|55th Governor of New Jersey|
January 19, 2010
|Preceded by||Jon Corzine|
|U.S. Attorney for the District of New Jersey|
January 17, 2002 – December 1, 2008
|Appointed by||George W. Bush|
|Preceded by||Robert Cleary|
|Succeeded by||Ralph Marra|
|Member of the Morris County Board of Chosen Freeholders|
January 1, 1995 – January 6, 1998
|Preceded by||Edward Tamm|
|Succeeded by||John Murphy|
|Born||Christopher James Christie
September 6, 1962
Newark, New Jersey, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Mary Pat Foster (1986–present)|
|Alma mater||University of Delaware, Newark (B.A.)
Seton Hall University (J.D.)
Born in Newark in 1962, Christie volunteered for the gubernatorial campaign of Republican Thomas Kean when he was fifteen years old. A 1984 graduate of the University of Delaware, Christie earned a J.D. at Seton Hall University School of Law. Christie joined a Cranford, New Jersey, law firm in 1987, rose to become a partner in 1993, and continued practicing until 2002. He was elected county legislator in Morris County, serving from 1995 to 1998, during which time he generally pushed for lower taxes and lower spending. By 2002, Christie had campaigned for Presidents George H. W. Bush and George W. Bush; the latter appointed him as United States Attorney for New Jersey, a position he held from 2002 to 2008. In that position, he emphasized prosecutions of political corruption and also obtained convictions for sexual slavery, arms trafficking, racketeering by gangs, and other federal crimes.
In January 2009, Christie declared his candidacy for Governor of New Jersey. He won the Republican primary, and defeated incumbent Governor Jon Corzine in the election that November. In 2013, he won re-election as Governor, defeating Democrat Barbara Buono by a margin of over 22%. He was sworn in to a second term as governor on January 21, 2014. On November 21, 2013, Christie was elected Chairman of the Republican Governors Association, succeeding Louisiana Governor Bobby Jindal.
Christie was seen as a potential candidate in the 2012 presidential election, and though not running, he was the keynote speaker at the 2012 Republican National Convention. Following the controversial closure of toll plaza access lanes in Fort Lee in 2013, an internal investigation commissioned by the Governor's Office found no evidence of Christie having prior knowledge of or having directed the closure. During a May 1, 2015 news conference, U.S. Attorney Paul J. Fishman stated that, based upon the then-available evidence, his office would not bring further charges in the case.
- 1 Early life, education, and family
- 2 Law practice and local politics
- 3 United States Attorney
- 4 Governor of New Jersey
- 4.1 Campaign for office
- 4.2 Positions on issues and actions as governor
- 4.2.1 Fiscal
- 4.2.2 Education
- 4.2.3 Energy and environment
- 4.2.4 Supreme Court nominations
- 4.2.5 Minimum wage
- 4.2.6 Gestation crates
- 4.2.7 Social
- 4.2.8 Guns
- 4.2.9 Transportation
- 4.3 Hurricane Sandy
- 4.4 Visit to the Middle East
- 4.5 2013 re-election campaign
- 4.6 Fort Lee lane closure scandal
- 4.7 Public opinion
- 5 Republican Governors Association
- 6 Presidential politics
- 7 Electoral history
- 8 References
- 9 Further reading
- 10 External links
Early life, education, and family
Christie was born in Newark, New Jersey, the son of Sondra A. (née Grasso) and Wilbur James "Bill" Christie, a certified public accountant. His father is of German, Scottish, and Irish descent, and his mother was of Sicilian ancestry. Christie's family moved to Livingston, New Jersey after the 1967 Newark riots, and Christie lived in Livingston until he graduated from Livingston High School in 1980. At Livingston High School, Christie served as class president, and played catcher for the baseball team. Christie's father and mother were Republican and Democratic, respectively. He has credited, however, his Democratic-leaning mother for indirectly making him a Republican by encouraging him in 1977 to volunteer for the gubernatorial candidate who became his role model: Tom Kean. Christie had become interested in Kean after Kean, then a state legislator, spoke to Christie's class while Christie was in junior high school.
Christie graduated from the University of Delaware with a Bachelor of Arts in political science in 1984 and Seton Hall University School of Law with a J.D. in 1987. Christie was admitted to the New Jersey State Bar Association and the Bar of the United States District Court, District of New Jersey, in December 1987. Later in life, he was awarded honorary doctorate degrees by Rutgers University and Monmouth University.
In 1986, Christie married Mary Pat Foster, a fellow student at the University of Delaware. After marriage they shared a studio apartment in Summit, New Jersey. Mary Pat Christie pursued a career in investment banking, eventually working at the Wall Street firm Cantor Fitzgerald; she left the firm in 2001 following the September 11 attacks. She is currently a managing director at the Wall Street investment firm Angelo, Gordon & Co.
Christie and his wife have four children; two boys: Andrew (b. 1993) and Patrick (b. 2000) and two girls: Sarah (b. 1996) and Bridget (b. 2003). The family resides in Mendham Township. His hobbies have included coaching Little League, cheering for the New York Mets, and attending Bruce Springsteen concerts (over 120 of them). In addition to the Mets, Christie's other favorite sports teams are the New York Knicks, New York Rangers and Dallas Cowboys.
Law practice and local politics
In 1987, Christie joined the law firm of Dughi, Hewit & Palatucci of Cranford, New Jersey. In 1993, he was named a partner in the firm. Christie specialized in securities law, appellate practice, election law, and government affairs. He is a member of the American Bar Association and the New Jersey State Bar Association and was a member of the Election Law Committee of the New Jersey State Bar Association. From 1999 to 2001, Christie was registered statehouse lobbyist for Dughi and Hewit.
Morris County Freeholder
Christie volunteered for President George H.W. Bush's 1992 re-election campaign in New Jersey, and became close to Bush's state director, Bill Palatucci. Following the campaign, Christie decided to run for office, and moved to Mendham Township. In 1993, Christie launched a primary challenge against the New Jersey Senate Majority Leader, John H. Dorsey. However, Christie's campaign ended after Dorsey successfully challenged the validity of Christie's petition to appear on the ballot.
In 1994, Christie was elected as a Republican to the Board of Chosen Freeholders for Morris County, New Jersey, after he and a running mate defeated incumbent freeholders in the party primary. Following the election, the defeated incumbents filed a defamation lawsuit against Christie based on statements made during the primary campaign. Christie had incorrectly stated that the incumbents were under "investigation" for violating certain local laws. The lawsuit was settled out of court, with Christie acknowledging that the prosecutor had actually convened an "inquiry" instead of an "investigation", and apologizing for the error, which he said was unintentional.
As freeholder, Christie required the county government to obtain three quotes from qualified firms for all contracts. He led a successful effort to bar county officials from accepting gifts from people and firms doing business with the county. He voted to raise the county's open space tax for land preservation; however, county taxes on the whole were decreased by 6.6% during his tenure. He successfully pushed for the dismissal of an architect hired to design a new jail, saying that the architect was costing taxpayers too much money. The architect then sued Christie for defamation over remarks he made about the dismissal, eventually dropping the suit without explanation.
In 1995, Christie announced a bid for a seat in the New Jersey General Assembly; he and attorney Rick Merkt ran as a ticket against incumbent Assemblyman Anthony Bucco and attorney Michael Patrick Carroll in the Republican primary. Christie ran as a pro-choice candidate and supporter of the ban on assault weapons. Bucco and Carroll, the establishment candidates, defeated the up-and-comers by a wide margin. After this loss, Christie's bid for re-nomination to the freeholder board was unlikely, as unhappy Republicans recruited John J. Murphy to run against Christie in 1997. Murphy defeated Christie in the primary. Murphy, who had falsely accused Christie of having the county pay his legal bills in the architect's lawsuit, was sued by Christie after the election. They settled out of court with the Freeholders admitting wrongdoing and apologizing. Christie's career in Morris County politics was over by 1998.
When Christie's part-time position as a Chosen Freeholder lapsed, he returned full attention to his law firm Dughi, Hewit & Palatucci. Alongside fellow partner and later, gubernatorial campaign fundraiser Bill Palatucci, Christie's firm opened an office in the state capital, Trenton, devoted mainly to lobbying. Between 1999 and 2001, Christie and Palatucci lobbied on behalf of, among others, GPU Energy for deregulation of New Jersey's electric and gas industry; the Securities Industry Association to block the inclusion of securities fraud under the state's Consumer Fraud Act; Hackensack University Medical Center for state grants; and the University of Phoenix for a New Jersey higher education license. During the 2000 presidential election, Christie served as George W. Bush's campaign lawyer for the state of New Jersey.
United States Attorney
On December 7, 2001, President George W. Bush appointed Christie the U.S. Attorney for the District of New Jersey. Some members of the New Jersey Bar professed disappointment at Christie's lack of experience. At the time, he had never practiced in a federal courtroom before, and had little experience in criminal law. Christie received the overwhelming support of the Republican Party in New Jersey. A spokesperson for Acting Governor Donald DiFrancesco, who selected nominees for the position, said that he received hundreds of letters of support for Christie "from everyone from the Assembly speaker down to the county level, close to every member of the Legislature and every county chairman." Christie was also a top fundraiser for Bush's 2000 presidential campaign. He helped raise $350,000 for Bush, qualifying him as a "Pioneer", and also donated to DiFrancesco. Democrats seized upon the role played by Bush's political adviser, Karl Rove, after Christie's law partner, William Palatucci, a Republican political consultant and Bush supporter, boasted that he had selected a United States attorney by forwarding Christie's résumé to Rove. According to New Jersey's senior Senator, Bob Torricelli, Christie promised to appoint a "professional" with federal courtroom experience as deputy if confirmed. By Senate tradition, if a state's senior Senator opposes the nomination of a U.S. Attorney, the nomination is effectively dead, but Christie's promise was enough for Torricelli to give the nomination his blessing. He was unanimously confirmed by the United States Senate on December 20, 2001, and sworn into office on January 17, 2002.
The brother of Christie's uncle (his aunt's second husband) was an organized crime figure; according to Christie, the FBI presumably knew that when they conducted his background check. Later, Christie recused himself and commented about what he had learned growing up with such a relative: "It just told me that you make bad decisions in life and you wind up paying a price."
Christie served as the Chief Federal Law Enforcement Officer in New Jersey from January 17, 2002, to December 1, 2008. His office included 137 attorneys, with offices in Newark, Trenton, and Camden. Christie also served on the 17-member Advisory Committee of U.S. Attorneys for Attorneys General John Ashcroft and Alberto Gonzales.
Soon after taking office, Christie let it be known that his office would make public corruption a high priority, second only to terrorism. During his eight-year tenure, he received praise for his record of convictions in public corruption cases. His office convicted or won guilty pleas from 130 public officials, both Republican and Democratic, at the state, county and local levels. The most notable of these convictions included those of Democratic Hudson County Executive Robert C. Janiszewski in 2002 on bribery charges, Republican Essex County Executive James W. Treffinger in 2003 on corruption charges, former Democratic New Jersey Senate President John A. Lynch, Jr., in 2006 on charges of mail fraud and tax evasion, State Senator and former Newark Democratic mayor Sharpe James in 2008 on fraud charges, and Democratic State Senator Wayne R. Bryant in 2008 on charges of bribery, mail fraud, and wire fraud.
According to Rachel Barkow and Anthony Barkow, both of NYU Law School, Christie negotiated seven deal deferred prosecution agreements (DPAs) during his tenure, some of which were controversial. Under agreements like these, corporations avoid prosecution if they promise not just to obey the law or pay for bad acts, but also promise to change personnel, or revamp business practices, or adopt new types of corporate governance. They are typically used in lieu of prosecution when there is evidence of particularly egregious corporate misconduct. Since 2002, these types of agreements have been sharply on the rise among federal prosecutors, with 23 between 2002 and 2005, and 66 between 2006 and 2008. Outside monitors are appointed in about half of all DPAs, to make sure that the corporations comply. In one case, Christie recommended appointment of The Ashcroft Group, a consulting firm owned by his former boss John Ashcroft, as an outside monitor of Zimmer Holdings—a contract worth as much as $52 million from Zimmer, which was an amount in line with fee structures at that time. In another instance, Christie's office deferred criminal prosecution of pharmaceutical company Bristol Myers in a deal that required the company to dedicate $5 million for a business ethics chair at Seton Hall University School of Law, Christie's alma mater.
Christie defended the appointment of Ashcroft as someone with the necessary prominence and legal acumen, and he defended the Seton Hall donation as happenstance given that there was already a business ethics endowed chair at the only other law school in the state. Still, cases like these led to new rules within the Justice Department, and sparked a congressional hearing on the subject.
Besides doubling the size of the anticorruption unit for New Jersey, Christie also prosecuted other federal crimes. For example, he obtained convictions of brothel owners who kept Mexican teenagers in slavery as prostitutes, convicted 42 gang members of the Double II Set of various crimes including more than 25 murders, and convicted British trader Hemant Lakhani of trying to sell missiles. Despite claims of entrapment, Lakhani was convicted by jury in April 2005 of attempting to provide material support to terrorists, unlawful brokering of foreign defense articles, and attempting to import merchandise into the U.S. by means of false statements, plus two counts of money laundering. He was sentenced to 47 years in prison.
During the second term of George W. Bush, a controversy arose about the administration's dismissal of several U.S. attorneys, allegedly for political reasons. When it was revealed that Christie had been on a preliminary version of the hit list, New York Senator Charles Schumer said: "I was shocked when I saw Chris Christie's name on the list last night. It just shows a [Justice] department that has run amok." Pat Meehan, the U.S. attorney in Philadelphia, said: "Among his peers, Chris stands out as one of the most admired. If you were to create a list of the U.S. attorneys who have had the greatest impact, Chris would be one of the top two or three names I'd put on it. This defies explanation."
Christie's opponents claimed that he had gotten off the Bush administration's hit list by going after Congressman Robert Menendez; for example, New York Times columnist Paul Krugman wrote, "Menendez's claims of persecution now seem quite plausible." Christie had issued a subpoena regarding Menendez 65 days before the 2006 Senate election, in which Menendez defeated Republican Thomas Kean, Jr. to become New Jersey's junior Senator. Christie's biographers (journalists Michael Symons and Bob Ingle) concluded that, "The timing of the Menendez-related subpoena doesn't line up right to support the critics' theory." Christie's aides have said that the subpoena was prompted by a newspaper report about Menendez, which prosecutors feared might imminently lead to destruction of documents and other evidence. The investigation of Menendez continued for years after Christie left office as U.S. Attorney, until Menendez was finally cleared on October 5, 2011.
Governor of New Jersey
Campaign for office
Christie filed as a candidate for the office of Governor on January 8, 2009. Former Governor Thomas Kean helped Christie campaign and raise money. In the primary on June 2, Christie won the Republican nomination with 55% of the vote, defeating opponents Steve Lonegan and Rick Merkt. He then chose Kimberly Guadagno, Monmouth County sheriff, to complete his campaign ticket as a candidate for lieutenant governor. On November 3, Christie defeated Jon Corzine by a margin of 49% to 45%, with 6% of the vote going to independent candidate Chris Daggett.
Christie took office as Governor of New Jersey on January 19, 2010. He chose not to move his family into Drumthwacket, the governor's official mansion, and instead resides in a private Mendham Township, New Jersey, residence.
Positions on issues and actions as governor
Christie has promised not to raise taxes. He has also vowed to lower the state income and business taxes, with the qualification that this might not occur immediately: "I'm not saying I'm cutting taxes in the first year. The first thing we have to do is get our fiscal house in order, and that's going to be tough."
During his term as Governor, Christie delivered balanced budgets annually for the state as required by the New Jersey Constitution. He claims to have done so without increasing taxes, though this has been debated as he has made reductions to tax credits such as the earned income tax credit and property tax relief programs. Under Christie, there have so far been no rate increases in the state's top three revenue generators: income tax, sales tax, and corporate business tax.
Christie originally proposed a 10 percent income tax cut for all residents of the State, but he later targeted his proposal for people earning less than $400,000 per year, and it would be in the form of an income tax credit equal to 10 percent of their property taxes, capped at $10,000 (phased in over four years). The Democratic-controlled state legislature has refused to implement it to date, taking the view that there would never be enough money to fund a tax cut.
On February 11, 2010, Christie signed Executive Order No. 14, which declared that a "state of fiscal emergency exists in the State of New Jersey" due to the projected $2.2 billion budget deficit for the current fiscal year (FY 2010). In a speech before a special joint session of the New Jersey Legislature on the same day, Christie addressed the budget deficit and proposed various fiscal measures to close the gap. Christie also suspended funding for the Department of the Public Advocate and called for its elimination. Some Democrats criticized Christie for not first consulting them on his budget cuts and for circumventing the Legislature's role in the budget process. In late June 2011, Christie utilized New Jersey's line item veto to eliminate nearly $1 billion from the proposed budget, signing it into law just hours prior to the July 1, 2011, beginning of the state's fiscal year.
In 2010, Christie signed legislation to limit annual property tax growth to 2 percent.
During his second year in office, Christie signed into law a payroll tax cut reducing funding of the Temporary Disability Insurance (TDI) fund by $190 million per year. Effective calendar year 2012, the tax cut authorizes the New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development to reduce payroll deduction for most employees from $148 to $61 per year. According to Labor Commissioner Harold J. Wirths, New Jersey workers had been paying much more into the disability fund than what is needed to keep it solvent. The changes took effect on January 1, 2012.
Under Christie's governorship, New Jersey's credit rating has been downgraded nine times (across Standard & Poor, Fitch Ratings, and Moody's Investors Service), leaving only Illinois with a lower rating among US states.
Tax credits and incentives
On September 18, 2013, Christie signed legislation to overhaul the state's business tax incentive programs. The legislation reduces the number of tax incentive programs from five to two, raises the caps on tax credits, and allows smaller companies to qualify. It increases the credits available for businesses in South Jersey.
Public employee pensions
In March 2010, Christie signed into law three state pension reform bills, which had passed with bipartisan support. The laws decreased pension benefits for future hires and required public employees to contribute 1.5 percent of their salaries toward their health care. The laws prompted a lawsuit by the police and firefighters' unions. In his campaign for governor, Christie opposed any change in pension benefits for firefighters and law enforcement officers, including "current officers, future officers or retirees". He described the pension agreement as "a sacred trust".
Later that year, he called for further cuts, including the elimination of cost-of-living adjustments for all current and future retirees. In June 2011, Christie announced a deal with the Democratic leadership of the legislature on a reform of public employee pensions and benefits. The deal raised public employees' pension contributions, mandated the state to make annual payments into the system, increased public employee contributions toward health insurance premiums, and ended collective bargaining for health benefits. The reform is projected to save the state $120 billion over 30 years.
In June 2013, Christie signed a $33 billion state budget that makes a record $1.7 billion payment to the state's pension fund and also increases school funding by almost $100 million. The budget resulted from negotiations between Christie and Democratic leaders in the state legislature and was the first that Christie has signed as passed, without vetoing any of its provisions.
In May 2014, Christie cut the contributions to New Jersey public workers' pension funds for a 14-month period by nearly $2.5 billion to deal with a revenue shortfall in the state budget of $2.75 billion. The state will instead make a $1.3 billion payment during the period. Christie cited the state constitution's requirement to have a balanced budget for his decision to cut payments to pensions for state workers, and follows Christie's changes to the state’s pension formula earlier in 2014 to save $900 million through the end of his term.
Christie, whose own children attend Catholic parochial school, is a strong supporter of the state granting tax credits to parents who send their children to private and parochial schools. He also supports the introduction of state-funded vouchers, which parents of students in failing school districts could use to pay the tuition of private schools, or of public schools in communities other than their own which agree to accept them. Christie supports merit pay for teachers.
On August 25, 2010, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services announced $400 million in federal Race to the Top education grants to New Jersey would not be funded due to a clerical error in the state's application made by an unidentified mid-level state official. Christie responded by saying that the Obama administration bureaucracy had overstepped its authority and that the error lay in an administration failure to communicate with the New Jersey government. However, information later came to light that the issue had already been raised with Christie's Education Commissioner Bret Schundler, and in response Christie had asked for Schundler's resignation; Schundler initially agreed to resign, but the following morning asked to be fired instead, citing his need to claim unemployment benefits. Schundler maintained that he told Christie the truth and that Christie was misstating what actually occurred.
In January 2011, the Christie administration approved 23 new charter schools, including the state's first independent school for children with autism. The approvals increased the number of charter schools in the state to 96.
On August 6, 2012, Christie signed a law reforming the tenure system for New Jersey public school teachers. Under the new law, teachers will be required to work four years, instead of three, in order to earn tenure. Additionally, teachers will need to earn positive ratings two years in a row before tenure can be awarded. Tenured teachers with poor ratings for two consecutive years will be eligible for dismissal. Finally the law limits the hearing process for appeals related to dismissal of tenured teachers to 105 days.
On March 6, 2013, the Christie administration released proposed regulations to overhaul the process of evaluating public school teachers in New Jersey. Under the proposal, a percentage of teachers' evaluations would be based on student growth on state tests or based on student achievement goals set with principals.
In September 2014, Christie signed a partnership with Mexico on a higher education project to foster economic cooperation. The program will focus on research ventures, cross-border fellowships, student and teacher exchanges and conferences—among other educational opportunities.
Energy and environment
Christie has stated that he believes that the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection is too big and is "killing business" with permit delays and indiscriminate fines. He announced that, if elected, the agency would be his first target for government reduction: he would reduce its workforce and strip it of its fish and wildlife oversight.
Christie has stated that he intends to simultaneously spur growth in the state's manufacturing sector and increase New Jersey's capability to produce alternative energy. He has proposed a list of policy measures to achieve this, including giving tax credits to businesses that build new wind energy and manufacturing facilities, changing land use rules to allow solar energy on permanently preserved farmland, installing solar farms on closed landfills, setting up a consolidated energy promotion program, and following a five-to-one production to non-production job ratio in the creation of new energy jobs. In August 2010, legislation to encourage the development of wind power in New Jersey was signed by Christie at the Port of Paulsboro The Offshore Wind Economic Development Act authorized New Jersey Economic Development Authority to provide up to $100 million in tax credits for wind energy facilities. The governor has pledged to ban coal-fired power plants, and to reach 22.5% renewable generation in the state by 2021.
On May 26, 2011, Christie announced he would pull the state out of Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative. This was challenged in court which ruled in March 2014 that Christie had acted illegally in doing so since state regulations do not permit it. His administration is seeking to repeal the rules.
Christie has rejected permanent bans on hydraulic fracturing (fracking) in New Jersey and vetoed measures that would ban the process and disposal of hydraulic fracturing waste in the State. New Jersey has few proven shale reserves and the process is not practiced there. Christie argued that the vetoed Senate Bill (S253) was premature because of an ongoing study to be completed in 2014 and would discriminate against other states, a violation of the Dormant Commerce Clause of the U.S. Constitution. Supporters of legislation have said that hydraulic fracturing waste from Pennsylvania makes its way into New Jersey for treatment, although how much is not clear. They also criticized Christie's legal analysis saying that the Office of Legislative Services have said that the bill is constitutional.
Exxon Mobil environmental contamination lawsuit
Christie's settled a lawsuit with Exxon Mobil by allowing the corporation to pay $225 million in damages for environmental contamination at two sites, less than 3% of the $8.9 billion that the state's lawyers had sought, and extended the compensation to cover other damages not named in the original lawsuit. Jeff Tittel of the Sierra Club called this move "a violation of the public trust." The New Jersey State Senate also condemned the deal. The previous gubernatorial administration, that of Democrat Jon Corzine, had also attempted to settle with Exxon, for $550 million, though this offer was made before a 2009 ruling that strengthened the state's bargaining position.
Supreme Court nominations
By tradition since the 1947 state constitution, the seven member New Jersey Supreme Court maintains a political balance and is composed of four members of either the Democratic Party or Republican Party and three of the other. Christie broke with the tradition in May 2010 when he chose not to renominate Justice John E. Wallace, Jr. Christie had said the court "had inappropriately encroached on both the executive and legislative function, and that if elected governor, I would take steps through the decisions I made regarding the court to bring back an appropriate constitutional balance to the court." Since taking office, Christie has been in a major conflict with the New Jersey Legislature over the court's partisan balance. The stand-off between the governor and the New Jersey Senate has resulted in longstanding vacancies, with temporarily assigned appellate judges filling in.
In January 2013 Christie vetoed a New Jersey Legislature bill that would have raised the minimum wage from $7.25 to $8.50 per hour. The following November, the issue was placed on the ballot as a constitutional amendment referendum, passing with 61% of the vote.
As of 2013[update] New Jersey had a pig population of about 9,000 none of which, according to the Humane Society, are kept in gestation crates which immobilize pregnant pigs for most of their lives. In June 2013, Christie vetoed S1921, a bill to prohibit their use in the state which had passed in the General Assembly with a vote of 60-5 and the Senate 29-4. A 2013 survey by Mason-Dixon Polling & Research Inc. showed 91% of New Jersey voters supported the legislation. An attempt to override the veto did not come to a vote. In October 2014 the New Jersey Legislature adopted S998 which would have prohibited use of the crates with a vote in the Senate of 32-1 and in the Assembly 53-13 (with 9 abstentions) While campaigning in Iowa in November in a conversation with the former president of the Iowa Pork Producers Association indicated he would veto the bill. He did so on November 27, 2014. The bill's sponsor has vowed to override it.
While serving as U.S. Attorney for the District of New Jersey, Christie stressed that simply "[b]eing in this country without proper documentation is not a crime," but rather a civil wrong; and that undocumented people are not criminals unless they have re-entered the country after being deported. As such, Christie stated, responsibility for dealing with improperly documented foreign nationals lies with U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, not the U.S. Attorney's Office.
Christie has been critical about section 287(g) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, enacted in 1996, which can be used to grant local law enforcement officers power to perform immigration law enforcement functions.
NJ Dream Act
In December 2013 Christie signed legislation allowing unauthorized immigrants who attend high school for at least three years in New Jersey and graduate to be eligible for the resident rates at state college and universities and community colleges.
Christie has said that he favored New Jersey's law allowing same-sex couples to form civil unions, but would veto any bill legalizing same-sex marriage in New Jersey, saying, "I also believe marriage should be exclusively between one man and one woman.... If a bill legalizing same sex marriage came to my desk as Governor, I would veto it." He has expressed concern with the recognition of civil unions, however, and has strongly advocated for more stringent laws to protect and strengthen civil unions. On February 13, 2012, the State Senate passed a bill legalizing same-sex marriage by a vote of 24 to 16, and on February 16, the Assembly passed it by a vote of 42 to 33, with three Republicans and one Democrat not voting, and one seat temporarily vacant. In neither house was the bill passed by a veto-proof majority. Governor Christie vetoed the bill the next day and called for a constitutional amendment for same-sex marriage to be presented to the voters as a ballot referendum. He also called for creation of an ombudsman to ensure compliance with the state's existing civil union law.
Christie's veto was overturned in a court decision in the Garden State Equality v. Dow case, in which the judge stated New Jersey was "...violating the mandate of Lewis and the New Jersey Constitution's equal protection guarantee". Following the decision, the Christie administration immediately asked the state Supreme Court to grant a stay of the decision pending appeal, which was denied on October 18, 2013 in a 7–0 decision of the court which stated that it could "find no public interest in depriving a group of New Jersey residents of their constitutional right to equal protection while the appeals process unfolds". Three days later Christie withdrew the state's appeal.
On September 21, 2012, Christie signed Assembly Bill No. 2647 (A-2647) into law that requires employers to post and distribute notice of employees' rights to gender-equal pay, but conditionally vetoed other gender parity bills, requesting revision.
In his early political career, Christie was pro-choice, stating in an interview that "I would call myself ... a kind of a non-thinking pro-choice person, kind of the default position". Later on Christie evolved his position to be against abortion: "I am pro-life. Hearing the strong heartbeat of my unborn daughter 14 years ago at 13 weeks gestation had a profound effect on me and my beliefs." He has stated, with respect to his opposition to abortion, that he would not use the governor's office to "force that down people's throats", but does favor restrictions on abortion such as banning partial-birth abortion, requiring parental notification, and imposing a 24-hour waiting period.
In 2014, campaigning in Alabama for incumbent governor Robert Bentley, Christie stated that he was the first "pro-life governor" elected in New Jersey since Roe v. Wade in 1973. He also stated that he had vetoed funding for Planned Parenthood five times as governor. In March 2015, Christie joined other potential 2016 Republican presidential candidates in endorsing a ban on abortions after 20 weeks of pregnancy.
Medical marijuana and legalization for recreational use
The "New Jersey Compassionate Use Medical Marijuana Act" was enacted in January 2010. As of 2013[update] New Jersey is one of 20 states where medical marijuana is available. In August 2013 Christie signed a bill to ease restrictions for children in the program. Christie is opposed to legalization of recreational marijuana use. He believes marijuana to be a gateway drug and that taxes from its sale are "blood money". Christie said he would "crack down" on states that have ended the prohibition of cannabis if he were president .
Homosexuality and gay conversion therapy
Christie believes that homosexuality is innate, having said “If someone is born that way, it’s very difficult to say then that that’s a sin.” On August 19, 2013, Christie signed a bill outlawing gay conversion therapy for children, making New Jersey the second state to institute such a law. The law was challenged in the courts, with Christie, in his official capacity as governor, named an appellee. In September 2014, a panel of the 3rd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals upheld the law, saying it did not violate free speech or religious rights.
Christie responded to calls by President Obama to prevent the spread of measles by saying that parents should have a choice. The governor's office said that he "believes vaccines are an important public health protection and with a disease like measles there is no question kids should be vaccinated",  but that he was unaware of a free national program to provide new parents with a vaccine checklist.
Christie has said that each state has the right to determine firearms laws and that the federal government should not interfere in the making of guns laws for New Jersey. When announcing his candidacy in 2009 he said supported strict and aggressive enforcement of the state's current gun laws. In 2013 he chose not to defend a legal challenge to the state's most stringent gun law which requires individuals to prove an urgent threat of violence before getting permits to carry handguns. On July 2, 2014 Christie vetoed legislation that would have reduced the allowed legal size of ammunition magazines. Instead he re-wrote it, proposing a new standard for involuntary commitment of people who are not necessarily deemed dangerous “but whose mental illness, if untreated, could deteriorate to the point of harm” as well as other forms of involuntary mental health treatments. Christie had previously vetoed proposed legislation that would bar the state pension fund from investing in companies that manufacture or sell assault firearms for civilian use and a bill to prohibit the sale of .50-caliber rifles to civilians.
Christie has raised tolls and fares, which he calls “user fees” on the New Jersey Turnpike, Garden State Parkway, Hudson River crossings and NJ Transit buses and trains during his administration to fund projects throughout the state. In 2014, Christie authorized the increase of numerous other fees charged by the state for various licensing and administrative fees.
In 2010, Christie cancelled the Access to the Region's Core project, which would have constructed two new tunnels under the Hudson River and a new terminal station in New York City for NJ Transit commuter trains. He cited possible cost overruns as the reason for his decision. Proponents of the project said it would have created 6,000 construction jobs per year and 45,000 secondary jobs once complete. After the cancellation, New Jersey had to return $95 million to the federal government, and used $1.8 billion of Port Authority of New York and New Jersey money from the project budget to pay for repairs to the Pulaski Skyway, since the New Jersey Transportation Trust Fund that should fund such maintenance is effectively bankrupt. The termination of the project has made the need for increased rail capacity under the Hudson River more urgent, and Amtrak's Gateway Project to bore new tunnels is currently unfunded.
On December 28, 2012, the U.S. Senate approved an emergency relief bill to provide $60 billion for states affected by Hurricane Sandy. The House did not vote until the next session on Jan. 3. On January 2, Christie criticized the delay as "selfishness and duplicity", and blamed the House Republican leadership. A bill for relief was passed in the House on January 15.
Starting in 2014, the U.S. Department of Justice started an investigation of Christie for making state grants of Hurricane Sandry relief funds to New Jersey cities conditional on support for other projects.
Visit to the Middle East
Continuing the tradition of earlier New Jersey governors since the 1980s, Christie traveled to Israel in April 2012. His itinerary in that region included Jerusalem, Tel Aviv, Tiberias, and the Golan Heights. During the visit, which included meetings with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and President Shimon Peres, Christie commented that "Jerusalem has never been better or freer than under Israeli control." Christie subsequently called a helicopter tour of the West Bank "eye-opening", and cautioned against Israeli withdrawal from the West Bank, Jerusalem or the Golan Heights. The official title given to the trip was "Jersey to Jerusalem Trade Mission: Economic Growth, Diplomacy, Observance". The visit to Israel was Christie's first official overseas trip since taking office. From Israel Christie continued with his family to Jordan, as guests of King Abdullah II.
2013 re-election campaign
On November 26, 2012, Christie filed papers to run for a second term in office, which would begin in January 2014. Christie won the election over Barbara Buono on November 5, 2013, by a large margin, earning himself the position of governor for a second straight term. His advisors say that his strategy was to focus on winning a huge margin in New Jersey against Democratic opponent Buono, which would help position the governor for the presidential primaries and develop a model for other Republican candidates. Christie began building a national fundraising network, aided by the fact that only one other state had a gubernatorial contest in 2013, and those financial resources were intended to support a major outreach effort toward blacks, Hispanics and women. He also ordered a $25 million special election to fill the seat of the deceased Senator Frank Lautenberg. The move was believed to be motivated by a desire to keep Newark Mayor Cory Booker from sharing an election day, 20 days afterward, with Christie, thereby depressing otherwise anticipated black voter turnout that tended to vote Democratic.
Fort Lee lane closure scandal
From September 9 through September 13, 2013, two of the three traffic lanes in Fort Lee normally open to access the George Washington Bridge and New York City were closed on orders from a senior Christie aide and a Christie administration appointee. The lane closures in the morning rush hour resulted in massive traffic back-ups on the local streets for five days.
One common theory as to why the lanes were closed is that it was political retribution against Democratic Fort Lee Mayor Mark Sokolich, for not supporting Christie in the 2013 gubernatorial election. Another possible motive involves a major real estate development project, which was a top priority for Sokolich, that was underway at the Fort Lee bridge access point.
Several of Christie's appointees and aides resigned, and Christie fired others, as investigations into the closures intensified. In a February 3, 2014 radio interview Christie indicated that he "unequivocally" had no knowledge of, did not approve, and did not authorize plans to close the toll lanes, and stated that he first found out about the traffic jams from a Wall Street Journal story after the lanes had been reopened. In an interview on ABC, Christie reiterated that he was shocked by the actions of his former aides, stating that "Sometimes, people do inexplicably stupid things."
An internal review commissioned by Christie was conducted by Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher. The review cleared him of any wrongdoing in the scandal and blamed senior staffers for orchestrating the traffic disruptions in Fort Lee. Several key officials in the Christie administration who were principals in the investigation declined to be interviewed.
Other investigations are being conducted by the United States Attorney for the District of New Jersey, the New Jersey Legislature, and the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. On September 18, 2014 WNBC reported that unnamed federal sources said the US Attorney investigation had found no evidence that Christie had prior knowledge of or directed the closures. An interim report by NJ legislative committee the investigating the closures was released in December 2014. The committee had been unable to determine if Christie had advance knowledge since it was asked by the US Attorney to postpone interviewing certain key witnesses. At a press conference on December 8, 2014, U.S. Attorney Paul Fishman said "Any press report that purports to state with authority what we’re thinking or what we’re planning in that investigation are most likely to be wrong." At a further press conference on May 1, 2015 Fishman stated that, based upon the evidence that was available, his office would not bring any more charges in the case.
- Fairleigh Dickinson University's PublicMind conducted in January 2010 found that he entered office with a 48–13% (approval-disapproval) rate among New Jersey voters.
- After Christie announced cuts to the state budget, PublicMind released another study showing that New Jersey voters split their opinions: 44% approving of Christie, 42% disapproving.
- His approval ratings increased by October 2010, when, according to the FDU PublicMind poll, 51% of New Jersey voters approved the way Christie was handling his job
- According to a January 2011 FDU PublicMind poll, Christie began the year with an approval rating of 53% among New Jersey voters.
- According to a January 2012 poll conducted by FDU PublicMind, with a sample of 800 registered New Jersey voters, 53% approved of the way Gov. Christie was handling his job
- In January 2013, FDU PublicMind found that 73% of registered New Jersey voters approved of the job that Christie was doing as governor.
- In January 2014, a national poll of registered voters by Quinnipiac University had 35% agreeing and 36% disagreeing that he would make a good president.
- In January 2014, an FDU PublicMind poll found that 48% of registered New Jersey voters approved of the job that Christie was doing as governor.
- In March 2014, an FDU PublicMind poll found that for the first time in Christie's governorship, more voters disapproved than approved of the job he was doing. 44% of registered New Jersey voters disapproved of the job that he was doing as governor, with 41% approving.
- In June 2014 an FDU PublicMind poll found that the number of New Jersey registered voters satisfied with Christie’s governance, and those that are dissatisfied were split 44% to 44% showing a stabilization of approval ratings, with less interest in Bridgegate than in previous polls. It also found Christie continuing to struggle with Democrats, 26% approving (down from 44% a year ago) and 61% disapproving, and with independents 40% approving (down from 64%) and 46% disapproving.
- In June 2015 an FDU PublicMind poll found that Christie's approval rating had dropped to 30%.
Republican Governors Association
On November 21, 2013, Christie was elected Chairman of the Republican Governors Association, succeeding Louisiana Governor Bobby Jindal. Christie campaigned extensively on behalf of Republican governors who are up for re-election.
After the Bridgegate scandal, Christie remained a major force in fundraising efforts for GOP governorship campaigns. In the first three months of 2014, the RGA raised a record sum for the first quarter of a mid-term election year, and almost double the amount raised by the Democratic Governors Association during the same period.
In July 2014, Rob Astorino, Westchester County Executive running as a Republican candidate in the 2014 election for Governor of New York, called for Christie's resignation for his lack of support, which he claims is in deference to incumbent Democatic Andrew Cuomo.
Christie is considered a leader of the Republican Party. He was the subject of ongoing speculation that he would attempt a run for President of the United States in 2012 by competing in the Republican primaries. Through 2013 he denied any interest in launching a presidential bid. In September 2011, a number of press stories cited unnamed sources indicating Christie was reconsidering his decision to stay out of the race. An Associated Press story dated September 30 indicated a decision on whether he would run for president in 2012 would be made "soon". In a late September speech at the Reagan Library, he had again said he was not a candidate for president, but the speech also coincided with his "reconsideration" of the negative decision. One commentator at that time reviewed reported support from David H. and Charles G. Koch, Kenneth Langone, and others for Christie's potential candidacy. Retired General Electric CEO Jack Welch went on the Charlie Rose Show to articulate his and others' support for a candidacy, and Langone went on the interview show October 4.
Decision not to run in 2012
On October 4, 2011, Christie acknowledged he had in fact reconsidered his decision but then, again, declined to run. It was "for real this time", as one report put it. "Now is not my time", Christie said. "New Jersey, whether you like it or not, you're stuck with me," Christie added in the one-hour Trenton press conference held to announce the decision. On October 11, 2011, Christie endorsed Mitt Romney for president.
The New York Post has cited anonymous sources as saying Christie was not willing to give up the governorship to be Romney's running mate because he had doubts about their ability to win. The Romney campaign was reported to have asked him to resign his governorship if he became the vice-presidential nominee because "pay to play" laws restrict campaign contributions from financial corporation executives to governors running for federal office when the companies do business with the governor's state. A memo from the campaign attributed Romney's decision not to choose Christie as his running mate, in part to unanswered questions during the vetting process regarding a defamation lawsuit following Christie's initial campaign for Morris County Freeholder, a Securities and Exchange Commission investigation of Christie's brother, as well as his weight.
Christie gave the keynote address at the Republican National Convention in August 2012. On October 30, 2012, during a press conference to discuss the impact of Hurricane Sandy, Christie praised the disaster relief efforts of President Barack Obama.
Christie stated he still supported Mitt Romney and was opposed to many of Obama's policies, but thought Obama deserved credit for his help in the disaster reliefs in New Jersey. Christie had campaigned with Romney for much of the election, but stated Romney did not ask him to join him in campaigns for the last week before the election, to allow Christie to focus on disaster relief. Christie faced significant backlash before and after the election from conservative Republicans who accused him of acting to bolster his own personal political standing at the expense of Romney and the party.
Health and weight
Political commentators debated whether Christie's weight would or should affect his viability as a 2012 presidential candidate, either for medical or social reasons. In 2011, columnist Eugene Robinson applied the term "extremely obese" to Christie, citing medical guidelines established by the National Institutes of Health. Christie himself was reportedly concerned about his weight and its implications for his health, describing himself as relatively healthy overall.
The Obesity Society, a nonprofit scientific group, released a statement asserting, "to suggest that Governor Christie's body weight discounts and discredits his ability to be an effective political candidate is inappropriate, unjust, and wrong." Christie underwent lap-band stomach surgery in February 2013 and disclosed the surgery to the New York Post in May of that year.
National role after 2012
In the aftermath of the election, Christie maintained his national profile and continued to clash with conservatives in his party by strongly criticizing House Speaker John Boehner regarding aid for Hurricane Sandy and then the National Rifle Association for their ad that mentioned President Obama's children. Christie was subsequently not invited to speak at the 2013 Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC), which is largely seen as a stepping-stone for Republicans running for president. The CPAC chair explained that Christie was not invited "for decisions that he made", but that "hopefully next year he's back on the right track and being a conservative." On February 3, 2014, CPAC announced on their Facebook account that Governor Christie would be a speaker at the yearly conference.
2016 presidential campaign
In January 2015, Christie took his first formal step towards a potential presidential candidacy when he formed a political action committee (PAC) in order to raise funds and set the groundwork for what Time magazine called "a likely 2016 presidential campaign". On June 27, 2015, Christie launched his presidential campaign website. He formally announced his candidacy on June 30, 2015.
- Desiderio, Adam (30 June 2015). "Chris Christie Announces 2016 Presidential Campaign". ABC News. Retrieved 30 June 2015.
- Moody, Chris (30 June 2015). "Chris Christie launches 2016 presidential bid from New Jersey". CNN. Retrieved 2015-06-30.
- "Times Topics: Christopher J. Christie", The New York Times, February 12, 2008.
- Martin, John P. (May 23, 2009). "Christie: A need to lead, honed by family and success". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved May 24, 2009.
- "Sondra A. Christie Obituary", The Star Ledger, May 3, 2004.
- Ingle, B.; Symons, M.G. (2012). Chris Christie: The Inside Story of His Rise to Power. St. Martin's Press. p. 10. ISBN 9781250008367. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- Christie, Chris (May 19, 2010), "Governor Christie: Style" on YouTube
- "Governor Christie Today Show Profile" on YouTube, October 20, 2010.
- "Partial Genealogy of the Christies" (PDF). Retrieved July 27, 2013.
- "Chris Christie ancestry". Freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
- Lizza, Ryan (14 April 2014). "CROSSING CHRISTIE". New Yorker. Retrieved April 20, 2014.
- "Gov. Chris Christie heads home to Livingston to talk taxes". The Trentonian. Associated Press. December 8, 2010. Retrieved February 24, 2011. "Gov. Chris Christie hosts his 16th town hall in his hometown of Livingston Wednesday to talk about proposals to help New Jersey towns control property taxes".
- "Rutgers University graduates largest class, gives N.J. Gov. Chris Christie traditional honorary degree". NJ.com; May 16, 2010.
- "Monmouth University graduates, alumni protest Gov. Chris Christie as graduation speaker". NJ.com; accessed February 25, 2014.
- "Transcript: Gov. Chris Christie's Convention Speech". NPR. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
- "Meet the Spouses of the 2016 Presidential Contenders", by Alex Laughlin. National Journal, April 13, 2015
- Margolin, Josh (January 3, 2010). "Mary Pat Christie readies for role as state's first lady". NJ.com. Retrieved October 2, 2011.
- "Governor Christie". State of New Jersey. Retrieved February 8, 2012.
- Rogers, Alison (January 20, 2012). "Anybody Home? Governor's Mansions Around the U.S. Sit Empty: New Jersey". Time. Retrieved February 8, 2012.
- "Profile: Christopher J. Christie", The New York Times (June 3, 2009).
- Hudson, John. "Chris Christie Finally Wins Bruce Springsteen's Affection", The Atlantic Wire (November 1, 2012).
- Patra, Kevin (June 19, 2013). "Chris Christie: Dallas Cowboys my favorite NFL team". NFL.com. Retrieved September 4, 2014.
- "Here's a look at the life of New Jersey Governor Chris Christie", CNN (February 17, 2013).
- Rispoli, Michael (August 25, 2009). "Gov. Corzine, Chris Christie trade barbs about lobbying histories". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved June 28, 2014.
- Nuzzi, Olivia. "Portrait of the Governor as a Young Man". Politico. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
- Symons, Michael and Ingle, Bob. Chris Christie: The Inside Story of His Rise to Power, pp. 48–49 (Macmillan 2013).
- Garber, Phil. "Christie eats crow, apologizes for 1994 ads against rivals", Hanover Eagle and Regional Weekly News (November 14, 1996).
- Heininger, Claire (May 11, 2009). "GOP candidate Chris Christie launched political career as Morris County freeholder". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved August 25, 2009.
- Symons, Michael and Ingle, Bob. Chris Christie: The Inside Story of His Rise to Power, p. 56 (Macmillan 2013).
- Nuzzi, Olivia. "Portrait of the Governor as a young man". Politico.
- Pizarrom, Max (December 29, 2008). "A political career in three parts: Chris Christie, the freeholder". PolitickerNJ.com. Retrieved August 25, 2009.
- "Freeholders admit wrongdoing, apologize over Christie suit". New Jersey Hills. January 25, 2001. Retrieved February 22, 2014.
- Symons, Michael and Ingle, Bob. Chris Christie: The Inside Story of His Rise to Power, p. 61 (Macmillan 2013).
- Michael Rispoli (August 26, 2009). "Gov. Corzine, Chris Christie trade barbs about lobbying histories". nj.com.
- Lloyd Grove (January 7, 2013). "In New Jersey and Across America, Chris Christie Casts a Big Shadow". The Daily Beast.
- Margolin, Josh (August 26, 2009). "Christie, Corzine duel over outsider label". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved August 29, 2009.
- Mansnerus, Laura (August 26, 2001), "New Jersey G.O.P. and Legal Elite Differ on U.S. Attorney", The Star-Ledger, retrieved March 25, 2009
- MacGillis, Alec (2014-02-12). "Chris Christie's Rise and Fall". The New Republic.
- Kirkpatrick, David D.; Rutenberg, Jim (March 29, 2007), "E-Mail Shows Rove's Role in Fate of Prosecutors", The New York Times, retrieved August 26, 2009
- Editorial (November 17, 2008), "An impressive resume", The Star-Ledger, retrieved March 25, 2009
- Smothers, Ronald (October 4, 2002). "Former New Jersey Official Admits Extorting Bribes". The New York Times. Retrieved April 28, 2010.
- Smothers, Ronald (May 31, 2003), "Treffinger Pleads Guilty To Corruption", The New York Times, retrieved March 25, 2009
- Kocieniewski, David (September 15, 2006), "Guilty Plea Expected From Former Senate Leader in Trenton", The New York Times, retrieved July 20, 2009
- Jeff Whelan, and John P. Martin (April 16, 2008), "Newark ex-mayor Sharpe James is convicted of fraud", The Star-Ledger, retrieved March 25, 2009
- Livio, Susan K. (November 19, 2008), "Ex-lawmaker Wayne Bryant is found guilty of bribery", The Star-Ledger, retrieved July 20, 2009
- Barkow, Anthony and Rachel. Prosecutors in the Boardroom: Using Criminal Law to Regulate Corporate Conduct, pp. 3–4 (NYU Press, 2011).
- Shenon, Philip (March 11, 2008), "New Guidelines Ahead of Ashcroft Testimony", The New York Times, retrieved March 25, 2009,
The new monitoring guidelines offer no rules to help prosecutors determine how much a monitor should be paid. In Mr. Ashcroft's case, the fees were determined in negotiations between Zimmer and his firm, the Ashcroft Group. Outside lawyers who have reviewed Mr. Ashcroft's fee structure said it was not out of line. But Professor Henning said he believed that many companies were willing to pay exorbitant fees to a monitor in hopes of leniency.
- Martin, John P. (January 10, 2008), "$52M-plus payday for Christie's old boss", The Star-Ledger, retrieved March 25, 2009
- Whelan, Jeff (November 19, 2007), "Ashcroft's firm to collect $52M to monitor implant case", The Star-Ledger, retrieved August 2, 2009
- Reisinger, Sue (May 21, 2008), New DOJ Policy: Just Call it the Christopher Christie Amendment, Law.com, retrieved June 2, 2009
- Martin, John P.; Margolin, Josh (November 18, 2008), "Christie quits, setting GOP wheels in motion", The Star-Ledger, retrieved July 20, 2009
- Kocieniewski, David (June 26, 2009), "In Testy Exchange in Congress, Christie Defends His Record as a Prosecutor", The New York Times, retrieved July 25, 2009. Ashcroft defended the practice. See Ashcroft, John. "Bailout Justice", The New York Times (May 4, 2009).
- Lattman, Peter. Seton Hall Announces Drugmaker-Funded Health Law Center, The Wall Street Journal (April 27, 2007). Christie also said that "It was not my idea. It was not my initiative. It was something they asked for...." See Symons, Michael and Ingle, Bob. Chris Christie: The Inside Story of His Rise to Power, p. 113 (Macmillan 2013).
- Paul Cox (March 25, 2009), N.J. GOP gubernatorial candidate Chris Christie's deferred prosecution agreements, nj.com, retrieved July 23, 2009
- Kocieniewski, David (June 26, 2009), "In Testy Exchange in Congress, Christie Defends His Record as a Prosecutor", The New York Times, retrieved July 25, 2009. GOP Representative Trent Franks called the hearing a "witch hunt" whereas Democratic Representative Bill Pascrell called the payment to Ashcroft "ransom". See Symons, Michael and Ingle, Bob. Chris Christie: The Inside Story of His Rise to Power, p. 115 (Macmillan 2013).
- Heininger, Claire (June 19, 2009), "GOP candidate Chris Christie agrees to testify before Congress on federal monitoring contracts", The Star-Ledger, retrieved August 2, 2009
- Symons, Michael and Ingle, Bob. Chris Christie: The Inside Story of His Rise to Power, p. 75 (Macmillan 2013).
- Ryan, Joe. "Christie proved himself a man of convictions", The Star Ledger (November 23, 2008).
- "Arms Trader 2009". This American Life. Season 15. Episode 387. August 7, 2009. 50:45 minutes in. Chicago Public Radio. Retrieved August 11, 2009.
- "Attorney General Alberto R. Gonzales Highlights Success in the War on Terror at the Council on Foreign Relations", Department of Justice (December 1, 2005).
- Symons, Michael and Ingle, Bob. Chris Christie: The Inside Story of His Rise to Power, pp. 99–106 (Macmillan 2013).
- Harowitz, Jason (October 15, 2006), "Prosecutor Makes a Meal of N.J. Senate Race", The New York Observer, retrieved November 5, 2009
- Kocienniewski, David (February 13, 2008). "Usually on Attack, U.S. Attorney in Newark Finds Himself on the Defensive". The New York Times. Retrieved May 28, 2009.
- Margolin, Josh; Alloway, Kristen (January 8, 2009). "Christopher Christie files to run for New Jersey governor". The Star-Ledger (Newark, New Jersey). Retrieved March 25, 2009.
- Halbfinger, David M. (June 2, 2009). "Ex-Prosecutor Wins G.O.P. Primary in New Jersey". The New York Times. Retrieved June 3, 2009.
- "Official General Election Results" (PDF). New Jersey Division of Elections. Retrieved November 1, 2012.
- Fleisher, Lisa (January 19, 2010). "N.J. governor Chris Christie says 'change has arrived' during inauguration speech". NJ.com.
- "Christie: I won't live at Drumthwacket". The Trentonian. November 7, 2009.
- Heininger, Claire; Margolin, Josh (February 4, 2009). "Chris Christie promises change to a 'broken' state in campaign kickoff". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved July 14, 2009.
- "Christie's Fact-Free Keynote", FactCheck.org, Annenberg Public Policy Center (August 29, 2012).
- O'Neill, Erin. "Chris Christie says he hasn't raised taxes in New Jersey", PolitiFact.com and The Star-Ledger (August 23, 2012).
- Levinsky, David. "Can New Jersey afford a tax cut? Latest revenue numbers help and hurt Christie's arguments", Burlington County Times (July 5, 2013).
- "Governor Christie Executive Order No. 14" (PDF). February 11, 2010. Retrieved February 14, 2010.
- "FY 2010 Budget Solutions Press Release" (PDF). February 11, 2010. Retrieved February 14, 2010.
- "N.J. Democrats blast Gov. Chris Christie for circumventing Legislature". NJ.com. February 11, 2010. Retrieved February 14, 2010.
- Renshaw, Jarrett (July 2, 2011). "Outrage boils over Christie's line-item veto cuts". The Star-Ledger (Newark, New Jersey). Retrieved July 3, 2011.
- "NJ Gov Chris Christie plans to sign 2 percent tax cap into law". NJ.com. July 13, 2010.
- Hester, Sr., Tom (October 17, 2011). "Change in N.J. payroll tax deduction rate to save workers an average of $87 in 2012 ", New Jersey Newsroom; accessed February 20, 2014.
- Kaske, Michelle; Young, Elise (10 September 2014). "N.J. Rating Cut by S&P as Christie Gets Record Downgrade". www.bloomberg.com (Bloomberg). Retrieved September 10, 2014.
- Dopp, Terrence (16 April 2015). "New Jersey Cut by Moody’s as Christie Gets Ninth Debt Downgrade". www.bloomberg.com (Bloomberg L.P.). Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- Heather Haddon (September 18, 2013). "Chris Christie Signs New Jersey Tax Incentives Bill". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved September 23, 2013.
- Megerian, Chris (April 23, 2010). "N.J. police, firefighter unions sue to stop pension reform laws". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved March 5, 2011.
- Garber, Phil (March 11, 2011). "Mount Olive Township Sergeant chides Christie: Officer says governor violated promise to keep ‘sacred trust’". Retrieved May 24, 2014.
- Fleisher, Lisa (September 14, 2010). "Gov. Christie proposes pension, benefits changes for public workers". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved March 5, 2011.
- Mark Impomeni (June 22, 2011). "Christie wins on pension, health benefits reform". Human Events. Retrieved August 4, 2013.
- Salvador Rizzo (June 28, 2013). "Christie signs bipartisan budget, but vetoes 8 Democratic bills". NJ.com.
- Symons, Michael (20 May 2014). "Gov. Christie cuts N.J. pension payments". www.usatoday.com (The Asbury Park (N.J.) Press). Retrieved May 22, 2014.
- Miller, Zeke. [http://time.com/106570/christie-cuts-pension-payments-as-fiscal-record-shows- cracks/ "Christie Cuts Pension Payments as Fiscal Record Shows Cracks"]. Times. Retrieved May 23, 2014.
- Wiener, Robert (August 6, 2009). "Christie holds meeting with Orthodox leaders: Republican hopeful offers support for school funding plans". New Jersey Jewish News.
- Rispoli, Michael (June 22, 2009). "GOP gov. candidate Chris Christie condemns N.J. public schools as Gov. Corzine heralds system". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved July 20, 2009.
- Halbfinger, David M. (June 18, 2009). "Christie Aims at Democrats Unhappy With Poor Schools". The New York Times. Retrieved July 20, 2009.
- Friedman, Matt (August 25, 2010). "Gov. Christie blames Washington bureaucracy for state's failed 'Race to the Top' application". NJ.com. Retrieved July 5, 2011.
- Katz, Matt (August 28, 2010). "Christie fires education chief Schundler after U.S. aid mistake". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved July 5, 2011.
- "Christie Expands Number of Charter Schools in New Jersey". Fox News. Associated Press. January 19, 2011.
- Rachel Monahan (August 6, 2012). "New Jersey Gov Chris Christie gets tough on teacher tenure". Daily News (New York).
- Leslie Brody (March 6, 2013). "Christie administration reveals details of teacher evaluation proposal". NorthJersey.com. Retrieved August 19, 2013.
- Colvin, Jil. "Christie signs partnership with Mexico on higher education projects, won't discuss immigration". US News. AP. Retrieved September 9, 2014.
- Rispoli, Michael (April 28, 2009). "GOP candidate Chris Christie calls for cuts to N.J. Department of Environmental Protection". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved July 25, 2009.
- "Energy as Industry". Chris Christie for Governor, Inc. Retrieved July 14, 2009.
- Beym, Jessica (August 19, 2010). "Gov. Chris Christie at Paulsboro Marine Terminal to sign wind energy bill into law". South Jersey Times. Retrieved May 17, 2014.
- "New Jersey Quits RGGI, Bans Coal Plants · Environmental Management & Sustainable Development News · Environmental Leader". environmentalleader.com. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "Gov. Christie announces N.J. pulling out of regional environmental initiative". 2011-05-26. Retrieved May 26, 2011.
- Hutchins, Ryan (March 25, 2014). "Christie administration broke law in ignoring greenhouse gas rules, court says". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved May 28, 2014.
- Johnson, Brent (May 27, 2014). "Christie administration seeks to repeal rules tied to greenhouse gas program". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved May 28, 2014.
- Jim, Malewitz (September 24, 2012). "In New Jersey, Christie Vetoes Anti-Fracking Bill". Stateline (The Pew Charitable Trusts). Retrieved November 13, 2013.
- Sullivan, S.P. (March 5, 2015). "State announces settlement in controversial Exxon Mobil pollution case". NJ.com. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
- Sullivan, S.P. (March 16, 2015). "N.J. Senate condemns Christie's Exxon settlement". NJ.com. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
- Weiser, Benjamin; Zernike, Kate (March 15, 2015). "Christie Administration Deal With Exxon Was Years in the Making". The New York Times. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
- Celock, John (May 31, 2012). "Chris Christie, Stung By New Jersey Supreme Court Nominee Defeat, Attacks Democratic Lawmakers". Huffington Post. Retrieved April 10, 2014.
- Love, David A. (January 14, 2014). "Ouster of a black judge is linked to Christie’s Bridgegate". The Grio. Retrieved May 3, 2014.
- Lu, Adrienne (May 4, 2010). "Christie acts to replace only black N.J. justice He nominated Anne M. Patterson to the high court.". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved May 3, 2014.
- Magyar (August 13, 2013). "Christie's Judicial Shuffle Escalates Supreme Curt Battle". NJ Spotlight. Retrieved April 11, 2014.
- Burney, Melanie (January 5, 2014). "Christie plans to name DRPA head as judge". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved May 2, 2014.
- Aron, Micheal (December 26, 2013). "Supreme Court Still On Standoff Over Appointments". NJTV News. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
- Rizzp, Salvator (April 11, 2014). "Reacting to Christie, NJ lawyers call for constitutional amendment to protect judges". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved August 11, 2014.
- Portnoy, Jenna (January 28, 2013). "Christie vetoes minimum wage bill, Democrats vow to put measure on ballot". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
- Russ, Hilary (January 28, 2014). "Chris Christie Vetoes Minimum Wage Increase, Proposes Smaller One". Huffington Post. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
- Livio, Susan (November 5, 2013). "N.J. voters approve constitutional amendment raising minimum wage". The Jersey Journal. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
- "Election 2013: New Jersey ballot question results". The Star-Ledger. November 5, 2013. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
- Arco, Matt (November 26, 2014). "Clock ticking for Chris Christie to act on controversial N.J. pig bill with 2016 implications". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
- Hayes, Melissa (October 27, 2014). "Humane Society urges ban in N.J. on gestational crates in pig breeding". The Record. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
- "SENATE, No. 1921". New Jersey Legislature. May 13, 2012. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
- "\Chris Christie Vetoes NJ Pork Gestation Crate Ban".
- Huffstuutter, P.J. (January 27, 2013). "New Jersey governor vetoes ban on gestation crate use". Reuters. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
- "Animal Welfare Groups Urge N.J. Legislators to Support Override on Gestation Crate Bill". Human Society of the United States. September 17, 2013. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
- Portnoy, Jenna (November 11, 2013). "N.J. Senate to attempt to override Christie's veto on pig crates bill Gov. Chris Christie vetoed a bill in June that would have prohibited the farm practice of placing pregnant pigs in gestation cages". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
- "SENATE, No. 998". New Jersey Legislature. January 27, 2014. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
- "S998 Sca (1R)". New Jersey Legislature. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
- Arco, Matt (November 14, 2014). "Chris Christie tells Iowa voters he'll veto N.J. pig bill that's unpopular in presidential battleground state". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
- Brodesser-Akner, Claude (November 28, 2014). "Christie vetoes pig crate ban, accuses sponsors of partisan politicking". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
- Arco, Matt (December 2, 2014). "Lawmakers will try to override Chris Christie veto of N.J. pig bill as Iowa governor cheers it". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
- O'Connor, Julie (April 27, 2008). "Christie: Immigrants are not criminals". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved July 28, 2009.
- Pizarro, Max (July 20, 2009). "Christie stands with Guadagno on first stop of LG tour". PolitickerNJ.com. Retrieved July 28, 2009.
- Baxter, Christopher (December 20, 2013). "Chris Christie signs bill granting in-state tuition to N.J. immigrants". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved April 1, 2014.
- Bohrer, John R. (June 24, 2009). "Another Leading Republican's Values Go Missing". The Huffington Post. Retrieved July 14, 2009.
- Kate Zernike (February 17, 2012). "Christie Vetoes Gay Marriage Bill". New York Times. Retrieved March 30, 2014.
- "N.J. Gov. Christie vetoes gay marriage bill as vowed". USA Today. Associated Press. February 17, 2012. Retrieved February 17, 2012.
- "NJ Supreme Court won't delay gay marriage". The Record (Bergen County). October 18, 2013. Retrieved October 22, 2013.
- "NJ Gov. Chris Christie drops challenge to gay marriage; conservatives are angry". The Washington Post. Associated Press. October 21, 2013. Retrieved October 22, 2013.[dead link]
- Koenig, Bryan (October 21, 2013). "Christie drops challenge to same-sex marriages". CNN. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
- "New Jersey Imposes Gender-Equality Notice Obligations on Employers". The National Law Review. Morgan, Lewis & Bockius. October 2, 2012. Retrieved December 5, 2012.
- Bob Ingle & Michael Symons (June 5, 2012). Chris Christie: The Inside Story of His Rise to Power. p. 54. ISBN 1250031265.
- Killough, Ashley (August 13, 2014). "Christie touts conservative chops in Alabama". CNN. Retrieved August 13, 2014.
- Chris Christie endorses 20-week abortion ban: 'I am proud to be a pro-life Republican' Sabrina Siddiqui, The Guardian, March 30 2015.
- Nurin, Tara (January 21, 2014). "NJ’S MEDICINAL MARIJUANA PROGRAM FINALLY MOVING FORWARD". NJ Spotlight. Retrieved May 5, 2014.
- Johnson, Brent (April 9, 2014). "Chris Christie says he opposes bill to legalize marijuana in NJ". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved May 6, 2014.
- Johnson, Brent (April 14, 2014). "Christie: Not even 'casual' marijuana use is OK". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved May 6, 2014.
- Wood, Robert. "Chris Christie Says Marijuana Taxes Are Blood Money. Is He Right?". Forbes. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- Ferner, Matt. "Chris Christie: 'I Will Crack Down And Not Permit' Legal Marijuana As President". Huffington Post. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
- Young, Elise; Sherman, Stacy (August 19, 2013). "Christie Says Gayness Inborn as He Signs Therapy Measure". Bloomberg. Retrieved May 28, 2014.
- "Chris Christie to sign New Jersey ban on gay conversion therapy". Politico. Retrieved August 19, 2013.
- Mulshine, Paul (June 12, 2014). "Gay-conversion case could hurt Chris Christie’s standing in GOP: Mulshine". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved June 12, 2014.
- TARA KING, ED.D., individually and on behalf of her patients, RONALD NEWMAN, PH.D., individually and on behalf of his patients, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR RESEARCH AND THERAPY OF HOMOSEXUALITY (NARTH), and AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF CHRISTIAN COUNSELORS (AACC), (Plaintiffs/Appellants) v. CHRISTOPHER J. CHRISTIE, Governor of the State of New Jersey, in his official capacity, ERIC T. KANEFSKY, Director of the New Jersey Department of Law and Public Safety: Division of Consumer Affairs, in his official capacity, MILAGROS COLLAZO, Executive Director of the New Jersey Board of Marriage and Family Therapy Examiners, in her official capacity, J. MICHAEL WALKER, Executive Director of the New Jersey Board of Psychological Examiners, in his official capacity; and PAUL JORDAN, President of the New Jersey State Board of Medical Examiners, in his official capacity (Defendants/Appellees) and GARDEN STATE EQUALITY (Interevor/Appellee), CASE NO. 13-4429 (UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY TRENTON DIVISION January 10, 2014).
- Johnatan, Stempel. "New Jersey ban on 'gay conversion therapy' is upheld". Reuters. Retrieved September 13, 2014.
- Camia, Catalina (2 February 2015). "Christie urges government to find 'balance' on vaccines for kids". usatoday.com (USA Today). Retrieved February 2, 2015.
- Collinson, Stephen (3 February 2015). "Chris Christie sidesteps vaccine science". www.cnn.com (CNN). Retrieved February 3, 2015.
- Swaine, Jon (8 February 2015). "Christie stays out of vaccine greeting card program embraced by 2016 rivals". www.theguardian.com (The Guardian). Retrieved February 8, 2015.
- Megerian, Chris (December 21, 2010). "Gun owner Brian Aitken is released from prison after Gov. Christie commutes sentence". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
- Portnoy, Jenna (July 23, 2012). "Gov. Christie says N.J. has enough gun laws, smacks down 'grandstanding'". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
'I believe that each state should have the right to make firearms laws as they see fit,' Christie said during the campaign. 'I don't believe it's right for the federal government to get into the middle of this and decide firearms laws for the people of the state of New Jersey.'
- Rizzo, Slavadpr (August 2, 2013). "N.J. handgun law heads to state's top court". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
- Rizzo, Salvador (January 2, 2014). "Christie voices support for N.J. handgun law, but sidesteps legal battles". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
- Perlman/, William (July 2, 2014). "Christie vetoes gun control bill to reduce size of ammunition magazines". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved June 28, 2014.
- Friedman, Matt (July 3, 2014). "New gun bill scorecard: Track New Jersey's gun legislation". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
- Boburg, Shawn (March 30, 2014). "Christie's toll-money shuffle: Port Authority funds paying for repairs to state roads". The Record. Retrieved March 22, 2014.
- Seidman, Amdres (April 14, 2014). "Christie: 'Fees,' fixes are not taxes Adjustments the governor's budget proposes are similar to what he attacked Buono for in the 2013 campaign.". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved May 8, 2014.
- Isherwood, Daryl (May 7, 2014). "Christie administration proposes 23 fee increases with new budget". NJ.com. Retrieved May 8, 2014.
- Young, Elise (January 6, 2015). "Christie Endorses Tunnel Four Years After Killing Project". BloombergBusiness. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
- Arco, Matt (October 2, 2014). "Looking back: Chris Christie's reasons for scrapping ARC tunnel". NJ.com. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
- Frassinelli, Mike (October 27, 2010). "Gov. Christie cancels ARC tunnel for second time". NJ.com. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
- Resnikoff, Ned (January 26, 2014). "Christie’s other traffic jam". MSNBC. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
- Rubinstein, Dana (October 3, 2014). "Christie’s other transit scandal could be the big one". Capital New York. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
- "BREAKINGNEWS: Senate approves bill to provide $60B for states affected by #Sandy.". breakingnews.com. Retrieved March 3, 2013.
- "Chris Christie Calls 'Disgusting' Boehner's Decision to Yank Sandy Funds". ABC News. January 2, 2013. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
- "Sandy and the Hastert Rule". The New York Times. January 16, 2013. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
- RawStory, 2014 Jan. 19, "Hoboken Mayor Met for Hours with Feds Today After Airing Christie Shakedown Allegations," http://www.rawstory.com/rs/2014/01/hoboken-mayor-met-for-hours-with-feds-today-after-airing-christie-shakedown-allegations/
- Steve Kornacki. "US attorney inquiry into Christie widens". MSNBC.
- MSNBC, 2014 Sept. 24, "Investigations Around Christie Administration Continue," http://www.msnbc.com/msnbc/investigations-around-christie-administration-continue
- "Christie and Israel". The Record (Woodland Park, NJ). April 1, 2012. Retrieved April 2, 2012.
- Haddon, Heather (April 1, 2012). "Christie Takes Trade Mission to Jerusalem". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved April 2, 2012.
- Portnoy, Jenna (April 1, 2012). "Visit to Jerusalem puts Christie on world stage". NJ.com. Retrieved April 2, 2012.
- Portnoy, Jenna (April 4, 2012). "Gov. Christie: Israeli control is best for proper worship at holy sites". New Jersey On-Line. Retrieved April 7, 2012.
- "Christie to Peres: NJ Wants More Ties With Israel". NewsMax.com. Bloomberg News. April 3, 2012. Retrieved April 7, 2012.
- "Christie Takes Hawkish Line on Occupation". The Forward. Jewish Telegraphic Agency. April 17, 2012.
- "Christie, family going to Israel, Jordan on trade mission". Asbury Park Press. March 29, 2012. Retrieved April 2, 2012.
- "Christie's trip to Israel gets under way". Philadelphia, PA: WPVI-TV. The Associated Press. April 2, 2012. Retrieved August 11, 2012.
- Reitmeyer, John (April 7, 2012). "Christie keeps a lower profile on Jordan trip". NorthJersey.com. Retrieved April 7, 2012.
- Delli Santi, Angela (November 26, 2012). "AP Sources: Chris Christie files to seek re-election". Yahoo! News. Associated Press. Retrieved November 3, 2013.
- Mark Murray (November 26, 2012). "Christie files paperwork to run for re-election". NBC News. Retrieved December 1, 2012.
- Martin, Jonathan. "Christie's Re-election Engine Gets in Gear for a Bigger Race", The New York Times (August 17, 2013).
- Chris Christie Will Spend $25 Million Of Taxpayer Money To Avoid Cory Booker', Business Insider, Brett LoGiurato, June 13, 2013. Retrieved January 4, 2014.
- Boburg, Shawn (January 8, 2014). "Christie stuck in a jam over GWB lane closings". The Record.
- Delli Santi, Angela (January 10, 2014). "Bridget Anne Kelly, fired Christie aide, was on team from the start". Christian Science Monitor.
- Zernike, Kate (January 8, 2014). "Christie Faces Scandal on Traffic Jam Aides Ordered". The New York Times. Retrieved January 9, 2014.
- Strunsky, Steve (January 13, 2014). "New subpoenas could go out today in GWB lane closure scandal probe". The Star-Ledger (Newark, NJ).
- Dopp, Terrence; Voreacos, David & Jones, Tim (January 16, 2014). "Christie bridge jam inquiry to probe $1 billion projects". Bloomberg.
- Baxter, Christopher (March 11, 2014). "Updated: Timeline of Port Authority's George Washington Bridge controversy". The Star-Ledger (Newark, NJ). Retrieved January 29, 2014.
- Strunsky, Steve (March 11, 2014). "Chris Christie bridge scandal: documents show Port Authority chairman blasting executive director". The Star-Ledger (Newark, NJ).
- Walshe, Shushannah & Margolin, Josh (February 3, 2014). "Chris Christie Says He 'Unequivocally' Had No Knowledge of Lane Closure". ABC news. Retrieved March 21, 2014.
- "UPDATE 6-NJ governor's internal investigation clears him in 'Bridgegate'". Reuters. March 27, 2014. Retrieved March 27, 2014.
- Internal Probe: Christie's Account of Bridgegate 'Rings True'. By Carrie Dann, NBCNews March 27, 2014
- "UPDATE 4-NJ governor's internal investigation clears him in 'Bridgegate'". Reuters. Mar 27, 2014. Retrieved March 27, 2014.:
- Otis, Ginger Adams (September 18, 2014). "Justice Department finds no evidence NJ Gov. Chris Christie knew of Bridgegate closures in advance: report". New York Daily News. Retrieved October 23, 2014.
- Dienst, Jonathan; Valiquette, Joe; Williams, Pete (September 19, 2014). "After 9 Months, Federal Probe of GWB Closure Finds No Link to Christie, Federal Sources Say". NBC News (New York). Retrieved September 19, 2014.
- "New Jersey Select Committee on Investigation Report: Interim Report to the New Jersey Legislature Regarding the September 2013 Closure of George Washington Bridge Access Lanes in Fort Lee, New Jersey". New Jersey Legislature. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
- Strunsky, Steve (December 4, 2014). "Christie bridge scandal report cannot determine if governor was involved". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved December 5, 2014.
- Zambito, Thomas (December 8, 2014). "Christie bridge scandal probe: U.S. Attorney won't say if indictments are coming". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
- Seidman, Andrew. "Paul Fishman, U.S. attorney for New Jersey, offers no wider opinion on Bridgegate", Philadelphia Inquirer (May 19, 2015).
- "Corzine Leaves an Era of Bad Feeling" (Press release). Fairleigh Dickinson University's PublicMind. January 12, 2010.
- "Voters Split on Christie, But Not on His Proposals" (Press release). Fairleigh Dickinson University's PublicMind. May 25, 2010.
- "Voters in Budget-Cutting Mood Approve of Christie" (Press release). Fairleigh Dickinson University's PublicMind. October 12, 2010.
- "Christie Approval Ratings Strong at End of Inaugural Year" (Press release). Fairleigh Dickinson University's PublicMind. January 11, 2011.
- "Governor's Approval Still Strong" (Press release). Fairleigh Dickinson University's PublicMind. January 9, 2012.
- "State Gives Thumbs Up To Governor – Challengers Face an Uphill Battle in 2013" (Press release). Fairleigh Dickinson University's PublicMind. January 7, 2013.
- "Bridgegate Takes Toll On Christie's 2016 Hopes, Quinnipiac University National Poll Finds; Hillary Clinton Is Big Winner As NJ Gov Crashes". Quinnipiac University. January 21, 2014. Retrieved January 24, 2014.
- Dopp, Terrence (January 28, 2014), "Christie Approval Drops to Pre-Sandy Level Amid Scandal", Bloomberg, retrieved February 20, 2014
- "Christie's Sandy Storm Surge of Approval is Over". PublicMind. January 28, 2014. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
- Aaron Blake (March 11, 2014), "Poll: Christie's approval rating hits new low", The Washington Post, retrieved March 11, 2014
- "Christie Stabilizes, Bridgegate Interest Down, But Voters Worried About State". FDU PublicMind. Retrieved June 21, 2014.
- "NJ Governor and Legislature Receive Poor Marks :: Fairleigh Dickinson University PublicMind Poll". fdu.edu.
- "Christie takes reins of Republican Governors Association". Washington Post. November 21, 2013. Retrieved May 2, 2014.
- "Could strong fundraising be Chris Christie's road to redemption?". CBS News. April 30, 2014. Retrieved May 2, 2014.
- Conroy, Scott (April 30, 2014). "Could strong fundraising be Chris Christie's road to redemption?". CBS News. Retrieved May 6, 2014.
- Hayes, Mellissa (July 22, 2014). "N.Y. GOP candidate for governor questions lack of support from Christie". Retrieved July 22, 2014.
- Haberman, Maggie. "Chris Christie's next big move toward 2016", Politico (November 6, 2013).
- Steinhauser, Paul. "Where Does Christie Go Next?", CNN (November 7, 2013)
- DeFalco, Beth (September 30, 2011). "AP Sources: Christie Soon to Decide on Primary Run". ABC News. Associated Press. Retrieved October 1, 2011.[dead link]
- Delamaide, Darrell (September 28, 2011), "The billionaire's choice: Christie for president", MarketWatch, Retrieved September 28, 2012.
- "Update on the 2012 Republican Presidential Candidates". Charlie Rose. September 29, 2011. Interview with Republican consultant Matthew Dowd, Welch, and reporter Nia-Malika Henderson. Retrieved October 4, 2011.
- "Kenneth Langone", Charlie Rose, October 4, 2011. Retrieved October 6, 2011.
- O'Brien, Michael (October 4, 2011). "Christie will not run for President". msnbc.com. Retrieved October 4, 2011.
- "A Timeline of Christie and the 2012 Decision", New York: WNBC. October 4, 2011. Retrieved October 4, 2011.
- Memmott, Mark, "N.J. Gov. Christie Says No To Run For GOP Presidential Nomination". NPR. October 4, 2011. Retrieved October 4, 2011.
- "Christie Endorses Romney Ahead of GOP Debate". Fox News. October 11, 2011. Retrieved October 14, 2011.
- Margolin, Josh; DeFalco, Beth (August 27, 2012). "Christie chose NJ over Mitt's VP role due to fears that they'd lose". New York Post. Retrieved August 27, 2012.
- Sullivan, Sean; Rucker, Philip (October 31, 2013). "Obama’s advisers considered replacing Biden with Clinton, according to book". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
- Friedman, Matt (October 31, 2013). "Book: Romney didn't pick Christie for veep partly due to background 'land mines'". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved May 2, 2014.
- Shear, Michael D. (August 14, 2012). "Christie to Be G.O.P. Convention Keynote Speaker". The New York Times. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
- Obama, Christie laud 'working relationship' on storm by David Jackson (USA Today, October 31, 2012).
- The race resumes: Obama buoyed by Christie praise as Romney tempers attacks (National Post, November 1, 2012).
- "Gov. Chris Christie, an Obama critic, praises the president amid N.J. storm damage". The Washington Post. October 31, 2012. Retrieved November 1, 2012.
- "Chris Christie: I didn't snub Mitt Romney". The Washington Post. November 6, 2012. Retrieved December 1, 2012.
- Jamie Weinstein (November 6, 2012). "Chris Christie: 'Not even my ego's that big' to believe absence from PA rally will affect election". The Daily Caller. Retrieved December 1, 2012.
- "The Chris Christie Backlash Machine Revs Into High Gear". The Atlantic. Retrieved March 3, 2013.
- Brett LoGiurato (October 31, 2012). "Chris Christie, Obama Sandy Tour Causes Conservative Backlash". Business Insider. Retrieved March 3, 2013.
- "Obesity debate rages on talk of Christie White House bid". Reuters. October 2, 2011.
- "Chris Christie's big problem". The Washington Post. September 29, 2011.
- Stein, Jeannine (October 3, 2011). "The Obesity Society defends Chris Christie". Los Angeles Times.
- Palmeri, Tara; DeFalco, Beth (May 7, 2013). "Christie reveals secret stomach surgery to lose weight". New York Post. Retrieved May 7, 2013.
- "Christie, Republicans slam Boehner for delay on Hurricane Sandy relief measure". The Washington Post. January 2, 2013. Retrieved January 23, 2013.
- "Chris Christie rips NRA's anti-Obama ad; Rand Paul rips Christie". Los Angeles Times. January 18, 2013. Retrieved January 23, 2013.
- Frumin, Aliyah (March 14, 2013). "CPAC Chair: Chris Christie 'didn't deserve' to be here". msnbc.com. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
- "Timeline Photos".
- Colvin, Jill (January 25, 2015). "New Jersey's Christie launches political action committee". Yahoo! News. Associated Press. Retrieved January 25, 2015.
- Miller, Zeke J. (January 26, 2015). "Chris Christie Launches PAC in Preparation for 2016 Presidential Run". TIME. Retrieved January 26, 2015.
- "Chris Christie Launches Campaign Website Three Days Before His Announcement". www.nationaljournal.com.
- Chris Christie. "Chris Christie for President". chrischristie.com.
- Ingle, Bob and Symons, Michael. Chris Christie: The Inside Story of his Rise to Power. Macmillan, 2012. ISBN 1-250-00586-8.
- Manzo, Louis Michael. Ruthless Ambition: The Rise and Fall of Chris Christie. Trine Day, 2014. ISBN 1-937-58489-5.
- Chris Christie (September 27, 2011). Real American Exceptionalism (Speech). Simi Valley, California.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chris Christie.|
- Official Presidential Campaign website
- Office of the Governor official state site
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Chris Christie at DMOZ
|U.S. Attorney for the District of New Jersey
|Governor of New Jersey
|Party political offices|
|Republican nominee for Governor of New Jersey
|Keynote Speaker of the Republican National Convention
|Chairperson of the Republican Governors Association