Christian Piquemal

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Officier général francais 4 etoiles.svg
Christian Piquemal
Gal Piquemal Versailles.jpg
Retired general Christian Piquemal during a manifestation against "Massive Immigration" at Versailles. Security in the background are in standstill.
Born (1940-12-17) 17 December 1940 (age 77)
Huos, Haute-Garonne
Allegiance  France
Service/branch French Army
Flag of legion.svgFrench Foreign Legion
Years of service 1962 - 2000
Rank Général de corps d'armée
Unit 1st Foreign Infantry Regiment
1er REI
2nd Foreign Parachute Regiment
2e REP
1st Parachute Choc Battalion
1er BPC
9th Parachute Chasseur Regiment
9e RCP
Commands held

3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment
3e REI Fanion-et-grenades.jpg

Commandement de la Légion Étrangère
Battles/wars Opération Épervier

Christian Piquemal born 17 December 1940 in Huos (Haute-Garonne), is a retired[1] army corps general of the French Army and Commandant[2] of the Legion[3] from 1994 to 1999.

He was brought into the international media spotlight when he was arrested for being present at a manifestation which took place at the same time as another far right Pegida organized demonstration (which he is not linked to or has any relationship with according to General Piquemal[4][5]),[6][7] not allowed by the prefecture, in Calais on 6 February 2016. His trial was scheduled to take place on 12 May 2016 at Boulogne-sur-Mer.[8] Marion Maréchal-Le Pen supports him.[9] During the same night, General Christian Piquemal, accorded an interview in which he stated that he regretted that the far right movement Pegida (which he is not linked to in anyway sort of way nor was he aware that Pegida was on site[10]) was present on the scene at the same time as he and others were present there; however, he clearly stated that he does not regret being present in Calais while manifesting only and exclusively issues not related to any sort of religion nor the concept of immigration.[11] · .[12]

General Piquemal claims his presence in Calais was not an anti-immigration manifestation nor was it related to religion.[13] The general added that this manifestation was not organized by the Circle of Patriotic-Citizens (French: Cercle de "Citoyens-Patriotes") which he is the President.[14] The general added that the organization of Circle of Patriotic-Citizens (French: Cercle de "Citoyens-Patriotes"), which he presides over is totally apolitical (as in not interested nor involved in politics) (French: apolitique), adding that the Circle of Patriotic-Citizens is an organization that is not racist, nor is it xenophobic (not being prejudice or disliking people from other countries), nor is the organization against Islam (as in General Piquemal and his organization is not against Islam or Muslims - coming from a foreign legion general who led in combat numerous religions faiths including Muslims in the French Foreign Legion).[15] General Piquemal went on explaining that he took the microphone because it was handed to him, while stating clearly why he was present and also stating that this manifestation was not related to any anti-immigration.[16] General Piquemal added that while voicing his opinion, other movements were present, notably Pegida, and that he ignored that they would rally there.[17] He firmly denies any involvement with that group.[18]

General Piquemal also firmly added in a statement that he and others did not manifest, while standing attentively, explaining tenaciously that he is not a general that does not respect the law.[19]

On 26 May 2016, General Christian Piquemal was acquitted.[20]

Military career[edit]

Educated at the Lycée Hoche in Versailles, Piquemal joined the special interarm school (French: école speciale interarmes de Coëtquidan) in quality of a Saint-Cyrien as a cadet in October 1960 and after passing out was commissioned as a Sous-Lieutenant in April 1962.

In October the same year, he joined the Infantry School of Application at Saint-Maixent (French: école d'application de l'infanterie at Saint-Maixent), then the following year opted to serve in the French Foreign Legion.

His first operational unit was the 1st Foreign Infantry Regiment, 1e REI, at Aubagne, which in August 1964 sent him to Mers El Kébir, then the home of the 2nd Foreign Parachute Regiment, 2e REP. After that, he took part with his regiment in a posting to New Caledonia lasting eight months.

Promoted to Lieutenant, Piquemal served as a section (platoon) chief, then as sports training officer for legionnaires, and next as assistant (French: adjoint) to the Commandant of the 4th combat company of the 2nd Foreign Parachute Regiment, 2e REP.[21]

With the same rank, Piquemal next served under the command of Général Marcel Bigeard. In June 1967, he joined the new headquarters of the 2nd Foreign Parachute Regiment, at Calvi, which had previously been assigned to the 1st Parachute Choc Battalion (French: 1er Bataillon Parachutiste de Choc) of the 11th Choc Parachute Half-Brigade.

He was promoted to the rank of Captain on January 1, 1970.

From 1973 to 1974, Piquemal finished his scholarity by following the cycle of higher military studies. In September 1974, he was assigned to the 9th Parachute Chasseur Regiment, 9e RCP at Toulouse where he perpetuated his command time as a Captain. With his unit, he conducted a deployment of 8 months to New Caledonia.

Already holding an engineering diploma from Supélec,[22] in 1969 he began to study nuclear engineering at the University of Paris-Jussieu (French: Université de Paris-Jussieu) and at the School of Military Nuclear Energy Applications (French: École des Applications Militaires de l'Energie Atomique) and consequently earned a technical brevet for higher military studies from the Superior War College (French: École Supérieure de Guerre).

He was promoted to the rank of Chef de bataillon (Commandant - Major) on December 1, 1976.

Appointed as deputy senior officer (French: Chef-adjoint) of the Technical and Radiology Studies Centre of the Directorate for Nuclear Tests, from 1978 to 1980 he was based at the Pacific Ocean Test Centre.

From 1980 to 1982, he occupied the functions of second in command of the 4th Foreign Regiment 4e RE. He was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant-colonel, on December 1, 1980.

From 1982 to 1985, he was designated as the officer treating the study section of the inspection of the Infantry (French: section etudes de l'inspection de l'infanterie) where he was promoted to the rank of Colonel on October 1, 1984.

On August 1985, Piquemal was appointed as commanding officer of the 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment 3e REI, a two-year posting until 1987. Then for three years he was deputy to the Head of the Prime Minister's military cabinet (French: Chef du cabinet militaire du Premier ministre) during the tenure of three Socialist French Prime Ministers:[23] The Government of Michel Rocard (1989-1991),[24] the Government of Édith Cresson (1991-1992),[25] then the Government of Pierre Bérégovoy (1992-1993)[26] · .[27]

In 1994, with the rank of Général de division, Piquemal took command of the French Foreign Legion, a fighting force of various religious faiths which includes also numerous Muslim Legionnaires, a combat leadership role, which Foreign Legion general Piquemal held until 1999.[28][29]

During his years in command of the French Foreign Legion, Piquemal created a cross-country team within the Legion which included several Legionnaires.[30] As part of his team, Mohamed Ouaadi took first place in the Paris Marathon of 2000.

In 1999, Christian Piquemal was promoted to the rank of Général de corps d'armée.

In retirement, he was also the President of the National Union of Paratroopers (French: Union nationale des parachutistes, UNP) from 2004 to 2014.[31]

Recognitions and Honors[edit]

Legion Honneur Officier ribbon.svg Legion Honneur Chevalier ribbon.svg Ordre national du Merite Commandeur ribbon.svg
Ordre national du Merite Officier ribbon.svg Medaille de la Jeunesse et des Sports Or ribbon.svg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] Division General Commandant of the French Foreign Legion, Les Chefs COMLE
  2. ^ [2] Division General Commandant of the French Foreign Legion, Les Chefs COMLE
  3. ^ [3] Division General Commandant of the French Foreign Legion, Les Chefs COMLE
  4. ^ "Général Piquemal : "Je ne regrette absolument pas d'être allé à Calais" - General Piquemal :"I absolutely do not regret going to Calais" ; General Piquemal :" This is not related to an anti-immigration manifestation"; General Piquemal: "I didn't know that Pegida was going to be present"". europe1.fr. Retrieved 2016-02-23. .
  5. ^ "Général Piquemal : "Je ne regrette absolument pas d'être allé à Calais" - General Piquemal :"I absolutely do not regret going to Calais"". europe1.fr. Retrieved 2016-02-23. .
  6. ^ Delphine de Mallevoüe (6 February 2016). "Calais : une centaine de personnes présentes au rassemblement Pegida". Le Figaro. Retrieved 4 April 2016. 
  7. ^ Lowe, Josh (8 February 2016). "RETIRED GENERAL FACES CHARGES AFTER BEING PRESENT AT A MANIFESTATION TAKING PLACE, AT THE SAME TIME, AS ANOTHER FAR RIGHT ANTI-ISLAM RALLY ORGANIZED BY PEGIDA, A EXTREME GROUP WHICH ACCORDING TO THE GENERAL, HE IS NOT RELATED TO OR WAS AWARE OF THEIR PRESENCE". Newsweek. Retrieved 4 April 2016. 
  8. ^ Solène Cordier (8 February 2016). "Le général Piquemal, pourfendeur de " la décadence de la France "". Le Monde. Retrieved 5 April 2016. 
  9. ^ "French general faces court over manifestation taking place at the same time as another banned anti-Islam rally, which the General is not linked to or has any sort of relationship with". France 24. 8 February 2016. Retrieved 4 April 2016. 
  10. ^ "Général Piquemal : "Je ne regrette absolument pas d'être allé à Calais" - General Piquemal :"I absolutely do not regret going to Calais"". europe1.fr. Retrieved 2016-02-23. 
  11. ^ "Général Piquemal : "Je ne regrette absolument pas d'être allé à Calais" - General Piquemal :"I absolutely do not regret going to Calais" ; General Piquemal :" This is not related to an anti-immigration manifestation"; General Piquemal: "I didn't know that Pegida was going to be present"". europe1.fr. Retrieved 2016-02-23. .
  12. ^ "Le général Piquemal, pourfendeur de " la décadence de la France "". Le Monde. 8 February 2016. Retrieved 9 February 2016. 
  13. ^ "Général Piquemal : "Je ne regrette absolument pas d'être allé à Calais" - General Piquemal :"I absolutely do not regret going to Calais" ; General Piquemal :" This is not related to an anti-immigration manifestation"; General Piquemal: "I didn't know that Pegida was going to be present"". europe1.fr. Retrieved 2016-02-23. .
  14. ^ "Général Piquemal : "Je ne regrette absolument pas d'être allé à Calais" - General Piquemal :"I absolutely do not regret going to Calais" ; General Piquemal :" This is not related to an anti-immigration manifestation"; General Piquemal: "I didn't know that Pegida was going to be present"". europe1.fr. Retrieved 2016-02-23. .
  15. ^ "Général Piquemal : "Je ne regrette absolument pas d'être allé à Calais" - General Piquemal :"I absolutely do not regret going to Calais" ; General Piquemal :" This is not related to a anti-immigration manifestation"; General Piquemal: "I didn't know that Pegida was going to be present"". europe1.fr. Retrieved 2016-02-23. .
  16. ^ "Général Piquemal : "Je ne regrette absolument pas d'être allé à Calais" - General Piquemal :"I absolutely do not regret going to Calais" ; General Piquemal :" This is not related to an anti-immigration manifestation"; General Piquemal: "I didn't know that Pegida was going to be present"". europe1.fr. Retrieved 2016-02-23. .
  17. ^ "Général Piquemal : "Je ne regrette absolument pas d'être allé à Calais" - General Piquemal :"I absolutely do not regret going to Calais" ; General Piquemal :" This is not related to an anti-immigration manifestation"; General Piquemal: "I didn't know that Pegida was going to be present"". europe1.fr. Retrieved 2016-02-23. .
  18. ^ "Général Piquemal : "Je ne regrette absolument pas d'être allé à Calais" - General Piquemal :"I absolutely do not regret going to Calais" ; General Piquemal :" This is not related to an anti-immigration manifestation"; General Piquemal: "I didn't know that Pegida was going to be present"". europe1.fr. Retrieved 2016-02-23. .
  19. ^ "Général Piquemal : "Je ne regrette absolument pas d'être allé à Calais" - General Piquemal :"I absolutely do not regret going to Calais" ; General Piquemal :" This is not related to a anti-immigration manifestation"; General Piquemal: "I didn't know that Pegida was going to be present"". europe1.fr. Retrieved 2016-02-23. .
  20. ^ "Calais : le général Piquemal relaxé par le tribunal de Boulogne-sur-Meré". Russia Today. 26 May 2016. Retrieved 19 June 2016. 
  21. ^ [4]
  22. ^ Comines: la Légion d’honneur pour l’audioprothésiste Xavier Renard », in La Voix du Nord dated 29 June 2015 (French language source).
  23. ^ Catherine Robinson, « Entretien avec le général Piquemal », in Revue Item dated 15 July 2010 (in French).
  24. ^ Arrêté du 23 juin 1989 relatif à la composition du cabinet du Premier ministre, JORF issue dated 25 June 1989, p.7925, Système NOR PRMX8910277A.
  25. ^ Arrêté du 7 juin 1991 relatif à la composition du cabinet du Premier ministre, JORF n°132 dated 8 June 1991, Système NOR PRMX9110357A.
  26. ^ Arrêté du 4 avril 1992 relatif à la composition du cabinet du Premier ministre, JORF issue n° 82 dated 5 April 1992, p. 5120, Système NOR PRMX9210453A.
  27. ^ Arrêté du 31 juillet 1992 relatif à la composition du cabinet du Premier ministre, JORF n°177 dated 1 August 1992, p.10403, Système NOR PRMX9210266A.
  28. ^ [5] Division General Commandant of the French Foreign Legion, Les Chefs COMLE
  29. ^ AFP, « Manifestation de Pegida à Calais : l'ex-commandant de la légion étrangère arrêté », Libération newspaper dated 6 February 2016 (in French)
  30. ^ La Légion étrangère au service du marathon. L'armée pourvoit le haut niveau des fondeurs tricolores at Libération.fr, accessed 2016-02-09 (in French)
  31. ^ « Historique de l'UNP », Union nationale des parachutistes - Section Robert-Duret Haute-Savoie (in French)