Christmas Concerto (Corelli)
Concerto grosso in G minor, Op. 6, No. 8 by Arcangelo Corelli, known commonly as the Christmas Concerto, was commissioned by Cardinal Pietro Ottoboni and published posthumously in 1714 as part of Corelli's Twelve concerti grossi, Op. 6. The concerto bears the inscription Fatto per la notte di Natale (made for the night of Christmas). Its composition date is uncertain, but there is a record of Corelli having performed a Christmas concerto in 1690 for the enjoyment of his new patron.
The concerto is scored for an ensemble consisting of two concertino violins and cello, ripieno strings and continuo. The work is structured as a concerto da chiesa, in this case expanded from a typical four movement structure to six.
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- Vivace, 3/4 – Grave. Arcate, sostenuto e come stà, 4/2
- Allegro, common time
- Adagio – Allegro – Adagio, common time, E-flat major
- Vivace, 3/4
- Allegro, cut time
- Largo. Pastorale ad libitum, 12/8, G major
Each relatively short movement provides multiple tempi and a range of major and minor suspensions. The concerto is generally no longer than fifteen minutes, ending with Corelli's famous Pastorale ad libitum, a peaceful 12/8 finale in the pastorale form.
- The Oxford Dictionary of Music by Michael Kennedy, 1994, Oxford University Press.
- Outlines of Music History by Clarence Grant Hamilton, 1924, Oliver Ditson Company.
- 12 Concerti Grossi, Op. 6: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP)
- Johnston, Blair. Concerto Grosso in G minor (Christmas Concerto), Op. 6/8 at AllMusic. Retrieved 30 September 2012.
- Free typeset sheet music from Cantorion.org (this is an arrangement for string quartet, not the original)
- on YouTube, Liverpool String Quartet
- on YouTube