Christina of Norway

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For the Norwegian princess who married an Infante of Castile, see Christina of Norway, Infanta of Castile.
Christina of Norway
Born circa 1190s (unknown)
Died 1213
Norway
Spouse Philip Simonsson
House Sverre
Father Sverre Sigurdsson
Mother Margaret of Sweden

Christina Sverresdatter (Norwegian: Kristin Sverresdatter; died 1213) was a medieval Norwegian princess and titular queen consort, spouse of co-regent Philip Simonsson, the Bagler party pretender to the throne of Norway.[1][2]

Biography[edit]

Christina was the daughter of King Sverre Sigurdsson of Norway and his queen consort, Margaret of Sweden. Her father died in 1202 and her mother returned to Sweden, forced to leave Christina behind.[3]In 1209, she married Norwegian aristocrat Philip Simonsson. She died in labour giving birth to their first child, a son, who also died soon after.[4]

Her marriage was arranged as a part of reconciliation between the Bagler and Birkebeiner factions during the period of the Civil war era in Norway. In 1208, with no side looking able to achieve victory, Bishop Nikolas Arnesson together with other bishops of the Church, brokered a peace deal between the Baglers and the Birkebeiners. At the settlement of Kvitsøy, the Birkebeiner candidate for king, Inge Magnusson, recognized Philip's rule over the eastern third of the country in return for Philip giving up any claim to the title of king and recognizing King Inge as his overlord. To seal the agreement, Philip was to marry King Sverre's daughter, Christina.[5]

Historic context[edit]

In Norwegian civil war era it was usual that several royal sons fought against each other over power in Norway. The civil war period of Norwegian history lasted from 1130 to 1240. During this period there were several interlocked conflicts of varying scale and intensity. The background for these conflicts were the unclear Norwegian succession laws, social conditions and the struggle between Church and King. There were then two main parties, firstly known by varying names or no names at all, but finally condensed into parties of Bagler and Birkebeiner. The rallying point regularly was a royal son, who was set up as the head figure of the party in question, to oppose the rule of king from the contesting party.

Olympic Mascot[edit]

Håkon and Kristin are the mascots of the 1994 Winter Olympics. Håkon is named after Haakon IV of Norway and Kristin after Christina of Norway.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Knut Helle Kristin Sverresdatter Store norske leksikon. Retrieved May 20, 2016
  2. ^ Narve Bjørgo. "Filippus Simonsson, Baglerkonge". Norsk biografisk leksikon. Retrieved May 20, 2016. 
  3. ^ Knut Helle. "Sverre Sigurdsson, Konge". Norsk biografisk leksikon. Retrieved May 20, 2016. 
  4. ^ "Filippus Simonsson". Lokalhistoriewiki. Retrieved May 20, 2016. 
  5. ^ "Nikolas Arnesson". Lokalhistoriewiki. Retrieved May 20, 2016. 
  6. ^ Les mascottes des Jeux Olympiques d’hiver d’Innsbruck 1976 à Sotchi 2014 Olympic.org (French)