||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the German Wikipedia. (December 2009)|
|Latin: Christianeum gymnasium academicum altonensis|
|Motto||"supernis alimur viribus"|
|Location||Othmarschen, Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany|
|Campus||Otto-Ernst-Strasse 22, Hamburg|
The Christianeum in Hamburg is a famous former "Latin school" (German: Lateinschule) in Hamburg, northern Germany. Founded in 1738 by King Christian VI of Denmark, it is now housed in a building planned by Danish designer Arne Jacobsen.
The first Latin school here was founded as early as 1688 (according to other sources: 1683) in Altona (now a part of Hamburg). Decades later the school acquired the status of a famous Gymnasium, the most famous in the duchy of Holstein, and was re-founded by Christian VI. In 1971 the school was relocated from Hamburg-Altona to its current location in the quarter Othmarschen.The history of the Christianeum reflects also the history of Altona, Schleswig Holstein and Denmark.
In 1738 when the first eight students enlisted themselves. Two years later the founder Christian the VI. visited the new school. In the following years the school expanded. In 1745 it had already 45 students and four years later the first Jewish student attended the school. Between 1738 and 1800 many famous intellectuals attended the christianeum as the philosopher Salomon Maimon and the poet Johann Christoph Unzer or the famous Danish painter Jes Bundsen.
In 1816, king Frederik the VI donated the FLORA DANICA, one of the most precious treasures, even nowadays, to the library of the Christianeum, just 16 years later the distinguished historian Theodor Mommsen attended the school. He is probably one of the most famous students the school has ever had. In 1853 followed the philosopher Friedrich Paulsen. In 1880 the Christianeum was rebuild. In 1885 461 students attended the Christianeum and in the same year the first school trip was made. The 150-anniversary was celebrated in 1888.
In 1902 Theodor Mommsen, got the Nobel price of Literature and is the first prize winner. In 1900 Hermann Weyls became a student of the school. He was going to be one of the very well established scientists of the 20th century in mathematics.
36 students of the school participate in the First World War voluntarily. In total, 133 students participate in the war. In 1917, the school had 470 students, in 1921 only 260. In May 1925 the first school trip to Puan Klent took place.
When Hitler came into power many teachers who did not agree with the nationalism ideology got fired. In 1934 75% of the students are in the “Hilter Jugend” although being part of it was not compulsory.
The school started again at the sixth of August, 1945. 192 teachers and students became victims of the Second World War. The library got damaged which resulted from the bombings.
In the year 1946, 792 students attended the school. In the summer of 1947 the school trips to Puan Klent started again.
In the 50-ies Jazz became popular among students.
In summer 1953 the first school trip abroad was made (to Italy). The pupil´s magazine “Die Lupe” got a price of the city Hamburg for being the best pupils magazine in Hamburg.
In 1960 the C-orchestra was established, which is still active nowadays.
In 1964 the advertisement for an architect for the new building was published. The Danish architect Arne Jacobsen got the job.
In 1965 the first female teacher was introduced.
Start of the building of the new designed Christianeum in 1968. In the same year Russian is introduced as a subject.
Nowadays, classes in Latin and English are mandatory from fifth grade. In grade nine students can choose between either Ancient Greek or Russian. Additionally, courses in Spanish, French and Mandarin are offered. The Christianeum has a sizable music department, the school choir being the largest in Germany. Furthermore, the school actively takes part in exchange programs with schools in Chicago and St. Petersburg. On average, enrollment goes well beyond 100 students per year, exceeding most other schools in Hamburg in size.
- Jacob Georg Christian Adler (1756-1834), orientalist
- Peter Behrens (1868–1940), architect and designer.
- Lars Clausen (born 1935), sociologist
- Alexander Deichsel (born 1935), sociologist
- Hans Ehrenberg (1883-1958), theologian
- Heinrich Wilhelm von Gerstenberg (1737–1823), poet
- Robert Koldewey (1855–1925), architect and archaeologist
- Theodor Mommsen (1817–1903), classical scholar
- Friedrich Paulsen (1846–1908), philosopher
- Solomon Steinheim (1789–1866), physician, poet and philosopher
- Johannes Versmann (1820-1899), lawyer and politician
- Hermann Weyl (1885–1955), mathematician
- (German)School Website
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