Christmas Hills, Victoria
|Coordinates||37°39′05″S 145°19′02″E / 37.6515°S 145.3173°E|
|Population||365 (2021 census)|
|Elevation||152 m (499 ft)|
|Location||44 km (27 mi) from Melbourne|
|LGA(s)||Shire of Nillumbik|
Christmas Hills is a town in Victoria, Australia, 35 km north-east of Melbourne's Central Business District, located within the Shire of Nillumbik local government area. Christmas Hills recorded a population of 365 at the 2021 census.
Christmas Hills is located between Kangaroo Ground and Yarra Glen, along Eltham-Yarra Glen Road (State Route C726), north of the Yarra River, in the Dandenong Ranges. In 1904, the Australian Handbook described Christmas Hills as "an excellent health resort".
The locality is very hilly, with One Tree Hill in the northwest rising to 372 m above sea level, and is home to several reserves, including One Tree Hill Reserve and Sugarloaf Reservoir Park, opened in 1980 and managed by Melbourne Water.
Christmas Hills owes its name to an emancipated convict and shepherd, David Christmas, who became lost on a 640-acre (2.6 km2) grazing lease in the area in 1842, and was found after days of wandering at a rise which was subsequently named after him. The area was considered to have poor quality soil, although nearby settlers earned an income from chopping firewood in the sclerophyll forests.
Gold was discovered at One Tree Hill in 1859, fuelling a brief goldrush. Quartz reef operations ended in 1864, and alluvial mining continued until 1908.
The area grew considerably in the 1870s; at one point the town had two hotels, two schools, a post office and a Mechanics' Institute.
The Post Office opened on 10 December 1874 as Christmas Hill, was renamed in 1913, and closed in 1974.
In 1884, a primary school was built, and by 1912, when the railway from Heidelberg to Hurstbridge was built, the area had a population of 146 and had become a tourist destination, popular with Melburnians seeking "clean air and an invigorating climate".
In 1893, 1939, 1962 and 2009, the area suffered from destructive bushfires.
Christmas Hills today is a large area encompassing several districts.
Christmas Hills township
The Christmas Hills township consists of a cluster of homes, a public hall, a tennis court, a memorial park with a World War I monument and a fire brigade shed, erected after the 1939 bushfires. About 1 km to the west is Christmas Hills Primary School, first established in 1884, with an enrolment of 22 students in 2006. A mobile library service managed by Yarra Plenty Regional Library visits the community, parked at the school regularly.
Rob Roy (37°38′56″S 145°17′10″E / 37.64889°S 145.28611°E) in the western part is used for a range of hill racing events by the MG Car Club of Victoria. It was first established in 1937 by motoring enthusiasts and the Light Car Club for hill-racing motorbikes and cars and was utilised as a venue well into the postwar years. Initially a dirt track, it was fully bitumenised in 1939. It was burnt out in 1962, and abandoned. The MGCC took out a lease on the property in 1992, and rebuilt all the facilities, running the first meeting of the "modern era" in February 1993.
One Tree Hill
One Tree Hill (37°37′59″S 145°18′36″E / 37.63306°S 145.31000°E), a former mining area in northwestern Christmas Hills, is now a 143 hectare reserve managed by Parks Victoria. Its main features are Happy Valley Creek, which runs through the reserve, and the 372 m One Tree Hill in the northeast. According to the Land Conservation Council of Victoria, it has been assessed as "being of State botanical significance for its ecological integrity and viability, rarity and representation of community types", and is home to 22 species assessed as regionally threatened, rare or restricted in the greater Melbourne area, including roosting colonies of large bent-wing bat and eastern horseshoe bat, and the powerful owl, brush-tailed phascogale and barking owl. The LCC reports that 79 bird, 24 mammal, 7 reptile and 7 frog species have been recorded in the reserve.
|Location||Christmas Hills, Victoria|
|Coordinates||37°40′30″S 145°17′33″E / 37.67500°S 145.29250°E|
|Primary inflows||Maroondah Aqueduct, Yarra River|
|Surface area||4.4 km2 (1.7 sq mi)|
Sugarloaf Reservoir (37°40′30″S 145°17′33″E / 37.67500°S 145.29250°E) is a 440-hectare reservoir which has a total water capacity of 96,000 megalitres, and was developed in the late 1970s and completed in 1981. It is managed by Melbourne Water and supplies scheme water to Melbourne's northern, western and inner suburbs. Sugarloaf is fed by the Maroondah Aqueduct and the Yarra River, and before entering the domestic water supply, water is treated at the Winneke Water Treatment Plant on the south bank of the reservoir to World Health Organization guidelines. The main dam is 89 m high and 1,050 m long.
Around the reservoir is the Sugarloaf Reservoir Park, which opened in 1982 and is managed by Parks Victoria. The park's entrance, open during most daylight hours, is 1.2 km off Eltham-Yarra Glen Road. Barbecue and picnic facilities are available at Saddle Dam, south-east of the dam wall, and Ridge Park to the North. Several walking trails can be used with permission of Parks Victoria. Watercraft are only permitted to launch from the Sugarloaf Sailing Club on the north bank, and sail boards, keel boats and/or craft with cabins, cooking or toilet facilities are not permitted on the Reservoir. The area is home to eastern grey kangaroos, echidnas, wedge-tailed eagles, crimson rosellas and other wildlife including a population of deer. Vegetation ranges from grassland, having been cleared for agriculture in the decades prior to the reservoir's construction, to dry forest.
The nearest public transport is by bus to Yarra Glen 9 km downhill to the east. However, driving is a much more viable option, considering the time and distance taken to use public transport, and spread of the towns.
- Shire of Eltham – Parts of Christmas Hills were previously within this former local government area.
- Shire of Healesville – Parts of Christmas Hills were previously within this former local government area.
- ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (28 June 2022). "Christmas Hills (Vic.) (Suburbs and Localities)". 2021 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2 July 2022.
- ^ Eltham District Historical Society Inc. A Chronology of Known Local Events 1835-2000 (2 ed.). ISBN 0-9577198-1-7. Archived from the original on 27 October 2004. Retrieved 25 November 2006.
- ^ Phoenix Auctions History. "Post Office List". Retrieved 8 April 2021.
- ^ Shire of Nillumbik. "Areas and townships - Christmas Hills". Archived from the original on 17 September 2006. Retrieved 25 November 2006.
- ^ Schools Online listing, Department of Education (Victoria). Accessed 25 November 2006.
- ^ "Service timetable". Yarra Plenty Regional Library. 2019. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
- ^ MG Car Club Victoria. "MG Events Calendar". Archived from the original on 20 August 2006. Retrieved 25 November 2006.
- ^ Bissett, Mark. "Peter Whitehead in Australia: ERA R10B: 1938". primotipo.com. Retrieved 30 April 2016.
- ^ Collett, Ric. "Rob Roy Hillclimb - History". Rob Roy Hillclimb. MG Car Club Victoria. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
- ^ Land Conservation Council (1997) . Melbourne area, district 2 review: final recommendations (PDF). p. 129. Available at Redmond Barry Reading Room, State Library of Victoria.
- ^ Beardsall, Campbell. Sites of faunal and habitat significance in North East Melbourne. Greensborough, VIC: Nillumbik Shire Council. (131 pages) Available at State Library of Victoria.
- ^ Melbourne Water (September 2005). "Essential Facts - Sugarloaf Reservoir" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 September 2006. Retrieved 26 November 2006.
- ^ Sugarloaf Sailing Club
- Australian Places - Christmas Hills
- Sugarloaf Reservoir Park (Parks Victoria)