From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
- c. 150,000-100,000 BCE - Evidence for presence of Hominins with Acheulean technology in north Tamil Nadu.
- c. 30,000 BCE-Paleolithic industries in north Tamil Nadu
- c. 8000-3000 BCE-Pre-pottery microlithic industries
- c. 3000-1000 BCE-Neolithic and fine microlithic industries
- c. 300-590-Kalabhras invade the Tamil country and displace the traditional rulers
- c. 300-500-Post-Sangam period, Tamil epics such as Silappatikaram written
Pallava and Pandya
- c. 560-580-Pallava Simhavishnu overthrows the Kalabhras in Tondaimandalam
- c. 560-590-Pandya Kadungon rules from Madurai and displaces the Kalabhras from the south
- c. 590-630-Pallava Mahendravarman I rules in Kanchipuram
- c. 610-Saiva saint Thirunavukkarasar (Appar) converts Mahendravarman from Jainism
- c. 628-Chalukya Pulakesi II invades the Pallava kingdom and lays siege on Kanchipuram
- c. 630-668 Pallava Narasimhavarman I (Mamalla) rules in Tondaimandalam
- c. 642-Pallava Narasimhavarman I launches a counter invasion into the Chalukya country and sacks Vatapi. Pulakesi is killed in battle
- c. 670-700 CE-Pandya Arikesari Parankusa Maravarman rules in Madurai
- c. 700-728-Pallava Rajasimha builds the Kailasanatha temple in Kanchipuram and many of the shore temples in Mamallapuram
- c. 710-730-Pandya king Kochadaiyan Ranadhiran expands the Pandya kingdom into the Kongu country
- c. 731-Succession crisis in the Pallava kingdom. Council of ministers select Nandivarman II (Pallavamalla) (731-796) as the Pallava king
- c. 731-765-Pandya Maravarman Rajasimha aligns with the Chalukya Vikramaditya II and attacks the Pallava king Nandivarmam
- c. 735-Chaluka Vikramaditya II invades the Pallava country and occupies the capital Kanchipuram
- c. 760-Pallava Nandivarman II invades and defeats the Ganga kingdom at the battle of Villande
- c. 768-815-Pandya Parantaka Nedunchadaiyan (Varaguna Pandyan) rules in Madurai
- c. 767-Pandya forces defeat the Pallavas on the south banks of the Kaveri
- c. 800-830-Varagunan I becomes Pandya king and extends his empire up to Tiruchirapalli by defeating the Pallava king Dandivarman
- c. 830-862-Pandya Sirmara Srivallabha rules in Madurai
- c. 840-Srimara invades Lanka and captures the northern provinces of the Lanka king Sena I
- c. 848 -Rise of Vijayalaya Chola in Tanjavur after defeating the MuttaraiyarMuthuraja rulers of kaveri delta
- c. 846-869-Pallava Nadivarman III leads an invasion against the Pandya kingdom and defeats the Pandyas at the battle of Tellaru. Pallava kingdom extends up to the river Vaigai
- c. 859-Pandya Srivallaba defeats the Pallavas at a battle at Kumbakonam
- c. 862-Sinhala forces under Sena II invade the Pandya country and sack Madurai. Srimara is killed in battle
Chola to Pandya transition
Pandiya revival and Muslim rule
- 1251 -Accession of Jatavarman Sundara Pandyan I
- 1279 -End of the Chola dynasty with the death of Rajendra Chola III
- 1268-1310 - Kulasekara Pandiyan rules in Madurai
- 1308 -Malik Kafur a general of Allaudin Khilji invades Devagiri en route to Tamil Nadu
- 1310 -Sundara Pandian, son of Kulasekara Pandiyan, kills his father and becomes king. In the ensuing civil war he is defeated by his brother Vira Pandiyan.
- 1311 -Malik Kafur, invades Pandiya country and attacks Madurai
- 1327-1370 Madurai under the rule of Madurai Sultanate
Vijayanagar and Nayak period
East India Company
- 1892 – British government passes the Indian Councils Act
- 1909 - 'Minto-Morley Reforms'. Madras Legislative Council formed
- 1921 - First regional elections held in Madras. Justice party forms government
- 1927 - Madras Congress passes a resolution for 'Full Independence'
- 1928 - Simon Commission visits Madras. Mass protests result in several deaths
- 1937 - Congress party under C. Rajagopalachari wins provincial elections and forms government in Madras
- 1938 - Periyar E. V. Ramasamy organises a separatist agitation demanding Dravida Nadu consisting of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Kerala
- 1941 - Indian Muslim League holds its congress in Madras. Muhammad Ali Jinnah delivers keynote speech
- 1944 - Periyar E. V. Ramasamy and C. N. Annadurai organise Dravidar Kazhagam
Post independence period
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- ^ Allan Dahlaquist. Megasthenes and Indian Religion
- ^ Keay, John (2000) . India: A history. India: Grove Press. ISBN 0-8021-3797-0.
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- ^ "Hathigumpha Inscription of Kharavela of Kalinga" (PDF). Project South Asia. South Dakota State University. Retrieved 12 April 2014.
- ^ Strabo XV.1
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- ^ Zvelebil, Kamil Veith (1991). Companion Studies to the History of Tamil Literature. Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 9004093656.
- ^ Coningham (), Robin; et al. "Anuradhapura (Sri Lanka) Project, Phase I: ASW2". Arts and Humanities Research Council. Retrieved 12 April 2014.
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- ^ "Sinhala king and South Indian invasions". Daily News. SriLanka. 20 October 2009.
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- ^ Meyer, Holger (1999). Umsatzsteuer - Binnenmarkt. Berlin: Boorberg. p. 73. ISBN 978-3415026131.
- ^ Sethuraman, N (1980). Medieval Pandyas, A.D. 1000-1200. University of Michigan.
- ^ a b Thinakaran, Alice Justina (15 May 2007). The Second Pandyan Empire, A.D. 1190-1312. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan. p. 225.
- ^ a b c Aiyangar, Sakkottai Krishnaswami (1921). South India and her Muhammadan Invaders. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. pp. 222–223.
- ^ Aiyangar, Sakkottai Krishnaswami (1921). South India and her Muhammadan Invaders. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. p. 97.
- ^ "Portuguese on the Coromandel". The Hindu. India. 17 May 2004.
- ^ "Historical Moments". Thanjavur Municipality, Tamil Nadu state Government. Retrieved 28 May 2013.
- ^ "Excerpts from a Sergeant's Diary recounting Robert Clive's capture of Arcot, September-October 1751". Project South Asia. South Dakota State University, USA. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
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- ^ http://www.assembly.tn.gov.in/archive/index.htm
- ^ http://www.assembly.tn.gov.in/archive/reviews/Review%204_67-70.pdf
- Nilakanta Sastri, K.A. A History of South India, OUP, Reprinted 2000
- Nilakanta Sastri, K.A., Srinivasachari, Advanced History of India, Allied Publishers Ltd, New Delhi, Reprinted 2000
- Read, Anthony, The Proudest Day - India's Long Ride to Independence, Jonathan Cape, London, 1997