Christian Ferras (17 June 1933 – 14 September 1982) was a French violinist.
Ferras was born at Le Touquet in 1933. He began studying the violin with his father, who was a pupil of Marcel Chailley. He entered the Conservatoire de Nice as a student of Charles Bistesi in 1941, and in 1943 obtained the First Prize. In 1944 he went to the Conservatoire de Paris. In 1946 he won the First Prize in both disciplines (violin and chamber music), and started his performing career with the Pasdeloup Orchestra under Albert Wolff, and later Paul Paray. He worked with Romanian violinist and composer George Enescu, who also acted as an instructor. The Violin Concerto by Federico Elizalde was premiered by Ginette Neveu in Paris in 1944, but Christian Ferras gave its London premiere under the direction of Gaston Poulet, in the presence of the composer, and made the world premiere recording on 7 November 1947, when he was aged only 14.
In 1948 Ferras won First Prize at the international Scheveningen Festival; Yehudi Menuhin was among the judges. He premiered Arthur Honegger's Sonata for Solo Violin in the Salle Gaveau on 16 November 1948. In 1949, Ferras won the second prize (the first prize was not awarded) in the international Marguerite Long-Jacques Thibaud Competition. It was there that he met Pierre Barbizet, with whom he formed one of the most famous partnerships in the history of piano-violin collaboration. In 1950 he, along with Jean-Pierre Rampal and George Enescu, recorded various works by J.S. Bach. It was at this point that his career took off when he was invited by Karl Böhm to play with the Vienna Philharmonic in 1951. He subsequently gave a series of concerts in, amongst other places, Japan and South America.
In 1952, he premiered both Claude Pascal's violin sonata and, with Pierre Barbizet, Ivan Semenoff's Double Concerto. In 1954, he recorded Brahms's Violin Concerto with Carl Schuricht. This was his first recording that can be said to have been a veritable success. 1959 was a year in which Ferras rose to real prominence: he began his career in the United States by playing Brahms's concerto under Charles Munch; recorded Bach's Double Concerto with Yehudi Menuhin; played at the Prades Festival with Pablo Casals and Wilhelm Kempff; and premiered Gyula Bando's Violin Concerto. In 1960 he premiered Serge Nigg's Concerto, which the composer is said to have written "for the violin and not without the violin".
Ferras then made many recordings with EMI, including
- Beethoven's sonatas for piano and violin with Pierre Barbizet (1958)
- Berg's chamber concerto and his Violin Concerto 'to the memory of an angel'.
He went on in 1964 to record the Brahms Concerto with Herbert von Karajan for the Deutsche Grammophon label, and then the concertos of Sibelius, Tchaikovsky, Beethoven and Bach, which are the recordings for which he is most admired. He continued to make recordings with Deutsche Grammophon: with Barbizet, the violin sonatas of Brahms, Schumann, Franck and Lekeu; and also a disc with Jean-Claude Ambrosini at the piano.
Please refer to the French Wikipedia page for a list of Ferras' commercially available recordings.
In 1975, he was awarded recognition by the Conservatoire de Paris for his works, and retired from regular public performance for health reasons. He returned to playing in Paris on 9 March 1982 with Alain Lefèvre and then on 6 May with Pierre Barbizet. He gave his last concert in Vichy on 25 August 1982.