Christmas in August

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Christmas in August
Christmas In August Poster.jpg
Korean film poster for Christmas in August
Hangul 8
Hanja 8의 크리스마스
Revised Romanization 8(Pal)wolui Keuriseumaseu
McCune–Reischauer 8(p‘al)wŏlŭi K‘ŭrisŭmasŭ
Directed by Hur Jin-ho
Produced by Cha Seung-jae
Written by Oh Seung-uk
Shin Dong-hwan
Hur Jin-ho
Starring Han Suk-kyu
Shim Eun-ha
Music by Jo Seong-woo
Cinematography Yoo Young-gil
Edited by Hahm Sung-won
Release date
  • January 24, 1998 (1998-01-24)
Running time
97 minutes
Country South Korea
Language Korean

Christmas in August (Hangul8월의 크리스마스; RRPalwolui Keuriseumaseu) is a 1998 South Korean romance drama film. It was director Hur Jin-ho's debut and stars Han Suk-kyu and Shim Eun-ha.


The plot follows a portrait photographer, Jung-won (Han Suk-kyu) and his developing romance with a parking agent, Da-rim (Shim Eun-ha). However, the romance never gets a chance to develop into intimacy. Jung-won soon finds out he is suffering from an unnamed illness and has to come to terms with his impending death. He sets out to continue living as usual, going out with his friends and spending time with his family in the small town he has lived for decades.[1]



1998 Baeksang Arts Awards[2]

1998 Blue Dragon Film Awards

  • Best Film
  • Best Actress - Shim Eun-ha
  • Best Cinematography - Yoo Young-gil (posthumously)[3]
  • Best New Director - Hur Jin-ho

1998 Director's Cut Awards

1999 Grand Bell Awards

  • Best Screenplay - Oh Seung-uk, Shin Dong-hwan, and Hur Jin-ho
  • Best New Director - Hur Jin-ho
  • Jury Prize


With 422,930 admissions in Seoul and screenings at the Singapore and Pusan, the film to date has enduring fanbase in Asia and is often used for teaching screenwriting and cinematography in China and South Korea. Also in 1998, this film was invited to screen in the International Critics' Week section at the Cannes Film Festival.[4] It placed 4th in the box-office among Korean films in 1998. Because of its success, the film received a commercial release at the Hong Kong Art Center on August 3, 1999, and the Broadway Cinematheque from September 30 till November 24, 1999. It was one of the titles garnering critical and popular support for the emerging Korean film industry, as well as inspiring subsequent works made in its tribute.

The film has also had an enduring influence within the Korean film industry. Actor Jang Hyuk reportedly studied the film in preparation for his comeback role in MBC drama Thank You.[5] Assistant Director Park Heung-sik was influenced by particular scenes of Jung-won washing rice and teaching his father the VCR remote control, for his film Bravo, My Life!. The muffled weeping scene also found its way into My Mother, the Mermaid.[6] Characters in Barking Dogs Never Bite and Girls' Night Out are shown, respectively, watching scenes of the VCR remote and lovers' stroll. Han and Shim are named as ideal casting choices by the eponymous aspiring script writer in My Sassy Girl.

The film landed in the top spot of Movie Week's special feature of 10 Best Korean Romance/Melodrama from 1980-2007,[7] touting the lead performances as gold standards of the genre. In the same feature, noted director Song Hae-sung of Failan, names the scene of a lonely Jung-won singing "In the Street" by Kim Kwang-seok (whose funeral portrait inspired Hur Jin-ho's debut film), as a particularly resonant example of melodrama transcending its genre to express humanity's essence.[8]


In the film, there were several motifs that the director tried to convey to the audience. Photography had a significant part in this movie. The director purposely made the scenes of the film very still and slow. His purpose doing so was to create the sense of a photo, where everything is still. This was meant to allow the audience to observe every detail, just a like a photo.

Windows were another motif, encompassing the same idea of photography. During the scenes, where Da-rim and Jung-won would have a silent conversation on opposite sides of a window, the window symbolized a picture frame, creating a living portrait. When Jung-won's childhood love came to visit his shop while he was washing the windows, her image is blurry behind the window. This was meant to symbolize that she no longer had a clear place in his life. That's why when the other scenes, where Jung-won sees Da-rim from behind the window, the audience observes that Jung-won always sees Da-rim vividly, symbolizing that she does have an important part in his life. During one of the last scenes, Jung-won is seem affectionately reaching out to Da-rim behind a window. Photos are meant to capture precious memories, and we can only remember, unable to change the photo's reality. This was the symbolism of windows.

The funeral portrait was another motif, which symbolized Jung-won's acceptance of his early death. In the earlier scenes of the movie, Jung-won took a funeral portrait for an elderly woman. She had come back a second time to take her funeral portrait because she wanted to look her best, meaning she acknowledges her death soon and wants to make the most out of it. Through the movie we see Jung-won and emphasis on han, internal suffering. Near the end of the movie, Jung-won returns to his shop and proceeds to take his funeral portrait. This shows that he had finally come to terms with his early death, and was able to die peacefully, with no regrets. This can be confirmed by his final quote.

The final quote, itself, became a motif. "I knew that someday love would become nothing but a memory, like the countless photographs left behind in my recollections. But you alone have remained a part of me. I leave these words to thank you for letting me depart with your love."-Jung-won. This explains the reason why Jung-won did not try to tell Da-rim that he was fatally ill and did not try to reach out or explain to her his sudden disappearance. Jung-won did not want to taint the love he and Da-rim shared. It can be speculated that he did not want it to be love out of pity. Like a photo, he wanted to preserve his memories of Da-rim while they were still innocent and happy, unlike his childhood love, which turned out to be an unfortunate ending. This allowed him to die peacefully, departing from the world with his innocent memories of her. In the scenes where his childhood lover came back, she requested him to take down her portrait. But at the end of the movie, it is seen that Da-rim's portrait remained in his shop window, symbolizing how Jung-won will never forget about her and take her out of his life.

Character analysis[edit]


Jung-won is the main character in this film. He owns a photography shop, which is where most of the film takes place. In the beginning of the film Jung-won was very optimistic. He didn't show his emotions about his inevitable death because he didn't want to burden others with the fact that he was going to die. The first time he announced that he was going to die was when he was drunk with his friend, Chul-goo. After this scene he begins to display more emotion about his imminent death, for example when he was at the police station he started to yell and cry causing a commotion, which was uncharacteristic of him to do. From this point forward Jung-won's personality begins to change, he is no longer as happy and optimistic as he was in the beginning of the film. Jung-won is unable to contain his emotions making the audience see his vulnerable state.


Da-rim is a traffic officer in this film. In the beginning of the film Da-rim is first introduced to Jung-won at the photography shop. At first she didn't seem interested in Jung-won; however, as she routinely went to his shop they became closer and more attached. She found herself falling in love with Jung-won and she eventually started to transition her appearance by wearing make-up. When Jung-won was admitted into the hospital and no longer went to work, Da-rim went to his shop every day. At this point because Jung-won disappeared without notice Da-rim started to miss him a lot. She even wrote a letter to Jung-won that the audience could only assume was contained with her feelings for him. She eventually became angry and threw a rock at the photography shop through her frustration that Jung-won disappeared. Eventually Da-rim learned to move on and accepted the fact that Jung-won will not come back.

Korean melodramas[edit]

Linda Williams analyzed the film Way Down East (1920) and wrote an essay "Melodrama Revised" noting five features found in current melodramas that have still remained relevant in Korean cinema:

  • 1.) Melodrama begins and wants to end with a sense of innocence.
  • 2.) Melodrama focuses on victim-heroes and their virtues
  • 3.) Melodrama appears modern by using realism, but realism also gives passion and action
  • 4.) Melodrama involves a balance of passion and action such as being "too late" or "in the nick of time"
  • 5.) Melodrama presents characters with psychic roles and conflicts between good and evil

Christmas in August does not incorporate all of the features, and is missing the fourth and fifth one. However, leaving out the fifth feature had become common since the 1990s. This was because South Korea's authoritarian government, which advocated moral frameworks in film through censorship, had collapsed. Starting in the 1980s, filmmakers were able to make their work seem more modern by leaving out the conflict between good and evil.


In the 2007 Japanese remake directed by Shunichi Nagasaki, the female character is a teacher.[9]


  1. ^ Cho, Jae-eun (15 July 2011). "Death and love without the drama in director's debut". Korea JoongAng Daily. Retrieved 2013-07-09. 
  2. ^ "Christmas in August - Awards". Cinemasie. Retrieved 2012-12-23.
  3. ^ Paquet, Darcy. "Christmas in August". Retrieved 2013-07-09.
  4. ^ "International Critics Week Selections - 1998"
  5. ^ Press Conference for MBC Drama Thank You on March 15, 2007
  6. ^ Interview with Park Heung-sik, August 29, 2007.
  7. ^ Movie Week Special Feature, Part 1, October 9, 2007 Archived October 13, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ Movie Week Special Feature, Part 5, October 9, 2007 Archived October 17, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ Lee, Min-a (January 24, 2007). "'90s romance finds its way back to the screen". Korea JoongAng Daily. Retrieved 2013-07-09. 

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