Christian Guthrie Wright
Christian Edington Guthrie Wright was born in Glasgow, and raised by her father, Harry Guthrie Wright, after her mother Christian Edington died soon after giving birth. Her father worked for a railroad company. The two Wrights moved to Edinburgh together when Christian was a young woman.
Christian Guthrie Wright was a founder of the Ladies' Edinburgh Debating Society, and an officer of the Edinburgh Association for the University Education of Women. With support from the women in their reform-minded circle (notably Flora Stevenson), she and Louisa Stevenson (Flora's sister) founded the Edinburgh School of Cookery in 1875. The school gave public lectures and demonstrations, about nutrition and hygiene, and trained young women to cook in homes, and in institutional settings like hospitals and schools, improving the possibilities for expertise and paid employment for working-class Scottish women. In 1876, similar schools in Liverpool, Leeds, and Glasgow (founded by Grace Paterson, joined with Guthrie Wright's school to standardize instruction as the Northern Union of Training Schools of Cookery. The Edinburgh school left the coalition in 1878.
Guthrie Wright presented a paper at the Domestic Economy Congress in Birmingham, 1877, organized by the Royal Society of Arts. In 1879 Guthrie Wright compiled and edited the School Cookery Book, a compilation of basic, nutritious, and economical recipes aimed at school students. In 1887 she was involved in creating and funding the Queen Victoria's Jubilee Institute for Nurses, an early training program focused on home care.
Death and legacy
Guthrie Wright died in 1907, aged 62 years.
In 1930, Guthrie Wright's school became the Edinburgh College of Domestic Science. In 1972 the name changed again, to Queen Margaret College. There is a Historic Scotland plaque on the site of the school's Atholl Crescent location, naming Stevenson and Guthrie Wright as the school's co-founders.
One of Christian Guthrie Wright's cottages in the Colinton suburb of Edinburgh, designed by Sir Robert Lorimer in 1896, still stands on Pentland Avenue, and is a point of interest on the walking tour of the parish.
- Tom Begg, The Excellent Women: The Origin and History of Queen Margaret College (John Donald 1994). ISBN
- Tom Begg, "Christian Edington Guthrie Wright" in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press 2004).
- Sarah Richardson, The Political Worlds of Women: Gender and Politics in Nineteenth Century Britain (Routledge 2013): 51-52. ISBN 9781135964931
- Jane McDermid, The Schooling of Working Class Girls in Victorian Scotland: Gender, Education, and Identity (Routledge 2013): 81. ISBN 9781135783389
- "How Edinburgh School of Cookery Altered Lives" Edinburgh Evening News (27 May 2014).
- C. E. Guthrie Wright, The School Cookery Book (1879).
- Steve Boardman, "Christian Edington Guthrie Wright" in Elizabeth Ewan, Sue Innes, and Siân Reynolds, eds., The Biographical Dictionary of Scottish Women (Edinburgh University Press 2006). ISBN 9780748632930
- "History: From Edinburgh School of Cookery to Queen Margaret University" Queen Margaret University website.
- "Founders Commemorated with Historic Scotland Plaque" Queen Mary University Edinburgh, press release (31 January 2013).
- Sir Robert Stodart Lorimer, ScottishArchitects.org, architect biography report.
- Colinton Local History Society, "Walks around the Parish of Colinton" pamphlet.