Christian Democrats (Denmark)

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Christian Democrats
Kristendemokraterne
Leader Stig Grenov
Founded April 1970
Headquarters Allégade 24, 1.
2000 Frederiksberg
Youth wing Young Christian Democrats
Ideology Christian democracy
Regionalism
Political position Centre
International affiliation Centrist Democrat International
European affiliation European People's Party
European Parliament group No MEPs
Colours Orange
Folketing
0 / 179
European Parliament
0 / 13
Municipal councils
6 / 2,444
Election symbol
K
Website
www.kd.dk
Politics of Denmark
Political parties
Elections

The Christian Democrats (Danish: Kristendemokraterne) are a political party in Denmark. The party was founded in 1970 to oppose the liberalization of restrictions on pornography and the legalization of abortion.[1][2] It was known as the Christian People's Party (Kristeligt Folkeparti) from April 1970 to 2003.[3] Originally, the party was not considered part of the European Christian democratic tradition, and it was better known as a religious conservative party.[4]

The Christian Democrats are a member of the European People's Party (EPP) and the Centrist Democrat International.

History[edit]

Since its inception, the party has enjoyed an intermittent presence in the Parliament of Denmark, rarely winning much more than the two percent minimum required to gain seats under Denmark's proportional representation system, and frequently falling below the threshold, as happened most recently in the 2007 and 2011 parliamentary elections. Despite its small size, the party has served in a number of coalition governments. From 1982 to 1988, it was in coalition with the Liberal Party and Conservative People's Party; from 1993 to 1994, it served in government with the Social Democrats, the Social Liberals and the Centre Democrats.[2]

From 2002 to 2005, the party was led by Marianne Karlsmose. The name of the party was changed to the Christian Democrats in 2003. In October 2005, the party elected Bodil Kornbek [1] as its new chairman. Her attempt to introduce a more secular centre-left profile had some success in the beginning, but in the 2007 and 2011 parliamentary elections, the party received no seats. In October 2008, Kornbek was replaced by Bjarne Hartung Kirkegaard, who represents its more rightist and religious wing.

In 2010, the Christian Democrats regained parliamentary representation when the former Conservative People's Party member Per Ørum Jørgensen joined the party. Since he was not formerly known for having expressed particularly religion-based opinions, these events once more softened the religious character of the party.

On 30 June 2011, it was announced that the Christian Democrats had started cooperating with the grassroot party Fælleslisten, a single-issue party fighting for decentralization, especially in health policy, with some success in regional and local elections. This means that candidates from the two parties will appear on a joint list at the next Danish parliamentary election. The Christian Democrats had themselves taken a somewhat regionalist stance at a moment when Fælleslisten had surged in opinion polls.

In September 2012, Per Ørum Jørgensen resigned and subsequently left the party altogether in order to form a new party called Democratic Party. A new chairman, Egon Jakobsen, was appointed ad interim. On 27 October 2012, the former deputy chairman Stig Grenov was be elected as new chairman.

Christian Democratic Politicians[edit]

Party chairman[edit]

Chairman of Young Christian Democrats[edit]

Ministers[edit]

Deputy Mayors[edit]

Election results[edit]

Parliament (Folketing)[edit]

Date Votes Seats
#  % ± pp # ±
1971 57.072 1.9 % +1.9
0 / 179
New
1973 123.573 4.0 % +2.1
7 / 179
Increase 7
1975 162.734 5.3 % +1.3
9 / 179
Increase 2
1977 106.082 3.4 % -1.9
6 / 179
Decrease 3
1979 82.133 2.6 % -0.8
5 / 179
Decrease 1
1981 72.174 2.3 % -0.3
4 / 179
Decrease 1
1984 91.623 2.7 % +0.4
5 / 179
Increase 1
1987 79.664 2.4 % -0.3
4 / 179
Decrease 1
1988 68.047 2.0 % -0.4
4 / 179
Steady 0
1990 74.174 2.3 % +0.3
4 / 179
Steady 0
1994 61.507 1.9 % -0.4
0 / 179
Decrease 4
1998 85.656 2.5 % +0.6
4 / 179
Increase 4
2001 78.793 2.3 % -0.2
4 / 179
Steady 0
2005 58.071 1.7 % -0.6
0 / 179
Decrease 4
2007 30.013 0.9 % -0.8
0 / 179
Steady 0
2011 28.070 0.8 % -0.1
0 / 179
Steady 0
2015 29.077 0.8 % 0.0
0 / 179
Steady 0

Municipal elections[edit]

Date Seats
# ±
1993
32 / 4,703
Increase 32
1997
30 / 4,685
Decrease 2
2001
31 / 4,647
Increase 1
2005
15 / 2,522
Decrease 16
2009
6 / 2,468
Decrease 9
2013
6 / 2,444
Steady 0

Regional elections[edit]

Date Votes Seats
# ±
2001 55,683
4 / 374
Steady 0
2005 47,862
2 / 205
Decrease 2
2009 23,170
0 / 205
Decrease 2
2013 25,281
0 / 205
Steady 0

European Parliament elections[edit]

Date Votes Seats
#  % ± pp # ±
1984 54.624 2.7 % +2.7
0 / 16
New
1989 47.768 2.7 % 0.0
0 / 16
Steady 0
1994 22.986 1.1 % -1.6
0 / 16
Steady 0
1999 39.128 2.0 % +0.9
0 / 16
Steady 0
2004 24.286 1.3 % -0.7
0 / 14
Steady 0
2009-2014
Did not run.

Further reading[edit]

  • Madeley, John T.S. (2004). Steven Van Hecke; Emmanuel Gerard, eds. Life at the Northern Margin: Christian Democracy in Scandinavia. Christian Democratic Parties in Europe Since the End of the Cold War (Leuven University Press). pp. 217–241. ISBN 90-5867-377-4. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ Isabelle Engeli; Christoffer Green-Pedersen; Lars Thorup Larsen (7 August 2012). Morality Politics in Western Europe: Parties, Agendas and Policy Choices. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-230-30933-3. 
  2. ^ a b Åsa Bengtsson; Kasper Hansen; Ólafur Þ Harõarson; Hanne Marthe Narud; Henrik Oscarsson (15 November 2013). The Nordic Voter: Myths of Exceptionalism. ECPR Press. p. 206. ISBN 978-1-907301-50-6. 
  3. ^ André Krouwel (1 December 2012). Party Transformations in European Democracies. SUNY Press. p. 298. ISBN 978-1-4384-4481-9. 
  4. ^ Cook, Chris; Francis, Mary (1979). The first European elections: A handbook and guide. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 0-333-26575-0. 

External links[edit]