Christian County, Illinois

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Christian County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Christian County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1839
Named for Christian County, Kentucky
Seat Taylorville
Largest city Taylorville
Area
 • Total 716 sq mi (1,854 km2)
 • Land 709 sq mi (1,836 km2)
 • Water 6.3 sq mi (16 km2), 0.9%
Population
 • (2010) 34,800
 • Density 49/sq mi (19/km²)
Congressional district 13th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Christian County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 34,800.[1] Its county seat is Taylorville.[2]

Christian Count comprises the Taylorville, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Springfield-Jacksonville-Lincoln, IL Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Christian County was formed February 15, 1839 out of Sangamon, Montgomery and Shelby Counties. It was named for Christian County, Kentucky.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 716 square miles (1,850 km2), of which 709 square miles (1,840 km2) is land and 6.3 square miles (16 km2) (0.9%) is water.[4] The county is bounded on the north by Sangamon River, and intersected by the south fork of that stream.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Climate and weather[edit]

Taylorville, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.8
 
 
32
16
 
 
1.8
 
 
39
21
 
 
3
 
 
50
31
 
 
3.5
 
 
63
41
 
 
3.8
 
 
74
52
 
 
3.7
 
 
83
61
 
 
3.7
 
 
86
65
 
 
2.8
 
 
85
63
 
 
2.8
 
 
79
54
 
 
2.3
 
 
67
42
 
 
3.6
 
 
51
33
 
 
2.4
 
 
38
22
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[6]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Taylorville have ranged from a low of 16 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in August 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.78 inches (45 mm) in January to 3.77 inches (96 mm) in May.[6]

Demographics[edit]

2000 census age pyramid for Christian County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 1,878
1850 3,203 70.6%
1860 10,492 227.6%
1870 20,363 94.1%
1880 28,227 38.6%
1890 30,531 8.2%
1900 32,790 7.4%
1910 34,594 5.5%
1920 38,458 11.2%
1930 37,538 −2.4%
1940 38,564 2.7%
1950 38,816 0.7%
1960 37,207 −4.1%
1970 35,948 −3.4%
1980 36,446 1.4%
1990 34,418 −5.6%
2000 35,372 2.8%
2010 34,800 −1.6%
Est. 2013 34,298 −1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 34,800 people, 14,055 households, and 9,211 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 49.1 inhabitants per square mile (19.0/km2). There were 15,563 housing units at an average density of 21.9 per square mile (8.5/km2).[4] The racial makeup of the county was 96.6% white, 1.4% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 0.4% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.4% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 21.9% were German, 12.7% were Irish, 10.6% were American, and 9.9% were English.[12]

Of the 14,055 households, 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.1% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.5% were non-families, and 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.90. The median age was 41.6 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $41,712 and the median income for a family was $52,680. Males had a median income of $42,897 versus $30,027 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,519. About 12.7% of families and 16.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.6% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over.[13]

Communities[edit]

Map of Christian County, Illinois

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated[edit]

Townships[edit]

Christian County is divided into these seventeen townships:

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Adams, James N. (compiler) (1989), Keller, William E., ed., Illinois Place Names, Springfield: Illinois State Historical Society, p. 575, ISBN 0-912226-24-2 
  4. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  5. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg "Christian. II. A central county of Illinois". The American Cyclopædia. 1879. 
  6. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Taylorville, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 

Coordinates: 39°33′N 89°17′W / 39.55°N 89.28°W / 39.55; -89.28