Chris Wood (rock musician)
|Birth name||Christopher Gordon Blandford Wood|
24 June 1944|
Quinton, Birmingham, England
|Died||12 July 1983
|Genres||Rock, progressive rock, jazz fusion|
|Instruments||Saxophone, flute, keyboards|
|Associated acts||Shades of Blue, Locomotive, Traffic, Mason Capaldi Wood & Frog, Dr. John, Ginger Baker's Air Force|
Born in Quinton, a suburb of Birmingham, Chris Wood had an interest in music and painting from early childhood. Self-taught on flute and saxophone, which he commenced playing at the age of 15, he began to play locally with other Birmingham musicians who would later find international fame in music: Christine Perfect (later Christine McVie), Carl Palmer, Stan Webb, and Mike Kellie. Wood played with Perfect in 1964 in the band Shades of Blue and with Kellie during 1965-1966 in the band Locomotive.
He attended the Stourbridge College of Art, then the Birmingham School of Art (Painting Dept.) and subsequently was awarded a grant to attend the Royal Academy of Art starting in December 1965.
Aged 18, Wood joined the Steve Hadley Quartet, a jazz/blues group in 1962. His younger sister Stephanie designed clothes for the Spencer Davis Group, based in Birmingham, and it was through her that Wood was first introduced to fellow Birmingham native Steve Winwood. A well-known Birmingham club – the Elbow Room - was an after-hours haunt of local bands and musicians and it was here that Wood used to meet up with Winwood and Jim Capaldi. At the age of 18, Winwood abandoned the Spencer Davis Group at the height of their popularity and, along with Wood, Capaldi, and Dave Mason, formed Traffic.
To focus his fledgling band, Island Records' founder Chris Blackwell arranged for the four to retreat to an isolated farmhouse on the Berkshire Downs near Aston Tirrold. Initially without electricity, telephone or running water, The Cottage (as it became universally known) was so remote that a generator had to be installed to power the group's equipment. A concrete outdoor stage was built with the band's stage equipment set up to overlook the surrounding fields. After six months honing their music, Traffic released their first single, "Paper Sun".
In Traffic, Wood primarily played flute and saxophone, occasionally contributing keyboards, bass and vocals. Wood also co-wrote several of Traffic's songs, particularly during the earlier period of the band's recording career. His most notable contribution is as the co-writer (with Winwood and Capaldi), of "Dear Mr. Fantasy".
Wood introduced the 17th century traditional song "John Barleycorn" to the band after hearing it on The Watersons album Frost and Fire. It became the title song of their 1970 album, "John Barleycorn Must Die."
Wood played with Jimi Hendrix in 1968, appearing on Electric Ladyland. When Winwood temporarily formed supergroup Blind Faith in 1969, Wood, Mason and Capaldi joined Mick Weaver otherwise known as Wynder K Frog, to become Mason, Capaldi, Wood and Frog. He then went on to tour the United States with Dr. John, where he met singer Jeanette Jacobs (formerly of the 1960s girl group The Cake). Wood and Jacobs married in November 1972, at Kensington Registry Office, when he was 28 and she was 22.
In 1969, Wood also appeared on the eponymous second album of Free and the Small Faces' The Autumn Stone. In 1970, Wood and his wife, along with Steve Winwood, joined Ginger Baker's Air Force, releasing one album before reforming Traffic. Wood remained with Traffic from the time of its 1970 reformation until its 1974 breakup. He played on John Martyn's Inside Out (1973). Throughout Traffic's life, Chris was also in demand as a session musician with his immediately identifiable flute or saxophone playing cropping up on albums by Rebop Kwaku Baah, Tyrone Downie, Fat Mattress, Gordon Jackson, Crawler, The Sky, Bobby Whitlock and others.
Through much of his life, Wood suffered from addiction to drugs and alcohol, which were initially attributed to a fear of flying. Tortured by his wife's serial infidelity while immersing himself in musical experimentation, Chris turned to more drink and drugs for solace. When a liver disease was identified, indulgences were stopped, though the medication produced even more devastating effects that most people (and even close friends) wrongly interpreted – none knowing the internal agony Chris was living with. His wife Jeanette, from whom he had separated, died in 1982, at the age of 30, from the effects of a seizure. Wood was profoundly affected by her death.
The death of two close friends, Free’s Paul Kossoff and former band-mate Rebop Kwaku Baah followed by that of his (by now, estranged) wife laid very heavy on Wood. In 1983, while working on a solo album that was to be titled Vulcan, Wood died of pneumonia at Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham, England. Material for the album had been recorded over the previous few years, mostly in London at Island's Hammersmith Studio – The Fall Out Shelter with engineer Terry Barham – as well as Pathway Studios in London. Following Wood's death, the Vulcan recordings remained in the possession of Wood's sister, Stephanie. In 2008, with the consent of Stephanie Wood a CD titled Vulcan, consisting of selected material Wood recorded while working on the incomplete album (plus an unreleased Traffic live performance of one of Wood's compositions), was released by Esoteric Recordings.
Traffic recorded one additional studio album, Far from Home (1994), after Wood's death. The album is dedicated to him, and the central figure on its front cover is a stick figure of a man playing flute.
In June 2013, on Wood's 69th birthday, an announcement was made by The Chris Wood Estate (run by his sister, Stephanie) that a commemorative box-set is being prepared – in collaboration with contemporary music archivists HiddenMasters – that will for the first time ever, properly honour Wood's life in music. Among other music, the set will include the album Vulcan as Chris originally sequenced it in 1978.
- 2008 Vulcan (Esoteric; recorded 1983)
- 1967 Mr. Fantasy
- 1968 Traffic
- 1969 Last Exit
- 1969 Best of Traffic
- 1970 John Barleycorn Must Die
- 1971 The Low Spark of High Heeled Boys
- 1971 Welcome to the Canteen
- 1973 Shoot Out at the Fantasy Factory
- 1973 On the Road
- 1974 When the Eagle Flies
- 1975 Heavy Traffic
- 1975 More Heavy Traffic
- 1991 Smiling Phases
- 1998 Heaven Is In Your Mind - An Introduction To Traffic
- 2000 Feelin' Alright: The Very Best Of Traffic
- 2002 The Collection
- 2003 The Best Of Traffic - The Millennium Collection
- 2005 Traffic Gold
With Ginger Baker's Air Force
- 1970 Ginger Baker's Air Force (Island/Polydor)
- 1998 Ginger Baker, Do What You Like (Polydor; compilation of Ginger Baker's first three albums, including Ginger Baker's Air Force)
- 1968 The Jimi Hendrix Experience, Electric Ladyland (Track/Reprise)
- 1969 Free, Free (Island/Polydor)
- 1969 Fat Mattress, Fat Mattress (Polydor)
- 1969 Martha Velez, Fiends and Angels (Sire)
- 1969 Chicken Shack, O.K. Ken? (Blue Horizon)
- 1969 Gordon Jackson, Thinking Back (Marmalade)
- 1969 Locomotive, We Are Everything You See
- 1970 Shawn Phillips, Contribution (A&M)
- 1970 Sky, Don't Hold Back (There In The Greenbriar) (RCA)
- 1971 Jimi Hendrix, The Cry of Love (Track/Reprise)
- 1971 Steve Winwood, Winwood (United Artists; compilation of Winwood's activities from 1966 to 1970, including material from Traffic)
- 1972 Jim Capaldi, Oh How We Danced (Island)
- 1972 Reebop Kwaku Baah, Rebop (Island)
- 1973 John Martyn, Inside Out
- 1973 Hanson, Now Hear This (Manticore)
- 1973 Free Creek, Music From Free Creek (Charisma; recorded 1969; re-released 1976 as Summit Meeting)
- 1975 Jim Capaldi, Short Cut Draw Blood (Island)
- 1977 Third World, 96 Degrees In The Shade (Island)
- 1977 Crawler, Crawler (Epic)
- 1979 Third World, The Story's Been Told (Island)
- 1997 Spencer Davis Group, Funky (Date/One Way; recorded 1968)
- Stephanie Wood
- Ellie Iglio and Stephanie Wood, Chris Wood Biography; www.winwoodfans.com.
- Biography of Locomotive; www.brumbeat.net.
- Dan Ropek, author of Chris Wood biography
- Wood's contributions to certain songs may have initially been overlooked. For example, some songwriting credits on Traffic changed between the original LP issue and the more recent CD reissues. The credits for "Vagabond Virgin" changed from Mason/Capaldi to Mason/Wood, and the credits for "Who Knows What Tomorrow May Bring?" changed from Winwood/Capaldi to Winwood/Capaldi/Wood. See Stephen Smith (ed.), The Smiling Phases Compendium: Traffic; www.winwoodfans.com. BMI lists "Who Knows What Tomorrow May Bring?" as by Winwood/Capaldi/Wood, while Allmusic (page retrieved 09-06-21) still lists "Vagabond Virgin" as being co-written by Capaldi and Mason. Matthew Greenwald, Review of "Vagabond Virgin"; www.allmusic.co.
- Dan Ropek
- Mick Weaver History, The Musician's Olympus.
- marriage certificate
- Esoteric Recordings News Release, October, 2008; www.cherryred.co.uk.