Christian Democratic Movement

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"KDH" redirects here. For the airport with IATA code KDH, see Kandahar International Airport. For the band, see Kill Devil Hill (band).
Christian Democratic Movement
Leader Alojz Hlina
Founded 1990
Headquarters Bratislava
Youth wing Christian Democratic Youth of Slovakia
Membership  (2015) 11,700[1]
Ideology Christian democracy[2][3]
Social conservatism[4]
Political position Centre-right[5][6]
European affiliation European People's Party
International affiliation Centrist Democrat International (observer)
European Parliament group European People's Party
Colours White, red, blue (Colours of the Slovak flag)
National Council
0 / 150
European Parliament
2 / 13
Self-governing regions
0 / 8
Regional parliaments
57 / 408
Website
http://www.kdh.sk/

The Christian Democratic Movement (Slovak: Kresťanskodemokratické hnutie, KDH) is a Christian democratic[7] political party in Slovakia. KDH is a member of the European People's Party (EPP) and observer of the Centrist Democrat International.

History[edit]

The party was established in 1990. In the 1990s it was led by Ján Čarnogurský and then since 2000 by Pavol Hrušovský. Before the 2016 elections, it was led by Ján Figeľ. Following the defeat in the elections, Figeľ stepped down from the position and Pavol Zajac became temporary leader until the decisive party meeting on March 19, 2016. Figeľ endorsed Milan Majerský, mayor of Levoča, for the position.

The KDH was a member of the government coalition, but it left that coalition on 7 February 2006 due to disputes over an international treaty between Slovakia and the Holy See dealing with the Conscientious objection on religious grounds.

In the parliamentary election of 17 June 2006, the party won 8.3% of the popular vote and 14 out of 150 seats.

Four prominent parliamentary members (František Mikloško, Vladimír Palko, Rudolf Bauer and Pavol Minárik) left the party on 21 February 2008 due to their dissatisfaction with the party, its leadership and its policies, and founded the Conservative Democrats of Slovakia in July.

In the 2012 parliamentary election, KDH received 8.82% of the vote, placing it the second-largest party in the National Council with 16 deputies, leaving it the largest opposition party to the ruling Direction – Social Democracy.

In the 2014 European elections, KDH came second place nationally, receiving 13.21% of the vote and electing 2 MEPs.[8]

In the 2016 parliamentary election, the party only won 4.94% of the vote, losing all of its seats. This was the first time since its inception that the party did not reach the parliament. Following the electoral defeat, KDH elected Alojz Hlina its new leader.[9]

Party leaders[edit]

Election Results[edit]

National Council[edit]

Year Vote Vote % Seats Place Government
1990 648,782 19.21 31 2nd Yes
1992 273,945Decrease 8.89Decrease 18Decrease 3rdDecrease No
1994 289,987Increase 10.1Increase 17Decrease 4thDecrease No
1998[10] 884,497Increase 26.33Increase 42Increase 2ndIncrease Yes
2002 237,202Decrease 8.3Decrease 15Decrease 5thDecrease Yes
2006 191,443Decrease 8.3 14Decrease 6thDecrease No
2010 215,755Increase 8.52Increase 15Increase 4thIncrease Yes
2012 225,361Increase 8.82Increase 16Increase 2ndIncrease No
2016 128,908Decrease 4.94Decrease 0Decrease 9thDecrease No

European Parliament[edit]

Year Vote Vote % Seats Place
2004 113,655 16.19 3 4th
2009 89,905 Decrease 10.87 Decrease 2 Decrease 4th Decrease
2014 74,108Decrease 13.21Increase 2 2ndIncrease

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Najbohatšiu členskú základňu si držia Smer-SD, KDH a SMK". Hlavné Správy. Retrieved 21 March 2016. 
  2. ^ Bakke, Elisabeth (2010), "Central and East European party systems since 1989", Central and Southeast European Politics Since 1989 (Cambridge University Press), p. 80 
  3. ^ Magone, José M. (2009), Comparative European Politics, Taylor & Francis, p. 364 
  4. ^ Bodnárova, Bernardína (2006), "Social Policy", Slovakia 2005: A Global Report on the State of Society (Institute for Public Affairs), p. 307 
  5. ^ Henderson, Karen (1999), "Minorities and Politics in the Slovak Republic", Minorities in Europe: Croatia, Estonia and Slovakia (Cambridge University Press), p. 150 
  6. ^ Bunce, Valerie; Wolchik, Sharon L. (2011), Defeating Authoritarian Leaders in Postcommunist Countries, Cambridge University Press, p. 64 
  7. ^ José Magone (26 August 2010). Contemporary European Politics: A Comparative Introduction. Routledge. pp. 456–. ISBN 978-0-203-84639-1. Retrieved 19 July 2013. 
  8. ^ http://ep2014.statistics.sk/EP-dv/Tabulka3_en.html
  9. ^ "Novým predsedom KDH sa stal suverénne Alojz Hlina". TA3.com. Retrieved 14 June 2016. 
  10. ^ As Slovak Democratic Coalition

External links[edit]