Wernicke was born in Elbląg (Elbing) in Poland. After attending school in Elbing and Toruń (Thorn), Wernicke studied philosophy and poetry under Daniel Georg Morhof at the University of Kiel in Holstein. He then spent three years at the court of Mecklenburg and took educational trips to Holland, France, and England, before settling in Hamburg in 1696, where he worked as a private scholar. From 1714-1723 he worked as an ambassador for the court of Denmark.
Wernicke's clear and rationale diction stands in contrast to that of his contemporaries Christian Hoffmann von Hoffmannswaldau and Christian Heinrich Postel. Wernicke was openly hostile to Christian Friedrich Hunold. He died in Copenhagen in 1725.
- "Christian Wernicke : Dichter und Diplomat aus Elbing / Hans Georg Schwark" WorldCat. Retrieved 9 October 2013.