Christ Church, Port Sunlight

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Christ Church, Port Sunlight
Christ Church, Port Sunlight, from the southwest
Christ Church, Port Sunlight is located in Merseyside
Christ Church, Port Sunlight
Christ Church, Port Sunlight
Location in Merseyside
Coordinates: 53°21′13″N 2°59′43″W / 53.3535°N 2.9954°W / 53.3535; -2.9954
Location Church Drive date
Country England
Denomination United Reformed Church
Website www.ccpsurc.info
History
Founder(s) William Lever
Architecture
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade II*
Designated 20 December 1965
Architect(s) William and Segar Owen
Architectural type Church
Style Gothic Revival
Groundbreaking 1902
Completed 1904 (1904)
Specifications
Materials Sandstone, stone-slate roof
Clergy
Minister(s) Revd Thomas A. Carmichael

Christ Church is in Church Drive, Port Sunlight, Wirral, Merseyside, England. It is an active United Reformed Church,[1] and is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building.[2]

History[edit]

Port Sunlight was a model village built for the workers at the soap factory of Lever Brothers, founded by William Lever. Christ Church was built between 1902 and 1904, and was designed by William and Segar Owen. The church was paid for by William Lever.[3] It was opened on 8 June 1904. Originally a Congregational church, it later became part of the United Reformed Church.[1] In 1914 the Lever family vault was added as a memorial to the memory of Lady Lever.[2] As a Millennium project in 2000, two new rooms were built into the aisles for the use of children and the youth of the church.[1]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

The church is constructed in red sandstone from Helsby in Cheshire, and has a stone-slate roof. It is in Gothic Revival style.[1] The plan consists of a six-bay nave with a clerestory, north and south aisles with lean-to roofs, a southwest porch, a double north transept, a south transept, a canted chancel, a southeast tower and, at the west end, the Lady Lever Memorial. The windows along the sides of the aisles and clerestory have three lights containing Perpendicular-style tracery. At the corners of the west end are canted projections topped by parapets. The west window has a four-centred head and contains nine lights. The transepts have gabled buttresses surmounted by pinnacles; there is an entrance in the south transept. There are also buttresses on the tower, which has two-light louvred bell openings, a cornice, and a traceried, embattled parapet. The Lady Lever Memorial is in the form of a loggia at the west end of the church. It is in three bays, and is richly decorated, with buttresses, pinnacles, niches, and an embattled parapet.[2]

Interior[edit]

The church can seat 800 people.[1] The arcades are simple, carried on piers without capitals. The furnishings were made by Hatch and Sons, the wood carving being by C. J. Allen, and the stone carving by J. J. Millson.[3] The floor of the church is in black and white Italian marble, the pews, screens and reredos are in English oak, and the roof timbers in Canadian pitch pine.[1] Most of the stained glass is by Heaton, Butler and Bayne. This includes the windows at the east end, which total 16 lights, the west window, and the windows in the south transept. There are also two aisle windows of 1950 by Ervin Bossányi.[1][3] The four-manual pipe organ was built in 1904 by Henry Willis II of Henry Willis & Sons, and was restored in 2006–07 by the same company.[1][4] According to the church website it is believed to be the largest extant four-manual Willis II organ still in its original condition and in everyday use.[1] There is a ring of eight bells, all of which were cast in 1904 by Mears and Stainbank.[1][5] In the Lady Lever Memorial is the chest tomb of Lady Lever, who died in 1913, and of William Lever, who died in 1925. On this are recumbent bronze effigies by Sir W. Goscombe John.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Home, Christ Church, Port Sunlight, retrieved 2 December 2013 
  2. ^ a b c Historic England, "Christ Church, Port Sunlight (1075492)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2 December 2013 
  3. ^ a b c d Hartwell, Clare; Hyde, Matthew; Hubbard, Edward; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2011) [1971], Cheshire, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, pp. 530–535, ISBN 978-0-300-17043-6 
  4. ^ Cheshire Port Sunlight, Christ Church, (was Congregational), Church Drive (N04405), British Institute of Organ Studies, retrieved 2 December 2013 
  5. ^ Port Sunlight, Christ Church, Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers, retrieved 2 December 2013