Christianity in Nigeria

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Assumpta Cathedral, a Roman Catholic church in Owerri
Street preacher

Christians in Nigeria comprise an estimated 49.3% of the population.[1] Christians are dominant in the southern (south-east/south-south/South west)and central region in Nigeria. According to the Pew Research Center, Nigeria has the largest Christian population of any country in Africa, with more than 80 million persons in Nigeria belonging to the church with various denominations.[2]

Since the introduction of Sharia penal law in some of the Northern states, violence towards non-Muslims has increased in the North.[3]


Christian denominations in Nigeria

Roman Catholicism in Nigeria[edit]

A Catholic Church in Maryland, Lagos

The Catholic Church has a large and growing following in Nigeria. In 2005, there were an estimated 19 million baptised Catholics in Nigeria.[4] The Archdioceses of the Roman Catholic Church are: Abuja, Benin City, Calabar, Ibadan, Jos, Kaduna, Lagos, Onitsha, Owerri, and Sokoto.[5] Cardinal Francis Arinze is a Roman Catholic Cardinal from Nigeria.[6]

A Catholic Church in Maryland, Lagos

Anglican Church of Nigeria[edit]

The ecclesiastical provinces of the Church of Nigeria are Lagos, Ibadan, Ondo, Edo, The Niger, Niger Delta, Owerri, Abuja, Kaduna, and Jos.[7] Its primate is Nicholas Dikeriehi Orogodo Okoh.[7] The Church of Nigeria claims about 18 million members though only about 2 million may be active.[8]

Evangelical Church Winning All[edit]

The Evangelical Church Winning All has about 6000 congregations and 6 million members.[9] It was founded by SIM, a missions organization established in Nigeria in 1893.[10]

Nigerian Baptist Convention[edit]

The Nigerian Baptist Convention has about 6 million baptized members.[11]

Presbyterian Church of Nigeria[edit]

The Presbyterian Church of Nigeria has almost 4 million members in thousands of congregations mainly in Nigeria, but has regional Presbytery in Togo as well as in Benin. It was founded in the mid-1800s, by ministers of the Church of Scotland. It is a member of the World Communion of Reformed Churches.[citation needed]

Evangelical Reformed Church of Christ[edit]

The Evangelical Reformed Church of Christ was formed in Nasarawa State in 8 July 1916. The church has approximately 1.5 million members.[citation needed]

The Seventh-day Adventist Church[edit]

The Seventh-day Adventist Church as of 2016 has close to 250,000 members throughout Nigeria divided into three different conferences.[citation needed]

Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints[edit]

Within Nigeria, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints also has a growing presence. As of January 1, 2012, the church claims more than 100,000 members in the country[12] and has established 315 congregations.[12]

The church announced creation of new Owerri mission in Nigeria in 2016.[13]


In 1970, 87,000 Jehovah's Witnesses were present in Nigeria,[14] which grew to more than 360,000 by 2014.[15]

The New Apostolic Church reports for 2016 300.000 members in 1.100 congregations.[citation needed]

National Church of Nigeria, Abuja[edit]

The National Church of Nigeria (previously known as the Nigerian Ecumenical Centre and officially known as the National Christian Centre) is a non-denominational church building of the Christian Association of Nigeria, the umbrella body of many of Nigeria's Christian denominations. The church is located in Abuja.

See also[edit]



  1. ^ "2017 Report on International Religious Freedom:Nigeria". U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 29 May 2018. Retrieved 9 February 2019. Citing a 2012 Pew Research Center’s Forum on Religion and Public Life Survey
  2. ^ "Global Christianity: Regional Distribution of Christians". Pew Research Center. December 19, 2011. Retrieved August 11, 2013.
  3. ^ Ismene Zarifis (2002). "Human Rights Brief: Rights of Religious Minorities in Nigeria". Archived from the original on 2009-12-23. Retrieved 2009-09-12.
  4. ^ Timberg, Craig (2005-04-17). "Washington Post". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2010-04-30.
  5. ^ "Current Dioceses in Nigeria (Catholic Hierarchy)".
  6. ^ Carroll, Rory (2003-10-03). "The Guardian profile: Cardinal Francis Arinze". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2010-04-30.
  7. ^ a b "Site of the Church of Nigeria". Archived from the original on 2011-01-10.
  8. ^ Gledhill, Ruth. "Anglican membership figures could be out by millions". Christianity Today. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
  9. ^ "ECWA History". Retrieved 2019-11-18.
  10. ^ "ECWA History". Retrieved 2019-11-18.
  11. ^ "Site of the Nigerian Baptist Convention". Archived from the original on 2007-08-24. Retrieved 2008-02-29.
  12. ^ a b "LDS Newsroom- country information- Nigeria". Retrieved 2012-09-19.
  13. ^ "Mormon Church announces in missions in Vietnam and Africa".
  14. ^ "DER SPIEGEL 46/1972 - Dunkle Zeit". Retrieved 2010-05-16.
  15. ^ 2015 Yearbook of Jehovah's Witnesses. Watch Tower Society. p. 184.