Christian Gottlob Neefe

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Christian Gottlob Neefe

Christian Gottlob Neefe (German: [ˈneːfə]; 5 February 1748 – 28 January 1798) was a German opera composer and conductor.

Neefe was born in Chemnitz, Saxony. He received a musical education and started to compose at the age of 12. He studied law at Leipzig University, but subsequently returned to music to become a pupil of the composer Johann Adam Hiller under whose guidance he wrote his first comic operas.

In 1776 Neefe joined the Seyler theatrical company of Abel Seyler (then) in Dresden, and inherited the position of musical director from his mentor, Hiller. He later became court organist in Bonn and was the principal piano teacher of Ludwig van Beethoven. He helped Beethoven produce some of his first works. His best known work was a Singspiel called Adelheit von Veltheim (1780). In Bonn, Neefe became prefect of the local chapter of the Illuminati, the Minervalkirche Stagira (de).[1] He died in Dessau.



Title Genre Sub­divisions Libretto Première date Place, theatre
DorfbarbierDer Dorfbarbier (with Johann Adam Hiller) komische Operette 1 act WeisseChristian Felix Weiße, after Michel-Jean Sedaine's Blaise le savetier 1771-04-1818 April 1771 Leipzig, Rannstädter Thore
ApothekeDie Apotheke komische Oper 2 acts EngelJohann Jacob Engel 1771-12-1313 December 1771 Berlin, Theater in der Behrenstrasse
Amors Guckkasten Operette 1 act MichaelisJohann Benjamin Michaelis 1772-05-1010 May 1772 Leipzig
EinsprücheDie Einsprüche komische Oper 1 act MichaelisJohann Benjamin Michaelis 1772-99-00late 1772 Leipzig, Rannstädter Thore
Zemire und Azor komische Oper 4 acts ThümmelMoritz August von Thümmel, after Jean-François Marmontel 1776-03-055 March 1776 Leipzig (Koberwein Company)
Heinrich und Lyda Drama 1 act ArienBernhard Christian d'Arien 1776-03-2626 March 1776 Berlin, (Döbbelin Company)
Sophonisbe musikaliches Drama 1 act MeissnerAugust Gottlieb Meissner 1776-10-1212 October 1776 Leipzig
ZigeunerDie Zigeuner Lustspiel mit gesang 5 acts MöllerH F Möller, after Cervantes 1777-11-00November 1777 Frankfurt
Adelheit von Veltheim Schauspiel mit Gesang 4 acts GroßmannGustav Friedrich Wilhelm Großmann 1780-09-2323 September 1780 Frankfurt, Junghof
neueDer neue Gutsherr 3 acts DyckJohann Gottfried Dyck and Johann Friedrich Jünger, after Marivaux's Le paysan parvenu 9999-99-99unperformed

Other works[edit]


  1. ^ Freimaurer-Akten, Bonn, group 5: "Die Brüder des Bonner Illuminatenordens betreffende Papiere", part 4: "Tabelle Tabelle (...) über die Insinuation des Amtskellers Uxfxbx zu Mainz" (i.e. Adam Umpfenbach), manuscript by Glaukus (i.e. Christian Gottlob Neefe), Stagira, 30 Dimeh 1152 (i.e. 30 October 1782), University of Bonn (in German)

External links[edit]