Christopher Wordsworth

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Bishop Wordsworth
Christopher Wordsworth, undated drawing by an anonymous artist.
The grave of Bishop Christopher Wordsworth, Lincoln Cathedral

Christopher Wordsworth (30 October 1807 – 20 March 1885) was an English bishop in the Anglican Church and man of letters.


Wordsworth was born in London, the youngest son of Christopher Wordsworth, Master of Trinity, who was the youngest brother of the poet William Wordsworth. Thus, Wordsworth was a nephew of the celebrated poet.

Wordsworth was the younger brother of the classical scholar John Wordsworth and Charles Wordsworth, Bishop of Saint Andrews, Dunkeld and Dunblane. He was educated at Winchester and Trinity, Cambridge.[1] Like his brother Charles, he was distinguished as an athlete as well as for scholarship.[2] He won the Chancellor's Gold Medal for poetry in 1827 and 1828.[3]

He became senior classic, and was elected a fellow and tutor of Trinity in 1830; shortly afterwards he took holy orders. He went for a tour in Greece in 1832–1833, and published various works on its topography and archaeology, the most famous of which is "Wordsworth's" Greece (1839). In 1836 he became Public Orator at Cambridge, and in the same year was appointed Headmaster of Harrow, a post he resigned in 1844. In 1844 Sir Robert Peel appointed him as a Canon of Westminster[4] (1844–1869).[2] He was Vicar of Stanford in the Vale, Berkshire (1850–1869) and Archdeacon of Westminster (1864–1869). In 1869 Benjamin Disraeli appointed him Bishop of Lincoln which he retained until his death in 1885.[4] His election to the See of Lincoln was confirmed at St Mary-le-Bow on 22 February 1869 (whereby he legally became Bishop of Lincoln) and he was ordained and consecrated a bishop at Westminster Abbey on 24 February[5] by Archibald Campbell Tait, Archbishop of Canterbury; George Selwyn, Bishop of New Zealand; and six other prelates.[6]

According to the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, he was a man of fine character, with a high ideal of ecclesiastical duty, and he spent his money generously on church objects.[2]

He is buried near the Shrine of St Hugh in Lincoln Cathedral.


As a scholar he is best known for his edition of the Greek New Testament (1856–1860), and the Old Testament (1864–1870), with commentaries; but his writings were many in number, and included a volume of devotional verse, The Holy Year (1862), Church History up to A.D. 451 (1881–1883), and Memoirs of his uncle, William Wordsworth (1851), to whom he was literary executor. His Inscriptiones Pompeianae (1837) was an important contribution to epigraphy.[2] He also wrote several hymns (Hymns Ancient and Modern New Standard contains seven) of which perhaps the best known is the Easter hymn 'Alleluia, Alleluia, hearts to heaven and voices raise'.

With William Cooke, a Canon of Chester, Wordsworth edited for the Henry Bradshaw Society the early 15th century Ordinale Sarum of Clement Maydeston, but the work did not appear in print until 1901, several years after the death of both editors.[7]



A verse from Gracious Spirit, Holy Ghost incorporated into a stained glass window
  • Alleluia! Alleluia! Hearts to Heaven and Voices Raise
  • Arm These Thy Soldiers, Mighty Lord[9]
  • Father of All, from Land and Sea
  • Gracious Spirit, Holy Ghost
  • Hallelujah! Christ Is Risen
  • Hark! the Sound of Holy Voices[10]
  • Heav’nly Father, Send Thy Blessing
  • Holy, Holy, Holy Lord
  • Lord, Be Thy Word My Rule
  • O Day of Rest and Gladness[11]
  • O Lord of Heaven and Earth and Sea
  • O Lord, Our Strength in Weakness
  • See, the Conqueror Mounts in Triumph (set by Hubert Parry as "Rustington" in 1897)[12]
  • Sing, O Sing, This Blessed Morn
  • Songs of Thankfulness and Praise[13]
  • The Day Is Gently Sinking to a Close
  • The Grave Itself a Garden Is
  • Thine for ever! Thine for ever!


In 1838 Wordsworth married Susanna Hartley Frere (d. 1884) and they had seven children. The elder son, John (1843–1911), was Bishop of Salisbury, founder of Bishop Wordsworth's School, Salisbury, and author of Fragments of Early Latin (1874); the eldest daughter, Elizabeth (1840–1932), was the first principal (in 1879) of Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford and the founder (in 1886) of St Hugh's College. His daughter Dora married Edward Tucker Leeke, Canon and sub-dean of Lincoln Cathedral. His younger son Christopher (1848–1938) was a noted liturgical scholar.

His Life, by J. H. Overton and Elizabeth Wordsworth, was published in 1888.[2]


  1. ^ "Wordsworth, Christopher (WRDT825C)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. ^ a b c d e Chisholm 1911.
  3. ^ University of Cambridge (1859). A Complete Collection of the English Poems which Have Obtained the Chancellor's Gold Medal in the University of Cambridge. Cambridge: W. Metcalfe. Retrieved 1 October 2008.
  4. ^ a b "Studies in Familiar Hymns: First Series" by Dr. Louis Benson 1903
  5. ^ "Church news". Church Times (#317). 26 February 1869. p. 85. ISSN 0009-658X. Retrieved 10 April 2017 – via UK Press Online archives.
  6. ^ Mennell, Philip (1892). "Turner, Right Rev. James Francis" . The Dictionary of Australasian Biography. London: Hutchinson & Co – via Wikisource.
  7. ^ a b Book list Archived 17 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine at, accessed 9 December 2013
  8. ^ Scrivener, A plain introduction to the criticism of the New Testament (1861) at p. 150 notes: "John Twycross, of the Charter House, re-collated the whole manuscript in 1858". The death of Rev. John Twycross MA Dublin aged 72 is recorded in The Gentleman's magazine, Volume 224 (1868), p. 260
  9. ^ For the tune, see Arm These Thy Soldiers, Mighty Lord (mp3 with organ only). For the text, see Arm These Thy Soldiers, Mighty Lord, Project Wittenberg website
  10. ^ For the tune, see Hark! the Sound of Holy Voices (mp3 with organ only). For the text, see Hark! the Sound of Holy Voices, Project Wittenberg website
  11. ^ For the tune, see O Day of Rest and Gladness (mp3 with organ only). For the text, see O Day of Rest and Gladness, Project Wittenberg website
  12. ^ For the tune, see See, the Conqueror Mounts in Triumph (mp3 with organ only). For the text, see See, the Conqueror Mounts in Triumph, Project Wittenberg website
  13. ^ For the tune, see Songs of Thankfulness and Praise (mp3 with organ only). For the text, see Songs of Thankfulness and Praise, Project Wittenberg website


External links[edit]

Church of England titles
Preceded by
John Jackson
Bishop of Lincoln
1869 – 1885
Succeeded by
Edward King
Academic offices
Preceded by
Charles Longley
Head Master of Harrow School
Succeeded by
Charles John Vaughan