Christian Jakob Kraus

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Christian Jakob Kraus
Christian Jakob Kraus.jpg
Christian Jakob Kraus
Born (1753-07-27)27 July 1753
Osterode, Ducal Prussia
Died 25 August 1807(1807-08-25) (aged 54)
Königsberg, East Prussia, Kingdom of Prussia
Era 18th-century philosophy
Region Western Philosophy
School Cameralism
Main interests

Christian Jakob Kraus (27 July 1753 – 25 August 1807) was a German comparative and historical linguist.


A native of Osterode (later belonging to East Prussia), Kraus studied at the universities of Königsberg and Göttingen. In 1782 he became a professor of practical philosophy and cameralism in Königsberg. A student of Immanuel Kant, Kraus was famous for importing the ideas of Adam Smith into the German academic scene. He was also a librarian of the Königsberg Public Library from 1786 to 1804. Kraus encouraged the East Prussian officials and nobility to improve rural conditions in the province; some of his ideas were later adapted in the era of Prussian reforms. Kraus died in Königsberg in 1807.[3]


  1. ^ Garrett Green, Theology, Hermeneutics, and Imagination: The Crisis of Interpretation at the End of Modernity, Cambridge University Press, 2000, p. 53.
  2. ^ Jürgen Georg Backhaus (ed.), The University According to Humboldt: History, Policy, and Future Possibilities, Springer, 2015, p. 58.
  3. ^ Gray, Marion W. (1986). Transactions of the American Philosophical Society. Philadelphia: The American Philosophical Society. p. 32. Retrieved 8 February 2014. 


  • Albinus, Robert (1985). Lexikon der Stadt Königsberg Pr. und Umgebung (in German). Leer: Verlag Gerhard Rautenberg. p. 371. ISBN 3-7921-0320-6.