|Location||143 Avenue B, New York, New York|
|Architect||Henry C. Pelton|
|NRHP reference #||86000486 |
|Added to NRHP||March 20, 1986|
Christodora House is a historic building located at 143 Avenue B in the East Village/Alphabet City neighborhoods of Manhattan, New York City. It was designed by architect Henry C. Pelton (architect of Riverside Church) in the American Perpendicular Style and constructed in 1928 as a settlement house for low-income and immigrant residents, providing food, shelter, and educational and health services.
The building, as originally conceived, included a gym, swimming pool, music school and theater. It was financed by Mr and Mrs Arthur Curtiss James, at a cost of over $1 million.
Initially the 16 stories of the building housed a music school, a pool and gymnasium, a library, clubhouses, workshops, offices, and two kitchens. These spaces were on the lower five floors of the building, and open to the public and settlement members. One floor housed the settlement workers, and the top nine floors were rented out as residences to provide income for the work of the settlement. The opening of the building was an event, widely covered in the newspapers of the day. The building, particularly its height and style, were intended to be seen as symbolic and inspiring: towering, modern, up to date, airy, clean and fireproof, its character representing the best in the character of the neighborhood. Today, the building hosts a diverse group of residences. Many are groups or organizations active in the community, such as The East Village Community Coalition, which has an office in the building.
Though they were operational at one point, the swimming pool and gymnasium can no longer be used. Zoning for these facilities stipulated "community access," and the facilities cannot be modified to provide the disabled access mandated by law.
The difficulties operating a settlement community and a "residential" community created complications for the Christodora Board of Managers. These financial burdens, coupled with the expansion of public housing, led the building to be sold via condemnation to the City of New York in 1948 for $1.6 million. The city planned to house delinquent boys in the building, operated by the Department of Welfare. However, for reasons which remain unclear the building remained empty or underutilized through 1956.
In the mid-1960s, a variety of unsanctioned community activity took place in the lower floors of the buildings. This led to a police raid and closure in 1969, which nonetheless did not stop these unsanctioned activities in the building. In fact, it has been bruited about that the national headquarters of the Black Panthers was housed in the building. Reports are that the building was also used as the setting for several pornographic films. The city sold the property for $62,500 in 1975.
On March 20, 1986, Christodora House was added to the National Register of Historic Places.
The August 7, 1988 Tompkins Square Park Riot, provoked partially by the area's gentrification, spilled over into Christodora House. Rioters chanted "Die Yuppie Scum" in reference to the supposed "yuppie scum" residents of the building. The front doors were smashed and rioters ransacked the lobby of the building.
Hedge fund manager Brian Kim owned and lived in an apartment at Christodora House. He was indicted and arrested in 2009, and accused of stealing $435,000 from the Christodora House condo association in 2008. He fled to Hong Kong in 2011, but was apprehended there and sent back to the US. In 2012 he admitted to the theft.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Christodora House.|
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "The Villager, August 10–16, 2005". Retrieved October 13, 2014.
- Mark A. Uhlig (August 26, 1988). "Condominiums Divide Angry Tompkins Square Residents". The New York Times.
- Blunt, Alison (2008). "The 'skyscraper settlement': home and residence at Christodora House". Environment and Planning A. 40: 550–571. doi:10.1068/a3976.
- "Manhattan hedge funder charged with $4M Ponzi scheme may be on lam in Italy". New York Post. February 17, 2011. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
- "Hedge Fund Founder Kim Gets Five to 15 Years for Scheme". Businessweek.com. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
- "Liquid Capital's Brian Kim Pleads Not Guilty to Hedge-Fund Ponzi Charges". Bloomberg. November 4, 2011. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
- "CNBC pundit and hedge-fund operator at heart of $4 million Ponzi scheme". Retrieved February 15, 2017.
- Chris Dolmetsch and David Glovin (April 20, 2012). "Hedge Fund Founder Kim Gets Five to 15 Years for Scheme". Business Week. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
- Chris Dolmetsch and Tiffany Kary (November 4, 2011). "Liquid Capital's Brian Kim Pleads Not Guilty to Hedge-Fund Ponzi Charges". Bloomberg. Retrieved October 13, 2014.