Christian Tychsen

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This article is about the German military officer. For the Danish governor, see Christian Tychsen (Governor).
Christian Tychsen
Bundesarchiv Bild 101III-Zschaeckel-212-09, Christian Tychsen.jpg
Born 3 December 1910
Flensburg, Province of Schleswig-Holstein, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire
Died 28 July 1944(1944-07-28) (aged 33)
Gavray, Normandy, Occupied France
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch Flag of the Schutzstaffel.svg Waffen SS
Years of service 1931–44
Rank Obersturmbannführer
Unit 2nd SS Panzer Division Das Reich
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves
German Cross in Gold
Iron Cross 1st Class
Iron Cross 2nd Class

Christian Tychsen (3 December 1910 – 28 July 1944) was an Obersturmbannführer in the Waffen-SS. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, awarded by Nazi Germany to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.


Tychsen joined the SS in December 1931 with the 50th SS-Standarte. In October 1934, he transferred to the SS/VT in October 1934 and served with the Germania Regiment as a platoon leader from October 1936 until December 1938 when he became the Commander of the 1st Company ‘N’ Battalion. When ‘N’ Battalion was dissolved, he was moved to command the 1st Motorcycle Company. In February 1941 his command was absorbed by the Motorcycle Battalion and was renamed the 3rd Company. Tychsen was given command of the Motorcycle Battalion in January 1942. After being wounded on February 12, 1942 he was posted to the SS Officers school at Braunschweig until he had recovered. In May 1942, he was given the command of II./Langemarck Regiment and retained this position when it became the II./2nd Panzer Regiment in October 1942. While assigned to the 2nd SS Panzer Division Das Reich, he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on March 31, 1943 for actions during severe fighting around Kharkov during Operation Barbarossa. He became commander of SS-Panzer-Regiment 2 Das Reich on November 1943.[1]

On June 9, 1944 Tychsen commanded the German troops who entered the village of Tulle and hanged 99 men in the streets in retaliation for a battle between the local German garrison and French resistance.

He was killed in Normandy on July 28, 1944 when the Schwimmwagen in which he was traveling attempted to run a roadblock set up by the 2nd Armored Division during Operation Cobra, an American strike around St. Lo aimed to free the US Army from the Bocage area.[2][3] He is buried in the German War Cemetery in Basse-Normandie, France, Block 5, Row 24, Grave 1196.[4]

According to Richard Hargreaves in his book "Germans in Normandy" Tyschsen Said in his last hours: "I AM a veteran panzer commander. If the enemy succeeds in this breakthrough, then war in France for us is over"


Tychsen (second left) is presented with the Knight's Cross, April 1943.


  1. ^ According to Scherzer as commander of the II./SS-Panzer-Regiment 2.[8]



  1. ^ "Stabswache de Euros: ϟϟ-Sturmbannführer der Waffen-SS Tychsen". Retrieved 2016-09-01. 
  2. ^ Boring, War Is (2016-09-01). "In 1944, American Bombers Decisively Blasted German Troops — And Accidentally Killed Scores of U.S. – War Is Boring". Retrieved 2016-09-01. 
  3. ^ "Obstubaf. Christian Tychsen - Militaria Forums". Retrieved 2016-09-01. 
  4. ^ "Christian Tychsen (1910 - 1944) - Find A Grave Memorial". Retrieved 2016-09-01. 
  5. ^ a b Thomas 1998, p. 394.
  6. ^ Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 482.
  7. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 427.
  8. ^ a b Scherzer 2007, p. 752.
  9. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 75.


  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) [1986]. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
  • Thomas, Franz (1998). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 2: L–Z [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 2: L–Z] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2300-9. 
Military offices
Preceded by
SS-Gruppenführer Heinz Lammerding
Commander of 2nd SS Division Das Reich
24 July 1944 – 28 July 1944
Succeeded by
SS-Brigadeführer Otto Baum