Christopher, Duke of Mecklenburg
|Christopher of Mecklenburg|
|Duke of Mecklenburg-Gadebusch|
Christopher's tomb in Schwerin Cathedral
30 July 1537|
4 March 1592 (aged 54)|
Tempzin Abbey, near Brüel
Dorothea of Denmark|
Princess Elizabeth of Sweden
Margaret Elisabeth, Duchess of Mecklenburg
|Father||Albrecht VII, Duke of Mecklenburg|
|Mother||Anna of Brandenburg|
Christopher, Duke of Mecklenburg-Gadebusch (30 July 1537 in Augsburg – 4 March 1592 in Tempzin Abbey) was a son of Albrecht VII, Duke of Mecklenburg. He was Duke of Mecklenburg-Gadebusch, as well as administrator of Ratzeburg and of the Commandery of Mirow.
At the urging of his elder brother John Albert I, the cathedral chapter appointed Christopher as the successor of Bishop Christopher I of Ratzeburg in 1554. Christopher thus became the first Lutheran administrator of the Bishopric.
In 1555, he was also elected coadjutor of Bishop William of Riga, with the right of succession. His election was controversial and led to armed clashes. During a clash on 1 July 1556 in Koknese, Christoper and William were both taken prisoner. They were released in 1557, and Christopher was recognized as coadjutor. However, when William died in 1563, Christopher found himself unable to exercise his right of succession. Instead, he was taken prisoner again during renewed fighting against Poland. He was released in 1569, after he had renounced all claims on Riga. After his release, he returned to Mecklenburg.
He died on 4 March 1592 and was buried in the northern chapel of the high choir of Schwerin Cathedral. His widow commissioned a grave monument, which shows a couple kneeling before a prie-dieu. It was crafted in the workshop of the Flemish sculptor Robert Coppens, with assistance from the Pomeranian painter Georg Strachen.
Marriages and issue
Christopher married his first wife on 27 October 1573 in Kolding. She was Princess Dorothea of Denmark (1528 – 11 November 1575), a daughter of King Frederick I of Denmark. She died only two years later, in Schönberg, which was the capital of the Bishopric of Ratzeburg.
- Margaret Elisabeth (11 July 1584 – 16 November 1616), married on 9 October 1608 to John Albert II, Duke of Mecklenburg.
- Alexander Bergengrün: Herzog Christoph von Mecklenburg, letzter Koadjutor des Erzbistums Riga: Ein Beitrag zur livländischen und mecklenburgischen Geschichte. Verlag Franz Kluge, Reval 1898.
- Friedrich Schlie: Die Kunst- und Geschichts-Denkmäler des Grossherzogthums Mecklenburg-Schwerin. II. Band: Die Amtsgerichtsbezirke Wismar, Grevesmühlen, Rehna, Gadebusch und Schwerin. Schwerin 1898, Neudruck Schwerin 1992, S. 557ff. ISBN 3-910179-06-1
- Ludwig Fromm (1876), "Christoph von Mecklenburg", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German), 4, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 240–241
- Heinz Meybaum (1957), "Christoph von Mecklenburg", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German), 3, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, p. 247
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Christoph zu Mecklenburg.|
- Literature about Christopher, Duke of Mecklenburg in the State Bibliography (Landesbibliographie) of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Duke Christopher of MecklenburgBorn: 30 July 1537 Died: 4 March 1592
Christoph von der Schulenburg
| Administrator of the
Prince-Bishopric of Ratzeburg
Charles I of Mecklenburg