Christine Loh

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Christine Loh
Christine Loh CWMC 2006 cropped.jpg
Christine Loh Kung-wai at the CWMC 2006.
Member of the Legislative Council
In office
1 July 1998 – 30 June 2000
Preceded byNew parliament
Succeeded bySeat abolished
ConstituencyHong Kong Island
In office
11 October 1995 – 30 June 1997
ConstituencyHong Kong Island Central
Majority12,762 (30.7%)
In office
8 October 1992 – 31 July 1995
Appointed byChris Patten
Personal details
Born (1956-02-01) 1 February 1956 (age 67)
British Hong Kong
Political partyCitizens Party (defunct)
EducationSt. Paul's Convent School
Island School
Bedford High School
Alma materUniversity of Hull (LLB)
City University of Hong Kong (LLM)
Christine Loh
Traditional Chinese陸恭蕙
Simplified Chinese陆恭蕙

Christine Loh Kung-wai, SBS, OBE, JP, Chevalier de l’Ordre National du Mérite (born 1 February 1956), is a former Hong Kong Legislative Councillor, founder and CEO of Civic Exchange, founder of the Citizens Party, and founder of Hong Kong Human Rights Monitor. From 2012 to 2017, she was Under Secretary for the Environment in the government of CY Leung.[1][2] From April 2019 to March 2020, she was Special Consultant to the HKSAR Chief Executive of Ecological Civilization and the Greater Bay Area, attached to the Policy Innovation and Co-ordination Office.

Until her appointment as Undersecretary for the Environment, Loh was CEO of Civic Exchange, the Hong Kong think tank that she co-founded in 2000. She received many awards, including "Stars of Asia" in 1998 and again in 2000 by BusinessWeek, "Hero of the Environment 2007" by Time[3] and "Woman Who Makes a Difference 2009" by RBS Coutts/FT in Women of Asia Awards.[4] She has worked in many areas, including law, business, politics, media and the non-profit sector, but is best known as a leading voice in public policy in Hong Kong, particularly in environmental protection, sustainable finance, and governance reform.

In 2017, following the end of her official role, she became an adjunct professor in the Division of Environment and Sustainability at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, and is also Chief Development Strategist at its Institute for the Environment. In 2019 Loh released the second edition of her book Underground Front: The Chinese Communist Party in Hong Kong, first published in 2010.[2][5]

Starting in 2018, Loh has been teaching a course on non market risks at the Anderson School of Management at the University of California, Los Angeles.[6]

Education and professional career[edit]

Loh attended St. Paul's Convent School in Causeway Bay, and later Island School in Mid-levels, Hong Kong. She then went to Bedford High School in the UK. She later attended the University of Hull, and City University of Hong Kong (Masters of Law in Chinese & Comparative Law) and the University of Hull (Doctor of Law, honoris causa).

Loh worked for 12 years as a commodities trader (1980–1991), rising to become managing director at Philipp Brothers and Phibro Energy — the physical commodities trading arms of US multinational Salomon, Inc. (now Citicorp) — before joining a Hong Kong company (CIM Co.), where she headed the special projects division between 1992 and 1994. In April 2006, she was elected by shareholders of the Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing (HKEx) to be a director of the company and served till 2009.[7]

Political career[edit]

Loh was appointed to the Legislative Council (LegCo) in 1992. In 1995 Hong Kong legislative election and 1998 Hong Kong legislative election she ran in two direct elections and won by large margins. She co-founded, in 1995, the Society for Protection of the Harbour and was responsible for creating and sponsoring the historic Protection of the Harbour Ordinance. While part of the democratic camp in LegCo, she took a less confrontational approach than some, preferring to keep open lines of communication with all sides. She has been described as Hong Kong's "reasonable radical".[8]

In 2000, she and Lisa Hopkinson co-founded a Hong Kong-based non-profit think tank, Civic Exchange, and once again entered the political spotlight, but outside of the LegCo. She resigned as its chief executive on 11 September 2012 upon her appointment as Undersecretary for the Environment in the administration of CY Leung, taking up her new post the following day.[1] At the same time, she resigned from all her positions in other non-profit organizations, academic affiliations, and non-executive directorships in commercial firms.

As Undersecretary for the Environment, Loh was responsible for drafting policy documents, including on air quality, energy, and climate change. She was responsible for stakeholder engagement in such matters as biodiversity and energy saving in buildings. Loh was also responsible for changing Hong Kong's shipping emissions regulation, which resulted in mainland China changing its policy, as well as playing a crucial role in ending the local trading of ivory.[9][10][11][12] She left the government at the end of CY Leung's term, on 30 June 2017.[2]

Other activities[edit]

From the 1980s, Loh is a published author of many academic and popular works, she hosted a public affairs radio program at one time, and is an Op-Ed writer and presenter and speaker on the environment, climate change, green finance, as well as geopolitics, such as US-China relations.[13][14]



  • At the Epicentre: Hong Kong and the SARS Outbreak (book), Hong Kong University Press, 2004.[15]
  • Underground Front: The Chinese Communist Party in Hong Kong (book), Hong Kong University Press, 2010, 1st edition; and 2nd edition (2018).[2]
  • No Third Person: Rewriting the Hong Kong Story (book, co-written with Richard Cullen), Abbreviated Press, 2018.[16] An extended version of the book (“Hong Kong in China” has been published in Chinese by City University of Hong Kong Press in 2021).[17]



  1. ^ a b "Three Under Secretaries and two Political Assistants appointed". Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  2. ^ a b c d "Underground Front: The Chinese Communist Party in Hong Kong, Second Edition". Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  3. ^ "Heroes of the Environment". Time. Retrieved 18 December 2021.
  4. ^ Guzman, Tamara De. "Women in Asia Awards". Tatler Asia. Retrieved 18 December 2021.
  5. ^ Book Talk: Underground Front: The Chinese Communist Party in Hong Kong, retrieved 18 December 2021
  6. ^ Twitter Retrieved 18 December 2021. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ "Appointment of HKEx Chairman and Committee and Panel Members". Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  8. ^ Mirsky, Jonathan (January 1997). "The way we live now". Index on Censorship. 26 (1): 140–144. doi:10.1177/030642209702600128. ISSN 0306-4220. S2CID 220931355.
  9. ^ "2012 November 6 – Clear The Air News Blog". Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  10. ^ "HK Under Secretary: COP21 is the real deal". CNBC. 10 December 2015. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  11. ^ "Steering Committee on Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan holds its first meeting". Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  12. ^ "Gov't says shortening ivory ban's 5-year grace period may be challenging". Hong Kong Free Press HKFP. 28 June 2016. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  13. ^ "Christine Loh". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  14. ^ "Christine Loh". Muck Rack. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  15. ^ "At the Epicentre: Hong Kong and the SARS Outbreak". Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  16. ^ ""No Third Person: Rewriting the Hong Kong Story" by Christine Loh and Richard Cullen". 11 December 2018. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  17. ^ "Hong Kong in China—Rethinking the Hong Kong–Mainland Relationship (in Chinese)". Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  18. ^ "University of Exeter". Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  19. ^ "Appendix to the 2017 Honours List" (PDF). Hong Kong SAR Government. 1 July 2017. Retrieved 5 October 2020.

External links[edit]

Legislative Council of Hong Kong
Preceded byas Representative for Hong Kong Island East Member of Legislative Council
Representative for Hong Kong Island Central
Replaced by Provisional Legislative Council
New parliament Member of Legislative Council
Representative for Hong Kong Island
Served alongside: Martin Lee, Yeung Sum, Gary Cheng
Succeeded by
Government offices
Preceded by Under Secretary for the Environment
Succeeded by
Party political offices
New political party Leader of the Citizens Party
Succeeded by
Order of precedence
Preceded by
Florence Hui
Under Secretary for Home Affairs
Hong Kong order of precedence
Under Secretary for the Environment
Succeeded by
Yau Shing-mu
Under Secretary for Transport and Housing