Christianity in Denmark

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Christianity is the predominant religion of Denmark, with 80% of the Danish population estimated as adherents of the "Folkekirken" ("People's Church"), Denmark's national Lutheran church.[1] Aside from Lutheranism, there is a small Roman Catholic minority, as well as small Protestant denominations such as the Baptist Union of Denmark and the Reformed Synod of Denmark.

Denmark is today a very secular country, but has a culture that is heavily influenced by Christianity.

Lutheranism[edit]

Church of Denmark
year population members percentage
1984 5,113,500 4,684,060 91.6%
1990 5,135,409 4,584,450 89.3%
2000 5,330,500 4,536,422 85.1%
2005 5,413,600 4,498,703 83.3%
2007 5,447,100 4,499,343 82.6%
2008 5,475,791 4,494,589 82.1%
2009 5,511,451 4,492,121 81.5%
2010 5,534,738 4,479,214 80.9%
2011 5,560,628 4,469,109 80.4%
2012 5,580,516 4,454,466 79.8%
2013 5,602,628 4,430,643 79.1%
2014 5,627,235 4,413,825 78.4%
2015 5,659,715 4,400,754 77.8%
Statistical data: 1984,[2] 1990–2015[3] Source: Kirkeministeriet

According to official statistics from January 2015, 77.8%[4][5] of the population of Denmark are members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Denmark (Den danske folkekirke), the country's state church since the Reformation in Denmark–Norway and Holstein, and designated "the Danish people's church" by the 1848 Constitution of Denmark.[6]

This proportion is down by 0.7% as compared to the preceding year and 1.4% down compared to two years earlier. However, in similar fashion to the rest of Scandinavia, and also Britain, only a small minority (less than 5% of the total population) attends churches for Sunday services.[7][8] In addition, the number of people leaving the Church has been on the rise: in 2012 21,118 Danes left the Church, an increase of 55% in comparison to 2011.[9]

Other Protestant groups[edit]

A small Baptist community has existed since the 1840s, and is represented by the Baptist Union of Denmark. The Union claimed 55 churches and 5,412 congregants in 2011.[10]

Reformed Protestantism is represented by four churches united in the Reformed Synod of Denmark. These are mainly ethnic congregations, including two Huguenot churches and a German Reformed church, founded in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries,[11][12][13] as well as the Korean Reformed Church founded in 1989.[14] The German Reformed church also includes some Dutch, Swiss, Hungarian and American members, as well as Danes.[12] There is an Anglican church and fellowship in Copenhagen and smaller congregations of Anglicans and Episcopalians in many Danish cities.

Roman Catholicism[edit]

After the separation of the Church of Denmark from the Roman Catholic Church in 1536, Roman Catholicism remained illegal in the country for over three centuries. The Church was able to reestablish itself after the Constitution of 1849 granted religious freedom to the Kingdom. Currently the country is covered by the Diocese of Copenhagen with 48 parishes in Denmark proper and two more in the Faeroe Islands and Greenland. There are nearly 40,000 Catholics in Denmark, though nearly a third are foreign born and others are born of foreign parents (for example, Denmark's Polish community, of which the current Bishop of Copenhagen is a member). Nevertheless, ethnic Danes are still the largest group among the Church's congregants.[15]

Mormonism[edit]

"Mormons visit a country carpenter" (1856) by Christen Dalsgaard, depicting a mid-19th century visit of a Mormon missionary to a Danish carpenter's workshop. The first Mormon missionaries arrived in Denmark in 1850.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) has been sending missionaries to Denmark since 14 June 1850.[16][17] Most of the early converts emigrated to the United States. There are currently over 4,500 Mormons in Denmark.[17] There is a LDS temple in Copenhagen, known as the Copenhagen Denmark Temple.[18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Danish) Official Church of Denmark statistics
  2. ^ Church membership 1984 Danmarks statistik (Danish)
  3. ^ Church membership 1990–2015 Kirkeministeriet (Danish)
  4. ^ Fler lämnade kyrkan i Danmark 3.1.2013 Kyrkans tidning
  5. ^ Statistics Denmark Statistikbanken.dk
  6. ^ § 4, "the Evangelical-Lutheran Church is the Danish people's church and is supported as such by the State" ("den evangelisk-lutherske kirke er den danske folkekirke og understøttes som sådan af staten")
  7. ^ "Denmark – Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor". International Religious Freedom Report 2009. U.S. Department of State. 2009. Retrieved 23 August 2012. 
  8. ^ Manchin, Robert (21 September 2004). "Religion in Europe: Trust Not Filling the Pews". Gallup Poll. The Gallup Organization. Retrieved 23 August 2012. 
  9. ^ dst.dk, "Kraftig stigning i udmeldelser af folkekirken", February 28, 2013
  10. ^ Statistics
  11. ^ Den reformerte Meighed i Fredericia
  12. ^ a b Deutsch-Reformierte Kirche zu Kopenhagen
  13. ^ Eglise réformée française
  14. ^ Korean-Reformed Church in Denmark
  15. ^ The Catholic Church in Denmark
  16. ^ "Country Profile", Newsroom (LDS Church), 2 April 2011  |contribution= ignored (help)
  17. ^ a b "Kirkens begyndelse i Danmark (Church beginnings in Denmark)", mormon.dk (in Danish) (LDS Church) 
  18. ^ "Temples", LDS.org (LDS Church)  |contribution= ignored (help)