Christchurch (UK Parliament constituency)

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Christchurch
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Christchurch in Dorset
Outline map
Location of Dorset within England
County1983– Dorset
1572–1918: Hampshire
Population83,596 (2011 census)[1]
Electorate69,008 (December 2010)[2]
Major settlementsChristchurch
Current constituency
Created1983
Member of ParliamentVacant
Number of membersOne
Created fromChristchurch and Lymington, North Dorset, New Forest
1572–1918
Number of members1572–1832: Two
1832–1918: One
Type of constituencyBorough constituency
Replaced byNew Forest and Christchurch and Bournemouth
Overlaps
European Parliament constituencySouth West England

Christchurch is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Sir Christopher Chope of the Conservative Party.[n 2]

History[edit]

The original Christchurch constituency, a parliamentary borough, existed from 1572 until 1918.

The constituency was re-created as a county constituency in 1983 from parts of the seats of Christchurch and Lymington, North Dorset and New Forest. It has since 1983 seen strong Conservative majorities, with the exception of a 1993 by-election caused by the death of Robert Adley when it was won by Diana Maddock a Liberal Democrat. The Conservatives regained the seat at the next general election in 1997, despite their landslide defeat nationally and Chris Chope has retained it ever since. As of 2017, it is the second strongest Conservative seat in terms of voteshare (69.7%) and strongest in terms of majority (49.6%) in the country, although 2017 also saw Labour come second in the seat for the first time in history, having historically been far weaker than the Liberal Democrats and, in 2015, UKIP.

Boundaries[edit]

1983–1997: The Borough of Christchurch, and the District of Wimborne wards of Ameysford, Ferndown Central, Golf Links, Longham, St Leonards and St Ives East, St Leonards and St Ives South, St Leonards and St Ives West, Stapehill, Tricketts Cross, Verwood, West Moors North, West Moor South, and West Parley.

1997–2010: The Borough of Christchurch, and the District of East Dorset wards of Ameysford, Ferndown Central, Golf Links, St Leonards and St Ives East, St Leonards and St Ives South, St Leonards and St Ives West, Tricketts Cross, Verwood, West Moors North, West Moors South, and West Parley.

2010–present: The Borough of Christchurch, and the District of East Dorset wards of Ameysford, Ferndown Central, Ferndown Links, Longham, Parley, St Leonards and St Ives East, St Leonards and St Ives West, Stapehill, and West Moors.

Constituency profile[edit]

The area is not as rural as the adjoining New Forest constituencies, nor as urban as Bournemouth and Poole, and contains a mixed assortment of coastal retirement havens, outlying Bournemouth suburbs and the town of Christchurch itself which has expanded to include dedicated villages of sheltered housing on its outskirts.

Consequently, the present Christchurch seat contains one of the most elderly electorates in the country – only Eastbourne and Devon East have an older average voter age and Christchurch has the highest proportion of over-60s of all UK seats. Having recovered from an early-1990s by-election loss, it is a safe Conservative seat, with MP Christopher Chope attaining a majority of over 30% at the last general election. It is the safest Tory seat in the South West and on most analyses is on the fringe of the area that usually qualifies as the South West, served by a station with direct links to the capital and closest to London.

Bournemouth airport is located within the seat.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Parliamentary borough (1572–1918)[edit]

MPs 1571–1640[edit]

Parliament First member Second member
Parliament of 1571 Andrew Rogers John Hyett
Parliament of 1572–1581 Henry Knollys Matthew Evans
Parliament of 1584–1585 Alexander Nevill
Parliament of 1586–1587 Henry Ashley
Parliament of 1588–1589 Justinian Champernoun Sampson Lennard
Parliament of 1593 John Herbert John Agmondesham[3]
Parliament of 1597–1598 Simon Willis Andrew Rogers
Parliament of 1601 Henry Meere
Parliament of 1604–1611 Richard Martin Nicholas Hyde
Addled Parliament (1614) Sir Thomas Norton Henry Breton
Parliament of 1621–1622 Sir George Hastings Nathaniel Tomkins
Happy Parliament (1624–1625) Sir George Astmyll
Useless Parliament (1625) Sir Thomas Wilford
Parliament of 1625–1626 Robert Mason
Parliament of 1628–1629 Henry Croke
No Parliament summoned 1629–1640

MPs 1640–1832[edit]

Year First member[4] First party Second member[4] Second party
April 1640 Arnold Herbert Henry Tulse
November 1640 Matthew Davies Royalist
1642 Tulse died September(?) 1642 – seat left vacant
March 1643 Davies disabled from sitting – seat vacant
1645 Richard Edwards Parliamentarian John Kempe Parliamentarian
December 1648 Kempe not recorded as sitting after Pride's Purge
1653 Christchurch was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament and the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
January 1659 John Bulkeley Henry Tulse
May 1659 Not represented in the restored Rump
March 1660 John Hildesley Henry Tulse
1661 Humphrey Weld
February 1679 Sir Thomas Clarges
August 1679 George Fulford
1685 Anthony Ettrick
1689 Francis Gwyn William Ettrick
1695 Viscount Cornbury
1701 Francis Gwyn
1710 (Sir) Peter Mews[5]
1717 Francis Gwyn[6]
1724 by-election Edward Prideaux Gwyn
1726 by-election Jacob Banks
1727 Joseph Hinxman Charles Wither
1732 by-election Philip Lloyd
1734 Edward Hooper
1740 by-election (Sir) Charles Armand Powlett[7]
1748 by-election Sir Thomas Robinson
1751 by-election Harry Powlett
1754 Hon. John Mordaunt
1761 Hon. Thomas Robinson James Harris Whig
Nov,mber 1770 by-election James Harris (junior) Whig
1774 Hon. Thomas Villiers[8] Tory
1780 Sir James Harris Whig
1781 by-election (Sir) John Frederick[9]
1788 by-election Hans Sloane Tory
1790 George Rose
1796 William Stewart Rose
May 1800 by-election William Chamberlayne
1802 William Sturges Bourne Tory
1812 William Edward Tomline
March 1818 by-election Sir George Henry Rose Tory
June 1818 William Sturges Bourne Tory
1826 George Pitt Rose
1832 Representation reduced to one member

MPs 1832–1918[edit]

Year Member[10][4] Party
1832 Sir George Tapps-Gervis Conservative
1837 Sir George Henry Rose Conservative
1844 Hon. Edward Harris Conservative
1852 John Edward Walcott Conservative
1868 Edmund Haviland-Burke Liberal
1874 Sir Henry Drummond Wolff Conservative
1880 Horace Davey Liberal
1885 Charles Young Conservative
1892 Abel Henry Smith Conservative
1900 Kenneth Balfour Conservative
1906 Arthur Acland Allen Liberal
1910 Henry Page Croft Conservative
1917 National
1918 constituency abolished

County constituency[edit]

MPs since 1983[edit]

Election Member[11][4] Party
1983 Robert Adley Conservative
1993 by-election Diana Maddock Liberal Democrat
1997 Sir Christopher Chope Conservative

Elections 1983–2017[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

Candidates listed in alphabetical order of their surname.

Next United Kingdom general election: Christchurch
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Andrew Dunne[12]
Liberal Democrat Mike Cox[13][14]
Green Chris Rigby[15]
General election 2017: Christchurch[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Christopher Chope 35,230 69.6 +11.5
Labour Patrick Canavan 10,059 19.9 +10.3
Liberal Democrat Mike Cox 4,020 7.9 +1.4
Green Chris Rigby 1,324 2.6 −1.7
Majority 25,171 49.7 +13.0
Turnout 50,633 72.0 +0.3
Conservative hold Swing +0.6
General election 2015: Christchurch[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Christopher Chope 28,887 58.1 +1.7
UKIP Robin Grey 10,663 21.5 +13.0
Labour Andrew Satherley 4,745 9.5 -0.3
Liberal Democrat Andy Canning 3,263 6.6 -18.7
Green Shona Dunn 2,149 4.3 N/A
Majority 18,224 36.7 +5.5
Turnout 49,707 71.7 -0.1
Conservative hold Swing -5.6
General election 2010: Christchurch[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Christopher Chope 27,888 56.4 +1.1
Liberal Democrat Martyn Hurll 12,478 25.3 +1.2
Labour Robert Deeks 4,849 9.8 -5.8
UKIP David Williams 4,201 8.5 +3.4
Majority 15,410 31.2
Turnout 49,416 71.8 +1.4
Conservative hold Swing -

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General election 2005: Christchurch[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Christopher Chope 28,208 54.7 −0.4
Liberal Democrat Leslie Coman 12,649 24.5 −3.3
Labour Jim King 8,051 15.6 +0.5
UKIP David Hughes 2,657 5.2 +3.2
Majority 15,559 30.2
Turnout 51,565 69.6 +2.1
Conservative hold Swing +1.4
General election 2001: Christchurch[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Christopher Chope 27,306 55.1 +8.7
Liberal Democrat Dorothy Webb 13,762 27.8 -14.8
Labour Judith Begg 7,506 15.1 +8.2
UKIP Margaret Strange 993 2.0 +0.9
Majority 13,544 27.3
Turnout 49,567 67.5 -11.0
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General election 1997: Christchurch[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Christopher Chope 26,095 46.43 +15.03
Liberal Democrat Diana Maddock 23,930 42.58 -19.62
Labour Charles Mannan 3,884 6.91 +4.21
Referendum Ray Spencer 1,684 3.0 New
UKIP R.H. Dickinson 606 1.08 -0.52
Majority 2,165 3.85
Turnout 56,199 78.53
Conservative win

Percentage share changes compared with 1993 by-election. UKIP share compared with the Anti-Federalist League.

By-election 1993: Christchurch
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Diana Maddock 33,164 62.2 +38.6
Conservative Robert Hayward 16,737 31.4 −32.2
Labour Nigel Lickley 1,453 2.7 −9.4
Anti-Federalist League Alan Sked 878 1.6 N/A
Monster Raving Loony David Sutch 404 0.8 N/A
Ind. Conservative Andrew Bannon 357 0.7 N/A
Sack Graham Taylor Peter G. Newman 80 0.2 N/A
Buy the Daily Sport Tara Bardot-Jackson 67 0.1 N/A
Save the National Health Service Peter A. Hollyman 60 0.1 N/A
Highlander IV Wednesday Promotion John P. Crockard 48 0.1 N/A
Natural Law Mark Griffiths 45 0.1 −0.3
Ian For King Mark Belcher 23 0.0 N/A
Alfred The Chicken Karl Fitzhugh 18 0.0 N/A
Rainbow Alliance John R. Walley 16 0.0 N/A
Majority 16,427 30.8
Turnout 53,350 74.2
Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative Swing +35.4
General election 1992: Christchurch[22][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Adley 36,627 63.5 −2.4
Liberal Democrat Dennis Bussey 13,612 23.6 −0.9
Labour Alan Lloyd 6,997 12.1 +2.6
Natural Law James Barratt 243 0.4 N/A
Chauvinist Raving Alliance Adrian Wareham 175 0.3 N/A
Majority 23,015 39.9 −1.4
Turnout 57,654 80.7 +4.4
Conservative hold Swing −0.7

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General election 1987: Christchurch[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Adley 35,656 65.9 −1.2
Social Democratic Hilary McKenzie 13,282 24.5 −0.8
Labour Caralyn Longhurst 5,174 9.6 +2.0
Majority 22,374 41.4
Turnout 54,112 76.3
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1983: Christchurch[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Adley 31,722 67.1 N/A
Social Democratic Stephen Alexander 11,984 25.3 N/A
Labour John Mitchell 3,590 7.6 N/A
Majority 19,738 41.7 N/A
Turnout 47,296 72.2 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

Election results 1868–1918[edit]

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

General election 1868: Christchurch [26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edmund Haviland-Burke 609 52.1 +11.7
Conservative Henry Drummond Wolff 560 47.9 −11.7
Majority 49 4.2 N/A
Turnout 1,169 88.0 +3.5
Registered electors 1,329
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +11.7

Elections in the 1870s[edit]

General election 1874: Christchurch [26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Drummond Wolff 978 61.7 +13.8
Liberal Clement Milward[27] 607 38.3 −13.8
Majority 371 23.4 N/A
Turnout 1,585 86.6 −1.4
Registered electors 1,831
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +13.8

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General election 1880: Christchurch [26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Horace Davey 1,185 51.5 +13.2
Conservative John Edwards-Moss[28] 1,117 48.5 −13.2
Majority 68 3.0 N/A
Turnout 2,302 90.1 +3.5
Registered electors 2,555
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +13.2
General election 1885: Christchurch [29][30][31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Young 2,184 52.1 +3.6
Liberal Horace Davey 2,006 47.9 −3.6
Majority 178 4.2 N/A
Turnout 4,190 90.6 −0.5
Registered electors 4,626
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +3.6
General election 1886: Christchurch [29][30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Young 2,072 53.1 +1.0
Liberal Alpheus Morton 1,833 46.9 -1.0
Majority 239 6.2 +2.0
Turnout 3,905 84.4 +6.2
Registered electors 4,626
Conservative hold Swing +1.0

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Smith
General election 1892: Christchurch [30][32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Abel Henry Smith 2,803 51.9 −1.2
Liberal Banister Fletcher 2,600 48.1 +1.2
Majority 203 3.8 −2.4
Turnout 5,403 85.8 +1.4
Registered electors 6,294
Conservative hold Swing −1.2
General election 1895: Christchurch [30][33][32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Abel Henry Smith 3,198 50.7 −1.2
Liberal Thomas Brassey 3,114 49.3 +1.2
Majority 84 1.4 −2.4
Turnout 6,312 84.4 −1.4
Registered electors 7,477
Conservative hold Swing −1.2

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General election 1900: Christchurch [30][33][32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Kenneth Balfour 3,407 50.1 −0.6
Liberal Thomas Brassey 3,399 49.9 +0.6
Majority 8 0.2 −1.2
Turnout 6,806 83.9 −0.5
Registered electors 8,116
Conservative hold Swing −0.6

The original tally for the 1906 election had Balfour with 3,411 votes and Brassey with 3,408 votes. However, a recount resulted in the increased majority for Balfour.

Allen
General election 1906: Christchurch [29][30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Arthur Acland Allen 4,634 53.3 +3.4
Conservative Kenneth Balfour 4,067 46.7 −3.4
Majority 567 6.6 N/A
Turnout 8,701 91.3 +7.4
Registered electors 9,530
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +3.4

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General election January 1910: Christchurch [34][32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Croft 5,538 53.5 +6.8
Liberal Arthur Acland Allen 4,807 46.5 −6.8
Majority 731 7.0 N/A
Turnout 10,345 94.1 +2.8
Registered electors 10,991
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +6.8
Verney
General election December 1910: Christchurch [34][32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Croft 5,275 53.3 −0.2
Liberal Frederick Verney 4,619 46.7 +0.2
Majority 656 6.6 −0.4
Turnout 9,894 90.0 −4.1
Registered electors 10,991
Conservative hold Swing −0.2

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

Election results 1832–1868[edit]

Elections in the 1840s[edit]

General election 1841: Christchurch [26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Henry Rose Unopposed
Registered electors 300
Conservative hold

Rose resigned by accepting the office of Steward of the Manor of Northstead, causing a by-election.

By-election, 28 March 1844: Christchurch [26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Harris 180 68.2 N/A
Whig William Tice[35] 84 31.8 N/A
Majority 96 36.4 N/A
Turnout 264 79.8 N/A
Registered electors 331
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General election 1847: Christchurch [26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Harris Unopposed
Registered electors 301
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1850s[edit]

General election 1852: Christchurch [26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Edward Walcott Unopposed
Registered electors 313
Conservative hold
General election 1857: Christchurch [26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Edward Walcott Unopposed
Registered electors 328
Conservative hold
General election 1859: Christchurch [26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Edward Walcott Unopposed
Registered electors 339
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

General election 1865: Christchurch [26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Edward Walcott 211 59.6 N/A
Liberal Edmund Haviland-Burke 143 40.4 N/A
Majority 68 19.2 N/A
Turnout 354 84.5 N/A
Registered electors 419
Conservative hold Swing N/A

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Christchurch: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  2. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  3. ^ "AGMONDESHAM, John II (c.1543-98), of Rowbarns, East Horsley, Surr. - History of Parliament Online". www.historyofparliamentonline.org.
  4. ^ a b c d Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 4)
  5. ^ Knighted July 1712
  6. ^ Gwyn was re-elected in 1722, but had also been elected for Wells, which he chose to represent, and did not sit again for Christchurch
  7. ^ Knighted (KB), 1749
  8. ^ Styled Lord Hyde from June 1776
  9. ^ Succeeded to a baronetcy, April 1783
  10. ^ "Christchurch 1660–1918". Hansard 1803–2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  11. ^ "Christchurch 1983-". Hansard 1803–2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  12. ^ "Andrew Dunne selected as Christchurch Labour Party's Parliamentary Candidate". Christchurch Labour Party. 26 October 2019.
  13. ^ "Liberal Democrat Parliamentary candidates". Mark Pack. 9 September 2019.
  14. ^ "Christchurch & East Dorset Lib Dems select Mike Cox as PPC". Mark Pack. 22 November 2018.
  15. ^ "Prospective General Election Candidates". Green Party. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  16. ^ "Christchurch parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
  17. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  18. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  19. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  20. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  21. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  22. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  23. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  24. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  25. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  27. ^ "Christchurch". The Daily Telegraph and Courier. 28 January 1874. p. 2. Retrieved 28 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  28. ^ "This Evening's News". The Pall Mall Gazette. 3 March 1880. pp. 6–7. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
  29. ^ a b c British Parliamentary Election Results 1885–1918, FWS Craig
  30. ^ a b c d e f The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  31. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  32. ^ a b c d e Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
  33. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  34. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  35. ^ "Christchurch Election". Yorkshire Gazette. 30 March 1844. p. 5. Retrieved 1 November 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
Sources
  • The BBC/ITN Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies (Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services, 1983)
  • Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885–1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Reference Publications 1972)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1977)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1885–1918, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1974)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume I 1832–1885, edited by M. Stenton (The Harvester Press 1976)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume II 1886–1918, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1978)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume III 1919–1945, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1979)
  • Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) [1]
  • D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
  • Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) [2]
  • Maija Jansson (ed.), Proceedings in Parliament, 1614 (House of Commons) (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1988) * J E Neale, The Elizabethan House of Commons (London: Jonathan Cape, 1949)
  • J Holladay Philbin, Parliamentary Representation 1832 – England and Wales (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965)
  • Willis, Browne (1750). Notitia Parliamentaria, Part II: A Series or Lists of the Representatives in the several Parliaments held from the Reformation 1541, to the Restoration 1660 ... London. p. 1.
  • Frederic A Youngs, jr, Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol I (London: Royal Historical Society, 1979)

External links[edit]