Christianity by country

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Christianity by country

As of the early 21st century, Christianity has approximately 2.4 billion adherents, out of about 7.2 billion people.[1][2][3][4][a] The faith represents approximately one-third of the world's population and is the largest religion in the world, with the three largest groups of Christians being the Catholic Church, Protestantism, and the Eastern Orthodox Church.[5] The largest Christian denomination is the Catholic Church, with 1.09 billion adherents.[6] The second largest Christian branch is either Protestantism (if it is considered a single group), or the Eastern Orthodox Church (if Protestants are considered to be divided into multiple denominations).

Christianity is the predominant religion in Europe, Russia, the Americas, the Philippines, East Timor, Southern Africa, Central Africa, East Africa and Oceania.[7] There are also large Christian communities in other parts of the world, such as Central Asia and the Middle East, where Christianity is the second-largest religion after Islam. The United States of America has the largest Christian population in the world, followed by Brazil and Mexico.[8]

Christianity, in one form or another, is the state religion of the following 15 nations: Argentina (Roman Catholic Church),[9] Tuvalu (Church of Tuvalu), Tonga (Free Wesleyan Church of Tonga), Costa Rica (Roman Catholic Church),[10] Kingdom of Denmark (Danish National Church),[11] England (Church of England),[12] Greece (Eastern Orthodox Church), Georgia (Eastern Orthodox Church),[13][14] Iceland (Church of Iceland),[15] Liechtenstein (Catholic Church),[16] Malta (Catholic Church),[17] Monaco (Catholic Church),[18] Norway (Church of Norway),[19] Vatican City (Catholic Church),[20] and Zambia.[21]

Lists[edit]

By country[edit]

Note: Population statistics by religious affiliations are based upon statistical science and are subject to observational error (technically referred to as estimates). The proportion of Christians is based on the proportion of the population in each country who are members of a Christian denomination or who identify themselves as Christian. It says nothing about the proportion of such as believe in God and are regularly in the church. People who mix Christianity with tribal religions are defined in this article as Christians. Most of the percentage of Christian population of each country was taken from the US State Department's International Religious Freedom Report, the CIA World Factbook, Joshua Project, Open doors, Pew Forum and Adherents.com.

Sovereign states and dependent territories[edit]

Christianity by country
Country Christians  % Christian  % Catholic  % Protestant/ Orthodox/ Other GDP/Capita PPP World Bank 2012
 Afghanistan (details) 6,250/8,000[22]-30,000[23] 0.02%-0.1%[23] 1,399
 Albania (details) 580,000 17.0%[24] 10% 7% 9,443
 Algeria (details) 380,000[25] 2% 1% 1% 8,515
 American Samoa (details) 70,000 98.3% 20% 78%
 Andorra (details) 78,000 89.5% 88.2%[26] 1.3%
 Angola (details) 17,094,000 75% 50% 25% 6,105
 Anguilla (details) 15,000 90.5% 3% 87%
 Antigua and Barbuda (details) 66,000 74.0% 10% 64% 19,964
 Argentina (details) 37,561,000 86%[27]-90%[28] 71%[27]-77% 13%-15%[27] 12,034
 Armenia (details) 2,826,000 [29] 93.6% [29] 93.6% [29] 6,645
 Aruba (details) 98,000 88% 80.8% 7.8%
 Australia (details) 14,001,000 61.1%[30] 25.3% 35.8% 44,462
 Austria (details) 6,100,000 70.0%[31] 59.9% 10% 43,324
 Azerbaijan (details) 280,000[32] 3.1% 3.1% 10,624
 Bahamas (details) 276,000 86%[33] 14.0% 72.0% 31,629
 Bahrain (details) 185,000 15.0%[34] 9.0% 23,886
 Bangladesh (details) 420,000 0.4%[35] 0.4% 1,883
 Barbados (details) 244,000 74%[36] 4.2% 70% 18,805
 Belarus (details) 5,265,000 55.4%[37] 7.1% 48.3% 15,579
 Belgium (details) 6,860,000 65%[38] 58%[38] 7%[38] 38,884
 Belize (details) 247,000 76.7% 40% 36.7% 7,529
 Benin (details) 3,943,000 42.8% 27% 15% 1,583
 Bermuda (details) 44,000 64.7% 15% 50%
 Bhutan (details) 7,000 1.0% 0.1% 0.9% 6,699
 Bolivia (details) 9,730,000 89.0% 76% 13% 5,281
 Bosnia and Herzegovina (details) 1,622,093[39] 45.94%[39] 15.19%[39] 30.75%[39] 9,235
 Botswana (details) 1,416,000 71.6% 5% 66% 16,986
 Brazil (details) 180,770,000[40] 90.0%[40] 64.6%[40] 25.4%[40] 11,909
 British Virgin Islands (details) 23,000 94.0% 85% 9%
 Brunei (details) 45,000 11.0% 53,348
 Bulgaria (details) 6,364,000 85.0%[38] 1% 84%[38] 15,933
 Burkina Faso (details) 3,746,000 22.0% 18% 4% 1,513
 Burundi (details) 7,662,000 75.0% 60% 15% 560
 Cambodia (details) 148,000 1.0% 0.15% 0.85% 2,494
 Cameroon (details) 13,390,000 65.0% 38.4% 26.3% 2,324
 Canada (details) 22,103,000 67.3%[41] 38.7% 29% 42,693
 Cape Verde (details) 487,000 97.0% 93% 4% 4,430
 Cayman Islands (details) 42,000 73.8%
 Central African Republic (details) 2,302,000 80% 29% 51% 857
 Chad (details) 4,150,000[23] 35.0% 20% 15% 1,493
 Chile (details) 9,900,000 68%[42] 55% 13% 22,655
 People's Republic of China (details) 31,220,000[43]-67,070,000[23] 2.3%-4.0%[44] 0.3% 2% 9,233
 Colombia (details) 43,560,000 92%[45] 79% 13% 10,587
 Comoros (details) 15,000 2.1% 1,230
 Cook Islands (details) 19,000 86% 16.8% 69.6%
 Congo, Republic of (details) 3,409,000 90.7% 50% 40% 4,426
 Congo, Democratic Republic of (details) 63,150,000 92% 50% 42% 422
 Costa Rica (details) 3,912,000 83% 69% 14% 12,943
 Côte d'Ivoire (details) 7,075,000 32.8% 28.9% 3.9% 2,039
 Croatia (details) 4,107,000 90.1%[46] 86.2% 4.7% 20,532
 Cuba (details) 6,670,000[23] 59.2%[23] 59%
 Cyprus (details) 863,000 79%[47][48] 1% 78% 30,597
 Czech Republic (details) 1,175,000 34%[38] 29.0%[38] 5.0%[38] 26,426
 Denmark (details) 4,400,754[49] 79% 1% 77.8%[50] 41,388
 Djibouti (details) 53,000 6.0% 1% 5% 2,784
 Dominica (details) 59,000 88.7% 61% 27% 12,643
 Dominican Republic (details) 9,734,000 95.2% 80% 10,204
 East Timor (details) 1,152,000 99.1%[51] 96.9% 2.2%
 Ecuador (details) 14,099,000 94.0% 74% 20% 9,738
 Egypt (details) 9,029,000 10.0% [52] 6,723
 El Salvador (details) 5,073,000 81.9% 52.6% 29.3% 7,069
 Equatorial Guinea (details) 683,000 98.6% 98% 30,233
 Eritrea (details) 2,871,000 50%[53] 4% 45% 566
 Estonia (details) 310,000 45%[38] 3%[38] 42%[38] 23,024
 Ethiopia (details) 52,580,000 64% 0.7% 63.4% 1,139
 Falkland Islands (details) 3,000 94.3% 94%
 Faroe Islands (details) 33,000 95.4%[54] 94%
 Fiji (details) 540,000 64.4% 8.9% 55.5% 4,943
 Finland (details) 4,109,000 [55] 74.9% [55] 74.9% 38,230
 France (details) 36,700,000-40,000,000 58[38]/63-66%[56] 50%[57]/54[38]-63% 4%[38] 35,845
 Gabon (details) 1,081,000 72.0% 50% 22% 16,086
 Gambia (details) 79,000 4.2% [58] 1,948
 Georgia (details) 3,930,000 88.6%[59] 0.9% 87.7% 5,902
 Germany (details) 50,000,000 61%[60]-65%[38] 29%-31%[38] 31%-34%[38] 40,394
 Ghana (details) 19,300,000 71.2%[61] 13.1% 58.1% 2,048
 Greece (details) 11,000,000 97.0%[38] 1% 96%[38] 24,667
 Greenland (details) 55,000 96.6% 96.6%
 Grenada (details) 101,000 97.3% 53% 45% 10,827
 Guatemala (details) 14,018,000 87% 47% 40% 5,100
 Guinea (details) 1,032,000 8.9% [62] 5% 5% 1,069
 Guinea-Bissau (details) 165,000 10.0% 10% 1,192
 Guyana (details) 434,000 57.0% 8% 49% 3,399
 Haiti (details) 9,597,000 96.0% 80.0% 16% 1,228
 Honduras (details) 6,660,000 88%[63] 47% 41% 4,194
 Hong Kong (details) 835,000 11.8%[64] 5.0% 6.8% 51,946
 Hungary (details) 5,254,179[65]- 6,501,000[38] 52.87%[65]-65.0%[38] 38.96%[65]-58.0%[38] 13.91%[65] 21,570
 Iceland (details) 280,000[66] 85.3%[67] 3.6% 81.7% 37,533
 India (details) 28,436,000 2.3% [29] 1.3% 1% 3,876
 Indonesia (details) 24,000,000 10%[68] 3% 7% 4,956
 Iran (details) 380,000[69] 0.4% 0.4% 11,395
 Iraq (details) 944,000 3.0% 3% 4,246
 Ireland (details) 4,033,000 [70] 87% [70] 84% [70] 3% [70] 42,662
 Israel (details) 266,000 3.5% 3.5% 28,809
 Italy (details) 53,230,000[71] 83% 81.2% 2% 32,512
 Jamaica (details) 1,784,000 65.3% 2% 63.3% 7,083
 Japan (details) 3,548,000 2.3%[72] 1% 1% 35,204
 Jordan (details) 388,000 6.0%[73] 6,148
 Kazakhstan (details) 4,150,000[23] 26.2%[23] 2.3% 23.9% 13,892
 Kenya (details) 34,774,000 85.1% 23.4% 61.7% 1,761
 Korea, North (details) 480,000 4.0%
 Korea, South (details) 14,601,000[23] 29.2%[23] 10.9% 18.3% 30,722
 Kuwait (details) 458,000 15.0% 3.2% 12.8% 49,001
 Kyrgyzstan (details) 610,000[23]-944,000 11.4%[23]-17.0%[74] 2,409
 Laos (details) 145,000 2.2% 1% 1% 2,926
 Latvia (details) 1,570,000 70%[38] 24.1%[38] 46.8%[38] 21,005
 Lebanon (details) 1,600,000-1,800,000[75][76] 38.0%-41.0% 26% 15% 16,610
 Lesotho (details) 1,876,000 90.0% 45% 45% 1,963
 Liberia (details) 1,391,000 85.5%[77] 85.5% 655
 Libya (details) 170,000[23] 2.7%[23] 0.5% 1.5% 17,665
 Liechtenstein (details) 30,000 84.4%[78] 75.9% 8.5%
 Lithuania (details) 2,827,000 81.4%[79]-86.0%[38] 77.2%[80]-80.0%[38] 5.6%-6.0%[38] 23,487
 Luxembourg (details) 360,000 72.4%[81] 68.7% 3.7% 88,318
 Macedonia, Republic of (details) 1,334,000 65%[82] 0.3% 64.7% 11,710
 Madagascar (details) 8,260,000 41.0% 978
 Malawi (details) 12,538,000 79.9% 902
 Malaysia (details) 2,820,000 9.2%[83] 17,143
 Maldives (details) 300 0.08% 9,072
 Mali (details) 348,000 2.4% [84] 1,214
 Malta (details) 400,000 97.0%[38] 96.0%[38] 1.0%[38] 29,013
 Mauritania (details) 5,000 0.14% 2,603
 Mauritius (details) 418,000 32.2% 15,649
 Mexico (details) 107,780,000 92% 82.7% 9.7% 16,676
 Micronesia, Federated States of (details) 106,000 95.4% 3,824
 Moldova (details) 3,480,000 95.3%[23] 2.0% 93.3% 3,424
 Monaco (details) 30,000 86.0%
 Mongolia (details) 58,000 2.1% 5,462
 Montenegro (details) 500,000 78.8%[85] 3.4% 72.4% 14,206
 Morocco (details) 336,000 1% [86] 5,193
 Mozambique (details) 13,121,000 56.1% 28.4% 27.7% 1,024
 Myanmar (details) 3,790,000 7.9% 1% 6.9%
 Namibia (details) 1,991,000 90.0% 13.7% 76.3% 7,488
   Nepal (details) 269,000 0.9% 0.1% 0.8% 1,484
 Netherlands (details) 5,750,000-7,900,000 34%-44%[38] 22.0%[38]-23.3%[87]- 10.2%[88]-22.0%[38] 42,938
 New Zealand (details) 1,858,977[89] 47.8%[89] 12.6%[89] 35.2%[89] 31,499
 Nicaragua (details) 5,217,000 84.6% 58.8% 25.8% 4,072
 Niger (details) 85,000 0.5% 5% 665
 Nigeria (details) 72,881,000 40% [90]- 58%[91] 6,204
 Norway (details) 3,844,000 [92] 76.7% 2.4%[93] 74.3% 62,767
 Oman (details) 180,000[23] 6.5%[23] 27,015
 Pakistan (details) 2,500,000 1.6%[94] 0.8% 0.8% 2,891
 Palau (details) 16,000 77.9% 65% 12.9% 19,031
 Panama (details) 3,057,000 92.0% 80% 12% 16,615
 Papua New Guinea (details) 6,800,000 97% 27% 70% 2,898
 Paraguay (details) 6,260,000 96%[95] 88% 8% 6,138
 Peru (details) 27,635,000 87%[96] 77% 10% 10,940
 Philippines (details) 86,500,000 85%[97] 80% 5% 4,413
 Pitcairn Islands (details) 50 100.0% 100%
 Poland (details) 36,090,000 94.3% 86.3% 8% 21,903
 Portugal (details) 10,110,000[98] 84.3%[99] 81.0% 3.3% 25,305
 Puerto Rico (details) 3,878,000 97.0% 50% 47%
 Qatar (details) 263,000 13.8% 86,507
 Romania (details) 18,067,000 98.0%[38] 11.0%[38] 87.0%[38] 16,518
 Russia (details) 66,000,000-99,775,000[100][101] 46.6%[102]-77.0%[103][104] <0.1% 46.6%-77.0% 23,549
 Rwanda (details) 9,619,000 93.6% 56.9% 26% 1,354
 San Marino (details) 31,000 99.0%[105] 97.2% 1.8%
 Saudi Arabia (details) 1,500,000 5%[106]
 Senegal (details) 570,000 4.2% [107] 1,944
 Serbia (details) 7,260,000 91.0%[108] 5.0% 86.0% 11,544
 Seychelles (details) 80,000 94.7% 82% 15.2% 27,008
 Sierra Leone (details) 619,000-1,294,000 10%[109]-20.9%[110] 1,359
 Singapore (details) 900,000 18.0%[5] 5.7% 12% 61,803
 Slovakia (details) 4,730,000 80.0%[38] 67.0%[38] 13.0%[38] 24,896
 Slovenia (details) 1,610,000 68.0%[38] 64.0%[38] 4.0%[38] 26,801
 Somalia (details) 1,000[111] 0.01% 0.0002% 0.01%
 South Africa (details) 40,243,000 80% 5% 75% 11,440
 South Sudan (details) 6,010,000[112] 60.5%[113] 30% 30%
 Spain (details) 33,000,000 71% [114]-72%[38] 68%[38][115] 2%[38] 32,129
 Sri Lanka (details) 1,531,000 7.5% 6.1% 1.4% 6,247
 Sudan (details) 525,000 1.5%[116]
 Suriname (details) 262,000 48.4%[117] 21.6% 26.8% 8,858
 Swaziland (details) 994,000 82.7% 25% 57.7% 5,246
 Sweden (details) 6,292,000 65%[118] 2% 63% 42,217
  Switzerland (details) 5,700,000 69.1%[119]

[120]-78.0%[38]

37.9%[119]-40.0%[38] 31.2%[119]-39.0%[38] 55,246
 Syria (details) 1,800,000[121] 10.0%[23] 2% 8% 5,436
 Tajikistan (details) 110,000[23] 1.4% 0.1% 1.3% 2,247
 Tanzania (details) 31,342,000 61.4% [122] 1,601
 Thailand (details) 778,000 1.2% 0.6% 0.6% 9,815
 Togo (details) 1,966,000 29.0% 1,051
 Tonga (details) 84,000 81.0% 16% 65% 5,026
 Trinidad and Tobago (details) 774,000 57.6%[123] 21.5% 33.4% 26,647
 Tunisia (details) 25,000[124] 0.2% 0.2% 9,795
 Turkey (details) 120,000[125]-310,000[126] 0.2% 17,651
 Turkmenistan (details) 466,000 9.0%[127] 9% 10,583
 Uganda (details) 29,943,000 88.6% 41.9% 46.7% 1,352
 Ukraine (details) 14,900,000-38,080,000[23] 33.6%[128]-83.8%[23] 5.9% 27.7%-76.7%[23] 7,418
 United Arab Emirates (details) 940,000 9.0%[129] 7% 2% 42,384
 United Kingdom (details) 33,200,000 59.3%[130] 8.9% 50% 35,819
 United States (details) 230,000,000 [131] 71% [131] 20.8% [131] 49.8% [131] 49,965
 Uruguay (details) 1,941,000 58.1%[42] 47% 11% 16,037
 Uzbekistan (details) 710,000[23] 2.6%[23] 2.6%[23]
  Vatican City (details) 836 100.0% 100%
 Venezuela (details) 28,340,000 88.0%[132] 71% 17% 13,475
 Vietnam (details) 7,038,000 8.2%[133] 7% 1% 3,635
 Western Sahara (details) 200 0.04% 0.04%
 Yemen (details) 25,000[134]-41,000[135] 0.2% 0.02% 2,489
 Zambia (details) 12,939,000 95.5%[136] 20.2% 72.3% 1712
 Zimbabwe (details) 10,747,000 80.0% 17% 63% 559
Europe 565,560,000[4] 76.2%[4] 35.0%[137] 41.2%[4] -
Latin America and the Caribbean 531,280,000[4] 90.0%[4] 70%[138] 20%[139] -
Africa 516,470,000 [4] 62.7%[4] 21.0%[137] 41.7%[4] -
Asia 285,120,000[4]-375,905,000[2] 7.0%[4]-12.0%[2] 3.0%[137]-5.1%[2] 4.0%[4]-6.8%[2] -
North America 266,630,000[4] 77.4%[4] 22.0%[137] 55.4% -
Oceania 25,754,000[140] 73.3%[140] 38.9%[140] 34.4%[140] -
Middle East-North Africa 12,000–16,000 [141] 3.8%[4]-5.0%[142] 2.0%[137]-2.6% 1.8%[4]-2.3% -
Total 2,419,221,000[2] 33.4%[2] 16.9%[2] 16.5%[2] -

Unrecognised states[edit]

Note: Includes non-United Nations member states not recognized by any state, non-UN member states recognized only by non-UN members and non-UN member states recognized by at least one UN member.

Country Christians  % Christian
 Abkhazia (details) 130,000 68.0%
 Kosovo (details) 150,000 8.3%
 Nagorno-Karabakh (details) 136,000 96.0%
 Palestine (details) 173,000 6.0%[143]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (details) 200 0.03%
 South Ossetia (details) 69,000 96.4%
 Taiwan (Republic of China) (details) 902,000 3.9%
 Transnistria (details) 510,000 95.0%

Top ten[edit]

On the left: A list of the top ten countries by largest number of Christians. On the right: a list of the top ten countries by highest percentage of the population that is Christian.[144][145]

Rank Country Christians  % Christian Country  % Christian Christians
1  United States 280,780,000 75.8%   Vatican City 100% 800
2  Brazil 175,700,000 91.4%  Romania 99% 21,490,000
3  Mexico 113,500,000 93%  Papua New Guinea 99% 6,860,000
4  Nigeria 92,281,000 52.8%  Tonga 99% 100,000
5  Philippines 86,500,000 85.8%  Armenia 98.5% 3,090,000
6  Russia 117,640,000 83.6%  Greece 98% 11,000,000
7  Congo, Democratic Republic of 68,558,000 95.6%  Namibia 97.6% 2,280,000
8  Ethiopia 54,978,000 64.5%  Marshall Islands 97.5% 50,000
9  Italy 54,070,000 91.5%  Moldova 97.5% 3,570,000
10  Germany 50,000,000 62%  Zambia 97.5% 13,090,000
Percent (%) Christians Number of countries Population
100 2 850
90 - 99 49 739,568,000
80 - 89 28 312,790,200
70 - 79 20 599,319,000
60 - 69 11 177,608,000
50 - 59 16 132,349,929
40 - 49 3 13,594,000
30 - 39 6 15,497,000
20 - 29 5 23,657,000
10 - 19 10 43,409,000
1 - 9 34 124,755,000
- 1 13 1,823,750

In total, 126 countries have a Christian majority, while 71 countries have a Christian minority.

According to Pew Research study, of the 232 countries and territories, 157 have Christian majorities.[146]

Population growth[edit]

Further information: Christian population growth

According to 2011 Pew Research Center survey, there are 2.18 billion Christians around the world in 2010, up from about 600 million in 1910.[23][147] And according to 2012 Pew Research Center survey if current trends continue, Christianity will remain the world's largest religion by year 2050. By 2050, the Christian population is expected to exceed 3 billion. Another study made in 2015, also by the Pew Research Center extends that precedence to the year 2070, after which Islam will take its spot.[148] Many charismatic movements that have become well established over large parts of the world, is growing especially in Africa, Latin America, Muslim world,[149] and Asia.[150][151][152][153][154]

See also[edit]

Other religions:

General:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Current sources are in general agreement that Christians make up about 33% of the world's population—slightly over 2.4 billion adherents in mid-2015.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 33.39% of ~7.2 billion world population (under the section 'People') "World". CIA world facts. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Christianity 2015: Religious Diversity and Personal Contact" (PDF). gordonconwell.edu. January 2015. Retrieved 2015-05-29. 
  3. ^ "Major Religions Ranked by Size". Adherents.com. Retrieved 2009-05-05. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p ANALYSIS (2011-12-19). "Global Christianity". Pewforum.org. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 
  5. ^ Hinnells, The Routledge Companion to the Study of Religion, p. 441.
  6. ^ "Universal Church sees increase in seminarians, reports Pontifical Yearbook". Catholic News Agency. February 20, 2010. Retrieved 4 August 2011. 
  7. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica table of religions, by region; retrieved November 2007
  8. ^ Largest Christian Population in the world; retrieved April 2009
  9. ^ "Argentina". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2008-05-11. 
  10. ^ "Costa Rica". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2008-05-11. 
  11. ^ "Denmark". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2008-05-11. 
  12. ^ "Church and State in Britain: The Church of privilege". Centre for Citizenship. Retrieved 2008-05-11. 
  13. ^ The Church Triumphant: A History of Christianity Up to 1300, E. Glenn Hinson, p 223
  14. ^ Georgian Reader, George Hewitt, p. xii
  15. ^ "Iceland". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2008-05-11. 
  16. ^ "Liechtenstein". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2008-05-11. 
  17. ^ "Malta". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2008-05-11. 
  18. ^ "Monaco". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2008-05-11. 
  19. ^ "Norway". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2008-05-11. 
  20. ^ "Vatican". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2008-05-11. 
  21. ^ "Zambia". U.S. State Department. Retrieved 2016-01-16. 
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