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Christopher Melchert is an American scholar of Islam, specialising in Islamic movements and institutions, especially in the ninth and tenth centuries C.E. A prolific author, he is University Lecturer in Arabic and Islam at the University of Oxford's Oriental Institute, and is Fellow in Arabic at Pembroke College, Oxford.
Melchert graduated with a Ph.D. in History (1992) from the University of Pennsylvania. His Ph.D. was later published as a book, titled The Formation of the Sunni Schools of Law, with Brill Publishers, Leiden.
Having written about whether women can be prayer leaders according to the early Sunni and Shii jurists, he is one of the few experts who has written authoritatively on the question.
- Ahmad ibn Hanbal. Oxford: Oneworld, 2006. (in 116 World Cat libraries) 
- The Formation of the Sunni Schools of Law, 9th-10th Centuries C.E. ( Studies in Islamic law and society, v. 4). Leiden: Brill, 1997.
- Review by W B Hallaq International Journal of Middle East Studies 31, no. 2, (1999): 278-280
- Review by P Sanders American Journal of Legal History43, Part 1 (1999): 98
- "Whether to Keep Women out of the Mosque: A Survey of Medieval Islamic Law". Pages 59–69 in Authority, Privacy and Public Order in Islam: Proceedings of the 22nd Congress of l'Union Européenne des Arabisants et Islamisants. Edited by B. Michalak-Pikulska and A. Pikulsi. Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 148. Leuven: Peeters, 2006.