Chris Van Hollen

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Chris Van Hollen
Chris Van Hollen official portrait 115th Congress.jpg
Official portrait, 2017
United States Senator
from Maryland
Assumed office
January 3, 2017
Serving with Ben Cardin
Preceded byBarbara Mikulski
Chair of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee
In office
January 3, 2017 – January 3, 2019
LeaderChuck Schumer
Preceded byJon Tester
Succeeded byCatherine Cortez Masto
House Democratic Assistant to the Leader
In office
January 3, 2009 – January 3, 2011
LeaderNancy Pelosi
Preceded byXavier Becerra
Succeeded byJim Clyburn (Assistant Democratic Leader)
Chair of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee
In office
January 3, 2007 – January 3, 2011
LeaderNancy Pelosi
Preceded byRahm Emanuel
Succeeded bySteve Israel
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 8th district
In office
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2017
Preceded byConnie Morella
Succeeded byJamie Raskin
Member of the Maryland Senate
from the 18th district
In office
January 11, 1995 – January 8, 2003
Preceded byPatricia Sher
Succeeded bySharon M. Grosfeld
Member of the Maryland House of Delegates
from the 18th district
In office
January 9, 1991 – January 11, 1995
Preceded byPatricia Sher
Lawrence Wiser
Succeeded bySharon Grosfeld
Personal details
BornChristopher Van Hollen Jr.
(1959-01-10) January 10, 1959 (age 63)
Karachi, Pakistan
Political partyDemocratic
Katherine Wilkens
(m. 1987)
EducationSwarthmore College (BA)
Harvard University (MPP)
Georgetown University (JD)
WebsiteSenate website

Christopher J. Van Hollen Jr.[1][2] (born January 10, 1959) is an American attorney and politician serving as the junior United States senator from Maryland since 2017. A member of the Democratic Party, Van Hollen served as the U.S. representative for Maryland's 8th congressional district from 2003 to 2017.

In 2007, Van Hollen became the chair of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee (DCCC). In this post, he was responsible for leading efforts to defend vulnerable Democrats and get more Democrats elected to Congress in 2008, which he did. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi created a new leadership post, Assistant to the Speaker, in 2006 so that Van Hollen could be present at all leadership meetings. He was elected ranking member on the Budget Committee on November 17, 2010. Pelosi appointed Van Hollen to the 12-member bipartisan Committee on Deficit Reduction with a mandate for finding major budget reductions by late 2011. On October 17, 2013, Pelosi appointed Van Hollen to serve on the bicameral conference committee.[3]

Van Hollen ran for the United States Senate in 2016 to replace retiring Senator Barbara Mikulski. He defeated Congresswoman Donna Edwards in the Democratic primary and won the general election 61 to 36 percent. Van Hollen served as chair of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (DSCC) from 2017 to 2019.[4]

Early life, education, and career[edit]

Van Hollen was born in Karachi, Pakistan, the eldest of three children of American parents, Edith Eliza (née Farnsworth) and Christopher Van Hollen.[5][6] His father was a Foreign Service officer who served as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs (1969–1972) and U.S. Ambassador to Sri Lanka and the Maldives (1972–1976);[7] his mother worked in the Central Intelligence Agency and the State Department, where she served as chief of the intelligence bureau for South Asia.[6][8] He spent parts of his early life in Pakistan, Turkey, India, and Sri Lanka.[8][9] He returned to the United States for his junior year of high school, and attended Middlesex School in Concord, Massachusetts, where his grandfather once taught.[8]

He is an alumnus of the Kodaikanal International School in southern India. In 1982, Van Hollen graduated from Swarthmore College with a Bachelor of Arts degree in philosophy.[10] He continued his studies at Harvard University, where he earned a Master of Public Policy degree, concentrating in national security studies, from the John F. Kennedy School of Government in 1985.[10] He earned a Juris Doctor from the Georgetown University Law Center in 1990.[10]

Early political career[edit]

Van Hollen worked as a legislative assistant for defense and foreign policy to U.S. Senator Charles Mathias, a Republican from Maryland, from 1985 to 1987.[11] He was also a staff member of the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations (1987–1989), and a legislative advisor for federal affairs to Maryland Governor William Donald Schaefer (1989–1991).[11] He was admitted to the Maryland bar in 1990, and joined the law firm of Arent Fox.[12]

Maryland State Legislature[edit]

Van Hollen served in the Maryland General Assembly from 1991 to 2003, first in the House of Delegates (1991–95) and then in the State Senate (1995–2003).[10] In the Senate, he served on the Budget and Taxation Committee and the Health and Human Services Subcommittee. He led successful efforts to raise the tobacco tax, prohibit oil drilling in the Chesapeake Bay, mandate trigger locks for guns, and increase funding for education and healthcare.[8] In 2002, The Washington Post called Van Hollen "one of the most accomplished members of the General Assembly."[13]

U.S. House of Representatives (2003–2017)[edit]

Chris Van Hollen joining Prince George's County Executive Jack B. Johnson (at the podium and to the left of Van Hollen) for the announcement of the county's legislative agenda for 2005


Before Van Hollen's election, incumbent Connie Morella had won eight elections in the district, despite being a Republican in a district that had swung heavily Democratic. Morella's success was largely attributed to her political independence and relatively liberal voting record, including support for abortion rights, gay rights, gun control and increased environmental protections.[citation needed]

After Morella's reelection in 2000, Democratic Maryland Senate President Thomas V. Miller, Jr. made no secret that he wanted to draw the 8th out from under Morella. Indeed, one redistricting plan after the 2000 census divided the 8th in two, giving one district to Van Hollen and forcing Morella to run against popular State Delegate Mark Kennedy Shriver. The final plan was far less ambitious, but made the district even more Democratic than its predecessor. It absorbed nine heavily Democratic precincts from neighboring Prince George's County, an area Morella had never represented. It also restored a heavily Democratic spur in eastern Montgomery County that had been cut out in the last round of redistricting.[14] Van Hollen defeated Morella in the 2002 general election in part, according to some analysts, because of this redistricting.[15]

In 2002, Van Hollen entered a competitive Democratic primary against Shriver and former Clinton administration aide Ira Shapiro. Though Shriver had the most money, Van Hollen launched a grassroots effort that mobilized Democratic voters. After receiving the endorsement of The Washington Post, The Baltimore Sun, and other local papers, Van Hollen defeated Shriver, 43.5% to 40.6%.[citation needed]

During the campaign, Van Hollen emphasized that even when Morella voted with the district, her partisan affiliation kept Tom DeLay and the rest of her party's more conservative leadership in power. Van Hollen also touted his leadership in the State Senate on issues such as education funding, HMO reform, trigger locks for handguns, and protecting the Chesapeake Bay from oil drilling. Van Hollen defeated Morella, 51.7% to 48.2%.[16] He crushed Morella in Prince George's County while narrowly winning Montgomery County. Morella won most of the precincts she had previously represented.

Van Hollen was reelected four times from this district with over 70% of the vote.[citation needed]

After the 2010 census, Van Hollen's district was made slightly less Democratic. He lost a heavily Democratic spur of Montgomery County to the neighboring 6th district, and lost his share of Prince George's County to the 4th district. In their place, the 8th absorbed a strongly Republican spur of Frederick County, as well as the southern part of even more Republican Carroll County. Nonetheless, his share of Montgomery County has more than double the population of his shares of Carroll and Frederick Counties combined, and Van Hollen won a sixth term over Republican Ken Timmerman with 63% of the vote. He lost in Carroll and Frederick, but swamped Timmerman in Montgomery by 113,500 votes.[citation needed]


In 2003, the Committee for Education Funding, a nonpartisan education coalition founded in 1969, named Van Hollen its Outstanding New Member of the Year.[17] The first bill Van Hollen introduces every session is the Keep Our Promise to America's Children and Teachers (Keep Our PACT) Act, which would fully fund No Child Left Behind and Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. He introduced an amendment, which passed, that repealed a 9.5 percent loophole in student loans that had allowed lenders to pocket billions of taxpayer dollars. Now, that money is available for additional student loans.[18]

Because many federal employees live in his district, Van Hollen has worked on a number of issues relating to them. He supported pay parity in pay raises for civilian employees and introduced an amendment, which passed, to block attempts to outsource federal jobs.[19]

Official portrait as a U.S. representative, 2010

Van Hollen has secured federal funding for a number of local-interest projects, including transportation initiatives, local homeland security efforts, education programs and community development projects. He and Adam Schiff (D-CA) often discuss issues of National Security on the floor of the House in tandem, with particular commentary on the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq.[20]

In May 2006, Van Hollen formed a congressional caucus on the Netherlands with Dutch-born Republican U.S. Representative Pete Hoekstra from Michigan. The goal of the caucus is to promote the U.S. relationship with the Netherlands and remember the Dutch role in establishing the State of New York and the United States.[citation needed]

Van Hollen speaking during the second day of the 2008 Democratic National Convention in Denver, Colorado, in his capacity as chairman of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee. He is flanked by Democratic House challengers.

In July 2006, Van Hollen urged the Bush administration to support a ceasefire supported by a peacekeeping force that would end the 2006 Lebanon War. He was criticized by elements of the Jewish and pro-Israel community, a large part of his constituency, for criticizing U.S. and Israeli policy in the Lebanon conflict.[21] In follow-up comments, Van Hollen indicated that his original comments were meant as a critique of Bush administration policy but did not retract his position, and other members of the local Jewish and pro-Israel community defended him.[21][22][23]

In 2006, Van Hollen opted out of the race to succeed the retiring Senator Paul Sarbanes, saying he would rather spend time with his family and help elect more Democrats to Congress.[24] In keeping with that, Van Hollen was appointed to Chairman of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee.

In 2009, Van Hollen introduced a bill which establishes a green bank to catalyze the financing of clean energy and energy efficiency projects.[25] He reintroduced the same bill again in 2014.[26]

In March 2010, when Charles Rangel was forced to resign as Chairman of the Committee on Ways and Means over ethics charges, Van Hollen played a key role in having Sander Levin succeed to the Chairmanship over Pete Stark. Stark was the second-most experienced member of the committee while Levin was third, and party tradition would have made Stark chairman due to seniority. However, Van Hollen and other younger members saw Stark's past intemperate comments as a liability to the Democrats in an election year.[27]

On April 29, 2010, Van Hollen introduced the campaign finance DISCLOSE Act.[28] He reintroduced the bill for the 113th Congress on February 9, 2012.[29]

In April 2011, Van Hollen sued the Federal Election Commission, charging it with regulatory capture and the creation of a loophole that allowed unlimited and undisclosed financing in the 2010 election season. According to Van Hollen, had it not been for the loophole, "much of the more than $135 million in secret contributions that funded expenditures would have been disclosed."[30][needs update]

During the 2012 Obama reelection campaign, Van Hollen participated in one-on-one debate prep with vice president Joe Biden, impersonating the Republican vice-presidential candidate Paul Ryan.[31]

Committee assignments[edit]

Party leadership and caucus memberships[edit]

U.S. Senate (2017–present)[edit]



Van Hollen defeated Republican Kathy Szeliga in the general election, 61% to 36%. He replaced Democrat Barbara Mikulski, who had retired from the Senate after serving for 30 years.[34]


Van Hollen has announced his candidacy for reelection in 2022.[35]


115th Congress (2017–2019)

Shortly after the 2016 elections, Van Hollen was selected as the Chairman of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (DSCC) for the 2018 cycle.[4]

117th Congress (2021–present)
Chris Van Hollen giving his Electoral College count remarks, including his response to the storming of the Capitol on January 6, 2021.

Van Hollen was walking to the Senate chambers to speak during the 2021 United States Electoral College vote count when he was stopped by U.S. Capitol Police telling him that the building was on lockdown due to the storming of the Capitol.[36] He returned to his office, where he remained for the duration of the attack.[37] In the immediate wake of the insurrection, Van Hollen called Trump a "political arsonist" and said "I never thought we would live to see the day that violent mobs seized control of the Capitol. I cry for our country."[38] As Van Hollen waited for the Capitol to be secured, he said he wanted an immediate investigation, calling the perpetrators "a violent mob." He also contrasted the police's treatment of the rioters with events that led to the use of tear gas on peaceful demonstrators, such as Black Lives Matter protests.[39] After Congress returned to session to count the electoral votes, he voted against objections raised by some Republican senators.[40] Van Hollen also called for Trump's "immediate removal" via the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution and said, "we should have looked at that option much earlier."[36]

Committee assignments[edit]



Caucus memberships[edit]

Political positions[edit]


According to his campaign website, Van Hollen supports an increase in the minimum wage, paid sick leave, an expansion of the Earned Income Tax Credit, equal pay for women, an increase in the child care tax credit, and a financial transactions tax.[42]


In October 2018, Van Hollen and Susan Collins cosponsored the Protect Our Elections Act, legislation that would block "any persons from foreign adversaries from owning or having control over vendors administering U.S. elections" and would make companies involved in administering elections reveal foreign owners and inform local, state and federal authorities if said ownership changes. Companies failing to comply would face fines of $100,000.[43][44]

Foreign policy[edit]

In May 2020, Van Hollen voiced his opposition to Israel's plan to annex parts of the Israeli-occupied West Bank.[45]

Gun law[edit]

Van Hollen has been endorsed by the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence,[46] a group which campaigns for more government regulation of guns.[47] Van Hollen received a 0% from the Gun Owners of America (GOA) in 2006.[48] In September 2008, Van Hollen voted against repealing portions of the Washington, D.C. Firearm Ban.[49]

In 2015, Van Hollen introduced legislation for increased handgun licensing, specifically the requirement for permit-to-purchase licenses. This proposal was based on a similar law that exists in Maryland. On proposing the law, Van Hollen stated that "States require licenses to drive a car or even to fish in local rivers, so requiring a license to buy a deadly handgun is a common-sense step that could save countless lives."[50]

In response to the 2017 Las Vegas shooting, Van Hollen co-sponsored a bill to ban bump stocks.[51]


Van Hollen supports Obamacare and has defended it many times.[52][53][54][55][56] He is also pro-abortion rights.[57]


In July 2019 Van Hollen cosponsored the Fallen Journalists Memorial Act, a bill introduced by Ben Cardin and Rob Portman that would create a privately funded memorial to be constructed on federal lands in Washington, D.C. to honor journalists, photographers, and broadcasters who died in the line of duty.[58]


Van Hollen received a 0% rating for the Citizens Against Government Waste (CAGW), and the National Taxpayers Union (NTU), in 2010.[48] Both these organizations advocate for lower taxes for everyone including the wealthy.[59][60] In 2006, Van Hollen received a 100% rating from Citizens for Tax Justice (CTJ), a group that calls for higher taxes on the wealthy.[61] Van Hollen opposes eliminating the federal estate tax.[48][62]

Personal life[edit]

Van Hollen and his wife Katherine have three children: Anna, Nicholas, and Alexander.[63] Van Hollen is of Dutch descent.[64]


On May 15, 2022, Van Hollen announced that he had a minor stroke over that weekend and would stay at George Washington University Hospital for a few days. He further said he was expected to make a full recovery with no long-term effects and would return to his work in the Senate later in the week.[65]

Electoral history[edit]

Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 2002[66]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chris Van Hollen 112,788 51.74
Republican Connie Morella (incumbent) 103,587 47.52
Write-in 1,599 0.73
Total votes 217,974 100.00
Democratic gain from Republican
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 2004[67]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chris Van Hollen (incumbent) 215,129 74.91
Republican Chuck Floyd 71,989 25.07
Write-in 79 0.03
Total votes 287,197 100.00
Democratic hold
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 2006[68]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chris Van Hollen (incumbent) 168,872 76.52
Republican Jeffrey M. Stein 48,324 21.90
Green Gerard P. Giblin 3,298 1.49
Write-in 191 0.09
Total votes 220,685 100.00
Democratic hold
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 2008[69]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chris Van Hollen (incumbent) 229,740 75.08
Republican Steve Hudson 66,351 21.68
Green Gordon Clark 6,828 2.23
Libertarian Ian Thomas 2,562 0.84
Write-in 533 0.17
Total votes 306,014 100.00
Democratic hold
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 2010[70]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chris Van Hollen (incumbent) 153,613 73.27
Republican Michael Lee Philips 52,421 25.00
Libertarian Mark Grannis 2,713 1.29
Constitution Fred Nordhorn 696 0.33
Write-in 224 0.11
Total votes 209,667 100.00
Democratic hold
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 2012[71]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chris Van Hollen (incumbent) 217,531 63.37
Republican Kenneth R. Timmerman 113,033 32.93
Libertarian Mark Grannis 7,235 2.11
Green George Gluck 5,064 1.48
Write-in 393 0.11
Total votes 343,256 100.00
Democratic hold
Maryland's 8th congressional district election, 2014[72]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chris Van Hollen (incumbent) 136,722 60.74
Republican Dave Wallace 87,859 39.03
Write-in 516 0.23
Total votes 225,097 100.00
Democratic hold
United States Senate Democratic primary results in Maryland, 2016[73]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chris Van Hollen 470,320 53.18
Democratic Donna Edwards 343,620 38.86
Democratic Freddie Dickson 14,856 1.68
Democratic Theresa Scaldaferri 13,178 1.49
Democratic Violet Staley 10,244 1.16
Democratic Lih Young 8,561 0.96
Democratic Charles Smith 7,912 0.89
Democratic Ralph Jaffe 7,161 0.81
Democratic Blaine Taylor 5,932 0.67
Democratic Ed Tinus 2,560 0.29
Total votes 884,344 100.00%
United States Senate election in Maryland, 2016[74]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Chris Van Hollen 1,659,907 60.89 -1.30
Republican Kathy Szeliga 972,557 35.67 -0.08
Green Margaret Flowers 89,970 3.30 +2.17
Write-in 3,736 0.14 +0.03
Total votes 2,726,170 100.00 N/A
Democratic hold

See also[edit]


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  6. ^ a b "State Department Policy Analyst Eliza Van Hollen". The Washington Post. February 26, 2007. Retrieved February 25, 2013.
  7. ^ Kelly, Jacques (February 3, 2013). "Christopher Van Hollen Sr., ambassador, Former Baltimorean and father of Md. congressman was ambassador to Sri Lanka and career Foreign Service officer". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved February 25, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d Matusow, Barbara (June 1, 2008). "Can Nice Guy Chris Van Hollen Finish First?". Washingtonian.
  9. ^ "Chris Van Hollen (D)". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved June 14, 2015.
  10. ^ a b c d "VAN HOLLEN profile". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  11. ^ a b "Chris Van Hollen, Jr. Biography". Maryland State Archives.
  12. ^ "Christopher Van Hollen, Jr". Maryland Manual Online.
  13. ^ "Commencement Speaker". University Communications Newsdesk, University of Maryland. December 2, 2004. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
  14. ^ LeDuc, Daniel (January 25, 2002). "Md. Democrats Redraw Morella's District". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 19, 2020.
  15. ^ Becker, Jo (November 6, 2002). "Van Hollen Ousts Morella". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 19, 2020.
  16. ^ "American Political Science Association election review" (PDF). Retrieved August 31, 2012.
  17. ^ "CEF Awardees – Outstanding New Member Award". Committee for Education Funding. 2003. Retrieved October 6, 2021.
  18. ^ Savodnik, Peter (July 12, 2005). "House races loom large in student-loan debate". The Hill. "House races loom large in student-loan debate". Archived from the original on September 5, 2006. Retrieved October 19, 2006.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  19. ^ Mosquera, Mary (September 10, 2003). "House votes against revised A-76 rules". Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
  20. ^ "Transcript of Congress speech on national security". September 19, 2006. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
  21. ^ a b Fingerhut, Eric (December 31, 2008). "Van Hollen strongly backs Israel". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Retrieved July 13, 2017.
  22. ^ Rosner, Shmuel (August 31, 2006). "Get ready for the Democrats". Haaretz. Archived from the original on March 2, 2007. Retrieved January 3, 2017. he did not apologize, just clarified his statements
  23. ^ Baker, Jesse; Rabinovits, Jeremy (August 15, 2006). "Hard Choices and Right Choices in the Mideast". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 13, 2017.
  24. ^ Craig, Tim; Wagner, John (July 12, 2005). "Van Hollen says he won't run for Senate". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
  25. ^ "Coalition for Green Bank applauds US Congressman Chris Van Hollen's Green Bank Act". March 25, 2009. "Newnet news - Coalition for Green Bank applauds US Congressman Chris van Hollen's Green Bank Act". Archived from the original on March 27, 2009. Retrieved March 30, 2009.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
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  27. ^ Kane, Paul (March 5, 2010). "Michigan's Sander Levin replaces Rangel as House Ways and Means chairman". The Washington Post.
  28. ^ H.R. 5175 THOMAS
  29. ^ "Van Hollen, House Democrats Introduce DISCLOSE 2012 Act". Archived from the original on July 4, 2014. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
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  31. ^ Sonmez, Felicia (August 17, 2012). "Maryland Rep. Chris Van Hollen to play role of Paul Ryan in Biden debate prep". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
  32. ^ "U.S. Congressional International Conservation Caucus Members". International Conservation Caucus. Archived from the original on March 24, 2012. Retrieved August 31, 2012.
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  35. ^ Kurtz, Josh (February 15, 2022). "Political Notes: A Barnburner in Southern Md., Van Hollen Makes It Official, Masking Changes, Senator Pulls Chief Judge Bill". Maryland Matters. Retrieved February 15, 2022.
  36. ^ a b Hartner, Zeke; Moore, Jack (January 7, 2021). "'Bad day for our democracy': Day after Capitol chaos, local leaders react". WTOP. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
  37. ^ Bell, Brad (January 7, 2021). "'This is 100% on leadership.' US Capitol Police unprepared for mob storming the Capitol". WBFF. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
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  43. ^ Thomsen, Jacqueline (October 11, 2018). "Bipartisan bill would block foreign adversaries from owning US election vendors". The Hill. Retrieved October 11, 2018.
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  51. ^ Siegel, Robert (October 4, 2017). "Democrat Senators Introduce Bill To Ban Bump Stocks After Las Vegas Massacre". National Public Radio. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
  52. ^ "Van Hollen: 63rd Attempt to Dismantle Obamacare a 'Historically Callous Action'". February 2, 2016. Archived from the original on December 10, 2016. Retrieved December 5, 2016.
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  64. ^ "Van Hollen, Hoekstra to Announce Founding of Congressional Caucus on the Netherlands". Archived from the original on September 20, 2014. Retrieved January 10, 2013. Van Hollen, who is of Dutch descent
  65. ^ McKend, Eva. "Maryland Sen. Van Hollen hospitalized after stroke but says no long-term damage". CNN. Retrieved May 16, 2022.
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  68. ^ Clerk of the House of Representatives (September 21, 2007). "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
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  72. ^ "Official 2014 Gubernatorial General Election results for Representative in Congress". Maryland State Board of Elections. December 2, 2014. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
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  74. ^ "Official 2016 Presidential General Election results for U.S. Senator". Maryland Secretary of State. Retrieved December 20, 2016.

Further reading[edit]

  • Barone, Michael, and Chuck McCutcheon. The Almanac of American Politics 2012 (2011) pp 762–5

External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 8th congressional district

Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by Chair of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee
Succeeded by
Preceded by House Democratic Assistant to the Leader
Succeeded byas House Assistant Democratic Leader
Preceded by Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Maryland
(Class 3)

2016, 2022
Most recent
Preceded by Chair of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee
Succeeded by
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Barbara Mikulski
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Maryland
Served alongside: Ben Cardin
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded byas United States Senator from Alaska Order of precedence of the United States
as United States Senator from Maryland

since January 3, 2017
Succeeded byas United States Senator from New Hampshire
United States senators by seniority
Succeeded by