Christian William of Brandenburg
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|Christian William of Brandenburg|
28 August 1587|
|Died||1 January 1665
|Noble family||House of Hohenzollern|
|Spouse(s)||Dorothea of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Barbara Eusebia of Martinice
|Father||Joachim Frederick, Elector of Brandenburg|
|Mother||Catherine of Brandenburg-Küstrin|
He was elected as Archbishop of Magdeburg in 1598. However, the city of Magdeburg did not recognize him as Prince-Bishop, because his election had not been confirmed by the emperor. When he married in 1614, he assumed the title of Lutheran administrator on. That same year, he also became coadjutor of Halberstadt. In 1624, he became administrator of Halberstadt.
During the Thirty Years' War, he entered into an alliance with Denmark. In 1626, he led an army from Lower Saxony into the Battle of Dessau Bridge. After Wallenstein won this battle, he fled abroad. In 1629, he fled to the court of King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden.
In 1630, he returned to Germany. The cathedral chapter of Magdeburg formally deposed him in 1631. Sweden promised to assist him when he attempted to reconquer his Archbishopric. Nevertheless, the reconquest failed and he was badly injured during the siege of Magdeburg in 1631. He was taken up in the army camp Pappenheim, where his wounds were tended and Jesuits persuaded him to convert to Catholicism. A pamphlet with the title Speculum veritatis was published in his name, and he was released. Under the Peace of Prague of 1635, he received an annual sum of 12000 taler from the revenues of the archbishopric of Magdeburg, plus the districts Loburg and Zinna.
In 1651, he purchased the Nový Hrad estate in Bohemia.
He died at Zinna Abbey in 1665.
Marriage and issue
Christian William married three times.
His first wedding took place on 1 January 1615 in Wolfenbüttel, where he married Dorothea (1596-1643), a daughter of the Duke Henry Julius of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. From this marriage, he had a daughter:
- Sophie Elisabeth (1616-1650), married in 1638 to Duke Frederick William II of Saxe-Altenburg (1603-1669)
On 28 May 1657 he married, again in Prague, to Maximiliane (1608-1663), a daughter of Count Weichard of Salm-Neuburg.
- Berent Schwineköper (1957), "Christian Wilhelm", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German), 3, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, p. 226; (full text online)
- Karl Janicke (1876), "Christian Wilhelm", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German), 4, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 164–168
Christian William of BrandenburgBorn: 28 August 1587 Died: 1 January 1665
|Archbishop and later
Administrator of Magdeburg
Leopold William of Austria
|Administrator of Halberstadt