Chromosome 17 (human)

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Chromosome 17 (human)
Human male karyotpe high resolution - Chromosome 17 cropped.png
Pair of human chromosome 17 (after G-banding).
One is from mother, one is from father.
Human male karyotpe high resolution - Chromosome 17.png
Chromosome 17 pair in human male karyogram.
Length (bp) 83,257,441
Number of genes 2,010
Type Autosome
Centromere position Submetacentric [1]
RefSeq NC_000017
GenBank CM000679
Map of Chromosome 17
Ideogram of human chromosome 17. Mbp means mega base pair. See locus for other notation.

Chromosome 17 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. People normally have two copies of this chromosome. Chromosome 17 spans more than 83 million base pairs (the building material of DNA) and represents between 2.5 and 3% of the total DNA in cells.

Identifying genes on each chromosome is an active area of genetic research. Because researchers use different approaches to predict the number of genes on each chromosome, the estimated number of genes varies. Chromosome 17 likely contains between 1,200 and 1,500 genes. It also contains the Homeobox B gene cluster.


The following are some of the genes and their corresponding Cytogenetic location on chromosome 17:


  • GRB7: Growth factor Receptor-Bound protein 7 (17q12)
  • RHBDF2: Rhomboid family member 2 (17q25.3)
  • RPS6KB1 or S6K: Ribosomal protein S6-kinase (17q23.1)
  • CBX1: chromobox homolog 1 (17q21.32)
  • ACTG1: actin, gamma 1 (17q25)
  • BRCA1: breast cancer 1, early onset (17q21)
  • COL1A1: collagen, type I, alpha 1 (17q21.33)
  • ERBB2 loca leukemia viral oncogene homolog 2, neuro/glioblastoma derived oncogene homolog (avian) (17q12)
  • GALK1: galactokinase 1 (17q24)
  • GFAP: glial fibrillary acidic protein (17q21)
  • KCNJ2: potassium inwardly-rectifying channel, subfamily J, member 2 (17q24.3)
  • MAPT gene coding for encoding tau protein (17q21.1)
  • NF1: neurofibromin 1 (neurofibromatosis, von Recklinghausen disease, Watson disease) (17q11.2)
  • NOG: Noggin protein (17q22)
  • SLC4A1: Band 3 anion transporter protein. Solute carrier family 4, member 1 (17q21.31)
  • SLC6A4: Serotonin transporter linked to Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) [2] (17q11.2)
  • TMC6 and TMC8: Transmembrane channel-like 6 and 8 (epidermodysplasia verruciformis) (17q25.3)
  • USH1G: Usher syndrome 1G (autosomal recessive) (17q25.1)
  • RARA or RAR-alpha: Retinoic acid receptor Alpha (involved in t(15,17) with PML) (17q21)


  • SHBG: Sex hormone binding globulin (17p13.1)
  • ACADVL: acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase, very long chain (17p13.1)
  • ASPA: aspartoacylase (Canavan disease) (17p13.3)
  • CTNS: cystinosin, the lysosomal cystine transporter (17p13)
  • FLCN: folliculin (17p11.2)
  • MYO15A: myosin XVA (17p11.2)
  • PMP22: peripheral myelin protein 22 (17p12)
  • TP53: tumor suppressor protein p53 (Li-Fraumeni syndrome), tumor suppressor gene (17p13.1)
  • RAI1: retinoic acid induced 1 (17p11.2)
  • USP6: Ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase 6 linked to Aneurysmal bone cyst (17p13)

Diseases and disorders[edit]

The following diseases are related to genes on chromosome 17:


  1. ^ "Table 2.3: Human chromosome groups". Human Molecular Genetics (2nd ed.). Garland Science. 1999. 
  2. ^ "Obsessive Compulsive Disorder". An Online Catalog of Human Genes and Genetic Disorders.