C. F. J. Galloway

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Christian Francis John Galloway
Born 13 May 1880 (1880-05-13)
Llantrissant Dinas, Wales
Died 31 August 1969 (1969-09-01) (aged 89)
Hampstead, England
Other names Galloway C.F.J
Occupation Mining engineer and military officer

Christian Francis John Galloway B.Sc. F.R.G.S., F.R.C.I. (13 May 1880 – 31 August 1969) was of Scottish descent, born at Llantrissant Dinas, Wales, the second son of Sir William Galloway (1840–1927), mining engineer, and Christiana Maud Mary Gordon (1853–1880),[1] and younger brother of William Albert Denis Galloway (1878–1957). He qualified as a mining engineer,[2] and was later employed by the governments of British Columbia and Sarawak in Borneo to survey coal deposits.

He joined the Royal Monmouthshire Royal Engineers in 1897, and served with them in South Africa during the Boer War, in France during the World War I, and later in Mesopotania and Persia, rising to the rank of Major by 1920.

He is a well respected travel writer, whose insight into the country and people he encountered during his time in Canada are referred to in other journals up to the present day.

Military career[edit]

On 1 December 1897 Christian Francis John Galloway, aged 17, was appointed 2nd Lieutenant of the Royal Monmouthshire Royal Engineers (Militia)[3]

He was promoted to Lieutenant 14 February 1900[4] and served with R.M.R.E. in South Africa during the Anglo-Boer War earning the Queen's South Africa Medal with 5 clasps - "Cape Colony", "Orange Free State", "Transvaal", "South Africa 1901" and "South Africa 1902". returning to England in 1902,[5] being promoted to Captain 19 March 1904:

At the start of the First World War he returned to the R.M.R.E. as Temporary Captain 3 September 1914[6] with No. 4 Siege Co.[7] He was wounded in 1915, and then posted to No. 6 Siege Co. landing in France in May 1916, by which time the preparations for the Battle of the Somme were in full swing. The Company's work consisted in the main of construction of new hutted camps, hospitals and base installations, e.g. ammunition depots. Captain Galloway ran a school for Australian N.C.O's and Sappers and was promoted to Acting Major 17 March 1917. He was sick and evacuated to England in July 1918.[8]

After discharge from hospital in autumn 1918 he rejoined at Monmouth and was posted to York as D.O., R.E. (Garrison Engineer). He later served with the R.M.R.E. in Mesopotania (Iraq) in 1919 and Persia (Iran) in 1920,[9] being promoted to the rank of Major 1 April 1920.

In addition to his Boer war medals he also received the 1914-15 Star, the British War Medal, Victory Medal and the General Service Medal with two clasps:Iraq and N.W. Persia.[10][11]

Mining career[edit]

Christian Galloway obtained his B.Sc in mining engineering at the University of Wales, Cardiff, attaining his Masters Certificate of Competency as a Manager of Mines in 1905, aged 25.[2]

In 1908 he was commissioned by the British Columbian Ministry of Mines, Canada, to carry out coal surveys of the Peace River Valley and surrounding area. He stayed in the country for 5 years living in the backwoods of the area throughout the time travelling by steamer, train, packhorse or on foot, by canvas or log canoe to reach the less accessible areas. He and his companion, Falconer, were, they believed, the first white men to climb the 8,250 ft. mountain near Lake Chilco. They named it Mount Cardiff, after Christian's home town, a name it retains to this day in the Cardiff Mountain Ecological Reserve, British Columbia[12][13]

In August 1913 he attended the International Geological Conference, 12th Session, at the University of Toronto, Canada[14] and his work is referred to in the 'Peace River Coal Project' of February 1972 prepared for Canada West Petroleums Ltd. of Vancouver.[15][16] and Reports on Coal in the Bowron River area by Esso Coal in 1986[17]

In 1921 he was commissioned by the Government of Sarawak to carry out surveys of the country's coal deposits, his report being printed by the South Wales Institute of Engineers in 1923,[18] and referred to in the Singapore Free Press & Mercantile Advertiser on 16 October 1923, Page 2.[19]

The Call of the West[edit]

His travel log book 'The Call of the West' gives a clear insight into the beauty of the area and hardship involved in being a settler in British Columbia in the early 20th century, especially in the winter when all roads and rail links could be blocked by snow. He describes in detail the different people, of all nationalities, he encountered, as well as the wild life. He includes photographs of the areas through which they travelled, their camp sites, modes of transport, etc. He describes life in his base in Vancouver and, in the final chapters, recounts his journey down the western coast of America by steamer (with photographs of San Francisco, Nicaragua, Guatemala and Panama). Pictures and written descriptions of the construction of the Panama Canal are shown, as well as his last port of call before sailing home, Jamaica. References to his comments on Vancouver,[20][21][22] the importance of the railways to the isolated communities,[23] and many other aspects of life in those times, are used by writers of today,[24] for example, the attitudes of the new settlers towards the indigenous population, who had received payments to move their reservations, actually driving around in cars.[25]

He writes of the contrasts between the mining communities in Wales and those in British Columbia[26]

In 1911 he applied for membership of the Order of the Golden Age, a group of dedicated vegetarians or fruitarians. In 1912 he wrote to them describing his experiences of attempting to survive in the wilds of Canada without eating flesh of any kind, which they printed in their journal 'The Herald of the Golden Age', Vol XV, No. 2 April 1912, Page 43, under the heading 'Dietetic Heroism'[27]

Later Years[edit]

He was a member of the Theosophical Society and used to travel and lecture for them.[28]

He was also a Fellow of both the Royal Geographical Society and the Royal Colonial Institute.

He wrote several short pamphlets covering some of his lectures[29] as well as his philosophical views of belief,[30] and of society during the years of the Depression of the 1930s.[31]

He was also the author of some light stories and poetry, 'Peace River and Other Verse',[32] 'The Exploits of Lancelot: A Satire'[33] being examples.

Christian died on 31 August 1969 at St. Columba's Hospital, Hampstead, London aged 89 years. His occupation shown on his death certificate as Philatelist.

Bibliography[edit]

  • "The Compact Edition of the Dictionary of National Biography". Oxford University Press. 1975 - Sir William Galloway (1840–1927)
  • Galloway C.F.J. "The Call of the West - Letters from British Columbia". T.Fisher Unwin. 1916, Second Edition 1917 [2]
  • Galloway C.F.J. "The Rational Basis of Belief". William McLellan & Co. 1922 [3]
  • Galloway C.F.J. "Notes on Coal in Sarawak". South Wales Institute of Engineers 1923 [4]
  • Galloway C.F.J. "The Exploits of Lancelot: A Satire" London 1924 [5]
  • Galloway C.F.J. "Poverty amidst plenty.. a scientific anachronism:being a simple introduction to social credit" National Credit Association of Great Britain. 1933 [6]
  • Galloway C.F.J. "A Series of Eight Lectures". Douglas Social Credit Movement. New Zealand 193? [7]
  • Galloway C.F.J. "Peace River and other verse". Mitre Press, London 1953 [8]
  • Galloway C.F.J. "The coal measures of the Peace River canyon" B.C. Minister Mines, Annual report 1912
  • Galloway C.F.J. "Peace River Coal Area; coal fields of British Columbia" Geological Survey. Canada 1915

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Compact Edition of the Dictionary of National Biography". Oxford University Press. 1975 - Sir William Galloway (1840–1927)
  2. ^ a b Durham Mining Museum - Management Certificates [ga*]
  3. ^ http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/26915/pages/7179/page.pdf
  4. ^ http://www.gazettes-online.co.uk/issues/27164/pages/1003/page.pdf
  5. ^ "Shipping records - July 1902". Angloboerwar.com. 20 August 2010. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  6. ^ http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/28912/supplements/7577/page.pdf
  7. ^ "Bridsold/carsold". paulhyb2.homecall.co.uk. Retrieved 14 January 2014. 
  8. ^ "No.6 Company in WW1". Monmouthcastlemuseum.org.uk. Retrieved 27 July 2017. 
  9. ^ "No.6 Company in WW1". monmouthcastlemuseum.org.uk. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2017. 
  10. ^ "Christian and Denis Galloway, Royal Monmouthshire Royal Engineers". Soldiers of the Queen. 31 August 1969. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  11. ^ "Dix Noonan Webb: Medals: Auction Archive: Search Catalogue Archive: Lot 675, 9 Dec 99". Dnw.co.uk. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  12. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=6CaxcQAACAAJ&dq=C.F.J.+Galloway&hl=en&ei=Tq-7TpWQFYWD8gOa5rWaBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&redir_esc=y, Page 68
  13. ^ "Cardiff Mountain Ecological Reserve - BC Parks". Env.gov.bc.ca. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  14. ^ "Full text of "Members - July 21; numerical list"". Archive.org. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  15. ^ Galloway C.F.J. "The coal measures of the Peace River canyon" B.C. Minister Mines, Annual report 1912
  16. ^ Galloway C.F.J. "Peace River Coal Area; coal fields of British Columbia" Geological Survey. Canada 1915
  17. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 April 2012. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  18. ^ Notes on coal in Sarawak, Borneo - C. F. J. Galloway - Google Books. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  19. ^ "The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser (1884-1942), 16 October 1923, Page 2". Newspapers. 16 October 1923. Retrieved 6 February 2017. 
  20. ^ "History of Vancouver - Vancouver in Print - 100 Books From a Century Past". Vancouverhistory.ca. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  21. ^ "Full text of "Canada to-day"". Archive.org. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  22. ^ http://ojs.library.ubc.ca/index.php/bcstudies/article/download/969/1007 Page 39
  23. ^ http://cdnb.austta.org.au/thetimes200811issue.pdf Page 18
  24. ^ http://ojs.library.ubc.ca.index.php/bcstudies/article/download/969/1007[permanent dead link]
  25. ^ https://ojs.library.ubc.ca/index.php/bcstudies/article/viewFile/626/669[permanent dead link]
  26. ^ https://pi.library.yorku.ca/ojs/index.php/hssh/article/download/4728/3922 Page 66
  27. ^ "Herald of the Golden Age". Archive.org. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  28. ^ "Full text of "The General Report Of The Theosophical Society"". Archive.org. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  29. ^ A series of eight lectures - C. F. J. Galloway, Douglas Social Credit Movement. New Zealand - Google Books. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  30. ^ The rational basis of belief - C. F. J. Galloway - Google Books. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  31. ^ Poverty admidst plenty..: a ... - C.F.J. Galloway - Google Books. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  32. ^ * Galloway C.F.J. "Peace River and other verse". Mitre Press, London 1953 [1]
  33. ^ The exploits of Lancelot - C. F. J. Galloway - Google Books. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 

External links[edit]