Christian Louis, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg

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Christian Louis
Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
ChristianLudwig(1622-1665).jpg
Christian Louis, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, engraving, about 1645
Spouse(s) Sophia Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
Noble family Hanover
Father George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Mother Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt
Born (1622-02-25)25 February 1622
Herzberg am Harz
Died 15 March 1665(1665-03-15) (aged 43)
Celle

Christian Louis (German: Christian Ludwig; 25 February 1622 in Herzberg am Harz – 15 March 1665 in Celle) was Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. A member of the House of Welf, from 1641 until 1648 he ruled the Principality of Calenberg, a subdivision of the duchy, and, from 1648 until his death, the Principality of Lüneburg.

In 1641, Christian Louis inherited the Principality of Calenberg from his father, Duke George of Brunswick-Lüneburg, who had suddenly died. Like his father he resided at the Leineschloss in Hanover.

When in 1648 he also inherited the Principality of Lüneburg from his uncle, Frederick IV, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, both subdivisions were ruled in personal union. However, Christian Louis gave Calenberg to his younger brother George William, and instead ruled the larger territory of Lüneburg at Celle Castle.

In 1642 Christian Louis became a member of the Fruitbearing Society. He married Sophia Dorothea, daughter of Duke Philipp of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg on October 9, 1653.

He died childless in 1665 and was succeeded by his brother George William, who on this occasion gave the Calenberg territory to his younger brother John Frederick. Both territories finally merged after George William's death in 1705 to the Electorate of Hanover under John Frederick's nephew George I Louis, Prince of Calenberg. Christian Louis's widow remarried and became Electress of Brandenburg as the second wife of the The Great Elector.

Ancestry[edit]

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Christian Louis of Brunswick and Lunenburg, Calenberg line
Cadet branch of the House of Welf
Born: 25 February 1622 in Herzberg am Harz Died: 15 March 1655 in Celle
German nobility
Preceded by
George
Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg,
Prince of Calenberg

1641–1648
Succeeded by
George William
as Prince of Calenberg
Preceded by
Frederick IV
Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg,
Prince of Lüneburg

1648–1665
Succeeded by
George William
as Prince of Lunenburg