Chronic gastritis

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Chronic gastritis is a chronic inflammation of the gastric mucosa.

Etiology[edit]

Classification[edit]

Since 1992, chronic gastritis lesions are classified according to the Sydney system.[2]

Chronic H. pylori-associated gastritis[edit]

This is the most common form of chronic gastritis. Involvement tends to occur in either an antral-predominant or multifocal atrophic pattern. H. pylori infection is also associated with development of peptic ulcer disease, gastric adenocarcinoma, and gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphomas.[3]

Symptoms[edit]

Many people who have chronic gastritis do not experience any noticeable symptoms. Those who do claim to experience one or several of the following: upper abdominal pain, indigestion, bloating, nausea, vomiting, belching, loss of appetite, and weight loss. Stomach bleeding or black stool has been reported in extreme cases.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brown, I. S.; Smith, J; Rosty, C (2012). "Gastrointestinal pathology in celiac disease: A case series of 150 consecutive newly diagnosed patients". American Journal of Clinical Pathology 138 (1): 42–9. doi:10.1309/AJCPE89ZPVJTSPWL. PMID 22706856. 
  2. ^ Mayo Clinic Staff (April 13, 2007). "Gastritis". MayoClinic. Retrieved 2008-11-18. 
  3. ^ Chronic Gastritis at eMedicine
  4. ^ "Chronic Gastritis". Healthline. Retrieved 2016-04-19.