Chris Terrill is a British anthropologist, adventurer, author and filmmaker.
Born in Brighton, Sussex in 1952, Terrill attended Brighton College 1965–1970, and then went to Durham University, where he gained a joint-honours degree in Geography and Anthropology. Between 1976 and 1977 he lived with the remote Acholi Tribe of Southern Sudan where he carried out doctoral research on the impact of civil war on the tribal society before taking up the post of Head of Geography at Rendcomb College in Gloucestershire. In 1983, he left teaching to become a full-time professional anthropologist working for the International Disaster Institute and the UN in Geneva and throughout the famine gripped and war ravaged areas of Africa. Later, and quite by accident, he moved into broadcasting when he went to give an interview to the BBC African Service and was offered a job on the spot. He changed careers and became a producer for the BBC World Service specialising in African affairs. After five years in radio, in which he specialised in current affairs, documentaries and drama, Terrill joined BBC television as a documentary producer, making investigative documentaries and observational films and series about communities all over the world.
As a programme maker, Terrill has always favoured anthropological methodology, particularly participant observation,[note 1] rather than more conventional documentary making techniques. As a Fellow of the Royal Anthropological Institute and the Royal Geographical Society, Terrill is regarded as a practising anthropologist/geographer who uses film as his primary research tool and recording medium in the field.
He won an Emmy for outstanding investigative journalism for a film called Ape Trade. This Inside Story Special (BBC1) exposed the major gangs smuggling endangered orangutans to illegal markets in Taiwan, the USA and Russia.[note 2] After 20 years at the BBC, and with over 100 prime time films to his name, he left the corporation in 2003 to set up his own company, Uppercut Films, and began to specialise in military and high adventure documentaries[note 3]—though always concentrating on communities/groups and their internal dynamics. In 2007, he documented and participated in the rigorous eight months training with the Royal Marine Commandos after which he followed the newly qualified recruits to the front line in Afghanistan for their first taste of real war. Terrill is the first civilian to complete and pass all four commando tests for which he was awarded an honorary green beret.[note 4]
Terrill produces his own camerawork and sound recording without a film crew. This "lone wolf" technique is a hallmark of his work. Using the new digital technology, he was the first mainstream filmmaker to experiment as a self-shooting/self-recording director in the mid 1990s when he made Soho Stories for the BBC; a series that won him the coveted Royal Television Society Award for Innovation. This seminal series, a colourful and highly revealing portrait of London's glamorous Soho district, was one of the first to use the docu-soap style of filmmaking. Widely credited as the "father of the docu-soap", though both Paul Watson and Jeremy Mills have similar claim to the title, Terrill then went on to refine his techniques on prime time series such as The Cruise (BBC1), Jailbirds (BBC1),[note 5] Through the Eyes of the Old (BBC1), The Ship (BBC2), Shipmates (BBC 1) and two feature documentary specials on Charlotte Church—Spreading Her Wings (BBC1) and Confessions of a Teen-angel (ITV1). Commando: On the Front Line (ITV1)—an account of Royal Marine Commandos fighting in Afghanistan was followed by Nature's Fury (ITV1) a trilogy on the world's greatest storms and their impact on communities[note 6]
In 2009 Terrill made a series on the Theatre Royal, Haymarket, London, called Theatreland. This was an intimate portrait of theatre people at work and featured Ian McKellen, Patrick Stewart and Anna Friel. In the same year he made a two-part film series about Royal Marines, badly injured in Afghanistan, attempting to climb in the high Himalayas (Wartorn Warriors—Sky1).[note 7] In 2010 he spent six months on HMS Manchester in the Caribbean filming counter narcotics operations as well as humanitarian disaster relief during the hurricane season (Royal Navy: Caribbean Patrol for Channel Five and National Geographic). In 2011 Terrill returned to working with the Royal Marines when he joined 42 Commando in the dangerous Nad e Ali (north) district of Helmand Province. This was for a 6-part series commissioned by Channel Five entitled "Royal Marines: Mission Afghanistan" transmitted in January/February 2012.
In late 2011 Terrill embarked on a project that brought together the military and the theatre. The Theatre Royal, Haymarket (where Terrill had filmed Theatreland in 2009) put on a play using injured soldiers and marines as the actors, singers, and dancers. The play, written by the poet Owen Sheers and based on the experiences of the soldiers mostly in Afghanistan, was called The Two Worlds of Charlie F and was performed on 22 January 2012. Terrill's feature-length film entitled Theatre of War, documenting the preparation of the play, was shown on BBC1's Imagine strand and was nominated for a prestigious Grierson Award in the best arts documentary category.
In 2014 Terrill's current affairs film for the BBC: Marine A: Criminal or Casualty of War? won the Evcom Clarion Award for ethics in journalism.
In 2015 Terrill became a Fellow of the Maritime Foundation and was presented with a Lifetime Achievement Award.
Throughout 2016 and 2017 Terrill has been embedded in the ship's company of HMS Queen Elizabeth to make a major series for the BBC about the largest warship ever built for the Royal Navy. He will stay with HMS Queen Elizabeth into 2018 to make a second series as she goes through her war trials in preparation for deployment as an active strike carrier.
Terrill lectures widely on film making techniques – especially on working solo in the field. He holds regular workshops at the London Film School.
In 1999 Terrill was engaged for a brief period to former glamour model Heather Mills. He proposed to her on a fishing boat whilst sailing up the Mekong River in Cambodia, where they were making a film about landmines.
Terrill is now married to the BAFTA award-winning filmmaker Christine Hall.
On 9 February 2013 Terrill received a full apology in open court from News Group for repeatedly hacking his phone in 2005/06. They also paid undisclosed but substantial damages plus costs.
Terrill is an accomplished amateur athlete, specialising in ultra running, triathlon, rugby and boxing.
|1995||HMS Brilliant||BBC Books||The book describes the events that took place on the HMS Brilliant, a Royal Navy frigate on front line duty in the Adriatic during the Yugoslavian war as part of Operation Sharp Guard.|
|2005||Shipmates||Century Random House||An exploration of the British Royal Navy's heritage and its role in the modern world.|
|2007||Commando||Arrow Books Random House||Chris Terrill's experience of training with the elite Royal Marines Commandos and winning his own green beret before following them to the front line in Afghanistan.|
|1989||Subway: Inside Story||BBC1||Crime and violence on the London Underground|
|1990||Bullies: 40 Minutes||BBC2||The chronic problem of school bullying|
|1990||The Race Game: Inside Story||BBC1||An investigation into racism in British sport.|
|1990||Fit To Drop: 40 Minutes||BBC2||The extraordinary story of people addicted to exercise.|
|1991||Brief Encounters: 40 Minutes||BBC2||Prostitutes, pimps, punters and the police at Kings Cross Railway Station|
|1992||Ape Trade: Inside Story Special||BBC1/National Geographic||Undercover investigation into international orangutan smuggling|
|1993||Yellow Line: Inside Story||BBC1||The vicious parking wars on the streets of London|
|1993||Miami Wild: 40 Minutes||BBC2||Policing the animal smuggling trade in Florida|
|1994||Seeing Red: Inside Story||BBC1||Union unrest, crime and violence on London's buses|
|1994||The Women Trade: Inside Story Special||BBC1||Undercover investigation into international prostitution and the marketing of women for the sex industry|
|1995||Beloved Country||BBC2||6-part series on ordinary South African lives as the country approached full democracy and black rule|
|1996||HMS Brilliant||BBC1||6-part series on a Royal Navy warship serving during the Yugoslavian war|
|1996||Alison's Last Mountain: Inside Story Special||BBC1||Journey to K2 with the family of Alison Hargreaves soon after her death on the mountain|
|1997||Soho Stories||BBC 2||12-part series about life in London's famous and flamboyant Soho district|
|1998||The Cruise||BBC 1||12-part series on board a luxury cruise ship in the Caribbean featuring Jane McDonald|
|1998||Jane Ties the Knot||BBC 1||Cruise special—Jane gets married on a Caribbean Island.|
|1999||Jane's Cruise to the Stars||BBC 1||Cruise special—Jane's rise to stardom.|
|1999||Jailbirds||BBC 1||10-part series inside Newhall Women's high security prison|
|2000||Beyond the Bars||BBC 1||Jailbirds special—What happened to the prisoners after release.|
|2000||Tito's Story||BBC 1||Inside Story special on an 11-year-old autistic boy in India who writes beautiful philosophical poetry|
|2000||The Quest||BBC 1||The story of a rock gospel band and their bid for fame|
|2001||Through the Eyes of the Old||BBC 1||90-minute feature on being old|
|2001||Through the Eyes of the Young||BBC 1||90-minute feature on being young|
|2002||The Ship||BBC 2/History Channel||6-part adventure series sailing the Endeavour in the wake of Captain Cook from Australia to Indonesia|
|2003||Shayler's Secrets||BBC 2||Following the rogue spy David Shayler through his fateful trial at the Old Bailey|
|2004||Charlotte Church—Spreading Her Wings||BBC 1||A year in the life of the young diva as she approaches her 18th birthday|
|2004||The Making of Sheila Quigley||BBC 1||The extraordinary story of a first time novelist|
|2004||Debra Winger in Africa||Charity film||Film for Sightsavers International about Debra Winger visiting Kenya to highlight the plight of the blind|
|2004||The 24 Hour Plays||Charity film||Film for the Old Vic about a unique theatrical experiment|
|2005||Charlotte Church—Confessions of a Teen Angel||ITV1||Charlotte attempting to break into the rock world|
|2004–2005||Shipmates||BBC 1||A major 5-part series about the Royal Navy on operations.|
|2006||Debra Winger in India||Charity film||A film for Sightsavers International about Debra Winger visiting India to highlight the plight of the blind|
|2006||The Sultan and the Elephant||BBC Four||The heart-warming story of a giant elephant's visit to the streets of London and the enchantment he brought with him.|
|2006||Extreme Theatre||Sky TV||A one-hour special on a unique theatrical experiment at the Old Vic featuring Kevin Spacey|
|2007||Commando—On the Front Line||ITV1||8-part series on the Royal Marines serving on the front line in Afghanistan|
|2007||The 55 Year Old Commando||ITV1 and 4||The story of Chris Terrill's attempt to win the iconic green beret of the Royal Marines Commando (directed by Malcolm Donkin)|
|2007||Commando—On the Front Line (Director's cut)||ITV4||8-part series as above—one hour versions|
|2007||The Parish Church of England—St Martin-in-the-Fields||Five||3-part series on a year in the life of this iconic church in Trafalgar Square|
|2007||Go Commando!||ITV4||Two Royal Marines row the Atlantic Ocean|
|2008||Nature's Fury||ITV1||3-part series on the world's most destructive storms and their impact on communities (Tornadoes, Hurricanes and Firestorms)|
|2009||Theatreland||Sky Arts||8-part series behind the scenes at the famous Theatre Royal, Haymarket featuring Ian McKellen, Patrick Stuart, Ronald Pickup, Simon Callow and Anna Friel.|
|2010||War Torn Warriors||Sky 1||Two 60-minute films about badly injured Royal Marines trekking and climbing in the high Himalayas.|
|2011||Royal Navy: Caribbean Patrol||Five/National Geographic||Five-part series about the Royal Navy tracking down cocaine smugglers and providing humanitarian relief after hurricane strikes in the Caribbean.|
|2011||Nature's Fury—Monsoon||ITV4||Facing up to the extremes of the Indian monsoon|
|2012||Royal Marines: Mission Afghanistan||Five||Six-part series on the Royal Marines of 42 Commando working in the Nad e Ali North district of Helmand Province known at the time as "the most dangerous square mile in the world"|
|2012||Theatre of War||BBC1||Theatre presents War in a unique and remarkable way for a feature-length Imagine Special|
|2013||Battle Scarred||Five||Four-part series on the problems faced by ex-servicemen when returning to civilian life.|
|2013||Living on the Edge - Blood in the Snow||Five||Following the great reindeer migration across northern Norway with the Sami nomads - the oldest living culture in Europe|
|2013||Living on the Edge - Blood in the Sand||Five||A journey across the drought belt of Africa from Mali to northern Kenya and into war ravaged Somalia|
|2014||Living on the Edge - Blood in the Sea||Five||Fishing with the Senegalese and Mauritanian fishermen in the dangerous waters off the west coast of Africa.|
|2014||Marine 'A': Criminal or Casualty of War?||BBC1||A personal exploration into the ethical and moral issues of a battle field execution.|
|2014||Commando: Return to the Front Line||ITV1||A one-hour special updating the story of Commando: On the Front Line. The film follows Bertie Kerr back to Afghanistan to assess the legacy of a war that cost over 450 British lives.|
|2014||The Commando Who Refused to Die||Forces TV||The moving and inspiring story of Corporal Paul Vice MC who suffered horrific life changing injuries after being blown up in Afghanistan but who then reinvented his life in the most extraordinary way.|
|2015||Return to the Jungle||Forces TV||Veterans from the Parachute Regiment return to Borneo for the 50th anniversary of the Battle of Plaman Mapu. In 1965 36 Paras held out against 400 troops of the Indonesian special forces in a desperate battle described as "a latter day Rorke's Drift".|
|2015||Royal Marine WAGs and The Great Yomp||Forces TV||Royal Marines wives and girlfriends - The Bootneckettes - attempt the Great Yomp: 104 miles over the South Downs Way in 36 hours non stop! Giant blisters are the least of their problems.|
|2016-2017||Royal Navy: Strike Carrier||BBC2||Three-part series. The epic story of HMS Queen Elizabeth - the biggest warship ever built for the Royal Navy. From first day of build to maiden voyage this will be the story of a state of the art warship, the people who built her, the people who will sail her and also the people who will fly off her. ( In production)|
|2017||To Hell and Back||Forces TV||The story of an heroic attempt by eight Royal Marines to break the world speed marching record - a full marathon running as a troop in full fighting order, wearing combat boots and carrying 40lbs rucksack plus weapon. A moving tale of determination, courage and comradeship. (In production)|
|2017||Marine A: The Inside Story (Panorama)||BBC1||A Panorama Special on the Marine A murder case|
|2017-2018||Wildlife Warriors||BBC||Former British soldiers confront the animal poachers in India and Africa (in production)|
|1992||Emmy||Ape Trade.||BBC/National Geographic||Outstanding Investigative Journalism|
|1996||Broadcast Award||HMS Brilliant||BBC1||Best producer/director|
|1997||Royal Television Society Award||Soho Stories||BBC2||Innovation|
|2003||Emma (Ethnic and Multicultural Media Award)||Tito's Story||BBC1||Best Documentary|
|2014||Clarion Award (for ethical journalism)||Marine A: Criminal or Casualty of War?||BBC1||Best Current Affairs Documentary|
|2015||The Maritime Fellowship Award (Special Distinction)||A twenty year body of work relating to maritime matters associated with the Royal Navy and the Royal Marines||TV (all channels), radio and the written word.||Lifetime Achievement Award|
|1997||BAFTA (Craft Awards)||Soho Stories||BBC2||Best Sound|
|1998||National TV Awards||The Cruise||BBC1||Best Factual Series|
|2002||BAFTA||Through the Eyes of the Old||BBC1||Best Single Documentary|
|2002||Grierson||Through the Eyes of the Old||BBC1||Best Documentary on a Contemporary Theme|
|2003||Emmy||The Ship||BBC2/History Channel||Cinematography|
|2003||Education on TV Awards||The Ship||BBC2/History Channel||Best Documentary Series *Highly recommended|
|2004||Maritime Media Awards||Shipmates||BBC1||Best Documentary Series|
|2010||Mental Health Awards||War Torn Warriors||Sky 1||Best Documentary|
|2011||Maritime Media Awards||Royal Navy: Caribbean Patrol||Channel Five||Best Documentary Series|
|2013||Grierson||Theatre of War||BBC 1||Best Arts Documentary|
|2015||Maritime Media Awards||Blood in the Sea||Channel Five||Best Documentary film|
- Participant observation—a type of research strategy. It is a widely used methodology in many disciplines, particularly, cultural anthropology, but also sociology, communication studies, and social psychology. Its aim is to gain a close and intimate familiarity with a given group of individuals (such as a religious, occupational, or sub cultural group, or a particular community) and their practices through an intensive involvement with people in their natural environment, usually over an extended period of time.
- To achieve this Terrill went undercover as a wildlife smuggler. In a later film called Women Trade, that exposed criminal gangs trading in women from the developing world for the sex market in Europe, Terrill posed as a woman trader in the Dominican Republic as well as in Denmark and Belgium.
- Uppercut also has a small but vibrant arts department which specialises in theatre based films due to Terrill's passion for live theatre: "When you have your own film company you can choose what films you want to make—it is like having a massive toybox full of all your favourite toys. And you can keep getting new ones." (Terrill, Sept 2008 when asked why he chose to make Theatreland at the same time as working with the Royal Marines.)
- Jimmy Savile was a previous recipient of the honorary green beret although he did not attempt all four commando tests. In any case since the scandal over his activities with under age girls Savile has been posthumously stripped of his honorary green beret. Gethin Jones attempted the last of the tests, the 30-mile run across Dartmoor but finished in a time of 8 hours 20 minutes – 20 minutes over the pass time of 8 hours
- For this series Terrill spent eight months in prison.
- Terrill has established a reputation as the thinking man's adventurer. His quests invariably lead him to the world's hotspots and his focus is usually on the victims of war, poverty or natural hazards, His approach is analytical and searching and his films are not typical "made for TV" adventure. The Radio Times published one article about Terrill's work which was titled rather provocatively: Meet the Explorer who Makes Bear Grylls Look Like Barbie
- This series was shortlisted for the 2010 Mind Mental Health Media Awards and one of the films' main contributors, Marine Danny Claricoates, received 'The Speaking Out Award' for his courage in talking so openly about his own Post Traumatic Stress Disorder after seeing his two best friends blown up and killed in front of him.
- The Creation of the Acholi Minority, Their Dispersal as Refugees and Their Repatriation (1956–1972), Durham University Geography Department: 1978.
- "The Second International Conference on Assistance to Refugees in Africa". Disasters. Vol 8, issue 4, December 1984.
- "Rural Refugees in Africa: Past Experience, Future Pointers". R Chambers. Disasters. Vol 6, issue 1, March 1982.
- Anthropologist About Town (Royal Anthropological Institute): Going Commando. 20 September 2007
- Commando. Chris Terrill, Random House, 2007.
- International Primate Protection League, Vol. 18, No. 2, Aug 1991: BBC Exposes Ape Trade
- The National Archives, Defence|News, 14 December 2007: The Hardest Embed: Going Native with the Royal Marines
- Manchester Evening News, Ian Wylie, 17 September 2007, Chris—Right in the Line of Fire
- New Documentary: A Critical Introduction. Stella Bruzzi. Pgs, 79,122,123,129,132.
- New Challenges for Documentary. Alan Rosenthal, John Corner.
- Understanding Reality'Television Su Holmes, Deborah Jermyn. Pge 295.
- Frames and Fictions on Television: The Politics of Identity Within. Bruce Carson, Margaret Llewellyn Jones.
- Independent. A Docusoap Worthy of the Hard Cell. Brian Viner, 21 March 1999
- How I Captured the Perfect Storm. Broadcast. 5 June 2009