|Shortland Street character|
|Portrayed by||Michael Galvin|
|First appearance||25 May 1992|
|Introduced by||Caterina De Nave (1992)
Simon Bennett (2000)
|Occupation||Chief Executive Officer of Shortland Street Hospital (2002–03, 2006–08, 2013)
Surgeon at Shortland Street Hospital (2001–)
HOD of Surgery at Shortland Street (2005–06, 2010–13)
Owner of Shortland Street A&E clinic (2000–01)
Surgeon at Shortland Street A&E clinic (1989–96)
|Home||The Warner/Mckenna Mansion|
Dr. Christopher Alexander "Chris" Warner is a fictional character on the New Zealand soap opera Shortland Street who has been portrayed by Michael Galvin since the show's first episode, making him the longest running original character. Galvin quit the show in 1996, but returned four years later as part of a revamp.
Affectionately referred to by fans and the media as "Dr. Love", Chris made his first appearance in the show's first episode having an affair with his aerobics instructor is an ultimately infamous and controversial scene. Portrayed as spoiled and from a wealthy family, the character of Chris was characterised by his patronising and illicit manner, contrasted in a 1994 storyline that saw him become addicted to morphine. Known primarily for romance storyliness, Chris has been married four times and participated in over 20 romances as well as being the father to 6 children. Chris' initial appearance saw him the catalyst for the Warner family, being joined by half brother Guy Warner (Craig Parker) and in later years, the patriarch of a family unit made up of his sons Harry (Reid Walker) and Phoenix (Geordie Holibar). Chris has been involved in several high profile and highly rated storyliness, including a 1994 car crash, nearly getting murdered by brother in law Dominic Thompson (Shane Cortese), losing his wife to his drug addicted brother Guy, and ending up in jail after being framed for murder.
The character of Chris is constantly noted as a backbone and "key character" of Shortland Street and his storylines have been well received. Galvin has also been praised for his portrayal, being nominated for "Best Actor" at the Qantas TV and Film Awards 2008. Several of Chris' romances have also been praised, with both his marriage to Toni Thompson (Laura Hill) and his relationship with Rachel McKenna (Angela Bloomfield), landing the couplings the title of the show's, "Golden Couple".
Creation and casting
Originally given the name "Chris Perry", several actors auditioned for the character in 1992, with two being Michael Galvin and his flatemate Marton Csokas. Galvin went on to win the role and predicted that the show would only last six months. Csokas later went on to join the soap as Leonard Dodds in 1993. As production began, Chris' surname became Warner and the character made his first appearance on the show's first episode. Many of Galvin's co-stars proved role models for his acting, including Elizabeth McRae (Marj Neilson), Paul Gittins (Michael McKenna), and Temuera Morrison (Hone Ropata). Galvin commented, "I learnt a lot off Tem Morrison. When I started off I thought, 'I am going to make this so dramatic, everything is going to be so dramatic.' I had this completely inappropriate intensity. But Tem would come along and just float through the scene and he was just so much more watchable than me when it started. I'm sure people thought, 'Oh thank God it's him, because he's just relaxed and doing it – and who's that blond idiot dancing around.' You learn fast." Galvin stayed on the soap for several more years but began to tire of the role and quit, stating; "after four years on Shortland Street there was so much of me in Dr Warner I wasn't sure where he ended and I began." Galvin departed alongside his on-screen brother Craig Parker in an episode written by Steven Zanoski in May 1996. Originally, the characters' departure was going to lead to the series' ultimate ending. However the continued success led to further commissions and the show survived.
Following the departures of Rachel McKenna (Angela Bloomfield), Ellen Crozier (Robyn Malcolm), and Kirsty Knight (Angela Dotchin), and the axing of David Kearney (Peter Elliott), in 1998 and 1999, ratings for the show dropped dramatically in 2000 and producers decided to reinvent the show to boost audience interest. Producers decided to reintroduce several old characters and contacted Galvin in London to see if he was interested in returning. Galvin was at first hesitant, explaining, "I kind of thought it would be very strange going back because I have such strong memories. It was a very intense period of my life, being on that show. I realised that most of the cast there will be completely new to me, I would never have worked with them." However he accepted and upon return to New Zealand, was asked to re-audition, as Galvin joked, "to make sure I hadn't gained 20 kg or lost a limb or developed a stutter." Alongside Galvin, it was announced that Bloomfield would also return to her role as Rachel McKenna. Galvin returned to shooting in early November 2000, with Chris' first scene airing on 22 December 2000. By the show's 20th anniversary, Galvin had appeared in 2900 episodes and announced he would be happy to stay with the show for as long as they would have him.
In May 1992, Chris had an affair with Jill (Suzy Aiken) whilst in a relationship with Alison Raynor (Danielle Cormack) who he ended up getting engaged to. However he called off the wedding to reconcille with ex-wife – Melanie Kirk (Tina Regtien). The reconciliation was short and Chris ended up back with Alison, however the night before their wedding Chris was drugged by Darryl (Mark Ferguson). He ended up missing the wedding and losing Alison. He started to date Katherine (Margaret Umbers) but discovered she was a murderer and had a brief flirtation with Jo (Greer Robson). The flirtation led to a car crash that caused Chris to temporarily become addicted to painkillers. Chris briefly dated Rebecca (Luisa Burgess) but ended up falling in love with Tiffany Pratt (Alison James). The two married and Chris left with brother – Guy (Craig Parker) and niece – Tuesday (Kelly Tate) to live in America in 1996. The following year Chris and Tiffany divorced when she discovered him in bed with Alison. He and Alison ended up marrying offscreen.
Chris returned in late 2000 and purchased the clinic to transition it to the public sector. He revealed that he cheated on Alison and they had divorced. He became engaged to Samara (Jodie Rimmer) but realised she was a fraud and ended up in a relationship with Rachel McKenna (Angela Bloomfield). A one night stand with nurse – Toni Thompson (Laura Hill) resulted in Chris becoming a father to Harry (Joshua Thompson) in mid-2002. His relationship with Rachel suffered with her alcoholism and he turned to Donna (Stephanie Tauevihi). The arrival of Chris' illegitimate half brother Dom (Shane Cortese) ended his and Donna's relationship and it turned out Dom was not Chris' brother at all. Chris and Toni reunited in Fiji and after Dom nearly murdered Chris, he ended up marrying a pregnant Toni. The baby miscarried and while the couple briefly separated, Chris had an affair with the prostitute Greta Saunders (Meryl Maine), who tried to poison Toni. Chris developed an anxiety disorder but an affair with Justine Jones (Laurie Foell) cured it, but ended up ending his marriage to Toni, losing her to brother – Guy.
Toni kidnapped Harry and after returning 6 months later, Chris and Toni eventually reconciled, only for Toni to die of illness. Chris briefly dated both Brooke Freeman (Beth Allen) and Libby Jeffries (Fleur Saville) before finding love with Gabrielle Jacobs (Virginie Le Brun) in 2009. The relationship broke down however and Chris discovered he had a teenaged son named Phoenix (Geordie Holibar) with Alison after they split up. Chris ended up nearly dying in a fire after starting an affair with Rachel once again. The two moved in together and briefly separated when Chris had an affair with a returned Gabrielle in 2011. In 2012 Chris was stalked and manipulated for months by Phoenix's teacher Hayley (Michelle Blundell) and when she ended up dead, it appeared as though Chris had killed her and he was arrested. Chris was released 2 months later when the true killer Drew (Joel Herbert), confessed. In 2013 Chris assumed his former position as CEO of the hospital but received brain damage following an accident on a flying fox – resulting in recurring issues at work, following his brain injury his personality started to change this worried Rachel and his family, later on in the year he asked Rachel to marry him but she declined, following the recent return of Grace Kwan (Lynette Forday) and Chris thinking of becoming a father again so he asked Grace to carry a baby for him which they agreed to, with Rachels disproval but she warmed to it and then Grace announced her pregnancy. Chris and Rachel finally tied the knot and married in February 2014.
Galvin described Chris as; "Highly successful in his professional life and not so successful in his personal life. He is generous and kind, but is also a snob. He always tries to learn from his mistakes but never does." However he also called Chris "positive" and noted Chris' high expectations. Galvin believed Chris' egotism and elitism lead him to look down on the world and have constant frustration. Galvin enjoyed Chris' faults, ("he's vain, he's a snob, to name two of many") as "they're the most fun to play". Throughout 1993 and 1994, Chris' characterisation was seen to be a lot more arrogant and bitter in a purposeful attempt to flip the character around in a drug addiction storyline, that would see Chris weak and vulnerable. Galvin found that throughout the period of portraying Chris, he started to morph the character into his own characteristics, "whenever you play any role there should be as much of yourself in it as possible: you should use the role as a form of self-discovery. Rather than trying to escape yourself and going, “How do people like this behave?”, try to think instead: well, what would I do if I was that person?" Throughout the characters duration, Chris slowly began to mature and Galvin noted, "less flakey". At the start of 2002, Chris' arrogant personality struck a chord with many of his co workers, Galvin explained, "Chris Warner's a charming guy. He's had a privileged upbringing, enjoys a great career and definitely likes to think of himself as a bit of a lady-killer! Good things just seem to come his way, which can make him seem a bit cocky really. So it's great he's having a tough time. It makes him more real! Especially on the professional front. He cares a great deal for his work. It's one of his greatest passions, so when this comes under threat, you see this real vulnerability. Take Chris' work away, and what's he left with? Also, Chris is about to go through the painful discovery of who his friends really are. He's definitely in dangerous territory!" Following the 2012 storyline where he was imprisoned, Chris underwent a major personality change, Galvin commented: "Chris' social awareness was raised by his time in prison and, more specifically, by his friendship with Gus (Joe Folau) .... Having lived most his life believing he was somehow different to people like Gus, he has realised he's no better."
When viewers were introduced to Chris in the first episode that aired in May 1992, the character's personality was already highly on show, with his first scene featuring Chris having sex with a married aerobic instructor. Because of this, Chris was already known as a "playboy" by both the characters onscreen and the audience. His multiple affair's, marriages and mindless flings over the next few years caused Chris to affectionately become known as "Dr. Love" both on and off screen. The scene was credited as defining the character and the fast paced soap itself. Galvin believed the label was inaccurate as the character was only "sleazy" in his "first six months", however he offered his character advice saying; "I would tell him the next time he wants to sleep with someone he's not in a relationship with, he should slow down and count to 10." Many of Galvin's co stars found the label humorous including Angela Bloomfield (Rachel McKenna) who stated, "I'm so happy I don't have to jump around and kiss half the cast on screen." Although the character participated in primarily romance- and relationship-based storylines, Galvin was hesitant to acknowledge himself as a "sex symbol".
In 1995, the character of Tiffany Pratt (Alison James) was introduced as a new love interest for Chris. Though there was a purposeful chemistry between the two, producers left an ambiguity over whether the two would get together. Shortly into the characters arrival to the show, James predicted the two would eventually date, stating; "The problem is what they're willing to admit to each other. They have to make a decision about whether they're just friends." When Chris returned from holiday in 1996, the two got together in a "very sparky and frustrated kind of way." However it was soon clear that there was a huge problem in their relationship, in that of Chris' flatmate Emily, the polar opposite to Tiffany. The two got engaged and married on Valentine's Day 1996. Chris departed to America with the promise Tiffany would join him when he settled in, however in 1997 Tiffany returned from visiting Chris with the revelation he had cheated on her and the marriage was over.
Following a one night stand with nurse Toni Thompson (Laura Hill), Chris found himself a father with the birth of a son – Harry Warner (Callum Campbell-Ross). The two did not pursue a relationship, and got involved in a bitter custody dispute. Following a trip to Fiji the two reconciled. However the couple found life together in Ferndale a lot different than the tropics of Fiji. The relationship suffered in part to Toni's murderous brother Dom (Shane Cortese), but following his death, the two reconciled. Toni fell pregnant to a second child and the couple became engaged. Galvin acknowledged that the relationship may not be long running, but believed Chris had high hopes, "He is tired of the party boy lifestyle, although he has thought that before and been proven wrong. But he is optimistic; anyone that has been married as many times as him has to be to be, embarking on it again." Galvin did however believe that the main reason for the marriage was in fact the couples son Harry, "Harry is definitely the main reason. Chris and Toni's relationship up to this point has been pretty combative, there isn't any special bond between them apart from Harry (and of course the new baby on the way.) But he hopes his relationship with Toni will blossom into one of trust, and that their love will deepen." Toni's family was also a reluctance on Chris' behalf, "Both Ngaire and Dom ripped Chris' family off for substantial amounts of money, and Dom's serial killer tendencies didn't exactly endear him to the Thompsons." The two successfully married in March 2005. Only months after the wedding, Toni miscarried their son and Chris sought solace with Greta Saunders (Meryl Maine). Despite this, on Chris' 40th birthday, he and Toni confirmed their love for each other. Following Chris' affair with Justine Jones (Lucy Wigmore) in 2007, Galvin believed Chris saw it as an escape, "He does actually value his marriage even though he is totally disrespecting it. It's more about trying to recapture the excitement his life had before he was married with a kid," and Galvin also thought that Chris was willing to stay with Toni, "Only when his relationship with Justine starts to threaten his marriage will he call it off." Following the revelation of Chris' affair with both Justine and Rachel McKenna (Angela Bloomfield), Toni fled Ferndale with Chris' brother Guy (Craig Parker), Harry and Guy's daughter Tuesday (Olivia Tennet). Toni returned at the end of 2007 and she and Chris were headed for what seemed to be a reconciliation, only for Toni to suddenly die from kidney failure. Hill hoped that the effects of Toni's death and relationship with Chris would be long running, "It would be nice to think there would be floods of tears for months on end ... I imagine Chris Warner will find someone to fill the empty bed pretty damn quick going on from past form. I think Harry will be sadder for longer. I hope so."
Chris and Rachel McKenna (Angela Bloomfield) began a relationship in 2002 which would see the two labelled "Shortland Street's golden couple" and would continue in a "will they, won't they" scenario for more than 10 years. Out of all of Chris' love interests, Rachel has been referred to as "the love of his life." Bloomfield and Galvin established a friendship throughout working together, with Bloomfield stating, "We're like two old people who have known each other forever. We're like a pair of slippers. We're so comfortable in each other's company." Rachel was originally the daughter of Chris' boss, Michael McKenna (Paul Gittins); but throughout the nineties the two characters shared very little scenes together. When both characters returned after hiatus' in 2000 and 2001, an onscreen partnership was established between the two. Rachel developed a crush on the doctor, but Galvin was unsure of the potential relationship, "Who knows? .... If it did happen, it wouldn't matter that we are friends. Passion for the cameras is all part of the job, and it's definitely not like the real thing." Rachel exposed Chris' fiancée Samara (Jodie Rimmer) as a fraud and at first Chris despised her, but quickly the crush became mutual. When Rachel was kidnapped by the manic Jack (Manu Bennett), Chris saved her and the two started a relationship. However, with the birth of Chris' son and Rachel's refusal to be a mother, the relationship started to deteriorate and Rachel turned to the bottle. As 2002 came to a close, Chris ended his relationship with the out-of-control Rachel. He got together with Donna and an extremely drunk Rachel tried to ring him while driving, resulting in a near fatal car crash. Rachel fled Ferndale, embarrassed and alone. Bloomfield admitted that though the relationship was over, Rachel was still feeling unrequited love. In 2006, Galvin called for the return of Rachel as the couple had "unfinished business" and named her as possibly Chris' most suitable match. Rachel returned in 2007 with the same feelings for Chris and the two slept together before she left. Rachel returned in 2009 on business reasons, but it was clear to the audience and to the on-screen characters, that her true plan was to win Chris back.
Bloomfield stated, "Rachel arrives back in Ferndale on a mission to win back Chris Warner. Chris and her share a lot of history, and she's decided that it's time they get back together once and for all" and admitted that Chris was "the one that got away". Steven Zanoski acknowledged that Rachel was willing to move on after Chris, but stated that there were unresolved feelings between the ex lovers. Rachel knew Chris still had feelings for her, with Bloomfield stating, "Rachel is determined to get Chris back and she's willing to go to any length to make it happen. She feels it's only a matter of time become he succumbs ... Rachel can sense Chris feels something for her". Peter Mochrie admitted that his character's (Callum McKay) relationship with Rachel was mainly a fill-in for Chris, stating: "In the back of his mind, Chris is always going to be the love of Rachel's life and he's trying to put a good spin on that and do as much as he can. Callum's the sort of guy that will cook and bring flowers and do romantic stuff for her. But who knows? I have a sneaking feeling Chris will be back... but we'll see." Zanoski thought it was best Rachel and Chris never got together permanently, but nonetheless, in June 2010 Chris realised he was still in love with Rachel and she too reaccessed her feelings. Bloomfield offered an explanation as to why the two characters keep going back to each other, saying: "They are gluttons for punishment. They have a huge history. Chris tried to help Rachel with her alcoholism years ago. They have just always been attracted to each other." The love triangle between Rachel, Chris and Callum saw Bloomfield explain the storyline, stating: "She's set herself up with a guy that's great; that offers her a lot of things, that to a lot of women would be wonderful, but he's not the love of her life and she has the love of her life, kinda in the next room."
The two finally got together as 2010 ended but whilst Rachel broke it off with Callum, all three got stuck in a devastating explosion. The couple were said to be playing "happily families", with Rachel becoming a surrogate mother to Chris' children. However this came into question when Rachel became the centre of a highly topical storyline when she illegally physically punished Chris' son Harry (Reid Walker). The two's romance became a pivotal point of the 2011 cliffhanger, with the two playing happy families, Rachel was oblivious to the fact Gabrielle Jacobs had announced her love to Chris. Gabrielle and Chris started an affair as the year ended. Rachel and Chris broke up but reunited in 2012 for the show's 20th anniversary, however Galvin hinted the worst of their relationship was yet to come, saying; "It gets very rocky. And just when you think it's hit rock bottom it gets much, much worse." Chris was arrested for murder but eventually released, and the relationship suffered, with Bloomfield explaining: "Rachel feels confused because she naively assumed everything would go back to normal post prison. And even though she knows it can't, it's her way of coping ... It's more about not recognizing Chris because he's changed and that scares her."
In 2007, Chris' personal assistant Libby Jeffries (Fleur Saville) developed a crush on him and in November, made moves on him unsuccessfully. Saville commented, "Libby has always held a candle for Chris. She sees that Chris is more than good locks, charm and impeccable breeding." She supported him throughout his personal problems in 2008 and in early 2009, realised she was still smitten with her boss. Saville commented, "Chris represents everything that Libby sees as a perfect husband – educated, successful, well dressed and respected." Saville also noted that Chris was the "polar" opposite to Libby's ex-boyfriend Kieran Mitchell (Adam Rickitt) and "that's also a major attraction." Chris had previously been uncomfortable with Libby's flirting but realised he too had a crush and the two began to date. Galvin believed Chris and Libby had several things in common, "Libby's like the ideal corporate wife. She's a great hostess, great mingler, young and attractive. But she's not just that – they also have a lot of fun together." Libby struggled to get along with Chris' co worker, Gabrielle Jacobs (Virginie Le Brun), but tried to accommodate her for Chris. Saville commented, "Despite the fact that Libby finds Gabrielle's behavior difficult to understand, she wants to show Chris that she is a caring and thoughtful person." Whilst in the relationship, Chris realised he had fallen in love with Gabrielle and a love triangle emerged. However Galvin noted that Libby was no doubt the ultimate loser, "She's lovely, but he needs someone more kind of on his wavelength." Chris took a trip to Venice and whilst he was away, Libby accidentally burnt down his living room. His return saw him dump Libby for Gabrielle.
In 2009, the character of Gabrielle Jacobs (Virginie Le Brun) was introduced and it was said she was to, "immediately cause some consternation amongst her fellow colleagues." Despite being in a relationship with Libby Jeffries (Fleur Saville), he and Gabrielle started to share a lot of scenes together on screen, The two were referred to as "Spock and Kirk" by a writer of the show, referencing the famous Star Trek characters. Chris soon left Libby for Gabrielle under the impression that she was, 'the one'. Galvin believed the two characters had chemistry as there was a "meeting of the minds". Producer Steven Zanoski liked the partnership but noted flaws, stating; "Chris has always gone out with glamorous women in the past and now he's found someone who challenges his mind, it helps that she is gorgeous as well. Chris is slowly trying to change Gabrielle, but whether she wants to be changed is another story." Galvin commented, "I think Gabrielle is actually extremely suited to him, in spite of her Asperger's. Gabrielle could be the one, you never know. WIfe number six." Whilst looking after Chris' son Harry (Reid Walker), the boy ran away, something with shook Chris and Gabrielle's relationship. Galvin commented, "Deeply concerned for the safety of his son, Chris can't help but think Gabrielle is partly to blame." Gabrielle soon grew sick of the patronising nature of Chris and dumped him shortly before leaving the country. Le Brun enjoyed the pairing of Gabrielle and Chris, stating; "There was a nice dynamic between them because Chris is so used to being the top gun in everything. For once, someone could challenge him to do things he hadn't done before such as playing mental chess. I think it was that sort of thing that put him on the back foot and why he had his heart broken." As 2011 ended, Chris and Gabrielle began a short lived affair, an situation named by Lydia Jenkin of The New Zealand Herald as a "eventful turn".
Chris' first real love interest was Alison Raynor who he ended up marrying after both characters had departed the show. However before he married Alison, Chris had also dated several other characters including Rebecca Frost and had married and divorced; Tiffany Pratt. Several years into his return, Chris slept with his son's nanny played by Siobhan Marshall, something Galvin lists as Chris' greatest accomplishment. In 2006, Chris' first wife Melanie Kirk (Julie Crean) returned to the show and Galvin believed Chris was happy to see her back, "He is definitely happy to see her, they parted on fairly good terms and he is pleasantly surprised." In describing Chris' affair with Justine Jones (Lucy Wigmore), Galvin stated: "Chris’ ego is starting to run away with him a bit and part of that is the desire to feel like he is still an attractive prospect to women ... It’s definitely on the cards that he could be using Justine not just to increase his confidence as a surgeon, but increase his confidence as a person." Chris dated the mysterious Brooke Freeman (Beth Allen) in 2008 but was shocked to learn she was from an infamous fraud family and ended up breaking it off after she clashed with Harry.
Popular both with fans and critics alike, Michael Galvin has got praise throughout his time on the show getting nominated for Best Actor at the 2008 Qantas TV and Film Awards and numerous nominations in the TV Guide Best on the Box Awards. He has been identified as a "key character", who delivers "the shock factor". Following the airing of the show's first ever episode, Colleen Reilly from the Dominion Sunday Times noted Chris and Alison's (Danielle Cormack) relationship as a highlight and pondered how it would develop. Reviewer Hugh Sundae of the New Zealand Herald praised Galvins acting in the 2010 90 Minute episode saying he was "good" and "consistent". For marketing for Galvin's play Station to Station, Chris was described as; 'perennially popular'. In 2002, Chris was named the 10th best character to ever feature on the show. In 2012, the character was named as one of the standout characters of the show's first 20 years.
Following Chris' departure in 1996, the show's publicists received constant fanmail asking for his return. Chris received negative backlash upon his return in 2000 for not showing the same characteristics as he had when he left and for being "boring" and no longer a "rogue". However in 2013, Chris' return was listed as the shows best ever character return by the Shortland Street website. He and wife Toni, won "Best couple" in the Throng Shortland Street Fan Awards 2006. Chris' major storyline of 2010, his relationship with Rachel, had mixed reception upon airing with some fans finding it "boring" and other saying they "love" the storyline. The 2012 storyline that saw Chris stalked and manipulated by an ex patient Hayley O'Neill (Michelle Blundell) and concluded in him being framed for her murder, was named by Lydia Jenkin of The New Zealand Herald as one of the soap's best story lines. The 2013 storyline which saw Chris deal with son, Phoenix Raynor's (Geordie Holibar) teenage angst, was criticised by a television critic who believed the trouble Phoenix was getting into was, "not interesting enough trouble for me to really care".
Galvin enjoyed the storylines where he acted alongside his good friends, which included Tim Balme (Greg Feeney), Shane Cortese (Dominic Thompson) and Craig Parker (Guy Warner). Coincidentally all the storylines involving Galvin's friends revolved around their respective characters antagonising Chris. Galvin's least favourite storyline for Chris revolved around the hospital's musical production where Chris had to rap. The episode aired on the day after the September 11 attacks and was subsequently the lowest rated episode of the show to ever air. Galvin also found the storyline of Chris' father Bruce's death difficult to film due to his own fathers ill health and disproved of the teenage suicide storyline that aired in 1992 due to its graphic nature. The scene featured in the 2013 cliffhanger episode, which depicted Chris leading the cast in a singalong of The Mutton Birds' song, Anchor Me, was described by Chris Philpot of The New Zealand Herald as, "the most bizarre things that has ever happened on Shortland Street".
- "The Name Game". Shortland Street. Television New Zealand. 24 July 2012. Archived from the original on 24 July 2012.
- "Star likes Dr Warners medicine". stuff.co.nz. Fairfax Media. 4 June 2010. Retrieved August 2011.
- Lang, Sarah (23 May 2010). "Shortie's old enough to vote". The New Zealand Herald (APN News & Media). Retrieved August 2011.
- Thompson, Erica (15 May 2012). "Earning Street cred". stuff.co.nz. Fairfax Media.
- Milford, Catherine (28 May 2012). "Angela Bloomfield and Michael Galvin: Shorty’s perfect match". New Zealand Woman's Weekly (New Zealand Magazines).
- Feeney, Peter (December 1996). "Peter Feeney on Michael Galvin". Quote Unquote. Retrieved July 2011.
- Galvin, Michael; Zanoski, Steven (24 May 2012). Interview with Mike Hosking. Newstalk ZB. The Radio Network. Auckland. Missing or empty
- Whiteside, Andrew (14 September 2009). "Peter Elliott – 2009 Qantas Film & TV Award winner". NZ On Screen. NZ On Air.
- "Peter Elliott – Getting to the Art of it". The New Zealand Herald (APN News & Media). 14 February 2000.
- Cleave, Louisa (October 2000). "TV: Familiar face comes back to the Street". The New Zealand Herald (Fairfax Media). Retrieved November 2011.
- Cleave, Louisa (October 2000). "TV: You're not in America now, Dr Warner". The New Zealand Herald (APN News & Media). Retrieved November 2011.
- "Michael answers your questions". Shortland Street. Television New Zealand. May 2010. Archived from the original on 22 May 2012. Retrieved July 2011.
- Cleave, Louisa (October 2000). "Soap star back in front of camera". The New Zealand Herald (Fairfax Media). Retrieved November 2011.
- Coleman, James (21 May 2012). "Michael Galvin: Shortland Street’s Dr Love". Nz on Screen. NZ On Air.
- "Michael Galvin: the man behind Chris Warner". New Idea (Yahoo!). 22 May 2012.
- "Q&A with Michael Galvin". Shortland Street 20th anniversary magazine (New Zealand Magazines). 23 April 2012.
- "Michael Galvin interview". streettalk.co.nz (Throng Ltd.). 28 July 2006.
- Chalmers, Gill (Autumn 1995). "Hey! Michael". Shortland Street official magazine (Television New Zealand).
- "HAS CHRIS GOT TOO BIG FOR HIS BOOTS?". Shortland Street online news. Television New Zealand. February 2002. Archived from the original on 14 February 2002.
- "Warner sons must face reality". New Zealand TV Guide (Fairfax Media). 20 September 2012.
- "Station to Station". Theatre Royal. August 2011. Retrieved September 2011.
- Forbes, Katherine (12 June 2011). "Outrageous Star plays away". stuff.co.nz. Fairfax Media. Retrieved September 2011.
- Bennett, Cath (5 July 2009). "Doctor Loves play time". stuff.co.nz. Fairfax Media. Retrieved September 2011.
- "Beth Allen plays Brooke Freeman". Throng. June 2008. Retrieved September 2011.
- Cleave, Louisa (3 June 2000). "How Shortland Street killed that awful cringe factor". The New Zealand Herald (APN News & Media). Retrieved September 2011.
- "Michael Galvin is Dr Love 'It's a great ride!'". New Zealand Woman's Weekly (New Zealand Magazine). 21 May 2012.
- Milford, Catherine (21 May 2012). "Angela & Michael: Shorty's Perfect match". New Zealand Woman's Weekly (New Zealand Magazine).
- Jenkin, Lydia (10 May 2012). "Shortland Street turns 20 in explosive fashion (+photos)". The New Zealand Herald (APN News & Media).
- Chalmers, Gill (Summer 1995/96). "Talking Tiffany with Alison". Shortland Street official magazine (Television New Zealand). Check date values in:
- "Chris Warner's women". Shortland Street. Television New Zealand. May 2010. Archived from the original on 28 April 2012.
- "HARRY IN THE MIDDLE". Shortland Street online news. Television New Zealand. August 2002. Archived from the original on 18 August 2002.
- "Chris' memorable relationships". tvnz.co.nz. Television New Zealand. Archived from the original on 21 December 2005.
- "Can the heat survive?". tvnz.co.nz. Television New Zealand. 2004. Archived from the original on March 2004.
- "The Wedding of the Year". tvnz.co.nz. Television New Zealand. March 2005. Archived from the original on 14 December 2005.
- "Chris Warner". tvnz.co.nz. Television New Zealand. December 2005. Archived from the original on 14 December 2005.
- South Pacific Pictures (8 January 2007). "Shortland Street 15 – 19 January 2007". Throng.
- Lang, Sarah (19 October 2009). "The comeback kid". The New Zealand Herald (APN News & Media). Retrieved 5 December 2011.
- "THE RETURN OF TONI WARNER". Throng. Throng Ltd. 25 July 2007.
- "Life After Death". New Zealand TV Guide (Fairfax Media). 19 June 2008.
- Manson, Bess (27 April 2013). "Angela Bloomfield talks street smarts". stuff.co.nz. Fairfax Media.
- "Chris Warner's most memorable moments". Television New Zealand. May 2010. Archived from the original on 28 January 2012.
- "Street Stars Confess....We're Ready For Love". Woman's Day (New Zealand Magazines). 26 February 2001.
- "18 years of cliffhangers". New Idea (Yahoo!). 27 May 2010.
- "Shorty Crush". New Zealand Woman's Day (New Zealand Magazines). 14 June 2010.
- "Rachel McKenna returns". Throng. 14 June 2007. Retrieved 5 December 2011.
- "Return of the home-wrecker". tvnz.co.nz. Television New Zealand. Archived from the original on 7 February 2013.
- Nealon, Sarah (18 February 2010). "Will love conquer all?". New Zealand TV Guide (Fairfax Media).
- "The old flame flickers again". New Zealand TV Guide (Fairfax Media). 12 November 2009.
- Holmes, Stephanie (18 February 2010). "Rachel's Romeo". New Zealand TV Guide (Fairfax Media).
- "Angela answers your questions". Television New Zealand. May 2010. Archived from the original on 29 January 2012.
- Gillespie, Pauline (22 June 2010). "ZMTV – Angela Bloomfield from Shortland Street Interview". ZM. The Radio Network.
- "Creating a cliffhanger". Television New Zealand. December 2011. Archived from the original on January 2012.
- "TV Pick of the week: Shortland Street". The New Zealand Herald (APN News & Media). 15 December 2011.
- "Rachel loses it". Television New Zealand. April 2011. Archived from the original on 28 January 2012.
- "TV Pick of the week: Shortland Street". The New Zealand Herald (APN News & Media). 15 December 2011.
- "What happened in our 2011 season finale?". Television New Zealand. 16 December 2011. Archived from the original on 17 December 2011.
- "Shorty hits 20 years!". Remix. Remix Media Ltd. April 2012.
- Glucina, Rachel (30 August 2012). "Rachel faces tough decision". New Zealand TV Guide (Fairfax Media).
- Holmes, Stephanie (12 February 2009). "Libby's flame still flickers". New Zealand TV Guide (Fairfax Media).
- Bamber, Shaun (30 July 2009). "Decisions decisions". New Zealand TV Guide (Fairfax Media).
- Holmes, Stephanie (21 May 2009). "One awkward evening". New Zealand TV Guide (Fairfax Media).
- TV2 (31 August 2009). "SHORTLAND STREET: MONDAY 31 AUGUST – FRIDAY 04 SEPTEMBER 2009". Throng. Throng Ltd.
- "Virginie's juicy new role". stuff.co.nz. Fairfax Media. March 2009. Retrieved October 2011.
- Glucina, Rachel (March 2009). "New stars set to sex up 'Shortland St'". The New Zealand Herald (APN News & Media). Retrieved August 2011.
- "Shorty St Hook-ups of 2010 pt 1". tvnz.co.nz. Television New Zealand. Archived from the original on 18 April 2012.
- "10:19 PM – 12 Dec 11". @ShortlandTweet. Twitter. 12 December 2011.
- Nealon, Sarah (4 February 2010). "Little Harry causes chaos". New Zealand TV Guide (Fairfax Media).
- Rawson, Emma (17 March 2011). "Bubbly and a corker". New Zealand TV Guide.
- Jenkin, Lydia (15 December 2011). "Lydia Jenkin's week of it". The New Zealand Herald (APN News & Media).
- "A blast from the past". New Zealand TV Guide (Fairfax Media). 3 August 2006.
- Holmes, Stephanie (18 September 2008). "The real Brooke?". New Zealand TV Guide (Fairfax Media).
- "nominees for the Qantas Film and Television Awards announced". August 2008. Retrieved June 2011.
- "And they said it wouldn't last". tvnz.co.nz. Television New Zealand. May 2012.
- Sundae, Hugh (3 August 2010). "TV Review: Shortland Street". The New Zealand Herald (APN News & Media). Retrieved April 2011.
- Hewitson, Michelle (May 2002). "Shortland Street: The 10 best characters". New Zealand Herald (Fairfax Media). Retrieved November 2011.
- "Shorty Superstars". Shortland Street 20th anniversary magazine (New Zealand Magazines). 23 April 2012.
- Turner, Lisa (17 August 1998). "Kiwi soap cleans up". New Zealand Woman's Weekly (New Zealand Magazines).
- Hoby, Katherine (19 January 2001). "TV: Resident Shortland Street bad boy tries on adulthood". The New Zealand Herald (Fairfax Media). Retrieved November 2011.
- "Best Returning Characters!". tvnz.co.nz. Television New Zealand. 24 October 2013. Archived from the original on 26 October 2013.
- Rachel (28 December 2006). "Shortland Street Fan Award Winners". Throng.
- "Shortland Street fan awards 2010 winners". Throng. December 2010. Retrieved July 2011.
- Jenkin, Lydia (21 May 2012). "TV review: Shortland Street's gripping 'mega-episode'". The New Zealand Herald (APN News & Media).
- Hogg, Colin (13 August 2013). "Colin Hogg: Hitting the streets of telly soaps". The New Zealand Herald.
- Philpot, Chris (12 December 2013). "Chris Philpott: Breaking down the Shortland Street finale". The New Zealand Herald (APN News & Media).
- "Michael Galvin Commentary". Listener. September 2006. Retrieved August 2011.
- Rebecca Milne (June 2011). "Shortland Street – The Whole Gang is here". New Idea: pages 24–25.
- "Soap survivor". Throng. June 2006. Retrieved August 2011.
- Cowan, Charlotte (16 October 2009). "Rachel McKenna returns to Shortland Street". Entertainment Fix. MSN.