Christina of Salm

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Christina
Engraving of Christina of Salm while Duchess of Lorraine.jpg
Christina of Salm
Spouse Francis II, Duke of Lorraine
Father Paul, Count zu Salm
Mother Marie Le Veneur
Born c.  1575
Died 31 December 1627(1627-12-31)

Countess Christina of Salm, (1575–1627), was a duchess consort of Lorraine; married in 1597 to Francis II, Duke of Lorraine.[1]

She was the daughter of Paul, Count zu Salm and head of the House of Salm (c. 1535 – c. 1595) by his wife, Marie Le Veneur,[2] of whom he was a second cousin-once-removed, the couple sharing descent from Philippe L'Huillier, seigneur de Manicamp and de Cailly, governor of the Bastille.

Although the Salms had been semi-sovereign Imperial counts since 1475, neither they nor the Le Veneurs were reckoned among the major magnates of either the Holy Roman Empire or of France in the 16th century. However, when Francis married Christina, he was only the third son of Duke Charles III, destined for the countship of Vaudémont as appanage rather than for the sovereignty of Lorraine. Indeed, to prevent the duchy from leaving the patriline (and to legitimate its usurpation), Francis and Christina's sons would eventually be wed to the two daughters of his elder brother, Duke Henry II of Lorraine.

Issue:

  1. Henri de Lorraine, Marquis of Hattonchâtel (1602–1611) died in childhood;[3]
  2. Charles de Lorraine, Duke of Lorraine (1604–1675) married Nicolette de Lorraine,[4] no issue; married Béatrice de Cusance and had issue;
  3. Henriette de Lorraine (1605–1660),[3] married Louis de Lorraine, Prince of Lexin, no issue, son of Louis II, Cardinal of Guise;
  4. Nicolas de Lorraine, Duke of Lorraine[3] (1609–1670) married Claude de Lorraine and had issue;
  5. Marguerite de Lorraine[3] (1615–1672), married Gaston de France, Duke of Orléans and had issue;
  6. Christine de Lorraine (1621–1622)[3] died in infancy.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ (FR)Victor de Saint-Mauris, Etude historiques sur l'ancienne Lorraine, Vol.2, (Vagner, Imprimeur-Libraire-Editeur, 1861), 76.
  2. ^ (FR)Messager des sciences historiques, (Imprimerie et Lithogr. eug Vanderhaeghen, 1883), 256.
  3. ^ a b c d e (FR)François-Alexandre Aubert de La Chesnaye Des Bois, Dictionnaire de la noblesse, (Chez Schlesinger freres, 1869), 230.
  4. ^ Carl Eduard Vehse, Memoirs of the Court, Aristocracy, and Diplomacy of Austria, Vol. 2, (Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans, 1856), 40.
Christina of Salm
Born: c.  1575 Died: 31 December 1627
Preceded by
Margherita Gonzaga, Duchess of Lorraine
Duchess of Lorraine
1625–1625
Succeeded by
Nicole, Duchess of Lorraine