He took command of the 9th Queen's Royal Lancers in October 1938, being one of the few officers in the regiment to have seen action in World War I. He was tasked with carrying on the mechanised training of the regiment in the buildup to the war, to mobilise it when war came and to take it to France in May 1940.
The regimental history of the Lancers has this description of him in its foreword:
"His was the responsibility of showing all ranks how to behave under fire, and so much depends upon the leadership the first time men go into battle. His calm and fearless example was an inspiration to all, and laid the foundation of the enthusiasm and steadiness which the regiment so consistently displayed throughout the war. He commanded with conspicuous ability in the fantastic operations south of the Somme until a severe wound obliged him to be evacuated. He earned the D.S.O. for his services in France in 1940, though this was not known until Major-General Victor Fortune, Commander of the 51st Highland Division, was able to make his recommendations on his return from captivity in Germany. These he backed up by a personal visit to the War Office. Those who did not take part can have little idea of a commanding officer's difficulties during those two years. Many were caused by failure in higher places to foresee more accurately the type of equipment which would be required, to provide it in time, and to settle with less vacillation the organisation of the troops who would use it. Luckily for the regiment, Chris Peto had, and has, an inexhaustible fund of humour and an irrepressible spirit. These, he would be the first to admit, have sometimes got him into trouble, but they were invaluable assets through those years of exasperating trial. He did not come back after his recovery, but was promoted to the command of armoured brigade. The Regiment owes him a debt."
When the regiment deployed to France it was not well equipped and this was partly the reason for Peto becoming wounded:
"Major MacDonell seeing the head and face of a German popping out of the ground periodically about three hundred yards from the Regimental Headquarters, suggested an investigation. Lieutenant-Colonel Peto agreed and led the reconnaissance accompanied by Major MacDonell's tank and two scout cars. They opened fire on twelve slit trenches full of enemy infantry. After ten minutes the Germans crawled out and surrendered. The "bag" was one officer and forty-three other ranks. We had found it impossible to depress the guns on our tanks sufficiently to bear, and Lt-Col Peto, firing from his turret with his pistol, was badly wounded in the right hand. He carried on until the Germans surrendered, and was then evacuated." 
As well as being awarded the DSO in 1940, Peto also received:
- 3 Mentioned in Despatches
- French Légion d'honneur: Chevalier
- French Croix de Guerre with palm
- Belgian Order of Leopold: Commander
- Belgian Croix de Guerre with palm
- Czech Order of the White Lion: 3rd Class
- Czech War Cross
- Luxembourg Order of Nassau: Commander
- Luxembourg Croix de Guerre
- Polish Order of Polonia Restituta
At the 1945 general election, Peto was elected as the Member of Parliament for Barnstaple. For the 1950 general election, the Barnstaple constituency was abolished, and Peto was returned instead for the newly recreated Devon North constituency, where he served until he lost his seat to Jeremy Thorpe of the Liberal Party at the 1955 general election.
In 1966, he was appointed the High Sheriff of Wiltshire for the year.
In 1971, he inherited the baronetcy created for his father, upon the death of his elder brother.
The title was inherited by Sir Christopher's son, Michael (1938-2008), who became the 4th Baronet. Michael had three sons and the elder of these, Henry, is the 5th and current Baronet of this creation. The other Peto baronetcy, created for Sir Christopher's grandfather, is also still extant in the senior branch of the family.
- England Civil Registration Births (1Q1897 Chertsey vol 2a p58a)
- Bright, Joan - The Ninth Queens Royal Lancers 1939-1945, Gale & Polden Ltd, Aldershot. 1951.
- Bright, Joan - The Ninth Queens Royal Lancers 1939-1945, Gale & Polden Ltd, Aldershot. 1951. pp 15-16
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Sir Christopher Peto
- UK Parliamentary Photograph[permanent dead link]
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Sir Richard Acland
|Member of Parliament for Barnstaple
1945 – 1950
|New constituency||Member of Parliament for North Devon
1950 – 1955
|Baronetage of the United Kingdom|
1971 – 1980