Christmas imperial pigeon

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Christmas imperial pigeon
CarpophagaWhartoniKeulemans.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Columbiformes
Family: Columbidae
Genus: Ducula
Species: D. whartoni
Binomial name
Ducula whartoni
(Sharpe, 1887)
Synonyms
  • Ducula rosacea whartoni
  • Carpophaga whartoni

The Christmas imperial pigeon, (Ducula whartoni), is a large (39 cm in length, 450-700 g in weight) pigeon, mainly dark grey in colour with an iridescent sheen.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The species is endemic to Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean. It inhabits rainforest and secondary growth with fruiting trees.

Behaviour[edit]

Diet[edit]

Fruit from forest trees with occasional buds and leaves.

Breeding[edit]

It builds a platform nest of twigs high in a forest tree.

Voice[edit]

It utters a deep booming call.

Conservation[edit]

The Christmas imperial pigeon was classified as "vulnerable" because of its small population and restricted distribution until 2012, when it was downgraded to near threatened".[2] Threats include illegal hunting and predation by introduced yellow crazy ants Anoplolepis gracilipes.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2013). "Ducula whartoni". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "Recently recategorised species". Birdlife International (2012). Retrieved 18 June 2012. 

External links[edit]