Chris Pérez

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For other people named Chris Pérez, see Chris Pérez (disambiguation).
Chris Pérez
Man in jeans and T-shirt playing red electric guitar
Pérez in 2012
Background information
Birth name Christopher Gilbert Pérez
Born (1969-08-14) August 14, 1969 (age 47)
San Antonio, Texas, U.S.
Genres Heavy metal,[1] rock, Latin rock, cumbia, Tejano
Occupation(s) Guitarist, songwriter, singer, author
Instruments Electric guitar, acoustic guitar
Years active 1986–present
Labels EMI Latin, Hollywood, Q-Zone
Associated acts Selena (deceased wife)
Selena y Los Dinos
Suzette Quintanilla (sister-in-law)
A.B. Quintanilla (brother-in-law)
Abraham Quintanilla, Jr. (father-in-law)
Marcella Quintanilla (mother-in-law)
Kumbia Kings
Kumbia All Starz
Shelly Lares
Elida Reyna
The Chris Pérez Band
The Chris Pérez Project

Christopher Gilbert "Chris" Pérez (born August 14, 1969) is an American guitarist, songwriter and author best known as lead guitarist for the Tejano band Selena y Los Dinos. He is the widower of the frontwoman of the group, Selena, whom he married on April 2, 1992. Pérez grew up in San Antonio, Texas as one of two children of Gilbert Pérez and Carmen Medina. In 1986, he joined Shelly Lares' band. By the late 1980s, Pérez was reputed among Tejano musicians for his guitar skills. This caught A.B. Quintanilla's attention; at the time, Quintanilla was seeking another guitarist for the band he produced, Selena y Los Dinos. Between one and two years after Pérez joined the band, he and Selena began a personal relationship.

Selena's father, Abraham Quintanilla, Jr., went to great lengths to end their relationship because he felt Pérez' image might damage Selena's career. They ignored his threats to disband the group, and continued their relationship. Quintanilla Jr. fired Pérez from the band, forbidding Selena to go with him. They later eloped, and Selena's father accepted the relationship and he grew to love and accept Chris as his son-in-law. Pérez was asked to collaborate on several of Selena's songs with A.B. and other members of the band, using his guitar to piece out melodies and incorporating a number of musical genres into their songs.

During the early 1990s, Pérez was arrested for driving under the influence in San Antonio, but was released without charge. Within months of his first arrest, Pérez was involved in a trashed-hotel-room incident; he and two members of Selena y Los Dinos were intoxicated and began wrestling in a room, breaking the door and punching holes in the walls. On March 31, 1995 Selena was killed by her former friend and former manager of her boutiques, Yolanda Saldívar. Selena's murder greatly devastated Pérez, who began abusing drugs and alcohol. Chris has since remained in touch with the Quintanillas following Selena's death.

In 1998 he met Venessa Marie Villanueva through his friend John Garza, and began dating her. That year, Pérez formed the Chris Pérez Band and began writing songs for their debut album. They signed with Hollywood Records and released their first album, Resurrection, which won a Grammy Award for Best Latin Rock or Alternative Album. The band disbanded after their second album, Una Noche Más (2002), was released. Pérez and Villanueva had two children, Cassie Gabrielle and Noah, before divorcing in 2008. Pérez continued in the music business and often played with his brother-in-law A.B.'s groups, the Kumbia Kings and the Kumbia All Starz. He left both groups and formed another band (the Chris Pérez Project, which included Puerto Rican singer Angel Ferrer) in 2010. In 2012 Pérez wrote a book about his and Selena's relationship and married life entitled To Selena, with Love which received a positive reception from critics and fans.

Early life[edit]

Chris Pérez was born on August 14, 1969 in San Antonio, Texas to Gilbert Pérez, a computer programmer,[2] and Carmen Medina. He is of Mexican American ancestry. Perez's parents divorced in 1974, when he was four years old. His mother remarried in 1978.[3]

Chris Perez learned to play the French horn in middle school and joined his school's concert band with his mother's support. He decided to teach himself to play electric guitar despite his mother's disapproval due to the negative stereotypes associated with the rock-and-roll world.[4]

[5] Pérez's favorite musicians were Van Halen, Mötley Crüe, Def Leppard,[6] Kiss,[7] the Scorpions,[8] Ozzy Osbourne and Iron Maiden.[2] He also grew to admire Ricky Martin during the 1990s.[9] Many of his guitar solos are inspired by Carlos Santana.[10]

Chris Perez wanted to run away to Los Angeles, California to start a rock band when he was seventeen. At the time he shared an apartment with his father and worked at a library.[6][11] Pérez was asked by Tony Lares to join his cousin Shelly Lares' band in 1986.[12] Tony Lares told Pérez that Shelly performed Tejano music—a mixture of traditional Mexican folk music, polkas and country music sung in Spanish or English. Chris disliked Tejano music and wrote in To Selena, With Love that he joined Shelly's band with "foot-dragging resistance" because this job paid more than working at the library.[13] He became Shelly's musical director after Tony left the group, [14] and co-wrote three songs for Shelly's debut album in 1998.[15] His guitar playing received a positive reception from the band and its fans.[16] Around this time he also formed a rock band with two friends and planned to leave Shelly's band.[17]

Career[edit]

1989—1995: Selena y Los Dinos and legal problems[edit]

Roger Garcia, lead guitarist for Selena y Los Dinos, married and left the music business in 1989.[16] The group's bassist, Abraham "A.B." Quintanilla III, had heard good things about Pérez from other Tejano groups. He and other band members went to watch Chris rehearse with Shelly.[16][12] Quintanilla invited Pérez to one of Selena's performances, and asked if he was interested in playing with Selena y Los Dinos; Pérez accepted.[17] His decision was based on Los Dinos's sound, which was more "hip and sophisticated" than other Tejano bands, and he hoped to learn more about musical arrangement from A.B., whose work he admired.[17]

Pérez auditioned for the group's manager, A.B.'s and Selena's father, Abraham Quintanilla, Jr. Abraham initially disliked Pérez's rocker image and insisted that he change his appearance for the band. The elder Quintanilla feared that allowing Pérez in the group might affect his daughter Selena's "perfect image" and ruin her career. A.B. convinced his father to accept Pérez[18][12]and encouraged Pérez to explore different musical genres and mold their sounds to his own tastes.[19] Pérez and A.B became close friends, occasionally collaborated on writing songs for Selena.[20] Pérez, like Selena, knew little Spanish, which lead keyboardist Ricky Vela to tutor him.[21]

In 1991, Pérez was arrested for driving under the influence and speeding in San Antonio, Texas. Pérez's cousin got into an altercation with police and Pérez became involved. [22] Pérez was arrested and booked. Pérez claimed the police officers had lied of the altercation that lead to his arrest. [23] He was released without charges, but he told Selena and Abraham about his run-in with the police. Pérez claimed his honesty lead the daughter and father to start trusting him.[24]

Several months after his arrest, Pérez was sharing a hotel room with two road crew members of Selena y Los Dinos when the two crew members (who were intoxicated), began wrestling. Pérez was also intoxicated and joined in on the rough horseplay. One of the crew members knocked the door off its hinges, and holes in the wall were found inside the room. Pérez decided to leave the hotel to sleep at his home instead.[20] Abraham Sr. learned of the destruction placed upon the hotel room and fired the crew members and Pérez from the band the next morning. He also forbade Selena from seeing Pérez.[25]

Relationship with Selena[edit]

In 1989 Pérez and A.B. wrote Selena's Coca-Cola commercial jingle. After the company accepted the lyrics and Selena filmed the commercial, A.B. treated the band to a vacation in Acapulco, Mexico.[18] During the trip Pérez realized his attraction to Selena, although he had a girlfriend in San Antonio.[11] Pérez thought it best to distance himself from Selena, but found it difficult and decided to try building a relationship with her.[26] The two expressed their feelings for each other at a Pizza Hut restaurant, and shortly afterwards became a couple.[27][28] They hid their relationship from Abraham out of fear that Abraham would try to break them up.[29][30] The secret put stress on the young singer.[24]

The band's drummer, and Selena's sister, Suzette Quintanilla, found them flirting with each other.[31] Suzette reported this to her father, who took Pérez off the bus and informed him that the relationship was over.[32] The couple secretly continued their relationship, despite Abraham's disapproval.[33][34] Selena took hope from the fact that her mother Marcella approved of their courtship, until[35] one day when Abraham stopped the tour bus and went to the back where Pérez and Selena were sitting. He shouted that their relationship was over and Selena screamed back at him. Pérez tried to calm them both down, but joined in the argument after Abraham insulted him by calling him a "cancer in my family."[36] Finally, Abraham threatened to disband the group if they didn't break up. Intimidated, Selena and Pérez backed off. Abraham fired him from the band and prevented Selena from running off with him, leaving her both extremely devastated and heartbroken.[37]

After Pérez was fired from the band,[38] he moved back in with his father and began playing music wherever he could. He wrote that "free of that nerve-racking situation with [Selena's] father and the other members of Los Dinos, I started enjoying my life again." Selena, however, suffered from their separation and the two tried to keep in touch while she was touring.[39] On the morning of April 2, 1992, Selena pounded on his hotel-room door. She forced her way in and began to cry, saying she could not go on without him. Selena wanted to get married that day, but Pérez argued it wasn't the right thing to do at the moment. Selena insisted her father would never accept their relationship, and would not attend any wedding they planned.[40] Pérez agreed and they eloped in Nueces County, Texas.[41][36]

Selena was sure her father would leave them alone if they were married, and they could be together openly.[42] They planned to keep the elopement a secret until she found the right moment to reveal her marriage, but the media announced their elopement over the radio within hours of the marriage ceremony.[43] Selena's family tried to track her down. Abraham did not take the news well, and alienated himself for a time.[43] Selena and Pérez moved into an apartment in Corpus Christi.[44] until Abraham approached them, apologized, accepted the marriage and brought Pérez back into the band.[45] Pérez became a fully accepted member of the Quintanilla family after the marriage, and Abraham asked him to write songs for a rock band he was managing after he opened a recording studio, Q-Productions, in late 1993.[46]

That collaboration resulted in a posthumous recording for Selena when the lead vocalist for that rock group, Nando "Guerro" Dominguez, went to Selena's house to begin a recording. Pérez was ending the recording session several hours later when Selena asked to record Dominguez' demo.[47] Her version of the song was unreleased until 2004, when it was added to her posthumous compilation album Momentos Intimos as "Puede Ser". A.B. wrote "Ya No", the last recording for Selena's studio album Amor Prohibido (1994). He wanted to turn it into a rock song and asked for Pérez' assistance.[48]

1995–1998: After Selena, remarriage and fatherhood[edit]

Main article: Murder of Selena

In the spring of 1995, Chris's father-in-law, Abraham Quintanilla, found out that Yolanda Saldívar, who managed Selena's boutiques and fan club, was embezzling money. They held a meeting in early March, with Saldivar denying she had anything to do with fiscal discrepancies in checks that were found written in her name. Selena tried to repair her friendship with Saldivar despite her father's warnings.[49] On March 30, 1995, Selena and Chris met with Saldivar at a motel to recover missing financial papers for tax purposes.[50] When Selena arrived home she found that Saldivar did not give her the correct documents. She phoned Saldivar, who tried to convince Selena to return to her motel room alone. Chris insisted that it was too late, and he did not want Selena driving alone at night. Selena then agreed to meet with Saldivar the following morning.

On March 31, Selena woke up early to meet Saldivar at the motel where she was staying. She met with Saldivar, who delayed the transfer of papers with a story about having been raped during a recent trip to Mexico.[51] Selena took Saldivar to a local hospital, where doctors found no evidence of rape. When they returned to the motel room, Selena ended their four-year working relationship. As she turned to leave, Saldivar reached into her handbag, pulled out a Taurus Model 85 .38 Special caliber revolver, pointed it at Selena and pulled the trigger.[52] The bullet entered Selena's right shoulder blade from the back, severing a major artery running from her heart and exiting from just below her right collarbone. She ran to the motel lobby and collapsed to the floor. As the motel employees gathered round, she identified Saldivar as her assailant.[53] Selena was transferred to a nearby hospital, where doctors found the damage irreparable. She was pronounced dead within the hour.[54]

Chris couldn't eat for two days after his wife's murder.[55] In his book he says that when he could not sleep he began abusing alcohol and other drugs,[56] and went into seclusion. Family members noticed he was rapidly losing weight.[57] Chris felt guilty for not protecting Selena from Saldivar.[58]

In 1996, he moved out of his Corpus Christi house and back in with his father in San Antonio. John Garza introduced him to Venessa Villanueva, and after getting to know each other they became a couple in 1998.[2][59] In 2001 Chris married Villanueva and they had two children, a boy and a girl.[34][60]

Although it was rumored that Villanueva did not want to divorce, and wanted to try and work things out in their relationship, the couple finally decided their relationship was irreconcilable. They filed for divorce in 2008.[61][62] Despite getting married again and having two children, Pérez has since remained in touch with the Quintanillas following Selena's death.

1999–2009: Chris Perez Band and other projects[edit]

Chris friend, John Garza moved in with him six months after Selena's death. They began writing music, which Chris found healing.[67] In 1998 he formed a rock band with Garza, Rudy Martinez (former member of La Mafia) on bass, former Selena y Los Dinos keyboardist Joe Ojeda and Jesse Esquivel on drums. The band's name (the Chris Pérez Band) was chosen by Garza, Martinez, Ojeda and Esquivel.[68] Chris preferred the name Cinco Souls, but the other band members wanted to utilize his "reluctant celebrity."[2] The band was signed to Hollywood Records, and went to A&M Studios (now Henson Studios) in Los Angeles to begin recording their debut album. Chris wrote the song "Best I Can" to explore his feelings about losing Selena and his struggle to continue without her.[69][64] The song was not planned for the album, for fear that listeners would think he included the track for commercial reasons, but Hollywood Records and the band convinced him to include it on the album after hearing the demo.[70]

"Another Day" (about devotion to Selena) was included on the album.[70] Ojeda wrote "Solo Tu", a romantic ballad which Chris changed into a rock song.[68] Resurrection was released on May 18, 1999, and won the 2000 Grammy Award for Grammy Award for Best Latin Rock, Urban or Alternative Album.[34] The record company released two promotional singles (one English and one Spanish: the title track and the ballad "Por Que Tu Fuiste") to radio stations with intent to appeal to both audiences.[71] The Los Angeles Times wrote that the album was "upbeat and danceable, the lyrics speak almost uniformly of loss, anger, violence and abandonment".[2] The Chris Perez Band was the opening act for Mexican band Mana. In March 2000, Chris began preparing for his second studio album;[72] On April 16, the band released its second and final album, Una Noche Más, before breaking up.[73] Chris joined his brother-in-law A.B.'s band, the Kumbia All-Starz, in 2005 and left it in 2009 to form his own band.[73][74] On April 7, 2005, Los Dinos reunited at the Selena ¡VIVE! tribute concert.[75]

2010 to present[edit]

In the early 2010s he formed a new group (the Chris Pérez Project) with Puerto Rican singer Angel Ferrer, releasing "Todo es Diferente".[76]

In March 2012 Chris published To Selena, With Love, which described their relationship and struggles.[77] He had been reluctant to write the book, saying that fans asked him to write it.[62][78] He didn't seek the Quintanilla family's approval to write To Selena, With Love and did not disclose the project in fear of their reaction.[34] He approached Abraham after the book was finished. Abraham approved of it.[34] In an interview with The Hollywood Reporter, Chris said writing To Selena, With Love helped him "move forward".[34] The book was praised by critics and fans.[58][61][79] To Selena, With Love dispelled the rumor that Selena was pregnant when she died (which had appeared in media reports after her death).[80]

Personality and musical influences[edit]

According to The Dallas Morning News,[65] Hollywood.com,[81] Justice for Selena,[82] They Died Too Young[30] and Selena: Como La Flor,[83] Chris Pérez is a shy person. He was the antithesis of Abraham Qunintanilla's "clean-cut, nice kids" in his early career as a guitarist for Selena y Los Dinos,[84] a rebellious rocker and a "long-haired tough guy".[81] In an interview with the Corpus Christi Caller-Times, he admitted discomfort at being an entertainer.[78] Until the release of his book, he had kept quiet about his personal life and shied away from media attention.[36][85][86] Carlos Valdez, the District Attorney who prosecuted Yolanda Saldivar, described Chris as "shy and uncomfortable when in the spotlight", and this was echoed by the Corpus Christi Caller-Times.[78] His inability to talk about himself when interviewed was also discussed in Valdez' book. Valdez said the music business was not work for Chris, who enjoyed being a guitarist and called it his "reason for [his] existence". Valdez considers him "honest, sincere, and someone who could be trusted and believed [in]."[82]

Leila Cobo of Billboard magazine believed his musical styles included contemporary cumbia music, reminiscent of music produced by A.B., R&B, rap and funk music.[87] Chuck Taylor, a Billboard editor, called The Chris Pérez Project debut album a "lot of classic rock elements".[88] David Cazares of the Sun Sentinel called Pérez' debut album "average rock" music.[89] The San Antonio Express-News said that Resurrection was a fusion of "pop rock grooves and Tejano soul".[90] Pérez is known for tapping into Latin genres, such as cumbia and Latin rock.[88][91]

In the 1997 biopic-film, Selena, Pérez was portrayed by Jon Seda.

Discography[edit]

Published works[edit]

  • To Selena, With Love (2012)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jones 2000, p. 22.
  2. ^ a b c d e Valdes-Rodriguez, Alisa (May 9, 1999). "He's Fine. Trust Us". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 3, 2013. 
  3. ^ Pérez 2012, p. 32.
  4. ^ Pérez 2012, p. 33.
  5. ^ Pérez 2012, p. 98.
  6. ^ a b Pérez 2012, p. 15.
  7. ^ Pérez 2012, p. 133.
  8. ^ Pérez 2012, p. 229.
  9. ^ Pérez 2012, p. 116.
  10. ^ Harris, Beth (24 February 2000). "Santana Gets Six Pre-show Grammys". Bangor Daily News. Retrieved 9 June 2013. 
  11. ^ a b Pérez 2012, p. 12.
  12. ^ a b c Novas 1995, p. 46.
  13. ^ Ruiz 2006, p. 372.
  14. ^ Pérez 2012, p. 17.
  15. ^ Pérez 2012, p. 21.
  16. ^ a b c Pérez 2012, p. 23.
  17. ^ a b c Pérez 2012, p. 24.
  18. ^ a b Pérez 2012, p. 9.
  19. ^ Pérez 2012, p. 60.
  20. ^ a b Pérez 2012, p. 61.
  21. ^ Pérez 2012, p. 121.
  22. ^ Pérez 2012, p. 56.
  23. ^ Pérez 2012, p. 57.
  24. ^ a b Pérez 2012, p. 58.
  25. ^ Pérez 2012, p. 63.
  26. ^ Pérez 2012, p. 28.
  27. ^ Novas 1995, p. 50.
  28. ^ Pérez 2012, p. 49.
  29. ^ Pérez 2012, p. 52.
  30. ^ a b Jones 2000, p. 23.
  31. ^ Pérez 2012, p. 72.
  32. ^ Pérez 2012, p. 73.
  33. ^ Pérez 2012, p. 75.
  34. ^ a b c d e f Aguila, Justino (22 March 2012). "Selena's Widower Shows a Different Side of Singer in New Book (Q&A)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 9 June 2013. 
  35. ^ Novas 1995, p. 53.
  36. ^ a b c Gostin, Nicki (30 March 2012). "Chris Perez on his book 'To Selena, With Love'". CNN. Retrieved 9 June 2013. 
  37. ^ Pérez 2012, p. 79.
  38. ^ "The New York Times Film Reviews 1997-1998". The New York Times. 2 January 2001. Retrieved 9 June 2013. 
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  40. ^ Pérez 2012, p. 91.
  41. ^ Pérez 2012, p. 93.
  42. ^ Pérez 2012, p. 92.
  43. ^ a b Pérez 2012, p. 99.
  44. ^ Jones 2000, p. 26.
  45. ^ Pérez 2012, p. 105.
  46. ^ Pérez 2012, p. 216.
  47. ^ Pérez 2012, p. 217.
  48. ^ Pérez 2012, p. 232.
  49. ^ Patoski 1996, p. 183.
  50. ^ "Testimony of Richard Fredrickson". Houston Chronicle, October 13, 1995. Retrieved February 1, 2008.
  51. ^ "12 October 1995 testimony of Carla Anthony". Houston Chronicle, October 12, 1995. Retrieved May 21, 2008.
  52. ^ "Selena". Famous Crime Scene. Season 1. Episode 105. March 12, 2010. 30 minutes in. VH1. 
  53. ^ "Friday, 13 October, testimony of Shawna Vela". Houston Chronicle, October 13, 1995. Retrieved February 1, 2008.
  54. ^ Sam Howe Verhovek (April 1, 1995). "Grammy Winning Singer Selena Killed in Shooting at Texas Motel". The New York Times. p. 1. Retrieved October 24, 2011. 
  55. ^ Pérez 2012, p. 277.
  56. ^ Pérez 2012, p. 278.
  57. ^ Pérez 2012, p. 279.
  58. ^ a b Saldaña, Hector (March 30, 2012). "Chris Perez talks about life with Tejano music icon Selena". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved May 3, 2013. 
  59. ^ "The Chris Perez". Miami Herald. 8 August 1999. Retrieved 9 June 2013.  (subscription required)
  60. ^ Valdes-Rodriguez, Alisa (19 May 1999). "Too happy to be too sad Chris Perez, Selena's widower, has his life and music back on track". Kansas City Star. Retrieved 9 June 2013. (subscription required)
  61. ^ a b Tamara, E.J. (March 8, 2012). "Chris Perez: Widower Of Selena Quintanilla Shares Memories Of Life Together In New Book, 'To Selena, With Love'". The Huffington Post. Retrieved May 3, 2013. 
  62. ^ a b Castillo, Amaris (March 7, 2012). "Bookmarked: 'To Selena, With Love' by Chris Perez". Univision. Retrieved May 3, 2013. 
  63. ^ "music: Chris Perez (Photo Only)". San Antonio Express-News. 28 April 2000. Retrieved 11 June 2013.  (subscription required)
  64. ^ a b Chang, Daniel (29 May 1999). "Chris Perez Seeks To Regain". The Vindicator. Retrieved 11 June 2013. 
  65. ^ a b Tarradell, Mario (16 May 1999). "Chris Perez moves out of Selena's shadow". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved 11 June 2013.  (subscription required)
  66. ^ Torres, Richard (2 May 1999). "The Best of Selena Lives On". Newsday. Retrieved 11 June 2013.  (subscription required)
  67. ^ Pérez 2012, p. 280.
  68. ^ a b Pérez 2012, p. 282.
  69. ^ Pérez 2012, p. 283.
  70. ^ a b Pérez 2012, p. 284.
  71. ^ Pérez 2012, p. 285.
  72. ^ Ross, Paige (March 2000). "Chris Perez now". Corpus Christi Caller-Times. Retrieved May 3, 2013. 
  73. ^ a b "Hace 10 años fue asesinada 'la reina del tex mex'". El Universal. March 31, 2005. Retrieved May 3, 2013. 
  74. ^ "Kumbia All-Starz pondrán a bailar todo". Terra. November 21, 2009. Retrieved May 3, 2013. 
  75. ^ Clark, Michael D. (April 8, 2005). "Modern, traditional mix in vibrant Selena tribute". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved November 18, 2012. 
  76. ^ Saldaña, Hector (November 3, 2011). "Hector Saldaña: Chris Perez: Todo es diferente". San Antonio-Express News. Retrieved May 3, 2013. 
  77. ^ "To Selena, With Love Review". Goodreads.com. Goodreads Inc. Retrieved 9 June 2013. 
  78. ^ a b c "Chris Perez, Selena's husband, authors book about their lives together due out Tuesday". Corpus Christi Caller Times. 3 March 2012. Retrieved 9 June 2013. 
  79. ^ Martinez, Brenda (April 18, 2012). "Selena, la flor perenne". Prensa Libre (in Spanish). Retrieved May 3, 2013. 
  80. ^ "Selena, una flor que nunca se marchitará". Univision (in Spanish). Univision Communications. Retrieved 8 July 2013. 
  81. ^ a b Deming, Mark. "Selena (1997) Review". Hollywood.com. Retrieved 9 June 2013. 
  82. ^ a b Valdez 2005, p. 127.
  83. ^ Patoski 1997, p. 113.
  84. ^ Patoski 1997, p. 120.
  85. ^ Puga, Kristina (6 March 2012). "Selena's husband opens up in new book "To Selena, With Love"". NBC Latino. Retrieved 9 June 2013. 
  86. ^ Aquino, Lydia. "Chris Perez: All About Selena". Entertainment Affair.com. Retrieved 9 June 2013. 
  87. ^ Cobo, Leila (27 November 2004). "Kumbia Kings Continue Their Reign". Billboard. 116 (48). Retrieved 9 June 2013. 
  88. ^ a b Taylor, Chuck (29 May 1999). "Singles Review". Billboard. 11 (22). Retrieved 9 June 2013. 
  89. ^ Cazares, David (31 March 2000). "Latin Rock Grammy Winner Not Very Latin". Sun Sentinel. Retrieved 10 June 2013.  (subscription required)
  90. ^ "Music: Chris Perez". San Antonio Express-News. 28 April 2000. Retrieved 10 June 2013.  (subscription required)
  91. ^ Burr, Ramiro (19 April 2003). "Winners Unveiled At Tejano Awards". Billboard. 115 (16). Retrieved 9 June 2013. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]