Christianity in Nepal
Protestant Christians initially came to Nepal primarily through the Nepalese who were living outside of Nepal during and prior to the Rana dynasty. After the collapse of Ranas rule in Nepal in 1950, Nepali Christians living in India came in, along with some western missionaries. United Mission to Nepal, International Nepal Fellowship and others are a few earliest western mission agencies that came in and brought Christianity. According to the CIA World Factbook, Christian followers in Nepal account for about 1.4 % of the population.
Scottish missionaries in Serampore and Darjeeling worked on Bible translations into Nepali which were completed by Ganga Prasad Pradhan in 1932. Nepal was an officially Hindu state, and while conversion was never banned, proselytizing with the aim of converting was illegal.Missionary activities with the intent to convert Nepalis to Christianity increased with the advent of democracy and, in particular, after Nepal was named a secular state in 2008.
By 2011, the small but growing community of Christians had emerged during which the Church grew steadily almost entirely through the agency of evangelism. The 2011 census found Christians at 1.4 percent of Nepal's population.
State of the Church in Nepal
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Until 1990, most of the church groups in Nepal were united with few exceptions like Assembly of God and Church of Christ. But the democratic changes of 1990 brought relative freedom to practice one's faith. This freedom contributed towards a proliferation of various denominations and groups.
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- Sever, Adrien, Nepal under the Ranas, New Delhi: Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., 1993.
- Stiller, Ludwig F., Nepal: Growth of a Nation, Kathmandu: Human Resources Development Research Center, 1993.
- Vaidya, Tulsi Ram, Jaya Prakash Malla: The Brave Malla King of Kantipur, New Delhi: Anmol Publications Pvt. Ltd. 1996.
- Vaidya, Tulsi Ram, Nepal: A Study of Socio-Economic and Political Changes, New Delhi: Anmol Publications, 1992.
- cbs.gov.np (2011). "Final result of population and housing census 2011". Summary (Nepali).