentary Emmy Awards.
2016: “Best Broadcast Series” for ‘Nature: Animal Homes,’ at the International Wildlife Film Festival in Missoula, MT
2016: “Gold World Medal” Chris Morgan for ‘Nature: Animal Homes,’ as “Best Host” at the New York Festivals International TV & Film Awards.
2016: “Finalist for Best Short Short” for ‘Why Bears?’ in the “Jackson Hole Wildlife Film Festival. Currently on tour with the “WILD On Tour Initiative”. Sponsored by “Conservation Media Group.”
2015: Screened "Nature: The Last Orangutan Eden" at the Banff Mountain Film Festival
2013: “Nomination” for ‘Hunt for the Russian Tiger,’ (aka Siberian Tiger Quest) hosted by Chris Morgan from Matsalu International Nature Film Festival. (Lihula, Estonia)
2013: Emmy Nomination, ‘Siberian Tiger Quest,’ “Outstanding Nature Programming,” 34th Annual News & Documentary Emmy Awards
2013: “Best Cinematography” for ‘Siberian Tiger Quest,’ from International Wildlife FIlm Festival, Missoula, MT
2013: “Best Human/Wildlife Interaction” for ‘Siberian Tiger Quest,’ from International Wildlife Film Festival, Missoula, MT
2013: "Best Presenter/Host" for ‘Siberian Tiger Quest,’ from International Wildlife Film Festival, Missoula, MT
2013: “Outstanding Contribution to Wildlife Filmmaking Award” for ‘Hunt for the Russian Tiger,’ (aka Siberian Tiger Quest) hosted by Chris Morgan from the Japan Wildlife Film Festival
2013: “Gold Award” in the Eco-Tourism and Biodiversity category for ‘Hunt for the Russian Tiger,’ (aka Siberian Tiger Quest) hosted by Chris Morgan, from the Deauville Green Award Festival
2013: "Best Presenter/Host" for 'Siberian Tiger Quest' (IWFF)[25]
2012: "Best Presenter/Host" for 'Bears of the Last Frontier: Arctic Wanderers (International Wildlife Film Festival)
2008: Interagency Grizzly Bear Committee Award for Contributions to Grizzly Bear Conservation
2003: 'Outstanding Environmental Educator of the Year' (Environmental Education Association of Washington)

Books/Publications[edit]

Bears of the Last Frontier (2011)[5]
Insight Wildlife Management. “Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife. 2010. Cougar Outreach and Education in Washington State.” Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, Washington, USA. 2010.[60]
Promoting understanding: The approach of the North Cascades Grizzly Bear Outreach Project (2004)[61]
Morgan, Chris. “The Andean Bear Research and Environmental Education Project, Ecuador.” Insight Wildlife Management, Inc., Bellingham, Washington, USA. 1999.[62]
The ecology and behavior of female red squirrels (Sciurus vulgarism) during the breeding season in a conifer plantation (1994)[8]
Morgan, Chris. “An Investigation into the Status and Conservation of the Brown Bear (Ursus arctos) in the Cordillera Cantabrica, Spain.” Farnborough College of Technology, Hampshire, United Kingdom, the Cordillera Cantabrica, Spain.” Farnborough College of Technology, Hampshire, United Kingdom, March 1991.[63]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Jordan Schaul. "News Watch: National Geographic interview". Retrieved 23 April 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Interview on PBS Nature". Retrieved 23 April 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Chris Morgan on Late Show with David Letterman". Vimeo. Retrieved 7 September 2014. 
  4. ^ "Chris Morgan--IMDb name page". Retrieved 15 April 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d e Morgan, Chris. 2011. Bears of the Last Frontier. Stewart, Tabori & Chang
  6. ^ a b "The World According to Chris Morgan". Retrieved 22 March 2015. 
  7. ^ Faculty of Environmental Design. "Biology, demography, ecology and management of grizzly bears in and around Banff National Park and Kananaskis Country: The final report of the Eastern Slopes Grizzly Bear Project." (PDF). University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Retrieved 25 April 2015. 
  8. ^ a b Morgan, Chris P. "The ecology and behavior of female red squirrels (Sciurus vulgarism) during the breeding season in a conifer plantation.". Durham University, UK. Retrieved 25 April 2015. 
  9. ^ a b c Katie Jennings. "Letting Bears Roam: Q&A with Ecologist Chris Morgan". Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  10. ^ Siew te Wong. "Why BEARTREK is important to sun bear conservation?". Retrieved 22 March 2015. 
  11. ^ "Chris Morgan & BEARTREK". Retrieved 22 March 2015. 
  12. ^ Perrot, Mahina. “BEARTREK - Arctic Bound.” Touratech Catalogue 2013: 1442. Print.
  13. ^ "PBS highlights Alaska’s bears as icons of wilderness". Retrieved 22 March 2015. 
  14. ^ a b "Why Bears?". Vimeo. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  15. ^ "whybears.org". Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f "Animal Homes". PBS Nature. Retrieved 27 March 2015. 
  17. ^ TV News Desk. "NATURE's Animal Homes 3-Part Series Begins on PBS, 4/8". broadwayworld.com. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  18. ^ Community Contributor tandrea. "CPTV to Air New Three-Part Nature Miniseries from New Haven Filmmaker Ann Johnson Prum". Hartford Courant. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  19. ^ a b "The Last Orangutan Eden. Production Credits.". PBS Nature. Retrieved 27 March 2015. 
  20. ^ TV News Desk. "NATURE's The Last Orangutan Eden Set to Air 2/25 at 8pm on PBS". broadwayworld.com. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  21. ^ a b "Nature (Season 31) - Siberian Tiger Quest". PBS Nature. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  22. ^ "PBS Nominated for 45 News & Documentary Emmys". PBS. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  23. ^ "2013 Japan Wildlife Film Festival Winners!". JWFF. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  24. ^ "Winners and Finalists 2013". Dauville Green Awards. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  25. ^ a b c "36th Annual International Wildlife Film Festival Award Winners". IWFF. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  26. ^ "PBS highlights Alaska’s bears as icons of wilderness". Retrieved 22 March 2015. 
  27. ^ a b c d e Chris Morgan. "Bears of the Last Frontier". Retrieved 22 March 2015. 
  28. ^ "Nature (Season 29) - Bears of the Last Frontier". PBS Nature. Retrieved 22 March 2015. 
  29. ^ "Joe Pontecorvo--IMDb name page". Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  30. ^ "Bears of the Last Frontier Production Credits". PBS Nature. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  31. ^ "Photos: Black Bears, Grizzly Bears, and Polar Bears of Alaska". vanityfair.com. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  32. ^ "Nominees for the 33rd Annual News and Documentary Emmy Awards Announced by The National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences". Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  33. ^ a b "Echo: An Elephant To Remember. Production Credits.". PBS Nature. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  34. ^ a b "NATURE Elsa’s Legacy: The Born Free Story. Production Credits.". PBS Nature. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  35. ^ a b "The Himalayas. Production credits.". PBS Nature. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  36. ^ a b "Outback Pelicans. Production credits.". PBS Nature. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  37. ^ a b "Survivors of the Firestorm. Production credits.". PBS Nature. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  38. ^ a b "The Animal House. Production credits.". PBS Nature. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  39. ^ a b "Kangaroo Mob. Production credits.". PBS Nature. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  40. ^ a b "Fortress of the Bears. Production credits.". PBS Nature. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  41. ^ a b "Magic of the Snowy Owl. Production credits.". PBS Nature. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  42. ^ a b ”Love in the Animal Kingdom.” NATURE. Dir. Mark Fletcher. PBS. 2013. DVD.
  43. ^ a b c "About Great Bear Stakeout". Discovery. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  44. ^ a b Sam Wollaston. "The Great Bear Stakeout - TV Review". theguardian.com. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  45. ^ "Chris Morgan". BBC One. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  46. ^ Christopher Stevens. "A psycho, a gangster’s moll and a killer mum-it’s all too grizzly: Christopher Stevens reviews last night’s TV". dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  47. ^ "TV review: Great Bear Stakeout and 10 O’Clock Live". shropshirestar.com. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  48. ^ a b Land of the Lost Wolves. Dir. Rowan Musgrave. United Kingdom: BBC. 2012. DVD.
  49. ^ a b "Grizzlies of Alaska". Natural World. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  50. ^ List of Natural World episodes
  51. ^ Alison Taylor. "Bringing Grizzlies Back from the Brink". Pique. Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  52. ^ aste_staff. "Welcome to ASTE 2014!". Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  53. ^ "BEARTREK". Touratech. Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  54. ^ Geoffrey. "Beyond Sustainability Kiawah Island - South Carolina - USA - February 2-4, 2014". Emerging Markets ESG. Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  55. ^ bradc. "Bear expert Chris Morgan". KISM. Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  56. ^ Amy Kepferle. "On the Wild Side". Cascadia Weekly. Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  57. ^ "Foca Island - The Island of Secrets". Terra Aquatica. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  58. ^ "Great Zebra Exodus. Production Credits.". PBS Nature. Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  59. ^ "Siberian Tiger Quest. Production Credits.". PBS Nature. Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  60. ^ Insight Wildlife Management, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife. Cougar Outreach and Education in Washington State. Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, Washington. (2010)
  61. ^ Morgan et al. Promoting understanding: The approach of the North Cascades Grizzly Bear Outreach Project. Ursus 15(1) Workshop Supplement: 137-141 (2004)
  62. ^ Morgan, Chris. The Andean Bear Research and Environmental Education Project, Ecuador. Insight Wildlife Management, Inc., Bellingham, Washington. (1999)
  63. ^ Morgan, Chris. An Investigation into the Status and Conservation of the Brown Bear (Ursus arctos) in the Cordillera Cantabrica, Spain. Farnborough College of Technology, Nampshire, United Kingdom. (1991)

External links[edit]