3D model (Jmol)
|Molar mass||66.003 g/mol|
|Density||5.9 g/cm3 |
|Melting point||1770 ˚C (decomp.)|
|37.75 J K−1 mol−1 |
Std enthalpy of
|−117.15 kJ/mol |
|US health exposure limits (NIOSH):|
|TWA 1 mg/m3|
|TWA 0.5 mg/m3|
IDLH (Immediate danger)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Chromium nitride is a chemical compound of chromium and nitrogen with the formula CrN. It is very hard, and is extremely resistant to corrosion. It is an interstitial compound, with nitrogen atoms occupying the octahedral holes in the chromium lattice: as such, it is not strictly a chromium(III) compound nor does it contain nitride ions (N3−). Chromium forms a second interstitial nitride, dichromium nitride, Cr2N.
- 2 Cr + N
2 → 2 CrN
It can also synthesize by Physical Vapour Deposition technique such as Cathodic arc deposition.
CrN is used as a coating material for corrosion resistance and in metal forming and plastic moulding applications. CrN is often used on medical implants and tools. CrN is also a valuable component in advanced multicomponent coating systems, such as CrAlN, for hard, wear-resistant applications on cutting tools.
The fundamental materials physics of CrN, giving rise to its favorable properties, has been debated recently in high-profile scientific journals such as Nature Materials. In particular, the importance of magnetism in both the low temperature and the high temperature phases has been demonstrated by means of quantum mechanical calculations of the electronic structure of the compound.
- Chromium(III) nitride at webelements.com
- Greenwood, Norman N.; Earnshaw, Alan (1984). Chemistry of the Elements. Oxford: Pergamon Press. p. 480. ISBN 0-08-022057-6.
- NIST Chemistry Webbook
- "NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards #0141". National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).
- J. Vetter, Surf. Coat. Technol. 76, 719 (2005)
- A. E. Reiter, V. H. Derflinger, B. Hanselmann, T. Bachmann, and B. Sartory, Surf. Coat. Technol. 200, 2114 (2005).
- F. Rivadulla et al., Nature Mater. 8, 947 (2009)
- B. Alling, T. Marten, and I. A. Abrikosov, Nature Materials 9, 283, (2010)
- A. Filippetti and N. A. Hill, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 5166 (2000).
- A. Herwadkar and W. R. L. Lambrecht, Phys. Rev. B 79, 035125 (2009)
- B. Alling, T. Marten, and I. A. Abrikosov, Physical Review B, 82, 184430 (2010)
- Mindat, http://www.mindat.org/min-904.html