Chromium(III) hydroxide

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Chromium(III) hydroxide
Chromium(III) hydroxide.png
Names
IUPAC name
Chromium(3+) hydroxide
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.013.781
RTECS number GB2670000
Properties
Cr(OH)3
Molar mass 103.02 g/mol
Appearance green, gelatinous precipitate
Density 3.11 g/cm3
insoluble
Hazards
US health exposure limits (NIOSH):
PEL (Permissible)
TWA 1 mg/m3[1]
REL (Recommended)
TWA 0.5 mg/m3[1]
IDLH (Immediate danger)
250 mg/m3[1]
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Chromium(III) hydroxide is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula Cr(OH)3. It is polymer with an undefined structure and low solubility. It is amphoteric, dissolving in both strong base and strong acid.[2]

It is used as a pigment, as a mordant, and as a catalyst for organic reactions.[3]

It is manufactured by adding a solution of ammonium hydroxide to a solution of chromium salt.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards #0141". National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). 
  2. ^ Rai, Dhanpat; Sass, Bruce M.; Moore, Dean A. "Chromium(III) hydrolysis constants and solubility of chromium(III) hydroxide" Inorganic Chemistry 1987, volume 26, pp. 345-9. doi:10.1021/ic00250a002
  3. ^ Holleman, Arnold F.; Wiberg, Egon; Wiberg, Nils (1985). "Chromium". Lehrbuch der Anorganischen Chemie (in German) (91–100 ed.). Walter de Gruyter. pp. 1081–1095. ISBN 3-11-007511-3.