Christian Social People's Party
|General Secretary||Laurent Zeimet|
4 rue de l'Eau|
|Youth wing||Christian Social Youth|
|European affiliation||European People's Party|
|International affiliation||Centrist Democrat International|
|European Parliament group||European People's Party|
|Chamber of Deputies||
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politics and government of
The Christian Social People's Party (Luxembourgish: Chrëschtlech Sozial Vollekspartei, French: Parti populaire chrétien social, German: Christlich Soziale Volkspartei), abbreviated to CSV or PCS, is the largest political party in Luxembourg. The party follows a Christian-democratic ideology and, like most parties in Luxembourg, is strongly pro-European. The CSV is a member of the European People's Party (EPP) and the Centrist Democrat International (CDI).
The CSV has been the largest party in the Chamber of Deputies since the party's formation, and currently holds 23 of 60 seats in the Chamber. Since the Second World War, every Prime Minister of Luxembourg has been a member of the CSV, with only two exceptions: Gaston Thorn (1974–1979), and Xavier Bettel (2013–). It holds three of Luxembourg's six seats in the European Parliament, as it has for 20 of the 30 years for which MEPs have been directly elected.
The party's President is Michel Wolter. However, the leading figure from the party is the former Prime Minister, Jean-Claude Juncker, who previously governed in coalition with the Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party (LSAP) until the 2013 general election.
The earliest roots of the CSV date back to the foundation of the Party of the Right on 16 January 1914.
In 1944, the Party of the Right was officially transformed into the CSV. The first elections after the Second World War took place in 1945; the party won 25 out of 51 seats, missing an absolute majority by a single seat.
From 1945 to 1974, the party was in government and gave Luxembourg the following Prime Ministers: Pierre Dupong, Joseph Bech, Pierre Frieden, and Pierre Werner. Mostly in coalition with the Democratic Party (DP), it gave Luxembourg a certain economic and social stability.
In the 1950s, the party structure underwent a certain democratisation: the party's youth section (founded in 1953) and women's section received representation in the party's central organs.
The party went into opposition for the first time in 1974, when the Democratic Party's Gaston Thorn became Prime Minister in coalition with the Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party (LSAP). In 1979, the party returned to government after its victory in the 1979 general election; Pierre Werner became PM.
Following the 2013 general election, the party went into opposition for the second time in its history as the Democratic Party's Xavier Bettel became Prime Minister in coalition with the LSAP and The Greens, making it the first time in Luxembourg's history that a three-party coalition government had been formed. This also marked the first time that The Greens were part of a governmental coalition.
Below are charts of the results that the Christian Social People's Party has secured in the Chamber of Deputies at each election. Timelines showing the number of seats and percentage of votes won are on the right.
- Émile Reuter (1945–1964)
- Tony Biever (1964–1965)
- Jean Dupong (1965–1972)
- Nicolas Mosar (1972–1974)
- Jacques Santer (1974–1982)
- Jean Spautz (1982–1990)
- Jean-Claude Juncker (1990–1995)
- Erna Hennicot-Schoepges (1995–2003)
- François Biltgen (2003–2009)
- Michel Wolter (2009–2014)
- Marc Spautz (2014–present day)
- Nicolas Hommel (1944–1946)
- Lambert Schaus (1945–1952)
- Pierre Grégoire (1952–1960)
- Nicolas Mosar (1960–1972)
- Jacques Santer (1972–1974)
- Jean Weber (1974–1977)
- Jean-Pierre Kraemer (1977–1984)
- Willy Bourg (1984–1990)
- Camille Dimmer (1990–1995)
- Claude Wiseler (1995–2000)
- Jean-Louis Schiltz (2000–2006)
- Marco Schank (2006–2009)
- Marc Spautz ( 2009–2012)
- Laurent Zeimet (2012–present)
Presidents of Christian Social People's Party in the Chamber of Deputies
- Tony Biever (1959–1974)
- Pierre Werner (1974–1979)
- Nicolas Mosar (1979–1984)
- François Colling (1984–1995)
- Lucien Weiler (? – 2004)
- Michel Wolter (2004–2009)
- Jean-Louis Schiltz (2009–2011)
- Lucien Thiel (2011)+
- Marc Spautz (2011–2013)
- Gilles Roth (2013)
- Claude Wiseler (2014–present)
+ Died in office
- Nordsieck, Wolfram (2013). "Luxembourg". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
- Hans Slomp (2011). Europe, A Political Profile: An American Companion to European Politics: An American Companion to European Politics. ABC-CLIO. p. 477. ISBN 978-0-313-39182-8. Retrieved 13 July 2013.
- Josep M. Colomer (24 July 2008). Comparative European Politics. Taylor & Francis. p. 221. ISBN 978-0-203-94609-1. Retrieved 13 July 2013.
- "Geschicht". CSV.lu. Retrieved 2015-12-16.
- "François Biltgen". Service Information et Presse. 7 June 2006. Archived from the original on 9 July 2006. Retrieved 18 July 2006.
- New leader for the CSV
- (in Luxembourgish) "Perséinlechkeeten aus der CSV". Christian Social People's Party. Archived from the original on 26 January 2009. Retrieved 16 January 2009.
- Poirie, Philippe (2004). Steven Van Hecke; Emmanuel Gerard, eds. At the Centre of the State: Christian Democracy in Luxembourg. Christian Democratic Parties in Europe Since the End of the Cold War. Leuven University Press. pp. 179–195. ISBN 90-5867-377-4.
- Schaus, Émile (1974). Ursprung und Leistung einer Partei: Rechtspartei und Christlich-Soziale Volkspartei 1914-1974. Luxembourg : Sankt-Paulus-Druckerei.
- Trausch, Gilbert, ed. (2008). CSV Spiegelbild eines Landes und seiner Politik? Geschichte der Christlich-Sozialen Volkspartei Luxemburgs im 20. Jahrhundert. Luxembourg: Éditions Saint-Paul.
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