Christensenella

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Christensenella
Scientific classification
Domain: Bacteria
Phylum: Firmicutes
Class: Clostridia
Order: Clostridiales
Family: Christensenellaceae
Genus: Christensenella
Species

C. massiliensis[3]
C. minuta[4]
C. timonensis[5]

Christensenella is a genus of Gram-negative, nonspore-forming, anaerobic, and nonmotile bacteria from the family Christensenellaceae. The species C. minuta has been published and validated, and C. timonensis and C. massiliensis have been proposed as novel species of the genus Christensenella, all isolated from human feces. C. minuta in the gut has been associated with reduction in body weight and adiposity of mice.[6] In a test on 977 volunteers, humans with higher levels of Christensenella in their guts were found to be more likely to have a lower body mass index than those with low levels.[7][8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Taxonomy - Christensenella minuta". UniProt. Retrieved 28 July 2016.
  2. ^ "List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN) - Genus Christensenella". Bacterio.net. Retrieved 28 July 2016.
  3. ^ Ndongo, S.; Khelaifia, S.; Fournier, P.-E.; Raoult, D. (2016). "Christensenella massiliensis, a new bacterial species isolated from the human gut". New Microbes and New Infections. 12: 69–70. doi:10.1016/j.nmni.2016.04.014. ISSN 2052-2975.open access publication – free to read
  4. ^ Morotomi, M.; Nagai, F.; Watanabe, Y. (2011). "Description of Christensenella minuta gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from human faeces, which forms a distinct branch in the order Clostridiales, and proposal of Christensenellaceae fam. nov". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 62 (1): 144–149. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.026989-0. ISSN 1466-5026.open access publication – free to read
  5. ^ Ndongo, S.; Dubourg, G.; Khelaifia, S.; Fournier, P.-E.; Raoult, D. (2016). "Christensenella timonensis, a new bacterial species isolated from the human gut". New Microbes and New Infections. 13: 32–33. doi:10.1016/j.nmni.2016.05.010. ISSN 2052-2975.open access publication – free to read
  6. ^ The human gut bacterium Christensenella minuta reduces weight and adiposity gains in mice, Jillian L. Waters, Julia K. Goodrich, Ruth E. Ley, Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Department of Microbiology, Cornell University Basic presentation of results.
  7. ^ Goodrich, Julia K.; Waters, Jillian L.; Poole, Angela C.; Sutter, Jessica L.; Koren, Omry; Blekhman, Ran; Beaumont, Michelle; Van Treuren, William; Knight, Rob; Bell, Jordana T.; Spector, Timothy D.; Clark, Andrew G.; Ley, Ruth E. (2014). "Human Genetics Shape the Gut Microbiome". Cell. 159 (4): 789–799. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2014.09.053. ISSN 0092-8674.open access publication – free to read
  8. ^ Jessica Hamzelou (6 November 2014). "Composition of your gut bacteria may be inherited". New Scientist. Retrieved 28 July 2016.