Christian Democratic Movement

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"KDH" redirects here. For the airport with IATA code KDH, see Kandahar International Airport. For the band, see Kill Devil Hill (band).
Christian Democratic Movement
Leader Ján Figeľ
Founded 1990
Headquarters Bratislava
Ideology Christian democracy[1][2]
Social conservatism[3]
Political position Centre-right[4][5]
European affiliation European People's Party
International affiliation Centrist Democrat International (observer)
European Parliament group European People's Party
Colours White, red, blue (Colours of the Slovak flag)
National Council
16 / 150
European Parliament
2 / 13
Self-governing regions
0 / 8
Regional parliaments
57 / 408
Politics of Slovakia
Political parties

The Christian Democratic Movement (Slovak: Kresťanskodemokratické hnutie, KDH) is a Christian democratic[6] political party in Slovakia. KDH is a member of the European People's Party (EPP) and observer of the Centrist Democrat International.

The party was established in 1990. In the 1990s it was led by Ján Čarnogurský and then since 2000 by Pavol Hrušovský. Currently, it is led by Ján Figeľ.

The KDH is represented in the parliament. It was also member of the government coalition, but it left that coalition on 7 February 2006 due to disputes over an international treaty between Slovakia and the Holy See dealing with the Conscientious objection on religious grounds.

In the parliamentary election of 17 June 2006, the party won 8.3% of the popular vote and 14 out of 150 seats.

Four prominent parliamentary members (František Mikloško, Vladimír Palko, Rudolf Bauer and Pavol Minárik) left the party on 21 February 2008 due to their dissatisfaction with the party, its leadership and its policies, and founded the Conservative Democrats of Slovakia in July.

In the 2012 parliamentary election, KDH received 8.82% of the vote, placing it the second-largest party in the National Council with 16 deputies, leaving it the largest opposition party to the ruling Direction – Social Democracy.

In the 2014 European elections, KDH came second place nationally, receiving 13.21% of the vote and electing 2 MEPs.[7]

Election Results[edit]

National Council[edit]

Year Vote Vote % Seats Place Government
1990 648,782 19.21 31 2nd Yes
1992 273,945Decrease 8.89Decrease 18Decrease 3rdDecrease No
1994 289,987Increase 10.1Increase 17Decrease 4thDecrease No
1998[8] 884,497Increase 26.33Increase 42Increase 2ndIncrease Yes
2002 237,202Decrease 8.3Decrease 15Decrease 5thDecrease Yes
2006 191,443Decrease 8.3 14Decrease 6thDecrease No
2010 215,755Increase 8.52Increase 15Increase 4thIncrease Yes
2012 225,361Increase 8.82Increase 16Increase 2ndIncrease No

European Parliament[edit]

Year Vote Vote % Seats Place
2004 113,655 16.19 3 4th
2009 89,905 Decrease 10.87 Decrease 2 Decrease 4th Decrease
2014 74,108Decrease 13.21Increase 2 2ndIncrease

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Bakke, Elisabeth (2010), "Central and East European party systems since 1989", Central and Southeast European Politics Since 1989 (Cambridge University Press), p. 80 
  2. ^ Magone, José M. (2009), Comparative European Politics, Taylor & Francis, p. 364 
  3. ^ Bodnárova, Bernardína (2006), "Social Policy", Slovakia 2005: A Global Report on the State of Society (Institute for Public Affairs), p. 307 
  4. ^ Henderson, Karen (1999), "Minorities and Politics in the Slovak Republic", Minorities in Europe: Croatia, Estonia and Slovakia (Cambridge University Press), p. 150 
  5. ^ Bunce, Valerie; Wolchik, Sharon L. (2011), Defeating Authoritarian Leaders in Postcommunist Countries, Cambridge University Press, p. 64 
  6. ^ José Magone (26 August 2010). Contemporary European Politics: A Comparative Introduction. Routledge. pp. 456–. ISBN 978-0-203-84639-1. Retrieved 19 July 2013. 
  7. ^
  8. ^ As Slovak Democratic Coalition

External links[edit]