Chronic poverty is a phenomenon whereby an individual or group is in a state of poverty over extended period of time. While determining both the implicit poverty line and the duration needed to be considered long-term is debated, the identification of this kind of poverty is considered important because it may require different policies than those needed for addressing transient poverty.
- Moore, Karen and Hulme, David (2005) Chronic poverty, Entry in Encyclopedia of International Development, ed. Forsyth, Tim, Routledge. p75-76
- Hulme, D. and Shephard, A. (eds) (2003) Chronic Poverty and Development Policy, A Special Issue of World Development, Vol. 31 , 3.
- Yaqub, S. (2003) Chronic poverty: scrutinizing patterns, correlates, and explanations. Manchester: IPDM, University of Manchester.
- Gaiha, R. (1989) Are the chronically poor also the poorest in rural India. Development and Change Vol. 20 2, pp. 295–322.
- Foster, J. (2007) A Class of Chronic Poverty Measures, mimeo. Archived 2011-10-07 at the Wayback Machine. (Accessed August 2011)
- Gibson, John (2001) Measuring chronic poverty without a panel, Journal of Development Economics Volume 65, Issue 2, August, Pages 243-266